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Microcephaly: Introduction

Microcephaly: A smaller than average brain. See detailed information below for a list of 108 causes of Microcephaly, Symptom Checker, including diseases and drug side effect causes.

» Review Causes of Microcephaly: Causes | Symptom Checker »

Causes of Microcephaly:

The following medical conditions are some of the possible causes of Microcephaly. There are likely to be other possible causes, so ask your doctor about your symptoms.

» Review Causes of Microcephaly: Causes | Symptom Checker »

Home Diagnostic Testing and Microcephaly

Home medical tests possibly related to Microcephaly:

Causes of Types of Microcephaly:

Review causes of types of Microcephaly in more specific categories:

Microcephaly: Symptom Checker

Listed below are some combinations of symptoms associated with Microcephaly, as listed in our database. Visit the Symptom Checker, to add and remove symptoms and research your condition.

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Microcephaly Treatments

Some of the possible treatments listed in sources for treatment of Microcephaly may include:

Review further information on Microcephaly Treatments.

Microcephaly: Animations

Microcephaly: Comorbid Symptoms

Some of the comorbid or associated medical symptoms for Microcephaly may include these symptoms:

Causes of General Symptom Types

Research the causes of these more general types of symptom:

Causes of Similar Symptoms to Microcephaly

Research the causes of these symptoms that are similar to, or related to, the symptom Microcephaly:

Misdiagnosis and Microcephaly

Undiagnosed stroke leads to misdiagnosed aphasia: BBC News UK reported on a man who had been institutionalized and treated for mental illness because he suffered from sudden inability to speak. This more »

Dementia may be a drug interaction: A common scenario in aged care is for a patient to show mental decline to dementia. Whereas this can, of course, occur due to various medical conditions, such as a more »

Mild traumatic brain injury often remains undiagnosed: Although the symptoms of severe brain injury are hard to miss, it is less clear for milder injuries, or even those causing a mild concussion diagnosis. more »

MTBI misdiagnosed as balance problem: When a person has symptoms such as vertigo or dizziness, a diagnosis of brain injury may go overlooked. This is particularly true of mild traumatic more »

Brain pressure condition often misdiagnosed as dementia: A condition that results from an excessive pressure of CSF within the brain is often misdiagnosed. It may be misdiagnosed as more »

Post-concussive brain injury often misdiagnosed: A study found that soldiers who had suffered a concussive injury in battle often were misdiagnosed on their return. A variety of symptoms can occur in more »

Children with migraine often misdiagnosed: A migraine often fails to be correctly diagnosed in pediatric patients. These patients are not the typical migraine sufferers, but migraines can also occur in children. See misdiagnosis more »

Microcephaly: Research Related Doctors & Specialists

Other ways to find a doctor, or use doctor, physician and specialist online research services:

Microcephaly: Related Rare Diseases

Rare types of medical conditions and diseases in related medical categories:

Microcephaly: Undiagnosed Conditions

Conditions that are commonly undiagnosed in related areas may include:

Causes of Microcephaly listed in Disease Database:

Other medical conditions listed in the Disease Database as possible causes of Microcephaly as a symptom include:

Article Excerpts about Microcephaly

Microcephaly is a rare, neurological disorder in which the circumference of the head is smaller than the average for the age and gender of the infant or child. (Source: excerpt from NINDS Microcephaly Information Page: NINDS)

Microcephaly is a rare, neurological disorder in which the circumference of the... (Source: excerpt from NINDS Microcephaly Information Page: NINDS)

Definitions of Microcephaly:

Abnormal smallness of the head, usually associated with mental retardation. (Dorland, 27th ed)
- (Source - Diseases Database)

An abnormally small head and underdeveloped brain
- (Source - WordNet 2.1)

Detailed list of causes of Microcephaly

The list below shows some of the causes of Microcephaly mentioned in various sources:

How Common are these Causes of Microcephaly?

This information refers to the general prevalence and incidence of these diseases, not to how likely they are to be the actual cause of Microcephaly. Of the 108 causes of Microcephaly that we have listed, we have the following prevalence/incidence information:

  • 0 causes are "very common" diseases
  • 0 causes are "common" diseases
  • 0 causes are "uncommon" diseases
  • 3 causes are "rare" diseases
  • 4 causes are "very rare" diseases
  • 102 causes have no prevalence information.

Conditions listing medical symptoms: Microcephaly:

The following list of conditions have 'Microcephaly' or similar listed as a symptom in our database. This computer-generated list may be inaccurate or incomplete. Always seek prompt professional medical advice about the cause of any symptom.

Select from the following alphabetical view of conditions which include a symptom of Microcephaly or choose View All.

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Conditions listing medical complications: Microcephaly:

The following list of medical conditions have Microcephaly or similar listed as a medical complication in our database. The distinction between a symptom and complication is not always clear, and conditions mentioning this symptom as a complication may also be relevant. This computer-generated list may be inaccurate or incomplete. Always seek prompt professional medical advice about the cause of any symptom.


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What are the alternative names for Microcephaly:

Head small, Micrencephaly
- (Source - Diseases Database)

Classifications of Microcephaly:

Medical Conditions associated with Microcephaly:

Head symptoms (10192 causes), Skull symptoms (1970 causes), Skeletal symptoms (4109 causes), Brain symptoms (2787 causes), Neurological symptoms (9575 causes), Nerve symptoms (9132 causes)

Symptoms related to Microcephaly:

Foetal alcohol syndrome, Congenital rubella syndrome (1 cause), Cytomegalovirus, Chickenpox in pregnancy, Phenylketonuria, Toxic chemical exposure during pregnancy

Medical articles on signs and symptoms:

Doctor-patient articles related to symptoms and diagnosis:

These general medical articles may be of interest:

Related medical articles from our Disease Center for Microcephaly:

More Ways To Research Medical Signs and Symptoms:


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