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Bruising: Introduction

Further information about Bruising is below, or review more specific information about these types of Bruising: arm bruise, leg bruise, ankle bruise, back bruise, breast bruise, buttock bruise, calf bruise, chest bruise or other types.

Bruising is the body's normal response to local trauma or damage. Local bruising needs investigation to diagnose and treat the underlying cause of the bruising. Certain medical conditions such as bleeding disorders can also lead to more generalized or excessive bruising. People with these conditions bruise easily and more than normal. Some possibilities include hemophilia (genetic disease) and the lesser known and often undiagnosed Von Willebrand's disease. Any unexplained bruising needs medical investigation....more »

» Review Causes of Bruising: Causes | Assessment Questionnaire »

Causes of Bruising:

The following medical conditions are some of the possible causes of Bruising. There are likely to be other possible causes, so ask your doctor about your symptoms.

» Review Causes of Bruising: Causes | Assessment Questionnaire »

Home Diagnostic Testing and Bruising

Home medical tests possibly related to Bruising:

Causes of Types of Bruising:

Review the causes of these more specific types of Bruising:

Review causes of types of Bruising in more specific categories:

Review causes of more specific types of Bruising:

Bruising Treatments

Review further information on Bruising Treatments.

Alternative Treatments for Bruising

Alternative treatments or home remedies that have been listed as possibly helpful for Bruising may include:

Stories from Users for Bruising

Real-life user stories relating to Bruising:

Message Boards for Bruising

Symptom specific forums: The following patient stories in our interactive forums and message boards relate to Bruising or relevant symptoms:

Diagnostic tests for Bruising:

Various tests are used in the diagnosis of Bruising. Some of these are listed below :

  • Physical examination
    • Examine for bruises which may suggest Hemophilia, Christmas disease, platelet disorders or disseminated intravascular coagulation
    • Examine for petechial body rash (pinhead size red rash) which is common in any disorder that might cause thrombocytopenia (reduced platelets), platelet dysfunction or vasculitis
    • Examine for bleeding gums - if bleeding gums is present with skin bruises suggests platelet disorders or disseminated intravascular coagulation.
    • Look for gum hypertrophy (enlargement) which occurs in monocytic Leukemia, pregnancy, scurvy, gingivitis and in patients taking phenytoin
    • Examine for evidence of malignancy e.g. enlarged lymph nodes
    • Examine for enlarged spleen which may suggest Hodgkin's disease, leukemia, lupus erythematosus, thrombocytopenic purpura or aplastic anemia
  • more tests...»

Bruising: Animations

Medications or substances causing Bruising:

The following drugs, medications, substances or toxins are some of the possible causes of Bruising as a symptom. Always advise your doctor of any medications or treatments you are using, including prescription, over-the-counter, supplements, herbal or alternative treatments.

Drug interactions causing Bruising:

When combined, certain drugs, medications, substances or toxins may react causing Bruising as a symptom. Always advise your doctor of any medications or treatments you are using, including prescription, over-the-counter, supplements, herbal or alternative treatments.

  • Miconazole and warfarin interaction
  • Verapamil and Propranolol interaction
  • Verapamil and Allopurinol interaction
  • Warfarin and Metronidazole interaction
  • Chlorambucil and Aspirin interaction
  • more interactions...»

Causes of General Symptom Types

Research the causes of these more general types of symptom:

Causes of Similar Symptoms to Bruising

Research the causes of these symptoms that are similar to, or related to, the symptom Bruising:

Assessment Questionnaire: Questions your doctor may ask (and why!)

During a consultation, your doctor will use various techniques to assess the symptom: Bruising. These will include a physical examination and possibly diagnostic tests. (Note: A physical exam is always done, diagnostic tests may or may not be performed depending on the suspected condition) Your doctor will ask several questions when assessing your condition. It is important to openly share any pertinent information to help your doctor make an accurate diagnosis.

It is also very important to bring an up-to-date list of all of your all medical conditions, medications including dosages, and names of numbers of any specialist you see.

Create your printable checklist here.

See Bruising Assessment Questionnaire (17 listings)

Bruising: Deaths

Read more about causes and Bruising deaths.

Misdiagnosis and Bruising

Unnecessary hysterectomies due to undiagnosed bleeding disorder in women: The bleeding disorder called Von Willebrand's disease is quite common in women, but often fails to be correctly diagnosed. Women with the condition tend to have more »

Psoriasis often undiagnosed cause of skin symptoms in children: Children who suffer from the skin disorder called psoriasis can often go undiagnosed. The main problem is that psoriasis is rare in children, and not more »

Bruising: Research Related Doctors & Specialists

Other ways to find a doctor, or use doctor, physician and specialist online research services:

Organs affected by Bruising:

The list of organs typically affected by Bruising may include, but is not limited to:

Detailed list of causes of Bruising

The list below shows some of the causes of Bruising mentioned in various sources:

How Common are these Causes of Bruising?

This information refers to the general prevalence and incidence of these diseases, not to how likely they are to be the actual cause of Bruising. Of the 348 causes of Bruising that we have listed, we have the following prevalence/incidence information:

  • 2 causes are "very common" diseases
  • 5 causes are "common" diseases
  • 6 causes are "uncommon" diseases
  • 2 causes are "rare" diseases
  • 13 causes are "very rare" diseases
  • 332 causes have no prevalence information.

Conditions listing medical symptoms: Bruising:

The following list of conditions have 'Bruising' or similar listed as a symptom in our database. This computer-generated list may be inaccurate or incomplete. Always seek prompt professional medical advice about the cause of any symptom.

Select from the following alphabetical view of conditions which include a symptom of Bruising or choose View All.

View All A B C D E F G H I K L M N O P R S T V W X Y























Conditions listing medical complications: Bruising:

The following list of medical conditions have Bruising or similar listed as a medical complication in our database. The distinction between a symptom and complication is not always clear, and conditions mentioning this symptom as a complication may also be relevant. This computer-generated list may be inaccurate or incomplete. Always seek prompt professional medical advice about the cause of any symptom.





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Ask or answer a question about symptoms or diseases at one of our free interactive user forums.

Medical story forums: If you have a medical story then we want to hear it.

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Causes of Bruising Based on Risk Factors

This information shows analysis of the list of causes of Bruising based on whether certain risk factors apply to the patient:

  • Travel - has the patient travelled recently?
  • Diabetes - history of diabetes or family history of diabetes?

    Doctors and specialists: Who should I consult about Bruising?

    Depending on the seriousness of the onset of Bruising, you may want to consult one of the following medical professionals.

    Important:In extreme cases, always seek advice from emergency services :

    Classifications of Bruising:

    Subtypes of Bruising:

    Arm bruise (9 causes), Leg bruise (15 causes), Ankle bruise (8 causes), Back bruise (7 causes), Breast bruise (8 causes), Buttock bruise (8 causes), Calf bruise (8 causes), Chest bruise (10 causes), Chin bruise (7 causes), Ear bruise (9 causes), Elbow bruise (10 causes), Eye bruise (5 causes), Eyelid bruise (6 causes), Facial bruise (7 causes), Eyebrow bruise (12 causes), finger bruise (8 causes), thumb bruise (6 causes), fingernail bruise (9 causes), foot bruise (10 causes), genital bruise (9 causes), penile bruise (12 causes), groin bruise (10 causes), gum bruise (9 causes), mouth bruise (20 causes), hand bruise (10 causes), heel bruise (14 causes), jaw bruise (8 causes), knee bruise (15 causes), lip bruise (7 causes), neck bruise (20 causes), nipple bruise (13 causes), nose bruise (12 causes), rib bruise (14 causes), scalp bruise (12 causes), stomach bruise (17 causes), testicle bruise (11 causes), thigh bruise (12 causes), toe bruise (3 causes), toenail bruise (8 causes), underarm bruise (6 causes), vein bruise (6 causes), vulva bruise (5 causes), wrist bruise (10 causes), anal bruise (5 causes), shin bruise (8 causes), forearm bruise (9 causes), shoulder bruise (5 causes), palm bruise (10 causes), Chafing (6 causes), Hematoma (332 causes), Upper bruise (6 causes), Battle's sign (3 causes), Easy bruising (246 causes), Epidural hematoma (1 cause), Subdural hematoma (5 causes)

    Medical Conditions associated with Bruising:

    Bleeding symptoms (1783 causes), Hematoma (332 causes), Blood clot (347 causes), Skin color symptoms (2348 causes), Skin symptoms (5992 causes), Blood symptoms (2297 causes), Skin problems (3422 causes), Blood vessel symptoms (480 causes), Circulation symptoms (1579 causes), Clotting symptoms (301 causes), Abnormal blood test symptoms (1538 causes)

    Symptoms related to Bruising:

    Bleeding (1783 causes), Clotting symptoms (301 causes), Blue skin (412 causes), Skin color changes (2348 causes), Skin rash (461 causes), Fractures (149 causes), Falls (86 causes), Injuries, Autoerythrocyte sensitization syndrome, Child abuse, Dercum disease, Ehlers-Danlos syndrome (2 causes), Factor VIII antibodies, Scurvy, Thrombocytopenia (422 causes)

    Medical articles on signs and symptoms:

    Doctor-patient articles related to symptoms and diagnosis:

    These general medical articles may be of interest:

    Medical News summaries about Bruising

    Our news pages contain the following medical news summaries about Bruising and many other medical conditions:

    More Ways To Research Medical Signs and Symptoms:


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