Have a symptom?
See what questions
a doctor would ask.

Painful urination

Painful urination: Introduction

Interstitial cystitis is one type of a variety of types of cystitis. Cystitis is an inflammation of the bladder and possibly the urethra, most often caused by a bacterial infection. Interstitial cystitis is a less common form of cystitis and is not caused by an infection. There is no known cause of interstitial cystitis, but it is marked by chronic, long-term inflammation of the bladder wall.

Symptoms of interstitial cystitis include feeling the need to urine in a hurry (urgency) and producing only small amounts of urine and urinary frequency. Pelvic pain may also occur. Symptoms may vary between individuals in intensity. Interstitial cystitis can also impact the quality of life and result in other complications. To learn about additional complications and symptoms, refer to symptoms of interstitial cystitis.

Interstitial cystitis occurs far more frequently in women than in men. Interstitial cystitis often appears between the ages of 30 and 40. It is believed that interstitial cystitis may be associated with other chronic pain syndromes, such as irritable bowel syndrome and fibromyalgia.

Making a diagnosis of interstitial cystitis begins with taking a thorough personal and family medical history, including symptoms, and completing a physical examination, including a pelvic examination for women. During the pelvic examination, the health care practitioner will assess the reproductive organs and take a swab sample of the woman's cervix and have it tested for the presence of sexually transmitted diseases. Men are also tested for sexually transmitted diseases, which can produce symptoms similar to those of interstitial cystitis.

Diagnosis also includes performing a urinalysis test, which checks for the presence of pus, white blood cells, and bacteria in the urine. The presence of these elements point to a diagnosis of bacterial cystitis or urinary tract infection instead of interstitial cystitis.

A potassium sensitivity test may also be performed. This test involves measuring the patient's reaction to the installation of a potassium chloride solution into the bladder. Feeling pain or urgency during the test can help to diagnosis interstitial cystitis.

Other tests are done to rule-out other underlying causes of symptoms, such as bladder cancer. These tests may include cystoscopy, which involves examining the bladder lining with a special instrument that is inserted through the urethra. A bladder biopsy may also be performed. A bladder biopsy takes a sample of cells from the bladder, which is checked for the presence of cancer cells.

A diagnosis of interstitial cystitis can easily be missed or delayed because symptoms are so similar to symptoms of more common conditions, such as urinary tract infection. For more information about misdiagnosis and diseases and conditions that can mimic interstitial cystitis, refer to misdiagnosis of interstitial cystitis.

Interstitial cystitis is not curable and there are no treatments that have proven consistently effective in all people with the disease. An individualized combination of medications, dietary and lifestyle changes, therapeutic treatments, and/or surgery may help to minimize symptoms. For more information on treatment, refer to treatment of interstitial cystitis....more »

Painful urination: Misdiagnosis

Symptoms of interstitial cystitis can be nearly identical to symptoms of other urinary tract conditions, especially urinary tract infection, and it is frequently misdiagnosed as such. Because of this, it is not unusual for a proper diagnosis of interstitial cystitis to be delayed for long periods of time.

Symptoms of interstitial cystitis are ...more misdiagnosis »

Causes of Painful urination:

The following medical conditions are some of the possible causes of Painful urination. There are likely to be other possible causes, so ask your doctor about your symptoms.

» Review Causes of Painful urination: Causes

Home Diagnostic Testing and Painful urination

Home medical tests possibly related to Painful urination:

Causes of Types of Painful urination:

Review causes of types of Painful urination in more specific categories:

Painful urination Treatments

There is no cure for interstitial cystitis, and no treatments have proven consistently effective for all people with the disease. A good treatment plan involves a multifaceted approach that focuses on the specific treatments that give the individual the most effective relief of symptoms. This may require a combination of medications, dietary and lifestyle changes, therapeutic ...Painful urination Treatments

Review further information on Painful urination Treatments.

Alternative Treatments for Painful urination

Alternative treatments or home remedies that have been listed as possibly helpful for Painful urination may include:

  • Ayurvedic cleansing program (panchakarma)
  • Cumin, coriander and fennel tea
  • Punarnava, gokshura and musta (Ayurvedic herbal remedy)
  • more treatments »

Painful urination: Animations

Medications or substances causing Painful urination:

The following drugs, medications, substances or toxins are some of the possible causes of Painful urination as a symptom. Always advise your doctor of any medications or treatments you are using, including prescription, over-the-counter, supplements, herbal or alternative treatments.

Causes of General Symptom Types

Research the causes of these more general types of symptom:

Research the causes of related medical symptoms such as:

Painful urination: Deaths

Read more about causes and Painful urination deaths.

Misdiagnosis and Painful urination

Leg cramps at night a classic sign: The symptom of having leg muscle cramps, particularly at night, is a classic sign of undiagnosed diabetes. However, there are also various other causes. See causes of more »

Interstitial cystitis an under-diagnosed bladder condition: The medical condition of interstitial cystitic is a bladder condition that can be more »

Vitamin B12 deficiency under-diagnosed: The condition of Vitamin B12 deficiency is a possible misdiagnosis of various conditions, such as multiple sclerosis (see symptoms of multiple sclerosis). See symptoms of Vitamin B12 deficiency or more »

Painful urination: Research Related Doctors & Specialists

Other ways to find a doctor, or use doctor, physician and specialist online research services:

Hospitals & Clinics: Painful urination

Research extensive quality ratings and patient safety measures for hospitals, clinics and medical facilities in health specialties related to Painful urination:

Painful urination: Undiagnosed Conditions

Conditions that are commonly undiagnosed in related areas may include:

Causes of Painful urination listed in Disease Database:

Other medical conditions listed in the Disease Database as possible causes of Painful urination as a symptom include:

Article Excerpts about Painful urination

Interstitial cystitis (IC), one of the chronic pelvic pain disorders, is a condition resulting in recurring discomfort or pain in the bladder and the surrounding pelvic region. (Source: excerpt from Interstitial Cystitis: NIDDK)

Interstitial cystitis (IC) is a chronic bladder disorder also known as painful bladder syndrome and frequency-urgency-dysuria syndrome. In this disorder, the bladder wall can become inflamed and irritated. The inflammation can lead to scarring and stiffening of the bladder, decreased bladder capacity, pinpoint bleeding, and, in rare cases, ulcers in the bladder lining. The cause of IC is unknown at this time. (Source: excerpt from Your Urinary System and How It Works: NIDDK)

Interstitial cystitis, also known as painful bladder syndrome and frequency-urgency-dysuria syndrome, is a complex, chronic disorder that has baffled doctors for as long as it has been recognized." "People with interstitial cystitis (IC) have an inflamed, or irritated, bladder wall. This inflammation can lead to scarring and stiffening of the bladder, decreased bladder capacity, glomerulations (pinpoint bleeding) and, in rare cases, ulcers in the bladder lining." (Source: excerpt from Interstitial Cystitis (Bladder disorder): NWHIC)

Definitions of Painful urination:

Difficulty or pain in urination.
- (Source - Diseases Database)

Detailed list of causes of Painful urination

The list below shows some of the causes of Painful urination mentioned in various sources:

How Common are these Causes of Painful urination?

This information refers to the general prevalence and incidence of these diseases, not to how likely they are to be the actual cause of Painful urination. Of the 70 causes of Painful urination that we have listed, we have the following prevalence/incidence information:

  • 1 causes are "very common" diseases
  • 5 causes are "common" diseases
  • 1 causes are "uncommon" diseases
  • 0 causes are "rare" diseases
  • 6 causes are "very rare" diseases
  • 63 causes have no prevalence information.

Conditions listing medical symptoms: Painful urination:

The following list of conditions have 'Painful urination' or similar listed as a symptom in our database. This computer-generated list may be inaccurate or incomplete. Always seek prompt professional medical advice about the cause of any symptom.

Select from the following alphabetical view of conditions which include a symptom of Painful urination or choose View All.

View All A B C E F G H M N O P R S T U V
















Conditions listing medical complications: Painful urination:

The following list of medical conditions have Painful urination or similar listed as a medical complication in our database. The distinction between a symptom and complication is not always clear, and conditions mentioning this symptom as a complication may also be relevant. This computer-generated list may be inaccurate or incomplete. Always seek prompt professional medical advice about the cause of any symptom.


Join in at the forums

Ask or answer a question about symptoms or diseases at one of our free interactive user forums.

Medical story forums: If you have a medical story then we want to hear it.

See a list of all the medical forums

Causes of Painful urination Based on Risk Factors

This information shows analysis of the list of causes of Painful urination based on whether certain risk factors apply to the patient:

  • Travel - has the patient travelled recently?
  • Diabetes - history of diabetes or family history of diabetes?

    What are the alternative names for Painful urination:

    Dysuria, Micturition painful, Pain passing urine
    - (Source - Diseases Database)

    Classifications of Painful urination:

    Medical Conditions associated with Painful urination:

    Inflammatory symptoms (1736 causes), Urination symptoms (1228 causes), Urinary system symptoms (1228 causes), Infection-related symptoms (1293 causes), Bladder symptoms (1010 causes), Urinary problems (1033 causes), Digestive symptoms (5299 causes), Abdominal symptoms (5930 causes), Urinary difficulty (648 causes), Sexual symptoms (1838 causes), Intercourse symptoms (258 causes), Lower abdominal symptoms (3048 causes)

    Medical articles on signs and symptoms:

    Doctor-patient articles related to symptoms and diagnosis:

    These general medical articles may be of interest:

    More Ways To Research Medical Signs and Symptoms:


    By using this site you agree to our Terms of Use. Information provided on this site is for informational purposes only; it is not intended as a substitute for advice from your own medical team. The information on this site is not to be used for diagnosing or treating any health concerns you may have - please contact your physician or health care professional for all your medical needs. Please see our Terms of Use.

    Home | Symptoms | Diseases | Diagnosis | Videos | Tools | Forum | About Us | Terms of Use | Privacy Policy | Site Map | Advertise