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Scleritis: Introduction

Scleritis is a rare condition in which there is serious inflammation of the sclera, the white of the eyes. Scleritis can affect one or both eyes and if left untreated can result in vision loss. Symptoms of scleritis include blurred vision, eye pain, eye discomfort, red patches on the whites of the eyes, tearing of the eye, and sensitivity to light (photophobia). To learn more about other important symptoms and complications, refer to symptoms of scleritis.

Scleritis can happen to anyone, but most often occurs to adults between 30 and 60 years of age. Scleritis is sometimes associated with autoimmune disorders, such as rheumatoid arthritis, systemic lupus erythematosus, and Crohn's disease. In an autoimmune disorder, the body's immune system mistakes the tissues of the body as foreign and potentially dangerous to the body and attacks them.

Other causes of scleritis include eye infection and eye trauma, including chemical exposure. The cause of scleritis may also be unknown.

Diagnosing scleritis begins with taking a thorough personal and family medical history, including symptoms, and completing a physical examination that includes a thorough eye examination. This will rule out eye conditions and diseases with similar symptoms.

An eye examination includes testing pupil response to light, visual acuity or sharpness of vision, checking the sharpness of peripheral vision, and testing the pressure of the inside the eye. The outer eye is examined using an instrument called a slit lamp, and the inner eye is examined using an instrument call an ophthalmoscope. Another test involves temporarily staining the eye with a special eye drop that makes a corneal abrasion, which can mimic scleritis, visible to the clinician.

A diagnosis of scleritis may be missed or delayed because symptoms can be similar to symptoms of other disorders, diseases or conditions. To learn more about disorders, diseases and conditions that can mimic scleritis, refer to misdiagnosis of scleritis.

Treatment for scleritis includes medication in pill form and/or eye drop form and regular eye care to monitor the condition. For more details on treatment plans, refer to treatment of scleritis. ...more »

Scleritis: Inflammation of the white part of eyeball. More detailed information about the symptoms, causes, and treatments of Scleritis is available below.

Scleritis: Symptoms

Symptoms of scleritis can affect one or both eyes. Symptoms are due to inflammation, swelling and irritation of the affected eye or eyes. Symptoms include eye pain. There can also be a general dull discomfort in the affected eye and a sensitivity to light (photosensitivity). There are generally one or more red patches on the sclera (white part of ...more symptoms »

Scleritis: Treatments

Treatment of scleritis includes corticosteroid eye drops. Corticosteroid medications may also be prescribed in pill form. Corticosteroids reduce inflammation and eye pain and help to improve other symptoms. Other drug options may include nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs).

Prompt treatment is essential to lessen the risk of developing complications, such as ...more treatments »

Scleritis: Misdiagnosis

A diagnosis of scleritis may be delayed or missed because symptoms of scleritis can be similar to symptoms of other diseases and conditions, such as watering eye, subconjunctival hemorrhage, uveitis, glaucoma, choroiditis, dry eye, blepharitis, and corneal ulcer. ...more misdiagnosis »

Symptoms of Scleritis

Treatments for Scleritis

Home Diagnostic Testing

Home medical testing related to Scleritis:

Wrongly Diagnosed with Scleritis?

Scleritis: Related Patient Stories

Scleritis: Complications

Review possible medical complications related to Scleritis:

Causes of Scleritis

Read more about causes of Scleritis.

More information about causes of Scleritis:

Disease Topics Related To Scleritis

Research the causes of these diseases that are similar to, or related to, Scleritis:

Scleritis: Undiagnosed Conditions

Commonly undiagnosed diseases in related medical categories:

Scleritis: Research Doctors & Specialists

Research related physicians and medical specialists:

Other doctor, physician and specialist research services:

Scleritis: Animations

Research about Scleritis

Visit our research pages for current research about Scleritis treatments.

Clinical Trials for Scleritis

The US based website lists information on both federally and privately supported clinical trials using human volunteers.

Some of the clinical trials listed on for Scleritis include:

Scleritis: Broader Related Topics

Scleritis Message Boards

Related forums and medical stories:

User Interactive Forums

Read about other experiences, ask a question about Scleritis, or answer someone else's question, on our message boards:

Definitions of Scleritis:

Refers to any inflammation of the sclera including episcleritis, a benign condition affecting only the episclera, which is generally short-lived and easily treated. Classic scleritis, on the other hand, affects deeper tissue and is characterized by higher rates of visual acuity loss and even mortality, particularly in necrotizing form. Its characteristic symptom is severe and general head pain. Scleritis has also been associated with systemic collagen disease. Etiology is unknown but is thought to involve a local immune response. Treatment is difficult and includes administration of anti-inflammatory and immunosuppressive agents such as corticosteroids. Inflammation of the sclera may also be secondary to inflammation of adjacent tissues, such as the conjunctiva. - (Source - Diseases Database)

Inflammation of the sclera - (Source - WordNet 2.1)


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