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Glossary for Respiratory distress syndrome, infant

  • Acute respiratory distress syndrome, Infant: A breathing disorder that occurs in infants. The underdeveloped lungs fail to functioning adequately and the body becomes deprived of oxygen. The condition is more likely to affect premature infants and the greater the prematurity, the greater the risk.
  • Cyanosis: Blueness or purple coloring of skin.
  • Hypoxemia: low oxygen levels in the arterial blood in the body
  • Infant health conditions: Medical conditions typically affecting infants (including newborns and babies under one year old).
  • Lung conditions: Various conditions affecting the lungs or related airways.
  • Metabolic acidosis: Metabolic acidosis is a process which if unchecked leads to acidemia (i.e. blood pH is low (less than 7.35) due to increased production of H+ by the body or the inability of the body to form bicarbonate (HCO3-) in the kidney.
  • Nasal flaring: The movement of the nasals whilst breathing
  • Neonatal Respiratory Distress Syndrome: Lung disease mostly in premature newborns; see also adult RDS.
  • Patent ductus arteriosus: Patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) is a congenital heart defect wherein a child's ductus arteriosus fails to close after birth.
  • Prostaglandins: are potent but have a short half life. They cause constriction or dilation in the vascular smooth cells, aggregation of platelets and also regulate the calcium movement
  • Rapid breathing: Excessively rapid breathing
  • Respiratory conditions: Any condition that affects the respiratory system


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