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Glossary for Rocky Mountain spotted fever

  • Arm symptoms: Symptoms affecting the arm
  • Bacterial diseases: Diseases caused by a bacterial infection
  • Bacterial endocarditis: Infection and inflammation of the inner layers of the heart, most commonly the valves cause by bacteria.
  • Chagas disease: A parasitic infection caused by the protozoa Trypanosoma cruzi and transmitted by insect bites or blood transfusions. The disease primarily involves the heart and gastrointestinal system.
  • Cold & Flu:
  • Coma: Prolonged unconsciousness
  • Conditions involving a pathogen: Medical conditions involving some type of pathogen, such as a virus or bacteria.
  • Confusion: Mental confusion and impaired thinking.
  • Death: The cessation of life
  • Delirium: Severe state of mental confusion
  • Diseases contagious from animals: Diseases that can be contracted from animals
  • Diseases contagious from dogs: Diseases that can be contracted from dogs
  • Ehrlichiosis: Bacterial tick-borne disease
  • Encephalitis: Dangerous infection of the brain
  • Epidemic typhus: An infectious disease caused by Rickettsia prowazekii and transmitted by body lice. The severity of the illness may range from moderate to fatal.
  • Fecal incontinence: Leaking or poorly controlled bowel motions
  • Fever: Elevation of the body temperature above the normal 37 degrees celsius
  • Finger symptoms: Symptoms affecting any fingers
  • Flu-like conditions: Medical conditions similar to flu, or exhibition flu-like symptoms.
  • Gangrene: Tissue death
  • Glucose-6-phosphate deficiency: Rare genetic x-linked disease
  • Headache: In medicine a headache or cephalalgia is a symptom of a number of different conditions of the head and sometimes neck. Some of the causes are benign while others are medical emergencies. It ranks among the most common pain complaints
  • Henoch-Schonlein purpura: A form of vasculitis (blood vessel inflammation) that affects blood capillaries and affects mostly the skin, kidneys, joints and stomach.
  • Jequier-Deonna Syndrome: A very rare condition described in two sisters. It is characterized by vision and hearing problems and incoordination.
  • Kawasaki disease: A childhood illness that generally affects the skin, mouth and lymph nodes.
  • Language problems: Symptoms affecting language processing.
  • Leg symptoms: Symptoms affecting the leg
  • Lethargy: feeling of tiredness
  • Lyme disease: Lyme disease is an emerging infectious disease caused by at least three species of bacteria belonging to the genus Borrelia.
  • Measles: Once common viral infection now rare due to vaccination.
  • Meningitis: Dangerous infection of the membranes surrounding the brain.
  • Meningococcemia: A rare infectious disease whose main symptoms are upper respiratory tract infection, fever, rash and eye and ear problems.
  • Mountain fever: A viral disease transmitted through the bite of ticks (Rocky Mountain wood tick and American dog tick) who are infected with the virus. Because the virus infects blood cells including erythrocytes, transmission can also occur through transfusion with infected blood but this is uncommon. Infection is most common in Canada and parts of western US. The incubation period usually lasts between 3 and 6 days but can be as long as a few weeks. The virus tends to cause to periods of fever each lasting for a few days.
  • Movement disorders: Medical conditions affecting the movement systems, such as walking or tremor.
  • Muscle pain: Pain that is located anatomically in the region of muscles
  • Myalgia: Muscle aches and pains
  • Nausea: The queasy feeling of nausea and often also vomiting.
  • Paralysis symptoms: Loss of body control and/or feeling.
  • Q fever: A disease caused by Coxiella burnetti which causes fever, headache and muscle pain.
  • Rickettsia: A self limiting condition that is transmitted by mites
  • Rocky Mountain spotted fever: A bacterial disease caused by Rickettsia rickettsii and transmitted by ticks. The condition causes fever and a characteristic rash and may be fatal in severe or untreated cases.
  • Rubella: A contagious viral infection caused by the Rubella virus which produces a rash and lymph node swelling. It can have serious implication in pregnant women as the virus can be transmitted through the placenta and cause serious fetal defects or even fetal death.
  • Scrub typhus: Type of typhus usually caught from ticks
  • Shock: Severe condition from reduced blood circulation
  • Spotted fevers: An acute condition caused by the bacteria Rickettsia rickettsii
  • Stupor: Mental sub-responsiveness not as severe as coma
  • Tick bite: When an individual is bitten by a tick
  • Tick-borne diseases: Any disease that is transferred to humans by the tick
  • Toe symptoms: Symptoms affecting the toes
  • Type A influenza subtype H1: The H1 subtype of influenza is a strain of the type A influenza virus that can cause cause serious illness and result in pandemics. Influenza is viral respiratory infection. The virus is very contagious and can cause severe illness especially in patients who are very young or old or have some other medical condition as well. The severity of symptoms can vary but usually involves respiratory and constitutional (e.g. headache, aching muscles) symptoms. The influenza virus can mutate and produce different strains though the symptoms are the same. This frequent mutation means that people need regular vaccinations to ensure they are protected against new strains as they arise.
  • Typhoid fever: Fever from bacterial food poisoning.
  • Typhus: A general name for various arthropod-borne rickettsial infections
  • Urinary Incontinence: Reduced ability to control urine flow.
  • Vomiting: Vomiting or retching symptoms.

 

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