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Diseases » Polio » Summary
 

What is Polio?

What is Polio?

  • Polio: Dangerous virus now rare due to vaccination.
  • Polio: acute infectious disease of humans, particularly children, caused by any of three serotypes of human poliovirus; infection is usually limited to the gastrointestinal tract and nasopharynx, and is often asymptomatic; the central nervous system, primarily the spinal cord, may be affected, leading to rapidly progressive paralysis, coarse fasciculation and hyporeflexia; motor neurons are primarily affected and encephalitis may also occur; replicates in the nervous system, and may cause significant neuronal loss, most notably in the spinal cord.
    Source - Diseases Database
  • Polio: an acute viral disease marked by inflammation of nerve cells of the brain stem and spinal cord.
    Source - WordNet 2.1

Polio is listed as a "rare disease" by the Office of Rare Diseases (ORD) of the National Institutes of Health (NIH). This means that Polio, or a subtype of Polio, affects less than 200,000 people in the US population.
Source - National Institutes of Health (NIH)

Ophanet, a consortium of European partners, currently defines a condition rare when it affects 1 person per 2,000. They list Polio as a "rare disease".
Source - Orphanet

Polio: Introduction

Types of Polio:

Types of Polio:

  • Paralytic poliomyelitis
  • Vaccine-associated paralytic poliomyelitis (VAPP)
  • more types...»

Broader types of Polio:

How many people get Polio?

Incidence (annual) of Polio: 0 annual cases of paralytic poliomyelitis notified in USA 1999 (MMWR 1999)
Incidence Rate of Polio: approx 1 in 0 or 0.00% or 0 people in USA [about data]

How serious is Polio?

Complications of Polio: see complications of Polio
Deaths for Polio: 0 deaths reported in USA 1999 (NVSR Sep 2001)

What causes Polio?

Causes of Polio: see causes of Polio
Risk factors for Polio: see risk factors for Polio

What are the symptoms of Polio?

Symptoms of Polio: see symptoms of Polio

Complications of Polio: see complications of Polio

Can anyone else get Polio?

More information: see contagiousness of Polio
Inheritance: see inheritance of Polio

Polio: Testing

Diagnostic testing: see tests for Polio.

Misdiagnosis: see misdiagnosis and Polio.

How is it treated?

Treatments for Polio: see treatments for Polio
Prevention of Polio: see prevention of Polio
Research for Polio: see research for Polio

Society issues for Polio


Hospitalization statistics for Polio: The following are statistics from various sources about hospitalizations and Polio:

  • 0.0001% (12) of hospital consultant episodes were for acute poliomyelitis in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 92% of hospital consultant episodes for acute poliomyelitis required hospital admission in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 42% of hospital consultant episodes for acute poliomyelitis were for men in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 58% of hospital consultant episodes for acute poliomyelitis were for women in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 45% of hospital consultant episodes for acute poliomyelitis required emergency hospital admission in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 4.4 days was the mean length of stay in hospitals for acute poliomyelitis in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 3 days was the median length of stay in hospitals for acute poliomyelitis in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • more statistics...»

Name and Aliases of Polio

Main name of condition: Polio

Class of Condition for Polio: viral

Other names or spellings for Polio:

Poliomyelitis, Infantile paralysis

Heine-Medin disease, Poliovirus, Poliomyelitis Source - Diseases Database

Poliomyelitis, Infantile paralysis, Acute anterior poliomyelitis, Polio, Infantile paralysis, Acute anterior poliomyelitis
Source - WordNet 2.1

Polio: Related Conditions

Research the causes of these diseases that are similar to, or related to, Polio:

 

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