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Scleritis: Introduction

Scleritis is a rare condition in which there is serious inflammation of the sclera, the white of the eyes. Scleritis can affect one or both eyes and if left untreated can result in vision loss. Symptoms of scleritis include blurred vision, eye pain, eye discomfort, red patches on the whites of the eyes, tearing of the eye, and sensitivity to light (photophobia). To learn more about other important symptoms and complications, refer to symptoms of scleritis.

Scleritis can happen to anyone, but most often occurs to adults between 30 and 60 years of age. Scleritis is sometimes associated with autoimmune disorders, such as rheumatoid arthritis, systemic lupus erythematosus, and Crohn's disease. In an autoimmune disorder, the body's immune system mistakes the tissues of the body as foreign and potentially dangerous to the body and attacks them.

Other causes of scleritis include eye infection and eye trauma, including chemical exposure. The cause of scleritis may also be unknown.

Diagnosing scleritis begins with taking a thorough personal and family medical history, including symptoms, and completing a physical examination that includes a thorough eye examination. This will rule out eye conditions and diseases with similar symptoms.

An eye examination includes testing pupil response to light, visual acuity or sharpness of vision, checking the sharpness of peripheral vision, and testing the pressure of the inside the eye. The outer eye is examined using an instrument called a slit lamp, and the inner eye is examined using an instrument call an ophthalmoscope. Another test involves temporarily staining the eye with a special eye drop that makes a corneal abrasion, which can mimic scleritis, visible to the clinician.

A diagnosis of scleritis may be missed or delayed because symptoms can be similar to symptoms of other disorders, diseases or conditions. To learn more about disorders, diseases and conditions that can mimic scleritis, refer to misdiagnosis of scleritis.

Treatment for scleritis includes medication in pill form and/or eye drop form and regular eye care to monitor the condition. For more details on treatment plans, refer to treatment of scleritis....more »

Scleritis: Misdiagnosis

A diagnosis of scleritis may be delayed or missed because symptoms of scleritis can be similar to symptoms of other diseases and conditions, such as watering eye, subconjunctival hemorrhage, uveitis, glaucoma, choroiditis, dry eye, blepharitis, and corneal ulcer. ...more misdiagnosis »

Causes of Scleritis:

The following medical conditions are some of the possible causes of Scleritis. There are likely to be other possible causes, so ask your doctor about your symptoms.

» Review Causes of Scleritis: Causes | Symptom Checker »

Home Diagnostic Testing and Scleritis

Home medical tests possibly related to Scleritis:

Scleritis: Symptom Checker

Listed below are some combinations of symptoms associated with Scleritis, as listed in our database. Visit the Symptom Checker, to add and remove symptoms and research your condition.

Symptom Checker

Symptom Checker

Scleritis Treatments

Treatment of scleritis includes corticosteroid eye drops. Corticosteroid medications may also be prescribed in pill form. Corticosteroids reduce inflammation and eye pain and help to improve other symptoms. Other drug options may include nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs).

Prompt treatment is essential to lessen the risk of ...Scleritis Treatments

Some of the possible treatments listed in sources for treatment of Scleritis may include:

Review further information on Scleritis Treatments.

Stories from Users for Scleritis

Real-life user stories relating to Scleritis:

Scleritis: Animations

Scleritis: Comorbid Symptoms

Some of the comorbid or associated medical symptoms for Scleritis may include these symptoms:

Causes of General Symptom Types

Research the causes of these more general types of symptom:

Causes of Similar Symptoms to Scleritis

Research the causes of these symptoms that are similar to, or related to, the symptom Scleritis:

Scleritis: Deaths

Read more about causes and Scleritis deaths.

Scleritis: Research Related Doctors & Specialists

Other ways to find a doctor, or use doctor, physician and specialist online research services:

Scleritis: Undiagnosed Conditions

Conditions that are commonly undiagnosed in related areas may include:

Causes of Scleritis listed in Disease Database:

Other medical conditions listed in the Disease Database as possible causes of Scleritis as a symptom include:

Definitions of Scleritis:

Refers to any inflammation of the sclera including episcleritis, a benign condition affecting only the episclera, which is generally short-lived and easily treated. Classic scleritis, on the other hand, affects deeper tissue and is characterized by higher rates of visual acuity loss and even mortality, particularly in necrotizing form. Its characteristic symptom is severe and general head pain. Scleritis has also been associated with systemic collagen disease. Etiology is unknown but is thought to involve a local immune response. Treatment is difficult and includes administration of anti-inflammatory and immunosuppressive agents such as corticosteroids. Inflammation of the sclera may also be secondary to inflammation of adjacent tissues, such as the conjunctiva.
- (Source - Diseases Database)

Inflammation of the sclera
- (Source - WordNet 2.1)

Detailed list of causes of Scleritis

The list below shows some of the causes of Scleritis mentioned in various sources:

How Common are these Causes of Scleritis?

This information refers to the general prevalence and incidence of these diseases, not to how likely they are to be the actual cause of Scleritis. Of the 16 causes of Scleritis that we have listed, we have the following prevalence/incidence information:

  • 0 causes are "very common" diseases
  • 2 causes are "common" diseases
  • 3 causes are "uncommon" diseases
  • 0 causes are "rare" diseases
  • 4 causes are "very rare" diseases
  • 9 causes have no prevalence information.

Conditions listing medical symptoms: Scleritis:

The following list of conditions have 'Scleritis' or similar listed as a symptom in our database. This computer-generated list may be inaccurate or incomplete. Always seek prompt professional medical advice about the cause of any symptom.

Select from the following alphabetical view of conditions which include a symptom of Scleritis or choose View All.

Conditions listing medical complications: Scleritis:

The following list of medical conditions have Scleritis or similar listed as a medical complication in our database. The distinction between a symptom and complication is not always clear, and conditions mentioning this symptom as a complication may also be relevant. This computer-generated list may be inaccurate or incomplete. Always seek prompt professional medical advice about the cause of any symptom.


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Causes of Scleritis Based on Risk Factors

This information shows analysis of the list of causes of Scleritis based on whether certain risk factors apply to the patient:

  • Travel - has the patient travelled recently?
  • Diabetes - history of diabetes or family history of diabetes?

    Classifications of Scleritis:

    Medical Conditions associated with Scleritis:

    Eye symptoms (5412 causes), Inflammatory symptoms (1736 causes), Face symptoms (8109 causes), Head symptoms (10192 causes)

    Symptoms related to Scleritis:

    Rheumatoid arthritis (17 causes), SLE (14 causes), Polyarteritis nodosa, Wegener's granulomatosis, Relapsing polychondritis, Inflammatory bowel disease, Sarcoidosis, Herpes simplex, HIV, Syphilis

    Medical articles on signs and symptoms:

    Doctor-patient articles related to symptoms and diagnosis:

    These general medical articles may be of interest:

    Related medical articles from our Disease Center for Scleritis:

    More Ways To Research Medical Signs and Symptoms:


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