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Hard stool

Hard stool: Introduction

Stool hardness, stool dryness, or small stool is often really a form of constipation (see also constipation). Hard stool, dry stool, or constipation can mean many possible medical conditions. Some people distinguish hard stool from constipation by defining constipation as difficulty with bowel motions rather than hardness of stool. However, the two issues are deeply related and the medical definition of constipation usually includes a spectrum of stool hardness. Similarly, soft stool is usually considered part of the spectrum of diarrhea. Seek prompt professional medical advice about such symptoms....more »

» Review Causes of Hard stool: Causes | Symptom Checker » | Assessment Questionnaire »

Home Diagnostic Testing and Hard stool

Home medical tests possibly related to Hard stool:

Hard stool: Symptom Checker

Listed below are some combinations of symptoms associated with Hard stool, as listed in our database. Visit the Symptom Checker, to add and remove symptoms and research your condition.

Symptom Checker

Symptom Checker

Hard stool Treatments

Some of the possible treatments listed in sources for treatment of Hard stool may include:

Review further information on Hard stool Treatments.

Stories from Users for Hard stool

Real-life user stories relating to Hard stool:

Message Boards for Hard stool

Symptom specific forums: The following patient stories in our interactive forums and message boards relate to Hard stool or relevant symptoms:

Diagnostic tests for Hard stool:

Various tests are used in the diagnosis of Hard stool. Some of these are listed below :

  • Physical examination
    • Inspection of external anus looking for disease that may cause hrd stools - e.g. anal fissure; or pathology that may be a result of hard stools e.g. hemorrhoids, anal fissure.
    • Igital rectal examination - if there are symptoms of intestinal obstruction and the rectum is empty it may suggest complete intestinal obstruction but if there are some feces in the rectum there may be an incomplete intestinal obstruction; if rectal mass is found it suggests colon cancer.
    • Test perianal sensation and the anal reflex to support neurological cause of bowel infrequency
    • Bdominal examination for tenderness, mass, fecal loading, abdominal distention or irregular liver edge (due to metastases from colon cancer)
  • Blood tests
    • Full blood count, electrolytes, thyroid function tests to rule out systemic causes of hard stool such as diabetes, hypothyroidism, hypercalcaemia, hyperparathyroidism
  • more tests...»

Hard stool: Animations

Hard stool: Comorbid Symptoms

Some of the comorbid or associated medical symptoms for Hard stool may include these symptoms:

Causes of General Symptom Types

Research the causes of these more general types of symptom:

Research the causes of related medical symptoms such as:

Causes of Similar Symptoms to Hard stool

Research the causes of these symptoms that are similar to, or related to, the symptom Hard stool:

Assessment Questionnaire: Questions your doctor may ask (and why!)

During a consultation, your doctor will use various techniques to assess the symptom: Hard stool. These will include a physical examination and possibly diagnostic tests. (Note: A physical exam is always done, diagnostic tests may or may not be performed depending on the suspected condition) Your doctor will ask several questions when assessing your condition. It is important to openly share any pertinent information to help your doctor make an accurate diagnosis.

It is also very important to bring an up-to-date list of all of your all medical conditions, medications including dosages, and names of numbers of any specialist you see.

Create your printable checklist here.

See Hard stool Assessment Questionnaire (17 listings)

Misdiagnosis and Hard stool

Chronic digestive conditions often misdiagnosed: When diagnosing chronic symptoms of the digestive tract, there are a variety of conditions that may be misdiagnosed. The best known, irritable bowel syndrome, is over-diagnosed, whereas other causes that more »

Intestinal bacteria disorder may be hidden cause: One of the lesser known causes of diarrhea is an imbalance of bacterial in the gut, more »

Antibiotics often causes diarrhea: The use of antibiotics are very likely to cause some level of diarrhea in patients. The reason is that antibiotics kill off not only "bad" bacteria, but can also kill the "good" bacteria in the gut. This leads to " more »

Food poisoning may actually be an infectious disease: Many people who come down with "stomach symptoms" like diarrhea assume that it's "something more »

Mesenteric adenitis misdiagnosed as appendicitis in children: Because appendicitis is one of the more feared conditions for a child with abdominal pain, more »

Celiac disease often fails to be diagnosed cause of chronic digestive symptoms: One of the most common chronic digestive conditions is celiac disease, a malabsorption disorder with a variety of symptoms (see symptoms of celiac disease). A more »

Chronic digestive diseases hard to diagnose: There is an inherent difficulty in diagnosing the various types of chronic digestive diseases. Some of more »

Hard stool: Research Related Doctors & Specialists

Other ways to find a doctor, or use doctor, physician and specialist online research services:

Hospitals & Clinics: Hard stool

Research extensive quality ratings and patient safety measures for hospitals, clinics and medical facilities in health specialties related to Hard stool:

Hard stool: Related Rare Diseases

Rare types of medical conditions and diseases in related medical categories:

Hard stool: Undiagnosed Conditions

Conditions that are commonly undiagnosed in related areas may include:

Organs affected by Hard stool:

The list of organs typically affected by Hard stool may include, but is not limited to:

Detailed list of causes of Hard stool

The list below shows some of the causes of Hard stool mentioned in various sources:

How Common are these Causes of Hard stool?

This information refers to the general prevalence and incidence of these diseases, not to how likely they are to be the actual cause of Hard stool. Of the 3 causes of Hard stool that we have listed, we have the following prevalence/incidence information:

  • 0 causes are "very common" diseases
  • 2 causes are "common" diseases
  • 0 causes are "uncommon" diseases
  • 0 causes are "rare" diseases
  • 0 causes are "very rare" diseases
  • 3 causes have no prevalence information.

Conditions listing medical symptoms: Hard stool:

The following list of conditions have 'Hard stool' or similar listed as a symptom in our database. This computer-generated list may be inaccurate or incomplete. Always seek prompt professional medical advice about the cause of any symptom.

Select from the following alphabetical view of conditions which include a symptom of Hard stool or choose View All.



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Causes of Hard stool Based on Risk Factors

This information shows analysis of the list of causes of Hard stool based on whether certain risk factors apply to the patient:

  • Travel - has the patient travelled recently?

    Doctors and specialists: Who should I consult about Hard stool?

    Depending on the seriousness of the onset of Hard stool, you may want to consult one of the following medical professionals.

    Important:In extreme cases, always seek advice from emergency services :

    Classifications of Hard stool:

    Medical Conditions associated with Hard stool:

    Stool symptoms (2508 causes), Constipation (726 causes), Digestive symptoms (5299 causes), Bowel problems (2509 causes), Bowel movements (2383 causes), Intestinal symptoms (5299 causes), Lower abdominal symptoms (3048 causes), Abdominal symptoms (5930 causes), Digestive system symptoms (5299 causes)

    Symptoms related to Hard stool:

    Bowel movements (2383 causes), Constipation (726 causes), Diarrhea (2312 causes), Stool symptoms (2508 causes), Stool color changes (387 causes), Stool odor (69 causes), Stool softeners, Dehydration (284 causes), Water loss, Fibre diet, Laxatives

    Medical articles on signs and symptoms:

    Doctor-patient articles related to symptoms and diagnosis:

    These general medical articles may be of interest:

    Evidence Based Medicine Research for Hard stool

    Medical research papers related to Hard stool include:

    Research More Evidence-Based Medicine at

    More Ways To Research Medical Signs and Symptoms:


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