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Metabolic syndrome encompasses a group of conditions that, when they occur together, put a person at a high risk of developing type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular diseases, including heart attack and stroke. Metabolic syndrome is a serious condition that is extremely common in adults and is becoming more common in children as well. However, metabolic syndrome is often preventable and treatable. Effective prevention or treatment of metabolic syndrome significantly reduces the risk for developing serious complications, such as type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular diseases.
The group of conditions that occur in metabolic syndrome include having abdominal obesity, insulin resistance, high blood pressure, and high cholesterol. Symptoms of metabolic syndrome include hyperglycemia and hypercholesterolemia. For more information on symptoms and complications, refer to symptoms of metabolic syndrome.
Risk factors for the develoment of metabolic syndrome include being overweight or obese, having a sedentary lifestyle, smoking, and eating a diet that is high in fats and processed carbohydrates. Although many cases of metabolic syndrome are preventable through lifestyle and dietary changes, some people are at risk due to uncontrollable factors that cannot be prevented. These include having a family history of type 2 diabetes, heart disease, and hypertension.
Making a diagnosis of metabolic syndrome includes completing a full medical evaluation, medical history and physical examination that includes an assessment of weight and waist measurement and a series of blood pressure readings.
Diagnostic testing includes blood tests that measures cholesterol levels. Cholesterol testing primarily measures the total amount of cholesterol and the three components of cholesterol, HDL, LDL and triglycerides. Another blood test that is performed is a fasting blood glucose test, which will detect hyperglycemia (high levels of sugar in the blood). High levels of glucose can also be quickly detected with a random blood glucose test or an urinanalysis performed on urine. Another blood test that may be performed is the glycated hemoglobin (A1C) test, which measures the average overall blood sugar for the past several months.
A comprehensive evaluation also includes compiling and analyzing many factors that impact the risk of developing metabolic syndrome and its complications, such as cardiovascular disease. These include lifestyle, family history, personal history, dietary habits, stress levels, and smoking/drinking habits. Other tests, including blood tests, EKG, and imaging tests, such as heart scans, are also evaluated to assess risk and if any complications of metabolic syndrome are suspected.
It is very possible that a diagnosis of metabolic syndrome can be missed or delayed because some people do not display the typical symptoms. For more information on misdiagnosis, refer to misdiagnosis of metabolic syndrome.
Metabolic syndrome can be successfully treated with an individualized treatment plan that best fits the individual case of metabolic syndrome and a person's life style. Treatment generally involves regular medical monitoring, lifestyle and dietary changes, and regular blood glucose, blood pressure, and cholesterol monitoring. Treatment may also include medication for some people who are unable to normalize their blood pressure, blood sugar, and/or cholesterol levels through diet and lifestyle changes. For more information on treatment, refer to treatment of metabolic syndrome....more »
Prompt diagnosis and treatment of metabolic syndrome is vital to preventing serious, even life threatening complications, such as atherosclerosis, heart disease, blood clots, hypertension, myocardial infarction and stroke.
A diagnosis of metabolic syndrome may be overlooked or delayed because there are often no symptoms of many of the conditions until complications occur. In ...more misdiagnosis »
Home medical tests possibly related to Metabolic disorder:
Listed below are some combinations of symptoms associated with Metabolic disorder, as listed in our database. Visit the Symptom Checker, to add and remove symptoms and research your condition.
With regular medical care and consistent patient compliance with treatment, metabolic syndrome can often be successfully treated and even reversed.
The most effective metabolic syndrome treatment plan uses a multifaceted approach. Both treatment and prevention of metabolic syndrome include achieving and keeping cholesterol, blood sugar, weight, and blood pressure at normal and healthy ...Metabolic disorder Treatments
Review further information on Metabolic disorder Treatments.
Some of the comorbid or associated medical symptoms for Metabolic disorder may include these symptoms:
Research the causes of these more general types of symptom:
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Research the causes of these symptoms that are similar to, or related to, the symptom Metabolic disorder:
Misdiagnosed weight-related causes of infertility: A woman's weight status can affect her level of fertility. Although obesity or overweight can in themselves reduce fertility, there are other weight...read more »
The metabolic syndrome, which affects about one-quarter of all adults in the U.S., has emerged as just as strong a contributor to early heart disease as cigarette smoking. The metabolic syndrome, also known as syndrome X or insulin resistance syndrome, is a constellation of metabolic risk factors that significantly increases the risk for coronary events. (Source: excerpt from Drop-in Article (2001 National Cholesterol Education Month Kit): NHLBI)
A congenital (due to inherited enzyme abnormality) or acquired (due to failure of a metabolic important organ) disorder resulting from an abnormal metabolic process. -- 2003
- (Source - Diseases Database)
The list below shows some of the causes of Metabolic disorder mentioned in various sources:
This information refers to the general prevalence and incidence of these diseases, not to how likely they are to be the actual cause of Metabolic disorder. Of the 50 causes of Metabolic disorder that we have listed, we have the following prevalence/incidence information:
The following list of conditions have 'Metabolic disorder' or similar listed as a symptom in our database. This computer-generated list may be inaccurate or incomplete. Always seek prompt professional medical advice about the cause of any symptom.
Select from the following alphabetical view of conditions which include a symptom of Metabolic disorder or choose View All.
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- (Source - Diseases Database)
Medical Conditions associated with Metabolic disorder:
Metabolic symptoms (391 causes)
Symptoms related to Metabolic disorder:
Lactic acidosis (76 causes), Ketoacidosis (22 causes), Chronic renal failure (67 causes), Rhabdomyolsis, Pancreatic fistula, Renal tubular acidosis, Glue sniffing, Uereto-sigmoidostomy, Intoxication with ammonium chloride, Acetazolamide, Isopropyl alcohol
Doctor-patient articles related to symptoms and diagnosis:
These general medical articles may be of interest:
Medical research papers related to Metabolic disorder include:
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