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Prognosis of Schizophrenia

Prognosis of Schizophrenia: Treatment can alleviate symptoms but patients often tend to suffer symptoms throughout the rest of their lives. Treatment plans must be adhered to in order to avoid complications such as suicide or acts of violence. The best prognosis is achieved by early management of the condition with strict adherence to the treatment plan. Factors which increase the risk of a good prognosis:

  • Being female
  • Rapid onset of symptoms
  • Increased age of onset
  • Mainly positive rather than negative symptoms
  • Presence of mood symptoms
  • Good level of functioning before illness
  • Good support network and positive attitude from people around them
...see also Overview of Schizophrenia

Onset of Schizophrenia: Most common ages of onset are the teenage and early adolescent years though it can be diagnosed in children in as young as 7. It rarely develops after the age of 45.


Complications of Schizophrenia may include:

Complications of Schizophrenia from the Diseases Database include:

Source: Diseases Database

See also complications of Schizophrenia.

Prognosis of Schizophrenia Discussion

Schizophrenia Research at the NIMH: NIMH (Excerpt)

Most people with schizophrenia continue to suffer chronically or episodically throughout their lives. Even between bouts of active illness, lost opportunities for careers and relationships, stigma, residual symptoms, and medication side effects often plague those with the illness. One of every 10 people with schizophrenia eventually commits suicide. (Source: excerpt from Schizophrenia Research at the NIMH: NIMH)

Schizophrenia: NIMH (Excerpt)

The outlook for people with schizophrenia has improved over the last 25 years. Although no totally effective therapy has yet been devised, it is important to remember that many people with the illness improve enough to lead independent, satisfying lives. As we learn more about the causes and treatments of schizophrenia, we should be able to help more patients achieve successful outcomes.

Studies that have followed people with schizophrenia for long periods, from the first episode to old age, reveal that a wide range of outcomes is possible. When large groups of patients are studied, certain factors tend to be associated with a better outcome for example, a pre-illness history of normal social, school, and work adjustment. However, the current state of knowledge, does not allow for a sufficiently accurate prediction of long-term outcome. (Source: excerpt from Schizophrenia: NIMH)

Schizophrenia: NIMH (Excerpt)

Available treatments can relieve many symptoms, but most people with schizophrenia continue to suffer some symptoms throughout their lives; it has been estimated that no more than one in five individuals recovers completely. (Source: excerpt from Schizophrenia: NIMH)

Schizophrenia: NIMH (Excerpt)

Medications and other treatments for schizophrenia, when used regularly and as prescribed, can help reduce and control the distressing symptoms of the illness. However, some people are not greatly helped by available treatments or may prematurely discontinue treatment because of unpleasant side effects or other reasons. Even when treatment is effective, persisting consequences of the illness lost opportunities, stigma, residual symptoms, and medication side effects may be very troubling. (Source: excerpt from Schizophrenia: NIMH)

Schizophrenia: Research More

About prognosis:

The 'prognosis' of Schizophrenia usually refers to the likely outcome of Schizophrenia. The prognosis of Schizophrenia may include the duration of Schizophrenia, chances of complications of Schizophrenia, probable outcomes, prospects for recovery, recovery period for Schizophrenia, survival rates, death rates, and other outcome possibilities in the overall prognosis of Schizophrenia. Naturally, such forecast issues are by their nature unpredictable.


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