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Symptoms of Sjogren's Syndrome

Symptoms of Sjogren's Syndrome: Introduction

The types and severity of symptoms of Sjogren's syndrome vary between individuals and the type of Sjogren's syndrome. However, symptoms generally develop slowly. Symptom severity can range from mild to severe, and symptoms can remain constant, get worse, or go into remission in some cases. Secondary Sjogren's syndrome is more likely than primary Sjogren's syndrome to lead to complications. Symptoms generally begin in adults in their 40s.

Symptoms are due to the damage of the moisture producing glands of the body and can affect the eyes, mouth, throat, nose, airways, skin, digestive system, and the vagina. In some people symptoms of Sjogren's syndrome can affect organs throughout the body, such as the lungs, kidneys, joints, blood vessels, and the nervous system.

Symptoms that affect the eyes include dry red and itchy eyes. Blurred vision and photophobia (sensitivity to light) may also occur. Symptoms that affect the nose, mouth, throat and airways include dry mouth, dry cough, difficulty swallowing, and changes in taste. The dry mouth can lead to complications, such as dental cavities, and the develoment of thrush. Nosebleeds may also occur due to a dry nose.

Sjogren's syndrome also causes additional widespread symptoms. These include skin rashes, joint pain, numbness and tingling in the face, fingers and toes, and fatigue. Symptoms can also include kidney, digestion, and thyroid problems, and vaginal dryness.

Serious complications of Sjogren's syndrome can include the development of carpal tunnel syndrome, pneumonia, and lymphoma....more about Sjogren's Syndrome »

Symptoms of Sjogren's Syndrome

The list of signs and symptoms mentioned in various sources for Sjogren's Syndrome includes the 68 symptoms listed below:

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Sjogren's Syndrome: Symptom Checkers

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Sjogren's Syndrome: Symptom Assessment Questionnaires

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Sjogren's Syndrome: Complications

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Diagnostic Testing

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Do I have Sjogren's Syndrome?

Sjogren's Syndrome: Undiagnosed Conditions

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Home Diagnostic Testing

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Wrongly Diagnosed with Sjogren's Syndrome?

The list of other diseases or medical conditions that may be on the differential diagnosis list of alternative diagnoses for Sjogren's Syndrome includes:

Sjogren's Syndrome: Research Doctors & Specialists

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Other Possible Causes of these Symptoms

Click on any of the symptoms below to see a full list of other causes including diseases, medical conditions, toxins, drug interactions, or drug side effect causes of that symptom.

Article Excerpts About Symptoms of Sjogren's Syndrome:

NINDS Sjogren's Syndrome Information Page: NINDS (Excerpt)

The hallmark symptoms of the disorder are dry mouth and dry eyes. In addition, Sjogren's syndrome may cause skin, nose, and vaginal dryness, and may affect other organs of the body including the kidneys, blood vessels, lungs, liver, pancreas, and brain. (Source: excerpt from NINDS Sjogren's Syndrome Information Page: NINDS)

Questions and Answers About Sjögren's Syndrome: NIAMS (Excerpt)

In technical terms, dry eyes are called keratoconjunctivitis sicca, or KCS, and dry mouth is called xerostomia. Your doctor may use these terms when talking to you about Sjögren's syndrome.

The disease can affect other glands too, such as those in the stomach, pancreas, and intestines, and can cause dryness in other places that need moisture, such as the nose, throat, airways, and skin. (Source: excerpt from Questions and Answers About Sjögren's Syndrome: NIAMS)

Questions and Answers About Sjögren's Syndrome: NIAMS (Excerpt)

The main symptoms are

  • Dry eyes--Your eyes may be red and burn and itch. People say it feels like they have sand in their eyes. Also, your vision may be blurry, and bright light, especially fluorescent lighting, might bother you.

  • Dry mouth--Dry mouth feels like a mouth full of cotton. It's difficult to swallow, speak, and taste. Your sense of smell can change, and you may develop a dry cough. Also, because you lack the protective effects of saliva, dry mouth increases your chances of developing cavities and mouth infections.

Both primary and secondary Sjögren's syndrome can affect other parts of the body as well, including the skin, joints, lungs, kidneys, blood vessels, and nervous system, and cause symptoms such as

  • Dry skin

  • Skin rashes

  • Thyroid problems

  • Joint and muscle pain

  • Pneumonia

  • Vaginal dryness

  • Numbness and tingling in the extremities

When Sjögren's affects other parts of the body, the condition is called extraglandular involvement because the problems extend beyond the tear and salivary glands. These problems are described in more detail later.

Finally, Sjögren's can cause extreme fatigue that can seriously interfere with daily life. (Source: excerpt from Questions and Answers About Sjögren's Syndrome: NIAMS)

Connective Tissue Diseases: NWHIC (Excerpt)

Dryness of the eyes and mouth, swollen neck glands, difficulty swallowing or talking, unusual tastes or smells, thirst, tongue ulcers, and severe dental caries. (Source: excerpt from Connective Tissue Diseases: NWHIC)

Sjogren's Syndrome as a Cause of Symptoms or Medical Conditions

When considering symptoms of Sjogren's Syndrome, it is also important to consider Sjogren's Syndrome as a possible cause of other medical conditions. The Disease Database lists the following medical conditions that Sjogren's Syndrome may cause:

- (Source - Diseases Database)

Medical articles and books on symptoms:

These general reference articles may be of interest in relation to medical signs and symptoms of disease in general:

About signs and symptoms of Sjogren's Syndrome:

The symptom information on this page attempts to provide a list of some possible signs and symptoms of Sjogren's Syndrome. This signs and symptoms information for Sjogren's Syndrome has been gathered from various sources, may not be fully accurate, and may not be the full list of Sjogren's Syndrome signs or Sjogren's Syndrome symptoms. Furthermore, signs and symptoms of Sjogren's Syndrome may vary on an individual basis for each patient. Only your doctor can provide adequate diagnosis of any signs or symptoms and whether they are indeed Sjogren's Syndrome symptoms.


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