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Treatment plans for swollen glands are individualized depending on the underlying cause, the presence of coexisting diseases, the age and medical history of the patient, and other factors. Treatment generally involves a multifaceted plan that addresses the cause, minimizes the discomfort of swollen glands and decreases the risk of developing serious complications.
When swollen glands are caused by a viral infection, such as infectious mononucleosis or an upper respiratory infection, the general treatment is rest, increased fluids and pain relievers such as ibuprofen or acetaminophen. When swollen glands are caused by a bacterial infection or bacterial disease, such as an abscess or strep throat, antibiotics are prescribed as well.
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