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Treatment plans for abdominal distension are individualized depending on the underlying cause, the presence of coexisting diseases, the age and medical history of the patient, and other factors. Treatment generally involves a multifaceted plan that addresses the cause, minimizes the discomfort of abdominal distension and decreases the risk of developing serious complications of underlying causes, such as shortness of breath, shock, sepsis, hemorrhage, anemia and death.
When abdominal distension is caused by a self-limiting condition, such as overeating or indigestion, the treatment includes resting the stomach by not eating solid foods until abdominal distension and other discomfort or symptoms have passed for a period of time.
In some cases, medications are used to treat abdominal distension. Antibiotics may be prescribed when abdominal distension is caused by a bacterial infection, such as in bacterial food poisoning, abdominal abscess or peritonitis. Treatment of abdominal distension that is caused by serious or life-threatening conditions, such as intestinal obstruction, serious food poisoning, abdominal abscess or peritonitis, includes hospitalization, intravenous fluids and medications. Surgery may also be needed to correct intestinal obstruction, to drain an abdominal abscess or to treat some forms of abdominal cancer. Urinary retention due to an enlarged prostate and other conditions is treated by inserting a catheter and draining the bladder.
Some of the possible treatments for Abdominal distension from various sources may include:
The following treatments are listed for Abdominal Distension in our knowledge base:
Review the treatment information pages for various causes of Abdominal distension:
More causes: not all possible causes for Abdominal distension are listed above; for a full list refer to causes of Abdominal distension.
Only your doctor can advise whether any of these treatments are appropriate for your specific medical situation. Always discuss all treatment options with your doctor before making a decision, including whether to start or discontinue any treatment plan.
The following list of conditions have 'Abdominal distension' or similar listed as a symptom in our database. This computer-generated list may be inaccurate or incomplete. Always seek prompt professional medical advice about the cause of any symptom.
Select from the following alphabetical view of conditions which include a symptom of Abdominal distension or choose View All.
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