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Organs » Glucagon


Introduction: Glucagon

Glucagon is a natural human hormone. It is a kind of anti-insulin that will increase blood sugars, whereas insulin will reduce them. It is interesting that glucagon is actually produced in the pancreas, where insulin comes from. However, diabetes does not usually damage the glucagon part of the pancreas, and diabetics also have glucagon in their body.

Glucagon works by stimulating the liver to rapidly produce glucose from inside the body. The liver has a storage area for glucose and can produce sugar. In fact, a non-diabetic's liver will already produce this glucose when blood sugars go low, but a diabetic may have difficult either because of "hypoglycemia unawareness" (where the liver does not respond normally), or simply because there is far too much insulin in the blood because the diabetic took too much medication. Glucagon will make the liver produce lots of sugar quickly.

Descriptions of Glucagon

Glucagon: A hormone produced by the pancreas that increases the level of glucose (sugar) in the blood.
Source: National Institute of Health

Glucagon: A pancreatic hormone consisting of 29 amino acids that causes increases in blood sugar levels by stimulating hepatic glycogenolysis and gluconeogenesis.
Source: Diseases Database

Glucagon : pancreatic hormone secreted by the alpha cells of the pancreatic islets; a 29-amino acid straight chain polypeptide that plays an important role in regulation of blood glucose concentration, ketone metabolism, and several other biochemical and physiological processes.
Source: CRISP

Summary Information: Glucagon

Glucagon: Glucagon is one of the pancreatic hormones, chemicals produced and secreted by the pancreas. Glucagon is produced by the alpha cells of the pancreas and has variety of effects. These include increasing the conversion of glycogen, which is stored in the liver, into glucose, which can be used by the body's cells from energy. Glucagon also stimulates the body's use of proteins and fats for energy.

Conditions that can afflict glucagon include pancreatic cancer, type 1 diabetes, type 2 diabetes, and pancreatitis.

Closely Related Organs: Glucagon

The following organs are closely related to the organ: Glucagon:

Conditions Afflicting Organs: Glucagon

The following conditions are related to the organ: Glucagon:

Symptoms Related to Afflictions of: Glucagon

These symptoms are related to afflictions of the organ: Glucagon:

Condition count: 0

Organs: list of all organs

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