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Vomiting: Introduction

Vomiting is a symptom of a wide variety of mild to serious diseases, disorders and conditions. Vomiting, frequently called throwing up, can result from infection, malignancy, inflammation, trauma, obstruction and other abnormal processes.

Vomiting can occur in any age group or population. Vomiting can be due to a mild condition, such as indigestion or a moderate condition, disorder or disease, such as gallstones, or a side effect of medication. Vomiting can also occur in serious, even life-threatening conditions, including bleeding peptic ulcer, intestinal obstruction or meningitis.

Depending on the cause, vomiting can be short-term and disappear quickly, such as when vomiting occurs after a single episode of alcohol intoxication or from gastroenteritis. Vomiting can also be recurring over a longer period of time, such as when vomiting is due to stomach cancer, gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) or anorexia nervosa.

Vomiting can be the result of a wide variety of gastrointestinal or digestive conditions. These include irritable bowel syndrome, food poisoning, hepatitis and cirrhosis of the liver. Vomiting can also be a symptom of a wide variety of diseases, disorders and conditions of other body systems, such as the nervous system. These include head trauma, motion sickness, subdural hematoma, altitude sickness, pregnancy, Meniere's disease, type 1 diabetes and alcohol dependence.

Vomiting generally occurs in conjunction with other symptoms, which vary depending on the underlying disease, disorder or condition. Other common symptoms may include nausea, diarrhea and abdominal pain. Complications of vomiting can occur from the irritation of acidic gastric contents on the esophagus and mouth. Vomiting can also lead to dehydration. The underlying disorder, disease or condition that is causing vomiting can also cause complications. For more details about symptoms and complications, see symptoms of vomiting.

Diagnosing vomiting and its root cause begins with taking a thorough personal and family medical history, including symptoms, and completing a physical examination. Diagnosis may also include a complete blood count, which can help to determine if an infectious process, such as food poisoning is present. A chemistry panel is a blood test that can evaluate if vomiting has lead to the complication of dehydration. An urinanalysis can also help to determine dehydration and if urinary tract infection may be causing or aggravating vomiting. Blood glucose testing can diagnose if diabetes is at the root of vomiting.

Making a diagnosis may also include performing a variety of other tests to help to diagnose other potential underlying diseases, conditions or disorders, such as stomach cancer, gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), irritable bowel syndrome, hepatitis, gallstones and cirrhosis of the liver. Depending on the suspected cause, tests can include additional blood tests and imaging tests such as X-ray, CT scan, nuclear scans, MRI, or endoscopy.

In an endoscopy procedure, a special lighted instrument is inserted into the area or areas of the gastrointestinal system that are suspected to be the cause of the vomiting and other symptoms. This instrument, called an endoscope, takes pictures of the digestive tract and/or sends images to a computer monitor.

A diagnosis of vomiting and its cause can easily be delayed or missed because vomiting may be intermittent and for other reasons. For information on misdiagnosis, refer to misdiagnosis of vomiting.

Treatment of vomiting involves diagnosing and treating the underlying disease, disorder or condition that is causing it. Some conditions can be easily and successfully treated and cured, while others may require more intensive treatment and may not have an optimal prognosis. For more information on treatment, refer to treatment of vomiting....more »

Vomiting: Vomiting is emitting stomach contents from the mouth. This is not the same as regurgitation, which refers to emitting already swallowed food, and must be distinguished correctly. Vomiting is often related to...more »

Vomiting: Misdiagnosis

Diagnosing vomiting and its cause may be delayed or missed because in some cases, vomiting may not be severe enough or last long enough for a person to seek medical care. This can happen with intermittent but recurring vomiting that is due to such diseases as hepatitis. Vomiting is a symptom of many different conditions, some potentially life threatening, so recurrent ...more misdiagnosis »

Causes of Vomiting:

The following medical conditions are some of the possible causes of Vomiting. There are likely to be other possible causes, so ask your doctor about your symptoms.

» Review Causes of Vomiting: Causes | Symptom Checker »

Home Diagnostic Testing and Vomiting

Home medical tests possibly related to Vomiting:

Causes of Types of Vomiting:

Review the causes of these more specific types of Vomiting:

Review causes of types of Vomiting in more specific categories:

Review causes of more specific types of Vomiting:

Vomiting: Symptom Checker

Listed below are some combinations of symptoms associated with Vomiting, as listed in our database. Visit the Symptom Checker, to add and remove symptoms and research your condition.

Symptom Checker

Symptom Checker

Vomiting Treatments

Treatment plans for vomiting are individualized depending on the underlying cause, the presence of coexisting diseases, the age and medical history of the patient, and other factors. Treatment generally involves a multifaceted plan that addresses the cause, minimizes the discomfort of vomiting and decreases the risk of developing serious complications, such as dehydration.

...Vomiting Treatments

Some of the possible treatments listed in sources for treatment of Vomiting may include:

Review further information on Vomiting Treatments.

Alternative Treatments for Vomiting

Alternative treatments or home remedies that have been listed as possibly helpful for Vomiting may include:

Stories from Users for Vomiting

Real-life user stories relating to Vomiting:

Message Boards for Vomiting

Symptom specific forums: The following patient stories in our interactive forums and message boards relate to Vomiting or relevant symptoms:

Vomiting: Animations

Medications or substances causing Vomiting:

The following drugs, medications, substances or toxins are some of the possible causes of Vomiting as a symptom. Always advise your doctor of any medications or treatments you are using, including prescription, over-the-counter, supplements, herbal or alternative treatments.

Drug interactions causing Vomiting:

When combined, certain drugs, medications, substances or toxins may react causing Vomiting as a symptom. Always advise your doctor of any medications or treatments you are using, including prescription, over-the-counter, supplements, herbal or alternative treatments.

  • Dymelor and alcohol interaction
  • Diabinese and alcohol interaction
  • Amaryl and alcohol interaction
  • Glucotrol and alcohol interaction
  • Glucotrol XL and alcohol interaction
  • more interactions...»

Vomiting: Comorbid Symptoms

Some of the comorbid or associated medical symptoms for Vomiting may include these symptoms:

Causes of General Symptom Types

Research the causes of these more general types of symptom:

Causes of Similar Symptoms to Vomiting

Research the causes of these symptoms that are similar to, or related to, the symptom Vomiting:

Vomiting: Deaths

Read more about causes and Vomiting deaths.

Misdiagnosis and Vomiting

Chronic digestive conditions often misdiagnosed: When diagnosing chronic symptoms of the digestive tract, there are a variety of conditions that more »

Intestinal bacteria disorder may be hidden cause: One of the lesser known causes of diarrhea is an imbalance of bacterial in the gut, sometimes called intestinal imbalance. The digestive system contains a variety of "good" bacteria that aid digestion, and more »

Antibiotics often causes diarrhea: The use of antibiotics are very likely to cause some level of diarrhea in patients. The reason is that antibiotics kill off not only "bad" more »

Food poisoning may actually be an infectious disease: Many people who come down with "stomach symptoms" like diarrhea assume that it's "something I ate" (i.e. food poisoning). In fact, it's more likely to be an more »

Mesenteric adenitis misdiagnosed as appendicitis in children: Because appendicitis is one of the more feared conditions for a child with abdominal pain, it can more »

Celiac disease often fails to be diagnosed cause of chronic digestive symptoms: One of the most common chronic digestive conditions is celiac disease, a malabsorption disorder with a variety of symptoms (see symptoms of celiac disease). more »

Chronic digestive diseases hard to diagnose: There is an inherent difficulty in diagnosing the various types of chronic digestive diseases. Some of the better known more »

Vomiting: Research Related Doctors & Specialists

Other ways to find a doctor, or use doctor, physician and specialist online research services:

Hospitals & Clinics: Vomiting

Research extensive quality ratings and patient safety measures for hospitals, clinics and medical facilities in health specialties related to Vomiting:

Vomiting: Related Rare Diseases

Rare types of medical conditions and diseases in related medical categories:

Vomiting: Undiagnosed Conditions

Conditions that are commonly undiagnosed in related areas may include:

Definitions of Vomiting:

Organs affected by Vomiting:

The list of organs typically affected by Vomiting may include, but is not limited to:

Detailed list of causes of Vomiting

The list below shows some of the causes of Vomiting mentioned in various sources:

How Common are these Causes of Vomiting?

This information refers to the general prevalence and incidence of these diseases, not to how likely they are to be the actual cause of Vomiting. Of the 2819 causes of Vomiting that we have listed, we have the following prevalence/incidence information:

  • 16 causes are "very common" diseases
  • 37 causes are "common" diseases
  • 23 causes are "uncommon" diseases
  • 7 causes are "rare" diseases
  • 83 causes are "very rare" diseases
  • 2719 causes have no prevalence information.

Conditions listing medical symptoms: Vomiting:

The following list of conditions have 'Vomiting' or similar listed as a symptom in our database. This computer-generated list may be inaccurate or incomplete. Always seek prompt professional medical advice about the cause of any symptom.

Select from the following alphabetical view of conditions which include a symptom of Vomiting or choose View All.

View All A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z #





Conditions listing medical complications: Vomiting:

The following list of medical conditions have Vomiting or similar listed as a medical complication in our database. The distinction between a symptom and complication is not always clear, and conditions mentioning this symptom as a complication may also be relevant. This computer-generated list may be inaccurate or incomplete. Always seek prompt professional medical advice about the cause of any symptom.








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Causes of Vomiting Based on Risk Factors

This information shows analysis of the list of causes of Vomiting based on whether certain risk factors apply to the patient:

  • Travel - has the patient travelled recently?
  • Diabetes - history of diabetes or family history of diabetes?

    Classifications of Vomiting:

    Subtypes of Vomiting:

    Vomiting blood (128 causes), Retching (6 causes), Severe vomiting (6 causes), Self-induced vomiting (4 causes), Acute nausea and vomiting (28 causes), Regurgitation (33 causes), Nasal regurgitation of food (1 cause), Regurgitation in adults (28 causes), Regurgitation in infants and children (7 causes)

    Medical Conditions associated with Vomiting:

    Common symptoms (8589 causes), Digestive symptoms (5299 causes), Mouth symptoms (6864 causes), Digestive system symptoms (5299 causes), Stomach symptoms (3217 causes), Abdominal symptoms (5930 causes), Esophageal symptoms (3079 causes), Throat symptoms (3410 causes), Respiratory symptoms (5166 causes), Body symptoms (5672 causes), Breathing symptoms (3381 causes), Breath symptoms (3023 causes), Head symptoms (10192 causes), Face symptoms (8109 causes)

    Symptoms related to Vomiting:

    Nausea (2564 causes), Regurgitation (33 causes), Abdominal pain (2568 causes), Overeating (44 causes), Excessive alcohol, Hangover, Pregnancy (699 causes), Morning sickness, Migraine (37 causes), Motion sickness (10 causes), Infections (1293 causes)

    Medical articles on signs and symptoms:

    Doctor-patient articles related to symptoms and diagnosis:

    These general medical articles may be of interest:

    Medical News summaries about Vomiting

    Our news pages contain the following medical news summaries about Vomiting and many other medical conditions:

    Related medical articles from our Disease Center for Vomiting:

    More Ways To Research Medical Signs and Symptoms:


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