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Kernicterus: Kernicterus refers to neurological damage (brain damage) resulting from the passageof bilirubin through the immature blood brain barrier in infants. It can occur in jaundiced infants but not all jaundiced infants will develop kernicterus. See detailed information below for a list of 20 causes of Kernicterus, Symptom Checker, including diseases and drug side effect causes.
The following medical conditions are some of the possible
causes of Kernicterus.
There are likely to be other possible causes, so ask your doctor
about your symptoms.
Listed below are some combinations of symptoms associated with Kernicterus, as listed in our database. Visit the Symptom Checker, to add and remove symptoms and research your condition.
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Research the causes of these symptoms that are similar to, or related to, the symptom Kernicterus:
A term used pathologically to describe BILIRUBIN staining of the BASAL GANGLIA; BRAIN STEM; and CEREBELLUM and clinically to describe a syndrome associated with HYPERBILIRUBINEMIA. Clinical features include athetosis, MUSCLE SPASTICITY or hypotonia, impaired vertical gaze, and DEAFNESS. Nonconjugated bilirubin enters the brain and acts as a neurotoxin, often in association with conditions that impair the BLOOD-BRAIN BARRIER (e.g., SEPSIS). This condition occurs primarily in neonates (INFANT, NEWBORN), but may rarely occur in adults. (Menkes, Textbook of Child Neurology, 5th ed, p613)
- (Source - Diseases Database)
An abnormal accumulation of bile pigment in the brain and other nerve tissue; causes yellow staining and tissue damage
- (Source - WordNet 2.1)
Brain disorder associated with high levels of bilrubin; clinical features include athetosis, muscle spasticity or hypotonia, impaired vertical gaze, and deafness; nonconjugated bilirubin enters the brain and acts as a neurotoxin, often in association with conditions that impair the blood-brain barrier; this condition occurs primarily in neonates with perinatal blood incompatibilities, but may rarely occur in adults.
- (Source - CRISP)
Kernicterus is listed as a "rare disease" by the Office of
Rare Diseases (ORD) of the National Institutes of Health
(NIH). This means that Kernicterus, or a subtype of Kernicterus,
affects less than 200,000 people in the US population.
- (Source - National Institute of Health)
The list below shows some of the causes of Kernicterus mentioned in various sources:
This information refers to the general prevalence and incidence of these diseases, not to how likely they are to be the actual cause of Kernicterus. Of the 20 causes of Kernicterus that we have listed, we have the following prevalence/incidence information:
The following list of conditions have 'Kernicterus' or similar listed as a symptom in our database. This computer-generated list may be inaccurate or incomplete. Always seek prompt professional medical advice about the cause of any symptom.
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The following list of medical conditions have Kernicterus or similar listed as a medical complication in our database. The distinction between a symptom and complication is not always clear, and conditions mentioning this symptom as a complication may also be relevant. This computer-generated list may be inaccurate or incomplete. Always seek prompt professional medical advice about the cause of any symptom.
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Medical Conditions associated with Kernicterus:
Liver symptoms (1644 causes), Upper abdominal symptoms (2707 causes), Abdominal symptoms (5930 causes), Blood symptoms (2297 causes), Digestive symptoms (5299 causes), Liver problems (1613 causes), Abnormal blood test symptoms (1538 causes)
Symptoms related to Kernicterus:
Blood group incompatibility between mother and baby, Congenital spherocytic anemia, Erythroblastosis foetalis, Hyperbilirubinemia transient, Familial, Neonatal, Inherited spherocytic anemia, Lucey Driscoll syndrome, Neonatal Jaundice (65 causes), Non-hereditary spherocytic anemia
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