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Organs » Thyroid gland

Thyroid gland

Descriptions of Thyroid gland

Thyroid gland: A gland located beneath the voice box (larynx) that produces thyroid hormone. The thyroid helps regulate growth and metabolism.
Source: National Institute of Health

Thyroid gland: located near the base of the neck
Source: WordNet 2.1

Thyroid gland : endocrine gland normally situated in the lower part of the front of the neck; secretes, stores and releases the iodine dependent thyroid hormones thyroxine and triiodothyroine which play major endocrine roles in regulating metabolic rate; also secretes thyrocalcitonin.
Source: CRISP

Thyroid gland : A highly vascular endocrine gland consisting of two lobes, one on either side of the trachea, joined by a narrow isthmus; it produces the thyroid hormones which are concerned in regulating the metabolic rate of the body.
Source: MESH OBO (Open Biomedical Ontologies)

Article Excerpts about Thyroid gland

The thyroid is a small gland in the neck that takes up iodine from the body to produce hormones that help control the body's metabolism, and regulate how quickly the body should work and use energy. (Source: excerpt from Thyroid Disease: NWHIC)

The thyroid is a gland in the neck. It has two kinds of cells that make hormones . Follicular cells make thyroid hormone , which affects heart rate, body temperature, and energy level. C cells make calcitonin , a hormone that helps control the level of calcium in the blood.

The thyroid is shaped like a butterfly and lies at the front of the neck, beneath the voice box (larynx ). It has two parts, or lobes . The two lobes are separated by a thin section called the isthmus .

A healthy thyroid is a little larger than a quarter. It usually cannot be felt through the skin. A swollen lobe might look or feel like a lump in the front of the neck. A swollen thyroid is called a goiter . Most goiters are caused by not enough iodine in the diet. Iodine is a substance found in shellfish and iodized salt. (Source: excerpt from What You Need To Know About Thyroid Cancer: NCI)

Summary Information: Thyroid gland

Thyroid gland: Hormone gland in the neck around the trachea.

Condition count: 14 ; see list below.

Organ types: Endocrine system (93), Hormonal system (93)

Produces: thyroxine (T4), tri-iodothyronine (T3), calcitonin

Related organs: neck (43), trachea (5), parathyroid glands (6)

Main condition: Thyroid disorders

Organs: list of all organs

Thyroid gland: Related Topics

Diseases List for Thyroid gland:

The following list of medical conditions have 'Thyroid gland' or similar listed as an affected body part in our database:







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  • True Ribs
  • Trypsin
  • Trypsinogen
  • TSH

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