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Surgery » Brain Surgery (Craniotomy)

Brain Surgery (Craniotomy)

Brain Surgery (Craniotomy): Introduction

Brain surgery is performed to repair an injury, remove a tumor or lesion, or to stop bleeding or infection. Sometimes brain surgery is necessary to implant electrodes to monitor seizures. Before surgery, an incision is made in the skull, and bone is removed (usually temporarily) to provide access to the brain. After surgery, the bone is replaced, sometimes by a bone graft from the patient or another source. Brain surgery is an inpatient surgery performed under general anesthesia by a neurologist or neurosurgeon, and requires a hospital stay....more »

Medical Costs Report

Surgery Costs Report for Brain Surgery (Craniotomy)

Brain Surgery (Craniotomy): Related Terms

Other medical terms related to medical conditions and procedures for Brain Surgery (Craniotomy) include:

Brain Surgery (Craniotomy): Overview

What is Brain Surgery (Craniotomy)? A craniotomy is a surgical operation in which part of the skull, called a bone flap, is removed in order to gain access to the brain. Craniotomies are often a critical operation performed on patients suffering from brain lesions or traumatic brain injury (TBI). Craniotomy is also utilized by physicians to surgically implant deep brain stimulators for the treatment of Parkinson's disease, epilepsy and cerebellar tremor.

The hair on part of the scalp is shaved. The scalp is cleansed and prepared for surgery using a solution to kill germs on the skin surface. An incision is made through the scalp and a hole is drilled through the skull. A piece of the bone may be temporarily removed and the surgery is performed, after which the bone is replaced and secured in place using sutures....more »

Profile: Patient Candidates for Brain Surgery (Craniotomy)

Who are candidates for Brain Surgery (Craniotomy)? A craniotomy may be performed to:

  • Repair a fracture
  • Remove a tumor or lesion
  • Remove a blood clot
  • Treat an area of infection
  • Stop bleeding
  • Implant electrodes to monitor seizures
  • Treat an aneurysm (weakness in a blood vessel wall)

A craniotomy is performed under general anesthesia by a neurosurgeon....more »

Brain Surgery (Craniotomy): Treatment Options

What are alternatives to Brain Surgery (Craniotomy)? Depending on the condition, there may be alternative treatments. Some conditions may be treated with medications. For cancer, alternative treatments include the use of:

  • Radiation therapy when surgery is not possible.
  • Chemotherapy is the use of drugs to kill cancer cells. The doctor may use just one drug or a combination.
...more »

Brain Surgery (Craniotomy): Preparing for Surgery

How do you prepare for Brain Surgery (Craniotomy)? Prior to any surgery, your doctor will give you a complete medical examination and evaluate your overall health and your health history. You may be required to get additional tests such as X-rays and lab tests. Your doctor will also review with you the potential risks and benefits of the operation and will ask you to sign a consent form. It is important that you ask questions and be sure you understand the reason for the surgery as well as the risks.

It is important that you inform your doctor if you have allergies to any medications, what medications you are taking, and if you have bleeding problems. It is also important to inform your doctor if you are pregnant.

Your doctor will also give you specific instructions on how to prepare for surgery, including guidelines on eating and drinking, smoking, taking or avoiding certain vitamins and medications. Carefully following these instructions will help your surgery go more smoothly.

Depending on the circumstances of your surgery, you may be instructed to do the following:

  • Completely empty your colon and cleanse your intestines prior to surgery. You may be requested to drink clear liquids only for one or several days prior to surgery.
  • Stop eating or drinking after midnight the night before the operation except medications that your doctor has told you are permissible to take with a sip of water the morning of surgery.
  • Plan for your care and recovery after the operation. Find someone to drive you home after the surgery. Allow for time to rest and try to find people to help you with your day-to-day duties.
  • Stop smoking at least six to eight weeks prior to surgery as smoking delays wound healing. Smokers are also more likely to have breathing problems during surgery.
...more »

Brain Surgery (Craniotomy): Recovery After Surgery

What is the Brain Surgery (Craniotomy) recovery process? The outcomes of brain surgery are highly dependent on the circumstances of your condition. You may achieve partial recovery from brain surgery in one to four weeks; full recovery may take up to eight weeks, depending on your health, the extent of the disease or injury, and the surgical procedures used by the physician.

Risks of brain surgery are:

  • Injury to brain tissue
  • Injury to blood vessels
  • Nerve or muscle paralysis or weakness
  • Loss of mental functions (memory, speech, understanding)

After surgery, you will be monitored closely in the Intensive Care Unit (ICU). As you recuperate, you will likely experience a dull headache, but pain medication will be administered. The incisions in your head will be covered with dressings. Sutures in your head will be removed in about a week. You will be given intravenous fluids for the first few days. Your medical team will also monitor intracranial pressure.

Once you are fully awake and stable, you will be moved to a regular room in the hospital. If complications occur, you may remain in the ICU for an extended period of time. You will be discharged from the hospital when your recovery is ready to be handled at home.

It is common for patients to undergo emotional changes after surgery and feel discouraged and tired. Support from family and friends may be helpful to maintain a positive attitude. Once you are recovering in your home, it is important to monitor changes in your speech and mental ability. Any of these changes should be discussed with your doctor....more »

Brain Surgery (Craniotomy): Costs of Surgery

What is the cost of Brain Surgery (Craniotomy)? A variety of factors may influence the cost of the surgery. They include:

  • Insurance coverage
  • Pre-existing health
  • Insurance co-pay
  • Location of the facility

These factors vary depending on you and your situation.

The cost of each procedure can vary dramatically based upon age, location, gender, and insurance coverage. HealthGrades provides detailed cost estimates which include the costs of the procedure, drugs, hospital stay, and more. Each cost estimate is easy to understand and provides medical terms you need to know.

The detailed cost estimate for Brain Surgery (Craniotomy), includes costs for:

  • Incision in and removal of part of the skull to gain access to the brain for surgery
  • Removal of blood clot on brain
  • Incision in and removal of part of the skull to drain an abscess
  • Incision in and removal of part of the skull to treat high blood pressure in the brain
  • Removal of part or all of a lobe of the brain
  • Removal of pressure on the brain
  • Incision in and removal of part of the skull to remove pressure on the spinal cord, may include dural graft
  • Incision in and removal of part of the skull to relieve pressure on nerves in brain
  • Incision in and removal of part of the skull to gain access to the brain for surgical removal of a lobe
  • Incision in and removal of part of the skull to gain access to the brain for surgical removal of a tumor or bone lesion
  • Incision in and removal of part of the skull to gain access to the brain for surgical removal of brain tumor
  • Implant brain electrodes to monitor seizure
  • Incision in and removal of part of the skull to gain access to the brain to implant electrodes used to monitor seizures
  • Remove brain tissue
  • Removal of brain tumor
  • Reconstruction of skull after fracture
  • Reconstruction of skull with bone grafts
  • and Remove foreign body from brain.

Surgery Cost Report for Brain Surgery (Craniotomy)

Brain Surgery (Craniotomy): Find a Surgeon or Specialist

Where can I find a Brain Surgery (Craniotomy) doctor or surgeon? Brain Surgery (Craniotomy) is typically performed by doctors specializing in Neurosurgery. Nationally, there are 7071 practicing Neurosurgeons. HealthGrades offers detailed physician reports to help you find a qualified Brain Surgery (Craniotomy) doctor or surgeon in your area, which includes disciplinary actions, patient feedback, background information, and more. Start your search now!

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