Types of Sports Injuries
Activities that involve repetitive motions, sometimes with traumatic
contact with a ground surface or ball, are associated with other
musculoskeletal injuries. An extensive literature describe injuries
related to jogging and running. Lower-extremity injuries appear to be the
most common; of these: the knee, ankle, and foot have the highest
proportions of injuries (e.g., torn cartilage, tendinitis, plantar
fasciitis, neuromas , and shinsplints). Injuries are also seen in
excessive bicycling (e.g., ulnar nerve palsies, ischial bursitis swimming
(e.g., shoulder pain), racquet sports (e.g., epicondylitis [Kamien 1990]),
aerobic dancing (e.g., shin pain and plantar fasciitis), and rowing (e.g.,
back and knee injuries).
Severe exertion, particularly of prolonged duration and under hot or
humid conditions, can lead to hyperthermia, electrolyte imbalance, and
Anemia is reported in athletes vigorously engaged in sports such as
long-distance running; hemoglobinuria can occur secondary to breakage of
red blood cells during the repetitive pace of distance running, and
hematuria can occur when distance running traumatizes the bladder or other
structures in the genitourinary system.
Cyclists, runners, and walkers often face risk associated with travel
on roadways--collisions with motor vehicles, injuries form fall secondary
to uneven surfaces, and attacks by animals or humans.
Swimming increases the risk of otitis externa (swimmer’s ear). Persons
with compromised coronary circulation may develop angina or acute
myocardial infarction during vigorous activity.
Most musculoskeletal injuries related to physical activity are believed
to be preventable by gradually working up to a desired level of activity
and by avoiding excessive amounts of activity.
Serious cardiovascular events can occur with physical exertion, but the
net effect of regular physical activity is a lower risk of mortality from
cardiovascular disease. (Source: excerpt from Sports Injury: NWHIC)
Sports Injuries: Related Disease Topics
More general medical disease topics related to Sports Injuries include:
Research More About Sports Injuries
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