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Diagnostic Tests for Abdominal pain

Diagnostic Test list for Abdominal pain:

The list of diagnostic tests mentioned in various sources as used in the diagnosis of Abdominal pain includes:

  • General appearance - looking for jaundice, signs of recent weight loss, distress.
  • Is there shock? - i.e. reduced blood pressure, increased heart rate suggesting ruptured peptic ulcer or acute pancreatitis.
  • Palpate the abdomen gently - to assess tenderness, rigidity of abdomen and to feel for any masses.
  • Examine for hernia
  • Listen to the bowel sounds - to assess possible bowel obstruction.
  • Rectal examination - noting any tenderness, masses or blood.
  • Vaginal examination - noting any tenderness, masses or discharge.
  • Urine examination
    • Urine glucose - to assess presence of glucose.
    • Urine ketones - ketones for diabetes.
    • Urine blood - to assess presence of blood in renal colic.
    • Urine bilirubin - to assess presence of bilirubin in cholangitis.
    • Urine protein - to assess presence of protein in pyelonephritis.
    • Urine porphobilinogen - to assess porphobilinogen in porphria.
  • Examine lungs and heart system - to assess possibility of lungs or heart causing abdominal pain.
  • Blood tests
    • Full blood count - looking for anemia, inflammation.
    • Electrolytes - looking for signs of dehydration or electrolyte imbalance.
    • Pancreatic enzymes - looking for pancreatitis.
    • Pregnancy test - looking for ectopic pregnancy.
    • Blood cultures- if there are chills and fever
  • Stool examination - for occult blood, ovum or parasites.
  • Radiographic investigations - depending on location of mass and associated symptoms - e.g. X-ray abdomen.
    • Ultrasound of abdomen and /or pelvis - looking for gallstones, abdominal aneurysm, ectopic pregnancy.
    • IVP - looking for signs of urinary stones.
    • Nuclear scan of gallbladder - useful in detecting acute cholecystitis.
    • Gallium scan - to detect diverticular abscess.
    • CT Abdomen
    • Chest X-ray - to rule out pneumonia.
    • ECG and cardiac enzymes - to rule out heart attack.
  • Endoscopic procedure - to help diagnose stomach cancer, peptic ulcer, gastritis, reflux oesophagitis, colon cancer and diverticulitis.
  • Surgical investigations depending on location of mass and associated symptoms - e.g. Laparoscopy is useful in diagnosing many types of abdominal pain, Exploratory laparotomy if diagnosis remains in doubt.
  • Angiography - can diagnose an aneurysm or mesenteric infarction.

Home Diagnostic Testing

These home medical tests may be relevant to Abdominal pain causes:

Conditions listing medical symptoms: Abdominal pain:

The following list of conditions have 'Abdominal pain' or similar listed as a symptom in our database. This computer-generated list may be inaccurate or incomplete. Always seek prompt professional medical advice about the cause of any symptom.

Select from the following alphabetical view of conditions which include a symptom of Abdominal pain or choose View All.

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Conditions listing medical complications: Abdominal pain:

The following list of medical conditions have 'Abdominal pain' or similar listed as a medical complication in our database.


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