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True Ribs: The true ribs are the uppermost seven pairs of ribs in the rib cage. The true ribs are curved bones that form the upper portion the ribcage and give structure to the thorax and surround and protect the vital organs of the chest, such as the heart, lungs and great vessels. The true ribs are attached to the thoracic vertebrae in the back and are attached to the sternum in the front by costal cartilage. They also provide attachments for muscles and contain bone marrow.
The ribs form a portion of the axial skeleton and are also a part of the respiratory system, because they are flexible and can expand and shrink the size of the thoracic cavity during respiration, helping to force air in and out of the lung. Conditions that can afflict the ribs include fracture, flail chest, infection, osteomyelitis, and congenital anomalies, such as bifurcated ribs, pectus excavatum, costochondritis and pectus carinatum.
The following organs are closely related to the organ: True Ribs:
The following conditions are related to the organ: True Ribs:
The following are other names for the organ: True Ribs:
The following list contains sub-parts of the organ: True Ribs:
These symptoms are related to afflictions of the organ: True Ribs:
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Organs: list of all organs
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