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Treatments for Reiterís syndrome

Treatments for Reiterís syndrome:

Treatment of Reiter's syndrome varies depending on the type of symptoms, the severity, and other factors. Treatment includes a multifaceted plan that addresses the symptoms and treats any underlying infection, such as chlamydia.

Reiter's syndrome cannot be cured, but treatment can minimize symptoms until the disorder resolves spontaneously on its own. Most people with Reiter's syndrome have a good long-term prognosis and symptoms disappear within about a year.

Commonly used medications for treatment of the pain and inflammation of Reiter's syndrome include acetaminophen and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), such as ibuprofen (Advil) and aspirin. These medications can have serious side effects and should only be taken as recommended by a physician. Corticosteroids may also be used to reduce inflammation. If bacterial conjunctivitis occurs, it is treated with antibiotic eye drops.

Physical therapy is also often recommended for Reiter's syndrome. Physical therapy includes exercises that can help to strengthen joints, relieve pain, and maintain flexibility and mobility.

Treatment List for Reiterís syndrome

The list of treatments mentioned in various sources for Reiterís syndrome includes the following list. Always seek professional medical advice about any treatment or change in treatment plans.

Reiterís syndrome: Is the Diagnosis Correct?

The first step in getting correct treatment is to get a correct diagnosis. Differential diagnosis list for Reiterís syndrome may include:

Hidden causes of Reiterís syndrome may be incorrectly diagnosed:

Reiterís syndrome: Marketplace Products, Discounts & Offers

Products, offers and promotion categories available for Reiterís syndrome:

Reiterís syndrome: Research Doctors & Specialists

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Hospitals & Medical Clinics: Reiterís syndrome

Research quality ratings and patient incidents/safety measures for hospitals and medical facilities in specialties related to Reiterís syndrome:

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Choosing the Best Treatment Hospital: More general information, not necessarily in relation to Reiterís syndrome, on hospital and medical facility performance and surgical care quality:

Discussion of treatments for Reiterís syndrome:

How Is Reiterís Syndrome Treated?

Although there is no cure for Reiterís syndrome, treatments that effectively relieve the symptoms are available. Many symptoms may even disappear for long periods of time. The doctor is likely to use one or more of the following treatments:

  • Bed restóShort periods of bed rest are sometimes effective in reducing the pain and inflammation of arthritis. Lying down can reduce the pressure of the bodyís weight on a painful joint and provide relief for some patients.

  • ExerciseóEven before symptoms disappear, some strengthening and gentle range-of-motion exercises will maintain or improve joint function. Strengthening exercises build up the muscles around the joint to better support it. Isometric tightening of muscles without moving the joints can be used even in active, painful disease. Range-of-motion exercises improve movement and flexibility and reduce stiffness in the affected joint. Before beginning an exercise program, patients should talk to the doctor, who can recommend appropriate exercises.

  • Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDís)óThis type of medicine effectively reduces joint inflammation and is commonly used to treat patients with Reiterís syndrome. Some NSAIDís, such as aspirin and ibuprofen, are available without a prescription. Many others require a doctorís prescription.

  • Corticosteroid injectionsóFor people with severe joint inflammation, injections of corticosteroids directly into the affected joint may effectively reduce inflammation. Doctors typically use this treatment only after trying to control arthritis with NSAIDís. Corticosteroid injections are most commonly used for severe knee or ankle inflammation.

  • Topical corticosteroidsóThis type of medicine can be put directly on the skin lesions associated with Reiterís syndrome. Topical corticosteroids reduce inflammation and promote healing.

  • AntibioticsóAntibiotics may be prescribed to eliminate the bacterial infection that triggered Reiterís syndrome. The specific antibiotic prescribed depends on the type of bacterial infection that has to be treated. Patients must carefully follow the doctorís instructions about how much medicine to take and for how long; if the medicine is not taken correctly, the infection may not go away. Often, an antibiotic is taken once or twice a day for 7 to 10 days or longer. Some doctors may recommend that a person with Reiterís syndrome take antibiotics for a long period of time (up to 3 months). Current research shows that this practice usually has no effect on the course of the disease and is therefore unnecessary. However, in cases when Chlamydia triggers Reiterís syndrome, prolonged antibiotic treatment is effective in shortening the length of time that a person has symptoms.

  • Immunosuppressive medicinesóA small percentage of patients with Reiterís syndrome have severe symptoms that cannot be controlled with the treatments described earlier. For these people, medicine that suppresses the immune system, such as sulfasalazine or methotrexate, may be effective.

(Source: excerpt from Questions and Answers About Reiter's Syndrome: NIAMS)

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