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Diseases » Rhinitis » Glossary
 

Glossary for Rhinitis

  • Acute rhinitis: An acute condition which affects the nasal mucous caused by inflammation
  • Adenoiditis: Infection of the adenoids in the nasal-throat region
  • Adenovirus-related Cold: An Adenovirus-related cold is a relatively minor contagious infection of the nose and throat caused by the Adenovirus. Although colds can cause discomfort they are not considered a serious condition.
  • Allergic rhinitis: Allergic rhinitis involves inflammation of the mucous membranes of the nose, eyes, eustachian tubes, middle ear, sinuses, and pharynx.
  • Allergy-like conditions: Medical conditions with similar effects to those of allergies.
  • Atrophic rhinitis: Type of rhinitis caused by thinning nasal membranes
  • Bacterial diseases: Diseases caused by a bacterial infection
  • Catarrh: Nasal/sinus membrane inflammation
  • Chemical poisoning -- Calcium Sulfate: Calcium Sulfate is a chemical with a wide range of applications from soil conditioners and paint pigment to the manufacture of products such as plaster and tiles. It is also often used as a laboratory reagent. Ingestion and other exposures to the chemical can cause various symptoms. The type and severity of symptoms varies depending on the amount of chemical involved and the nature of the exposure.
  • Chemical poisoning -- Dimethylamine: Dimethylamine is a chemical used mainly in the manufacture of products such as detergent, pharmaceuticals and in leather tanning. Ingestion and other exposures to the chemical can cause various symptoms. The type and severity of symptoms varies depending on the amount of chemical involved and the nature of the exposure.
  • Chemical poisoning -- Sulfuryl Fluoride: Sulfuryl Fluoride is a chemical used mainly as a fumigant insecticide. Ingestion and other exposures to the chemical can cause various symptoms. The type and severity of symptoms varies depending on the amount of chemical involved and the nature of the exposure.
  • Chemical poisoning -- Trimellitic Anhydride: Trimellitic Anhydride is a chemical used mainly in the manufacturing process of paint, plastics, polyester resins and as a curing agent for epoxy and other resins. Ingestion and other exposures to the chemical can cause various symptoms. The type and severity of symptoms varies depending on the amount of chemical involved and the nature of the exposure.
  • Chemical poisoning -- Vanadium: Vanadium is an element used mainly in steel alloys but is also used in glass coatings, electric fuel cells and other applications. Ingestion and other exposures to the chemical can cause various symptoms. The type and severity of symptoms varies depending on the amount of chemical involved and the nature of the exposure.
  • Child health conditions: Any medical conditions typically afflicting children.
  • Chronic Granulomatous Disease: A very rare inherited blood disorder where certain cells involved with immunity (phagocytes) are unable to destroy bacteria and hence the patient suffers repeated bacterial infections.
  • Chronic rhinitis: Rhinitis is the medical term describing irritation and inflammation of some internal areas of the nose
  • Cluster headache: Headache that occurs periodically, with active periods interrupted by spontaneous remissions.
  • Common cold: A cold is a relatively minor contagious infection of the nose and throat that can be caused by a number of different viruses (e.g. rhinoviruses, coronaviruses). There are over 200 different viruses that have the potential to cause the common cold. Although colds can cause discomfort they are not considered a serious condition.
  • Congenital syphilis: Syphilis inherited from mother during pregnancy.
  • Coronavirus-related Cold: A Coronavirus-related cold is a relatively minor contagious infection of the nose and throat caused by the Coronavirus. Although colds can cause discomfort they are not considered a serious condition. Coronaviruses are a significant cause of common colds in adults.
  • Coxsackievirus-related Cold: A Coxsackievirus-related cold is a relatively minor contagious infection of the nose and throat caused by the Coxsackievirus. Although colds can cause discomfort they are not considered a serious condition.
  • Craniometaphyseal dysplasia dominant type: A rare genetic disorder characterized by head and facial abnormalities as well as mild limb abnormalities. Increased cranial pressure can lead to further complications.
  • Craniometaphyseal dysplasia, autosomal recessive type: A rare genetic disorder characterized by head and facial abnormalities as well as mild limb abnormalities. It is a milder form of the disease than the autosomal dominant type.
  • Echovirus-related Cold: An Echovirus-related cold is a relatively minor contagious infection of the nose and throat caused by the Echovirus. Although colds can cause discomfort they are not considered a serious condition.
  • Ectodermal dysplasia, hypohidrotic, autosomal recessive: A rare genetic multisystem disorder characterized by hair, teeth, nail and skin abnormalities and absence of certain sweat glands.
  • Enterovirus-related Cold: Enterovirus-related cold is a relatively minor contagious infection of the nose and throat caused by the Enterovirus. Although colds can cause discomfort they are not considered a serious condition.
  • Flu: Very common viral respiratory infection.
  • Food Additive Adverse reaction -- MSG: An intolerance to MSG is an adverse reaction (not an immune response) by the body to a food additive called MSG which is used in a number of foods. The adverse reaction results from the body's inability to metabolize or deal with the food additive. The amount of the substance required to trigger the onset of symptoms and the nature and severity of symptoms may vary considerably between patients.
  • Food Additive Adverse reaction -- amines: An intolerance to amines is an adverse reaction (not an immune response) by the body to amines which are found naturally in foods such as bananas, pineapples, vegetables, red wine, citrus fruit and many other foods. The adverse reaction results from the body's inability to metabolize or deal with the substance. The amount of the substance required to trigger the onset of symptoms and the nature and severity of symptoms may vary considerably between patients.
  • Food Additive Adverse reaction -- food additives: An intolerance to food additives is an adverse reaction (not an immune response) by the body to food additives. The adverse reaction results from the body's inability to metabolize or deal with the food additive. The amount of the substance required to trigger the onset of symptoms and the nature and severity of symptoms may vary considerably between patients.
  • Food Additive Adverse reaction -- salicylate: An intolerance to salicylates is an adverse reaction (not an immune response) by the body to salicylates which is an ingredient in aspirin but is also found naturally in various fruit, vegetables, herbs and spices. The adverse reaction results from the body's inability to metabolize or deal with the salicylate. The amount of the substance required to trigger the onset of symptoms and the nature and severity of symptoms may vary considerably between patients.
  • Food Additive Adverse reaction -- sulfite: An intolerance to sulfites is an adverse reaction (not an immune response) by the body to sulfites which is often used as a preservative in a variety of foods and medications including meats, salads and dried fruits. The adverse reaction results from the body's inability to metabolize or deal with the sulfite. The amount of the substance required to trigger the onset of symptoms and the nature and severity of symptoms may vary considerably between patients.
  • Gonionemus poisoning: Gonionemus is a type of hydrozoan jellyfish which can deliver a venomous sting. The sting can cause various combinations of skin, respiratory and joint and pain symptoms. In mild cases, only the skin is affected. Stings most often occur in the Northern hemisphere - especially Japanese and Russian waters.
  • Hay fever: An allergy which causes sneezing, runny nose or blocked nose for part of the year.
  • Head Conditions: Conditions that affect the head
  • Head injury: An injury to the head
  • Herbal Agent adverse reaction -- Passion Flower: Passion Flower can be used as a herbal agent to treat insomnia, nerve painand anxiety. The herbal agent contains various chemicals which can cause an adverse reaction in some people.
  • Hypothyroidism: Too little thyroid hormone production.
  • Idiopathic hypereosinophilic syndrome: A rare blood disorder where the bone marrow produces too many eosinophils over a long period of time which can cause organ or tissue damage. The disorder can affect and part of the body but most often affects the skin, heart and nervous system. The increased eosinophil production continues for a long period of time (at least 6 months) and there is no apparent cause.
  • Inflammatory conditions that may be pathogenic or non-pathogenic: Medical conditions causing inflammation, whether due to a pathogen (e.g. bacteria, virus), or a systemic or other cause.
  • Kartagener syndrome: A rare genetic disorder characterized by enlarged bronchial tubes, sinusitis and cross-positioning of body organs.
  • Mucus membrane conditions: Medical conditions affecting any of the mucus membranes.
  • Nasal congestion: The congestion of the nasal passages.
  • Nose conditions: Any condition that affects the nose
  • Orthomyxovirus-related Cold: An Orthomyxovirus-related cold is a relatively minor contagious infection of the nose and throat caused by the Orthomyxovirus. Although colds can cause discomfort they are not considered a serious condition.
  • Paramyxovirus -related Cold: A Paramyxovirus-related cold is a relatively minor contagious infection of the nose and throat caused by the Paramyxovirus. Although colds can cause discomfort they are not considered a serious condition.
  • Peanut allergies: A hypersensitive state that is due to exposure to an allergen contained in peanuts
  • Penicillin allergy: Taking penicillin (a type of antibiotic) can cause an allergic response in some people. It involves the body's immune system overreacting to the drug. The type and severity of symptoms can vary considerable though skin symptoms are the most common allergic response to drugs. Penicillin allergy is one of the more common types of drug allergies.
  • Pneumonia: Infection of the lung by bacteria, viruses or fungus.
  • Pollen allergy: An allergic reaction that occurs due to exposure to pollen
  • Pulmonary infections related to AIDS: It usually occurs due to decreased immunity.
  • Respiratory conditions: Any condition that affects the respiratory system
  • Respiratory syncytial virus-related Cold: A Respiratory syncytial virus-related cold is a relatively minor contagious infection of the nose and throat caused by the Respiratory syncytial virus. Although colds can cause discomfort they are not considered a serious condition.
  • Rhinosporidiosis: An infectious disease caused by Rhinosporidium seeberi which occurs mainly in the nasal cavity or nearby mucosa-lined structures such as the conjunctiva. On rare occasions other parts of the body may be infected e.g. genital, rectum, ear and skin. The infection tends to persist for long periods of time (sometimes decades) and occasionally secondary bacterial infection can occur. Infection usually occurs through exposure to stagnant water contaminated with the infectious agent.
  • Rhinovirus: A class of viruses commonly causing the common cold.
  • Rhinovirus-related Cold: A Rhinovirus-related cold is a relatively minor contagious infection of the nose and throat caused by the Rhinovirus. Although colds can cause discomfort they are not considered a serious condition. About a third of all common colds in adults are caused by one of the rhinoviruses.
  • Runny nose: Rhinitis is the medical term describing irritation and inflammation of some internal areas of the nose
  • Severe combined immunodeficiency, T- B+ due to JAK3 deficiency: A recessively inherited immunodeficiency disorder characterized by a lack of circulating T and Natural Killer Cells and a normal level of B cells. The disorder is caused by a defect on the JAK3 gene. Infants may display symptoms such as pancytopenia, skin rash and abnormal liver function due to a graft-versus-host reaction to the mother's T cells via the placenta. If the condition is not treated, death occurs.
  • Sinusitis: Sinusitis is an inflammation of the paranasal sinuses.
  • Skull fracture: A fracture of the bones of the skull
  • Sneezing: Nasal sneezing often from nasal irritation
  • Stachybotrys chartarum: A toxic black slimy mold that can be found in damp indoor environments. Exposure can occur through the skin, ingestion or inhalation. It can causes conditions such as "sick building syndrome".
  • Stuffed nose: Blockage to the nose often from runny nose
  • Upper Respiratory Infection: Any type of infection of the upper respiratory tract
  • Vanadium toxicity: Exposure to high levels of the trace element vanadium can occur in certain industrial plants where it can be inhaled. It has not yet been determined if vanadium is an essential element in human diets.
  • Vasomotor rhinitis: Type of rhinitis related to dry air
  • Wegener's granulomatosis: A rare disease involving blood vessel inflammation which can affect the blood flow to various tissues and organs and hence cause damage. The respiratory system and the kidneys are the main systems affected.
  • Zygomycosis: An infectious disease caused by fungus from the orders Mucorales and Entomophthorales which are normally found in the soil and in decaying plant matter. The infection differs from mucormycosis which only involves the order Mucorales. Transmission is usually through the inhalation of spores. It is generally harmless to healthy individuals but can cause infection in patients who are immunocompromised or who have a serious chronic illness such as uncontrolled diabetes. Symptoms and severity can vary considerable depending on the part of the body the infection occurs in - gastrointestinal tract, skin, lungs, central nervous system, eye orbit and the paranasal sinuses.

 

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