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Organs » Parathyroid gland

Parathyroid gland

Descriptions of Parathyroid gland

Parathyroid gland: One of four pea-sized glands found on the thyroid. The parathyroid hormone produced by these glands increases the calcium level in the blood.
Source: National Institute of Health

Parathyroid gland: any one of four endocrine glands situated above or within the thyroid gland
Source: WordNet 2.1

Parathyroid gland : small paired endocrine glands in the region of the thyroid gland which secrete parathyroid hormone and are concerned with the metabolism of calcium and phosphorus.
Source: CRISP

Parathyroid gland : Two small paired endocrine glands in the region of the thyroid gland. They secrete parathyroid hormone and are concerned with the metabolism of calcium and phosphorus.
Source: MESH OBO (Open Biomedical Ontologies)

Article Excerpts about Parathyroid gland

The parathyroid glands are four pea-sized glands located on the thyroid gland in the neck . Occasionally, a person is born with one or more of the parathyroid glands embedded in the thyroid, the thymus, or elsewhere in the chest. In most such cases, however, the glands function normally.

Though their names are similar, the thyroid and parathyroid glands are entirely separate glands, each producing distinct hormones with specific functions. The parathyroid glands secrete parathyroid hormone (PTH), a substance that helps maintain the correct balance of calcium and phosphorous in the body. PTH regulates release of the calcium from bone, absorption of calcium in the intestine, and excretion of calcium in the urine.

When the amount of calcium in the blood falls too low, the parathyroid glands secrete just enough PTH to restore the balance. (Source: excerpt from Hyperparathyroidism: NIDDK)

Summary Information: Parathyroid gland

Parathyroid gland: The parathyroid glands are an endocrine glands located in the anterior neck area on the lobes of the thyroid gland. There are four parathyroid glands, which produce parathyroid hormone, a natural antagonist to the action of the thyroid hormone calcitonin. The parathyroid glands work in opposition to calcitonin to help regulate calcium and phosphate in the body.

The parathyroid gland is made up of parathyroid chief cells. Conditions that can afflict the parathyroid glands include hyperparathyroidism, hypoparathyroidism, parathyroid adenoma, parathyroid tumors, and trauma.

Closely Related Organs: Parathyroid gland

The following organs are closely related to the organ: Parathyroid gland:

Conditions Afflicting Organs: Parathyroid gland

The following conditions are related to the organ: Parathyroid gland:

Sub Parts: Parathyroid gland

The following list contains sub-parts of the organ: Parathyroid gland:

Symptoms Related to Afflictions of: Parathyroid gland

These symptoms are related to afflictions of the organ: Parathyroid gland:

Condition count: 6 ; see list below.

Organ types: Endocrine system (93), Hormonal system (93)

Produces: parathyroid hormone

Related organs: thyroid gland (14), neck (43), trachea (5), calcium metabolism

Organs: list of all organs

Parathyroid gland: Related Topics

Diseases List for Parathyroid gland:

The following list of medical conditions have 'Parathyroid gland' or similar listed as an affected body part in our database:




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