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Cervical cancer is a common cancer of the female reproductive system, specifically the cervix of the uterus. Cervical cancer can be fatal if left untreated. The good news is that cervical is highly preventable and treatable if caught in its early stage.
The cervix is the organ that provides an opening between the vagina and the uterus. Cervical cancer develops when abnormal cells develop on the superficial layer of the cervix. This is called cervical dysplagia. When cervical dysplagia is not treated, it can grow and spread into the deeper tissues of the cervix, developing into cancer.
Risk factors for the development of cervical dysplagia and cervical cancer include exposure to specific strains of the human papillomavirus (HPV). HPV is spread through sexual contact and can also cause genital warts.
Certain behaviors also increase the risk of developing cervical cancer. These include having sex at a young age, having unprotected sex, multiple sex partners, or having sex with a partner who has had multiple sex partners or been exposed to HPV. Other risk factors include smoking, having HIV/AIDS or other sexually transmitted diseases, or taking certain medications, such as DES or drugs that suppress the immune system.
Cervical dysplagia and cervical cancer in their early stages often produce no symptoms. As the disease progresses, symptoms may include abnormal vaginal bleeding, bloody vaginal discharge, pain during sexual intercourse, pelvic pain and lower back pain. For more information about symptoms, refer to symptoms of cervical cancer.
Most deaths due to cervical cancer can be prevented through cervical cancer screening using a test called a Pap smear. A pap smear, which is performed during a pelvic examination, can detect cervical dysplagia at an early, very curable stage before it progresses into cervical cancer. Another test is the HPV DNA test, which can determine if a woman is infected with HPV, which can lead to cervical cancer.
If a Pap smear is positive for cervical dysplagia or cancerous cells, other tests are performed to confirm a diagnosis of cervical cancer. These include colposcopy to closely examine the cervix and a cervical biopsy to take a sample of the abnormal cells to be examined. A cone biopsy takes a deeper sample of the cervical tissue.
Because there may be no symptoms of cervical cancer, seeking medical care and getting a diagnosis can be delayed. For information on misdiagnosis, refer to misdiagnosis of cervical cancer.
Treatment of cervical cancer varies, depending on the individual case and the stage of cancer. Cervical dysplagia or cervical cancer in its early stages may be treated using a variety of outpatient procedures, such as laser surgery, LEEP, or cryosurgery. For more advanced cervical cancer, treatment is more involved and may include hysterectomy, radiation therapy, and chemotherapy. For more information on treatment, refer to treatment of cervical cancer....more »
Because many women have no symptoms of cervical cancer in its early stages, it is easy to miss a diagnosis of the condition when it is easily treatable and most curable. Cervical cancer diagnosed in its later stages requires far more intensive treatment with far more serious side effects. Untreated or late stage cervical cancer can be fatal.
In addition, ...more misdiagnosis »
The following medical conditions are some of the possible
causes of Cervical cancer.
There are likely to be other possible causes, so ask your doctor
about your symptoms.
Home medical tests possibly related to Cervical cancer:
Listed below are some combinations of symptoms associated with Cervical cancer, as listed in our database. Visit the Symptom Checker, to add and remove symptoms and research your condition.
The first step in the treatment of cervical cancer is prevention. Although guidelines vary, it is often recommended that teenage girls and women begin having regular Pap smear screening tests within three years of becoming sexually active or no later than age 21. Prevention also includes abstaining from sex or having sex only within the framework of a ...Cervical cancer Treatments
Some of the possible treatments listed in sources for treatment of Cervical cancer may include:
Review further information on Cervical cancer Treatments.
Alternative treatments or home remedies that have been listed as possibly helpful for Cervical cancer may include:
Real-life user stories relating to Cervical cancer:
Some of the comorbid or associated medical symptoms for Cervical cancer may include these symptoms:
Research the causes of these more general types of symptom:
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Research the causes of these symptoms that are similar to, or related to, the symptom Cervical cancer:
Read more about causes and Cervical cancer deaths.
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Rare types of medical conditions and diseases in related medical categories:
Conditions that are commonly undiagnosed in related areas may include:
Cancer of the cervix, a very common kind of cancer in women, is a disease in which cancer (malignant) cells are found in the tissues of the cervix. The cervix is the opening of the uterus (womb). It connects the uterus to the vagina (the birth canal). Cancer of the cervix usually grows slowly over a period of time. Before cancer cells are found on the cervix, the tissues of the cervix go through changes in which abnormal cells begin to appear (a condition called dysplasia). Later, cancer starts to grow and spread more deeply into the cervix and to surrounding areas. (Source: excerpt from Cervical Cancer: NWHIC)
Cancer of the cervix, a very common kind of cancer in women, is a disease in which cancer ... (Source: excerpt from Cervical Cancer: NWHIC)
Primary or metastatic malignant neoplasm involving the cervix. --2003
- (Source - Diseases Database)
Cervical cancer is listed as a "rare disease" by the Office of
Rare Diseases (ORD) of the National Institutes of Health
(NIH). This means that Cervical cancer, or a subtype of Cervical cancer,
affects less than 200,000 people in the US population.
- (Source - National Institute of Health)
The list below shows some of the causes of Cervical cancer mentioned in various sources:
This information refers to the general prevalence and incidence of these diseases, not to how likely they are to be the actual cause of Cervical cancer. Of the 20 causes of Cervical cancer that we have listed, we have the following prevalence/incidence information:
The following list of conditions have 'Cervical cancer' or similar listed as a symptom in our database. This computer-generated list may be inaccurate or incomplete. Always seek prompt professional medical advice about the cause of any symptom.
Select from the following alphabetical view of conditions which include a symptom of Cervical cancer or choose View All.
The following list of medical conditions have Cervical cancer or similar listed as a medical complication in our database. The distinction between a symptom and complication is not always clear, and conditions mentioning this symptom as a complication may also be relevant. This computer-generated list may be inaccurate or incomplete. Always seek prompt professional medical advice about the cause of any symptom.
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This information shows analysis of the list of causes of Cervical cancer based
on whether certain risk factors apply to the patient:
Medical Conditions associated with Cervical cancer:
Cervix symptoms (43 causes), Uterus symptoms (429 causes), Female sexual symptoms (505 causes), Female genital symptoms (529 causes), Genital symptoms (986 causes), Women's health symptoms (1177 causes), Cancer-related symptoms (173 causes), Digestive symptoms (5299 causes), Abdominal symptoms (5930 causes), Pregnancy symptoms (699 causes), Sexual symptoms (1838 causes), Intercourse symptoms (258 causes), Female reproductive symptoms (928 causes), Mens health symptoms (291 causes), Lower abdominal symptoms (3048 causes)
Symptoms related to Cervical cancer:
Cervix symptoms (43 causes), Cervicitis (13 causes), Vaginal symptom, Gynecological symptoms, Human papillomavirus infection (4 causes), Smoking, HIV infection, Chlamydia infection, Dietary factors, Hormonal contraception, Multiple pregnancies, Exposure to the hormonal drug diethylstilbestrol (DES)
Doctor-patient articles related to symptoms and diagnosis:
These general medical articles may be of interest:
Medical research papers related to Cervical cancer include:
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