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Diseases » REST syndrome » Glossary

Glossary for REST syndrome

  • Acromegaly: A hormonal disorder involving excess growth hormone production by the pituitary gland.
  • Anemia: Reduced ability of blood to carry oxygen from various possible causes.
  • Arthralgia -- purpura -- weakness syndrome: A rare autoimmune disorder characterized mainly by weakness, joint pain, reddish or purplish skin discolorations and a blood abnormality where cryoglobulins in the blood precipitate at low temperatures.
  • Autoimmune diseases: A group of disorders in which the primary cause is the an inflammatory reaction caused by the body's own immune system attacking tissues
  • CREST syndrome: Group of symptoms usually related to systemic sclerosis
  • Carcinoid syndrome: Carcinoid heart disease is a rare, metastatic disease that occurs predominantly in the right heart. The tricuspid and pulmonic valves are affected, leading to right heart failure, which results in increased morbidity and mortality.
  • Carpal Tunnel Syndrome: Hand or wrist problems; often from repetitive motion.
  • Churg-Strauss Syndrome: A condition characterized by blood vessel inflammation that occurs throughout the body.
  • Circulatory system conditions: Medical conditions affecting the heart and the circulatory system.
  • Connective tissue disorders: Any condition affecting connective tissues.
  • Digestive Diseases: Diseases that affect the digestive system
  • Frostbite: Tissue damage from freezing
  • Hereditary vascular retinopathie -- Raynaud phenomenon -- migraine: An inherited disorder characterized by a disease of the small retinal blood vessels, migrains and Raynaud's phenomenon.
  • Hypothyroidism: Too little thyroid hormone production.
  • Immune disorders: Disorders that affect the immune system
  • Neuropathy: Peripheral neuropathy is the term for damage to nerves of the peripheral nervous system, which may be caused either by diseases of the nerve or from the side-effects of systemic illness.
  • Pheochromocytoma: Pheochromocytoma is a neuroendocrine tumor of the medulla of the adrenal glands (originating in the chromaffin cells), or extra-adrenal chromaffin tissue that failed to involute after birth and secretes excessive amounts of catecholamines, usually epinephrine and norepinephrine.
  • Primary hyperoxaluria type 1: A rare inherited inborn metabolic disorder characterized by excessive amounts of oxalate in the urine and deposits of oxalate in the kidneys which leads to progressive kidney failure. There are two subtypes of Oxalosis, each with a different origin for the genetic defect involved. Type 1 involves a deficiency of a liver enzyme called Alanine-glyoxylate aminotransferase. Type 2 tends to cause a milder disease than type 1 with better longterm outcomes.
  • Raynaud's phenomenon: Blood vessel constriction attacks affecting fingers and/or toes.
  • Sclerodactyly: The localisation of scleroderma on the digits
  • Scleroderma: A rare, progressive connective tissue disorder involving thickening and hardening of the skin and connective tissue. There are a number of forms of scleroderma with some forms being systemic (involving internal organs).
  • Skin conditions: Any condition that affects the skin
  • Takayasu arteritis: A rare disorder involving inflammation of large elastic arteries including the aorta which impairs blood flow to the upper body.
  • Telangiectasia: The permanent dilation of pre-existing small blood vessels
  • Thoracic outlet syndrome: Pinched shoulder/arm nerve.


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