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Spina bifida

Spina bifida: Introduction

Spina bifida: Spina bifida (SB) is a neural tube defect (a disorder involving incomplete development of the brain, spinal cord, and/or their protective ... more about Spina bifida.

Spina bifida: A birth defect where the spinal vertebrae do not completely enclose the spinal cord often resulting in various degrees of nerve damage. More detailed information about the symptoms, causes, and treatments of Spina bifida is available below.

Symptoms of Spina bifida

Treatments for Spina bifida

Home Diagnostic Testing

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Wrongly Diagnosed with Spina bifida?

Spina bifida: Related Patient Stories

Spina bifida: Deaths

Read more about Deaths and Spina bifida.

Types of Spina bifida

  • Myelomeningocele - most severe form with spinal cord exposure
  • Meningocele - a severe form with the meninges protruding outside the spine under the skin of the back
  • Occult spina bifida - the mildest form with often a small spinal defect often in the lower back
  • more types...»

Diagnostic Tests for Spina bifida

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Spina bifida: Complications

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Causes of Spina bifida

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Disease Topics Related To Spina bifida

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Spina bifida: Undiagnosed Conditions

Commonly undiagnosed diseases in related medical categories:

Misdiagnosis and Spina bifida

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Spina bifida: Research Doctors & Specialists

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Hospitals & Clinics: Spina bifida

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Choosing the Best Hospital: More general information, not necessarily in relation to Spina bifida, on hospital performance and surgical care quality:

Spina bifida: Rare Types

Rare types of diseases and disorders in related medical categories:

Evidence Based Medicine Research for Spina bifida

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Spina bifida: Animations

Prognosis for Spina bifida

Prognosis for Spina bifida: The prognosis for individuals with SB depends on the number and severity of abnormalities. Prognosis is poorest for those with complete paralysis, hydrocephalus, and other congenital defects. With proper care, most children with SB live well into adulthood. (Source: excerpt from NINDS Spina Bifida Information Page: NINDS)

Research about Spina bifida

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Prevention of Spina bifida

Prevention information for Spina bifida has been compiled from various data sources and may be inaccurate or incomplete. None of these methods guarantee prevention of Spina bifida.

Statistics for Spina bifida

Spina bifida: Broader Related Topics

Spina bifida Message Boards

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User Interactive Forums

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Article Excerpts about Spina bifida

NINDS Spina Bifida Information Page: NINDS (Excerpt)

Spina bifida (SB) is a neural tube defect (a disorder involving incomplete development of the brain, spinal cord, and/or their protective coverings) caused by the failure of the fetus's spine to close properly during the first month of pregnancy. Infants born with SB sometimes have an open lesion on their spine where significant damage to the nerves and spinal cord has occurred. (Source: excerpt from NINDS Spina Bifida Information Page: NINDS)

Folic Acid: NWHIC (Excerpt)

Spina bifida is a defect of the spinal column that occurs during the first 28 days of pregnancy. It can lead to serious disabilities, such as deformities in the knees or feet, paralysis in the feet and legs, incontinence, learning disabilities, and mental retardation. (Source: excerpt from Folic Acid: NWHIC)

Definitions of Spina bifida:

Congenital defects of closure of one or more vertebral arches, which may be associated with malformations of the spinal cord, nerve roots, congenital fibrous bands, lipomas, and congenital cysts. These malformations range from mild (e.g., SPINA BIFIDA OCCULTA) to severe, including rachischisis where there is complete failure of neural tube and spinal cord fusion, resulting in exposure of the spinal cord at the surface. Spinal dysraphism includes all forms of spina bifida. The open form is called SPINA BIFIDA CYSTICA and the closed form is SPINA BIFIDA OCCULTA. (From Joynt, Clinical Neurology, 1992, Ch55, p34) - (Source - Diseases Database)

A not uncommon congenital defect in which a vertebra is malformed; unless several vertebrae are affected or there is myelomeningocele there are few symptoms; can be diagnosed by amniocentesis - (Source - WordNet 2.1)

Spina bifida is listed as a "rare disease" by the Office of Rare Diseases (ORD) of the National Institutes of Health (NIH). This means that Spina bifida, or a subtype of Spina bifida, affects less than 200,000 people in the US population.
Source - National Institutes of Health (NIH)

Ophanet, a consortium of European partners, currently defines a condition rare when it affects 1 person per 2,000. They list Spina bifida as a "rare disease".
Source - Orphanet


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