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Mouth ulcers

Mouth ulcers: Introduction

Mouth ulcers include lesions, sores, laceration, abrasions, or any open break in the mucosa of the mouth, lips or tongue. Mouth ulcers may also be called stomatitis and are a symptom of a variety of mild to serious diseases, disorders and conditions. Mouth ulcers can result from vitamin deficiencies, infection, inflammation, trauma, malignancy and other diseases and abnormal processes.

Mouth ulcers can occur in any age group or population. Mouth ulcers can be the result of a mild condition, such as a canker sore or excessive or overly aggressive tooth brushing. Mouth ulcers can also be the result of a moderate condition, disorder or disease, such as gingivitis or a cold sore. Mouth ulcers can also occur due to some diseases, disorders and conditions that can be serious, even life-threatening. These include oral cancer and leukoplakia.

Depending on the cause, mouth ulcers can be short-term and disappear quickly, such as when mouth ulcers occur due to ill-fitting dentures that are replaced by properly fitting dentures. Mouth ulcers can also occur chronically or long-term, such as mouth ulcers that happens with oral cancer or periodontal disease that is not treated.

Mouth ulcers can be the result of a wide variety of other conditions, including trauma to the mouth, teeth or gums, and as a side effect of certain medications, such as chemotherapy. For more details about causes, see causes of mouth ulcers.

Mouth ulcers often occur in conjunction with other symptoms, which vary depending on the underlying disease, disorder or condition. Other common symptoms include mouth pain, bad breath, jaw swelling, tooth fracture, bleeding gums, unusual patches or rashes in the mouth or on the lips or tongue.

Diagnosing mouth ulcers and their root cause begins with taking a thorough personal and family medical history, including symptoms, and completing a physical examination. This includes an oral examination and oral X-rays. A full dental examination, performed by a dentist and/or periodontist (a specialist in periodontal disease) may be recommended is the cause is believed to be due to periodontal disease.

Diagnosing many common causes of mouth ulcers, such as oral thrush, cold sores and canker sores, can often be made by the symptoms and the appearance of the mouth ulcers. Making a diagnosis of mouth ulcers may also include performing a variety of tests to help to diagnose potential underlying diseases, conditions or disorders, such as oral cancer and leukoplakia. Tests can include biopsy of the mouth ulcers.

A diagnosis of mouth ulcers and their cause can easily be delayed or missed because symptoms of mouth ulcers may be mild or intermittent and for other reasons. For information on misdiagnosis, refer to misdiagnosis of mouth ulcers.

Treatment of mouth ulcers varies based on the underlying cause. Some conditions can be easily and successfully treated and cured, while others may require more intensive treatment and may not have an optimal prognosis. For more information on treatment, refer to treatment of mouth ulcers....more »

Mouth ulcers: Misdiagnosis

Diagnosing mouth ulcers and its cause may be delayed or missed because in some cases, mouth ulcers may not be severe enough or painful enough for a person to seek medical care. Mouth ulcers are a symptom of many different conditions, some potentially serious, such as oral cancer, so a thorough medical evaluation is needed to ensure an accurate diagnosis of the reason ...more misdiagnosis »

Causes of Mouth ulcers:

The following medical conditions are some of the possible causes of Mouth ulcers. There are likely to be other possible causes, so ask your doctor about your symptoms.

» Review Causes of Mouth ulcers: Causes | Symptom Checker » | Assessment Questionnaire »

Causes of Types of Mouth ulcers:

Review the causes of these more specific types of Mouth ulcers:

Review causes of types of Mouth ulcers in more specific categories:

Mouth ulcers: Symptom Checker

Listed below are some combinations of symptoms associated with Mouth ulcers, as listed in our database. Visit the Symptom Checker, to add and remove symptoms and research your condition.

Symptom Checker

Symptom Checker

Mouth ulcers Treatments

Treatment of mouth ulcers begins with prevention. This includes seeking regular dental care (twice yearly) and maintaining good oral hygiene, such as brushing the teeth at least twice a day and flossing once a day.

Treatment plans for mouth ulcers are individualized based on the underlying cause, the presence of coexisting diseases, the age and medical history of the patient, ...Mouth ulcers Treatments

Some of the possible treatments listed in sources for treatment of Mouth ulcers may include:

  • Watchful waiting - many ulcers will resolve quickly.
  • Topical anesthetic
  • Anesthetic mouthwash
  • Hydrogen peroxide mouthwash - diluted in water
  • Allopurinol - mainly for mouth sores caused by chemotherapy
  • Alloprin - mainly for mouth sores caused by chemotherapy
  • Apo-Allopurinol - mainly for mouth sores caused by chemotherapy
  • Lopurin - mainly for mouth sores caused by chemotherapy
  • more treatments...»

Review further information on Mouth ulcers Treatments.

Stories from Users for Mouth ulcers

Real-life user stories relating to Mouth ulcers:

Message Boards for Mouth ulcers

Symptom specific forums: The following patient stories in our interactive forums and message boards relate to Mouth ulcers or relevant symptoms:

Diagnostic tests for Mouth ulcers:

Various tests are used in the diagnosis of Mouth ulcers. Some of these are listed below :

  • Physical examination
    • Examine health of lips, mouth, gums and teeth. Note dental hygiene, mouth ulcers, mouth trauma from dentures and signs of mouth infections
    • Feel cervical lymph nodes (glands) for enlargement - e.g. with lip cancers, herpes simplex labialis.
    • Full physical examination may reveal features of systemic disease - e.g. Cancer, HIV infection, Syphilis, tuberculosis, Ulcerative colitis, Crohn's disease.
  • Blood tests
  • more tests...»

Medications or substances causing Mouth ulcers:

The following drugs, medications, substances or toxins are some of the possible causes of Mouth ulcers as a symptom. Always advise your doctor of any medications or treatments you are using, including prescription, over-the-counter, supplements, herbal or alternative treatments.

Drug interactions causing Mouth ulcers:

When combined, certain drugs, medications, substances or toxins may react causing Mouth ulcers as a symptom. Always advise your doctor of any medications or treatments you are using, including prescription, over-the-counter, supplements, herbal or alternative treatments.

  • Folex and Advil (Ibuprofen) interaction
  • Folex and Motrin (Ibuprofen) interaction
  • Folex and Nuprin (Ibuprofen) interaction
  • Folex and Aleve (Naproxen) interaction
  • Folex and Naprosyn (Naproxen) interaction
  • more interactions...»

Mouth ulcers: Comorbid Symptoms

Some of the comorbid or associated medical symptoms for Mouth ulcers may include these symptoms:

Causes of General Symptom Types

Research the causes of these more general types of symptom:

Research the causes of related medical symptoms such as:

Causes of Similar Symptoms to Mouth ulcers

Research the causes of these symptoms that are similar to, or related to, the symptom Mouth ulcers:

Assessment Questionnaire: Questions your doctor may ask (and why!)

During a consultation, your doctor will use various techniques to assess the symptom: Mouth ulcers. These will include a physical examination and possibly diagnostic tests. (Note: A physical exam is always done, diagnostic tests may or may not be performed depending on the suspected condition) Your doctor will ask several questions when assessing your condition. It is important to openly share any pertinent information to help your doctor make an accurate diagnosis.

It is also very important to bring an up-to-date list of all of your all medical conditions, medications including dosages, and names of numbers of any specialist you see.

Create your printable checklist here.

See Mouth ulcers Assessment Questionnaire (31 listings)

Mouth ulcers: Deaths

Read more about causes and Mouth ulcers deaths.

Mouth ulcers: Research Related Doctors & Specialists

Other ways to find a doctor, or use doctor, physician and specialist online research services:

Hospitals & Clinics: Mouth ulcers

Research extensive quality ratings and patient safety measures for hospitals, clinics and medical facilities in health specialties related to Mouth ulcers:

Causes of Mouth ulcers listed in Disease Database:

Other medical conditions listed in the Disease Database as possible causes of Mouth ulcers as a symptom include:

Definitions of Mouth ulcers:

A loss of mucous substance of the mouth showing local excavation of the surface, resulting from the sloughing of inflammatory necrotic tissue. It is the result of a variety of causes, e.g., denture irritation, aphthous stomatitis (STOMATITIS, APHTHOUS); NOMA; necrotizing gingivitis (GINGIVITIS, NECROTIZING, ULCERATIVE); TOOTHBRUSHING; and various irritants. (From Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p842)
- (Source - Diseases Database)

Organs affected by Mouth ulcers:

The list of organs typically affected by Mouth ulcers may include, but is not limited to:

Detailed list of causes of Mouth ulcers

The list below shows some of the causes of Mouth ulcers mentioned in various sources:

How Common are these Causes of Mouth ulcers?

This information refers to the general prevalence and incidence of these diseases, not to how likely they are to be the actual cause of Mouth ulcers. Of the 253 causes of Mouth ulcers that we have listed, we have the following prevalence/incidence information:

  • 3 causes are "very common" diseases
  • 4 causes are "common" diseases
  • 2 causes are "uncommon" diseases
  • 2 causes are "rare" diseases
  • 11 causes are "very rare" diseases
  • 237 causes have no prevalence information.

Conditions listing medical symptoms: Mouth ulcers:

The following list of conditions have 'Mouth ulcers' or similar listed as a symptom in our database. This computer-generated list may be inaccurate or incomplete. Always seek prompt professional medical advice about the cause of any symptom.

Select from the following alphabetical view of conditions which include a symptom of Mouth ulcers or choose View All.

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Conditions listing medical complications: Mouth ulcers:

The following list of medical conditions have Mouth ulcers or similar listed as a medical complication in our database. The distinction between a symptom and complication is not always clear, and conditions mentioning this symptom as a complication may also be relevant. This computer-generated list may be inaccurate or incomplete. Always seek prompt professional medical advice about the cause of any symptom.


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Causes of Mouth ulcers Based on Risk Factors

This information shows analysis of the list of causes of Mouth ulcers based on whether certain risk factors apply to the patient:

  • Travel - has the patient travelled recently?
  • Diabetes - history of diabetes or family history of diabetes?

    Doctors and specialists: Who should I consult about Mouth ulcers?

    Depending on the seriousness of the onset of Mouth ulcers, you may want to consult one of the following medical professionals.

    Important:In extreme cases, always seek advice from emergency services :

    What are the alternative names for Mouth ulcers:

    Oral ulceration
    - (Source - Diseases Database)

    Classifications of Mouth ulcers:

    Subtypes of Mouth ulcers:

    Aphthous Ulcer (82 causes)

    Medical Conditions associated with Mouth ulcers:

    Mouth symptoms (6864 causes), Throat symptoms (3410 causes), Head symptoms (10192 causes), Face symptoms (8109 causes), Mucus membrane symptoms (832 causes), Respiratory symptoms (5166 causes), Breathing symptoms (3381 causes), Breath symptoms (3023 causes)

    Symptoms related to Mouth ulcers:

    Mouth rash (15 causes), Throat rash (10 causes), Tongue color changes, Skin pigmentation changes (72 causes), Viral infection, Oral candidiasis (30 causes), Herpes simplex, Aphthous ulcer (82 causes), Anemia (926 causes), Chronic infections, Dietary deficiency, Chickenpox, Measles, Erythema multiforme

    Medical articles on signs and symptoms:

    Doctor-patient articles related to symptoms and diagnosis:

    These general medical articles may be of interest:

    Medical News summaries about Mouth ulcers

    Our news pages contain the following medical news summaries about Mouth ulcers and many other medical conditions:

    Evidence Based Medicine Research for Mouth ulcers

    Medical research papers related to Mouth ulcers include:

    Research More Evidence-Based Medicine at

    Related medical articles from our Disease Center for Mouth ulcers:

    More Ways To Research Medical Signs and Symptoms:


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