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Diabetic neuropathy is a complication of diabetes in which nerves are damaged due to long-term high levels of blood sugar or hyperglycemia. Diabetic neuropathy can affect many parts of the body including the legs, feet, bladder, heart, gastrointestinal system, and reproductive system.
Diabetic neuropathy generally develops slowly over a period of months as ongoing high blood sugar levels damage the nerves of the body. Symptoms of diabetic neuropathy can include a sensation of pain, numbness, tingling, or prickling that begins in the feet. In later stages of diabetic neuropathy, the hands can be affected as well. In some cases of diabetic neuropathy, the abnormal sensations can extend to the arms, legs, and trunk.
Diabetic neuropathy can also affect the muscles resulting in difficulty moving the feet, weakness, foot deformity, and atrophy. Other symptoms can affect movement and the function of certain organs, such as the bladder and organs in the gastrointestinal system. Blood pressure may also be affected. Diabetic neuropathy can also lead to complications. For more details about complications and symptoms, see symptoms of diabetic neuropathy.
There are three general types of diabetic neuropathy that affect the nerves of the nervous system. They include sensory neuropathy, also called peripheral neuropathy, in which the nerves the carry messages about sensation to the brain are damaged. Motor neuropathy occurs when the nerves that carry messages about movement from the brain to the muscles are damaged. Autonomic neuropathy occurs when the nerves the control involuntary actives of the body, such as digestion and sweating, are affected.
Diagnosing diabetic neuropathy begins with taking a thorough personal and family medical history, including symptoms, and completing a physical examination, including a neurological examination. A neurological exam evaluates the nervous system and such functions as reflexes, sensation, movement, balance, coordination, vision, and hearing. Blood pressure readings are taken, and they may drop abnormally when a person with diabetic neuropathy goes from a lying position to a standing position. This is called orthostatic hypotension. In addition, the pulse may be abnormally high. Blood sugar levels are also checked and monitored.
Tests may include an electromyography (EMG) which tests the nerve and electrical activity of muscles. A nerve conduction test may also be performed to test how fast the nerves transmit impulses.
A diagnosis of diabetic neuropathy and its cause can be delayed or missed because symptoms develop gradually. For information on misdiagnosis, refer to misdiagnosis of diabetic neuropathy.
Prevention of diabetic neuropathy is very important for people with diabetes, because there is no cure or treatment that can repair the damage that has been done to the nerves. For more information on prevention and treatment, refer to treatment of diabetic neuropathy....more »
A diagnosis of diabetic neuropathy and its cause may be delayed or missed because diabetic neuropathy generally develops gradually and people with the condition may be unaware of it until complications, such as gangrene, develop. In addition, some symptoms of diabetic neuropathy, such as weakness and difficulty walking or emptying the bladder, may be attributed to the ...more misdiagnosis »
Home medical tests possibly related to Diabetic neuropathy:
Listed below are some combinations of symptoms associated with Diabetic neuropathy, as listed in our database. Visit the Symptom Checker, to add and remove symptoms and research your condition.
The first step in the treatment of diabetic neuropathy is prevention. Diabetic neuropathy cannot be cured and the damage done to the nerves cannot be repaired, so it is vital that people with diabetes prevent its occurrence.
Some of the possible treatments listed in sources for treatment of Diabetic neuropathy may include:
Review further information on Diabetic neuropathy Treatments.
Some of the comorbid or associated medical symptoms for Diabetic neuropathy may include these symptoms:
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Read more about causes and Diabetic neuropathy deaths.
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Diabetic neuropathy is a nerve disorder caused by diabetes. Symptoms of neuropathy include numbness and sometimes pain in the hands, feet, or legs. Nerve damage caused by diabetes can also lead to problems with internal organs such as the digestive tract, heart, and sexual organs, causing indigestion, diarrhea or constipation, dizziness, bladder infections, and impotence. In some cases, neuropathy can flare up suddenly, causing weakness and weight loss. Depression may follow. (Source: excerpt from Diabetic Neuropathy The Nerve Damage of Diabetes: NIDDK)
Diabetic neuropathy, a nerve disorder caused by diabetes, is characterized by a loss or reduction of sensation in the feet, and in some cases the hands, and pain and weakness in the feet. (Source: excerpt from NINDS Diabetic Neuropathy Information Page: NINDS)
Diabetic neuropathy is a nerve disorder caused by diabetes. Symptoms of neuropathy include numbness and... (Source: excerpt from Diabetic Neuropathy The Nerve Damage of Diabetes: NIDDK)
Diabetic neuropathy, a nerve disorder caused by diabetes, is characterized by a loss or... (Source: excerpt from NINDS Diabetic Neuropathy Information Page: NINDS)
Common complication of diabetes mellitus in which nerves are damaged as a result of hyperglycemia (high blood sugar levels).
- (Source - CRISP)
The list below shows some of the causes of Diabetic neuropathy mentioned in various sources:
This information refers to the general prevalence and incidence of these diseases, not to how likely they are to be the actual cause of Diabetic neuropathy. Of the 13 causes of Diabetic neuropathy that we have listed, we have the following prevalence/incidence information:
The following list of conditions have 'Diabetic neuropathy' or similar listed as a symptom in our database. This computer-generated list may be inaccurate or incomplete. Always seek prompt professional medical advice about the cause of any symptom.
Select from the following alphabetical view of conditions which include a symptom of Diabetic neuropathy or choose View All.
The following list of medical conditions have Diabetic neuropathy or similar listed as a medical complication in our database. The distinction between a symptom and complication is not always clear, and conditions mentioning this symptom as a complication may also be relevant. This computer-generated list may be inaccurate or incomplete. Always seek prompt professional medical advice about the cause of any symptom.
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This information shows analysis of the list of causes of Diabetic neuropathy based
on whether certain risk factors apply to the patient:
Medical Conditions associated with Diabetic neuropathy:
Nerve symptoms (9132 causes), Diabetes-like symptoms (212 causes), Sensory symptoms (7134 causes), Neurological symptoms (9575 causes), Metabolic symptoms (391 causes), Pain (6458 causes), Sensations (6520 causes), Digestive symptoms (5299 causes), Abdominal symptoms (5930 causes), Brain symptoms (2787 causes), Pancreas symptoms (271 causes), Common symptoms (8589 causes), Body symptoms (5672 causes), Head symptoms (10192 causes), Upper abdominal symptoms (2707 causes), Diabetes-related symptoms (327 causes)
Symptoms related to Diabetic neuropathy:
Diabetes (212 causes), Problems controlling blood sugar levels, Hypercholesterolemia (27 causes), High blood pressure (398 causes), Obesity (236 causes), Age more than 40 years, More common in female patients, Cigarette smoking
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