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Diseases » Syphilis » Glossary

Glossary for Syphilis

  • Aneurysm: Dangerous ballooning of a weakened area of an artery
  • Aphthous Ulcer: A rare condition characterized by recurring periods of painful inflamed mouth ulcers.
  • Artery conditions: Any conditions affecting arteries
  • Bacterial diseases: Diseases caused by a bacterial infection
  • Birth symptoms: Symptoms related to childbirth.
  • Blepharoptosis: Droopy upper eyelid. The condition may be caused by such things as stroke, brain tumor, diabetes and myasthenia gravis.
  • Blindness: The inability to see out of the eyes
  • Canker sores: Ulcers of the mouth or nearby areas
  • Cervix ulcer: Inflammatory conditions which cause cervical ulcers
  • Chancre: An ulcer like eruption that is located on an epithelial surface
  • Chancroid: An sexually transmitted disease caused by the Haemophilus ducreyi bacteria and is characterized by painful genital ulceration.
  • Colitis: Inflammation of the colon
  • Conditions involving a pathogen: Medical conditions involving some type of pathogen, such as a virus or bacteria.
  • Congenital conditions: Any condition that you are born with such as birth defects or genetic diseases.
  • Congenital syphilis: Syphilis inherited from mother during pregnancy.
  • Dactylitis: Sausage shaped swelling of the fingers and the toes.
  • Death: The cessation of life
  • Depression: Various syndromes with excessive anxiety, phobias, or fear.
  • Diseases contagious from sex: Diseases that can be contracted through sexual contact
  • Diseases contagious from vaginal sex: Diseases that can be contracted through the act of vaginal sex
  • Genital herpes: Sexually transmitted infection of the genital region.
  • Gonorrhea: Common sexually transmitted disease often without symptoms.
  • HIV/AIDS: HIV is a sexually transmitted virus and AIDS is the progressive immune failure that HIV causes.
  • HTLV: Virus associated with affecting the immune system.
  • HTLV-1: Virus affecting the immune system and associated with a particular leukemia/lymphoma.
  • Hand symptoms: Symptoms affecting the hand
  • Heart symptoms: Symptoms affecting the heart
  • Hepatocellular jaundice: A condition which is characterized by jaundice due to injury or damage to the hepatocellular cells of the liver
  • Leishmaniasis: A rare infectious disease caused by any of a number of parasitic Leishmania species. Infection can cause any of three different manifestations: cutaneous leishmaniasis, mucosal leishmaniasis and visceral leishmaniasis.
  • Leprosy: A chronic, progressive infectious disease caused by Mycobacterium leprae which causes skin sores and also affects the eyes, mucous membranes and peripheral nerves.
  • Marfan syndrome: A genetic connective tissue disorder involving a defect of chromosome 15q21.1 which affects the production of the fibrillin needed to make connective tissue.
  • Mental health conditions: Medical conditions related to mental health, emotions, behavior, personality, psychology, psychiatry, and so on.
  • Multiple Sclerosis: Autoimmune attack on spinal nerves causing diverse and varying neural problems.
  • Neurological problems: Any neurological condition
  • Neurosyphilis: A complication of untreated syphilis where the infection invades the central nervous system (brain and spinal cord) and causes a range of neurological symptoms. The condition can be life-threatening but some cases are asymptomatic. There are four forms of the condition: asymptomatic, meningovascular, tabes dorsalis and general paresis.
  • Optic atrophy: Dysfunction of the optic nerve which results in impaired vision. The disorder may be congenital or acquired. The rate and degree of atrophy is greatly variable depending on the cause.
  • Optic neuritis: Optic nerve inflammation
  • Oral Ulcer: An open sore inside the mouth.
  • Osteomyelitis: A bone inflammation caused by bacteria. The inflammation usually originates in another part of the body and is transported to the bone via the blood.
  • Papilloedema: Oedema that is located at the optic disc
  • Penis ulcer: A local defect in the skin occurring on the penis.
  • Pinta: An infectious skin disease caused by infection with the spirochete Treponema carateum which causes skin rash and discoloration.
  • Pregnancy symptoms: Symptoms related to pregnancy.
  • Primary syphilis: A condition which is characterized by a primary chancre which is infectious and painless
  • Pruritus: The sensation of itch
  • Relapsing Polychondritis: A chronic disease that affects multiple joints resulting in inflammation and degeneration
  • Sarcoidosis: Rare autoimmune disease usually affecting the lungs.
  • Secondary syphilis: A condition which is characterized by fever, multiform skin eruptions, iritis, alopecia, mucous patches and severe pain in the head and joints
  • Sexually Transmitted Diseases: Various diseases spread by sexual contact.
  • Skin conditions: Any condition that affects the skin
  • Stillbirth: Where a woman delivers a child who is dead
  • Sutton disease 2: A rare condition characterized by recurring periods of painful inflamed mouth ulcers.
  • Syphilis: A sexually transmitted disease caused by a bacteria (Treponema pallidum). The condition is often asymptomatic in the early stages but one or more sores may be present in the early stages. Untreated syphilis usually results in remission of visible symptoms but further severe damage may occur to internal organs and other body tissues which can result in death.
  • Syphilis, latent: A rare infectious diseases which is transmitted through sexual contact and caused by Treponema pallidum (a spirochete bacterium). Latent syphilis is the term used to describe the period (usually following the second stage) where the patient has no symptoms but still has the infection.
  • Tertiary syphilis: A condition which is characterized by late generalized syphilis with involvement of many organs and tissues
  • Vagina conditions: Any condition that affects the female vagina
  • Vaginal symptoms: Symptoms related to the vagina
  • Vasculitis: Inflammation of a blood or lymph vessel
  • Vulvar cancer: Cancer (malignant) that develops in the tissue of the vulva.
  • Vulvar lesions: A condition which is characterized lesions which occur on the vulva
  • Yaws: A rare infections disease caused by the spiral-shaped bacteria Treponema pertenue. The disease consists of three phases: skin lesions are followed by bone, joint and widespread skin symptoms and finally by inflammation and destruction of cartilage in the nose, pharynx and palate. Transmission can be through direct contact with infected skin, insect bites or sex.


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