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Acromegaly: Introduction

Acromegaly is a rare disorder in which a there is too high of a level of growth hormone in the body. Acromegaly is caused by a noncancerous tumor that grows on the pituitary gland. The pituitary gland is a small gland in the brain that produces hormones, including growth hormone. The pituitary tumor causes the pituitary gland to overproduce growth hormone, which results in oversized organs, bone deformities and other secondary disorders.

In children acromegaly is also known as gigantism, because when it occurs in growing children it results in an excessively tall height. In children and adults, there are a wide variety of symptoms of acromegaly, including specific facial changes. Symptoms generally develop slowly over years. If acromegaly is not diagnosed and treated, it can lead to serious damage to vital organs, such as the kidneys, liver, thyroid gland, spleen, pancreas, and parathyroid glands. Life-threatening complications include cancer, diabetes, and cardiomyopathy. For more information on symptoms and complications, refer to symptoms of acromegaly.

Making a diagnosis of acromegaly begins with taking a thorough personal and family medical history, including symptoms, and completing a physical examination. A comparison of current facial features with those of years ago using old photos is often used when acromegaly is suspected.

Diagnostic testing includes blood tests that can determine the amount of growth hormone and insulin-like growth factor in the blood. High levels are diagnostic of acromegaly. X-rays can detect thickening or deformities of the bones that occur with the disease.

Other tests, such as CT and MRI, are also done to evaluate the pituitary tumor that causes acromegaly. Extensive testing is also done to diagnose and treat any complications, such as thyroid disease, diabetes and heart disease.

A diagnosis of acromegaly in adults is often delayed for years because the symptoms develop very slowly. In addition, some symptoms are similar to those of other conditions. For more information on misdiagnosis, refer to misdiagnosis of acromegaly.

Acromegaly can be successfully treated, minimizing the risk of developing serious complications. It is treated with medications and possibly surgery or radiation to treat the pituitary tumor that causes it. For more information on treatment, refer to treatment of acromegaly....more »

Acromegaly: Misdiagnosis

A diagnosis of acromegaly in adults is often overlooked or delayed because symptoms generally develop slowly over years. In addition, symptoms are often nonspecific and are common symptoms of many other conditions. These include aging, menopause, perimenopause, chronic fatigue syndrome, arthritis, carpal tunnel syndrome, hypertension, and heart disease. ...more misdiagnosis »

Causes of Acromegaly:

The following medical conditions are some of the possible causes of Acromegaly. There are likely to be other possible causes, so ask your doctor about your symptoms.

» Review Causes of Acromegaly: Causes | Symptom Checker »

Home Diagnostic Testing and Acromegaly

Home medical tests possibly related to Acromegaly:

Acromegaly: Symptom Checker

Listed below are some combinations of symptoms associated with Acromegaly, as listed in our database. Visit the Symptom Checker, to add and remove symptoms and research your condition.

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Acromegaly Treatments

Treatment of acromegaly is directed by an endocrinologist, a physician who specializes in diseases of the endocrine system.

Treatment includes treating the pituitary tumor that is at the root of the disease. This may include medications that control the growth of the pituitary tumor and decrease the amount of growth hormone that the pituitary gland ...Acromegaly Treatments

Some of the possible treatments listed in sources for treatment of Acromegaly may include:

Review further information on Acromegaly Treatments.

Stories from Users for Acromegaly

Real-life user stories relating to Acromegaly:

Acromegaly: Comorbid Symptoms

Some of the comorbid or associated medical symptoms for Acromegaly may include these symptoms:

Causes of General Symptom Types

Research the causes of these more general types of symptom:

Causes of Similar Symptoms to Acromegaly

Research the causes of these symptoms that are similar to, or related to, the symptom Acromegaly:

Acromegaly: Deaths

Read more about causes and Acromegaly deaths.

Misdiagnosis and Acromegaly

Mild worm infections undiagnosed in children: Human worm infestations, esp. threadworm, can be overlooked in some cases, because it may cause only mild or even absent symptoms. Although the most common symptoms are anal itch (or more »

Mesenteric adenitis misdiagnosed as appendicitis in children: Because appendicitis is one of the more feared conditions for a child with abdominal pain, it can more »

Blood pressure cuffs misdiagnose hypertension in children: One known misdiagnosis issue with hyperension, arises in relation to the simple more »

Children with migraine often misdiagnosed: A migraine often fails to be correctly diagnosed in pediatric patients. These patients are not the typical more »

Pituitary conditions often undiagnosed cause of symptoms: There are a variety of symptoms that can be caused by a pituitary disorder (see symptoms of pituitary disorders). For example, more »

Acromegaly: Research Related Doctors & Specialists

Other ways to find a doctor, or use doctor, physician and specialist online research services:

Hospitals & Clinics: Acromegaly

Research extensive quality ratings and patient safety measures for hospitals, clinics and medical facilities in health specialties related to Acromegaly:

Acromegaly: Undiagnosed Conditions

Conditions that are commonly undiagnosed in related areas may include:

Definitions of Acromegaly:

Disorder caused by excessive secretion of somatotropin, characterized by bony enlargement of face, hands, feet, head and thorax.
- (Source - Diseases Database)

Enlargement of bones of hands and feet and face; often accompanied by headache and muscle pain and emotional disturbances; caused by overproduction of growth hormone by the anterior pituitary gland (due to a tumor)
- (Source - WordNet 2.1)

Disorder caused by excessive secretion of somatotropin, characterized by bony enlargement of face, hands, feet, head and thorax.
- (Source - CRISP)

Acromegaly is listed as a "rare disease" by the Office of Rare Diseases (ORD) of the National Institutes of Health (NIH). This means that Acromegaly, or a subtype of Acromegaly, affects less than 200,000 people in the US population.
- (Source - National Institute of Health)

Detailed list of causes of Acromegaly

The list below shows some of the causes of Acromegaly mentioned in various sources:

How Common are these Causes of Acromegaly?

This information refers to the general prevalence and incidence of these diseases, not to how likely they are to be the actual cause of Acromegaly. Of the 15 causes of Acromegaly that we have listed, we have the following prevalence/incidence information:

  • 0 causes are "very common" diseases
  • 0 causes are "common" diseases
  • 0 causes are "uncommon" diseases
  • 0 causes are "rare" diseases
  • 4 causes are "very rare" diseases
  • 11 causes have no prevalence information.

Conditions listing medical symptoms: Acromegaly:

The following list of conditions have 'Acromegaly' or similar listed as a symptom in our database. This computer-generated list may be inaccurate or incomplete. Always seek prompt professional medical advice about the cause of any symptom.

Select from the following alphabetical view of conditions which include a symptom of Acromegaly or choose View All.






Conditions listing medical complications: Acromegaly:

The following list of medical conditions have Acromegaly or similar listed as a medical complication in our database. The distinction between a symptom and complication is not always clear, and conditions mentioning this symptom as a complication may also be relevant. This computer-generated list may be inaccurate or incomplete. Always seek prompt professional medical advice about the cause of any symptom.




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Causes of Acromegaly Based on Risk Factors

This information shows analysis of the list of causes of Acromegaly based on whether certain risk factors apply to the patient:

  • Diabetes - history of diabetes or family history of diabetes?

    What are the alternative names for Acromegaly:

    Somatotrophinoma, Pituitary tumour (growth hormone secreting)
    - (Source - Diseases Database)

    Classifications of Acromegaly:

    Medical Conditions associated with Acromegaly:

    Tallness (22 causes), Growth symptoms (2485 causes), Body symptoms (5672 causes), Limb symptoms (3592 causes), Skeletal symptoms (4109 causes), Developmental problems (4007 causes), Infant symptoms (2900 causes), Leg symptoms (2751 causes), Arm symptoms (1619 causes), Child health symptoms (230 causes)

    Symptoms related to Acromegaly:

    Growth symptoms (2485 causes), Abnormal growth, Large hands, Large feet (36 causes), Swelling (3730 causes), Tallness (22 causes), Pituitary adenoma, Growth hormone excess, Growth hormone secreting tumour

    Medical articles on signs and symptoms:

    Doctor-patient articles related to symptoms and diagnosis:

    These general medical articles may be of interest:

    Related medical articles from our Disease Center for Acromegaly:

    More Ways To Research Medical Signs and Symptoms:


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