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Symptoms » Abdominal swelling » Glossary
 

Glossary for Abdominal swelling

Medical terms related to Abdominal swelling or mentioned in this section include:

  • AAA: Anoutpouching at an area of weakness in the abdominal aorta involving all 3 layers of the artery wall.
  • ACTH -- Teratogenic Agent: Experimental studies on mice indicate that the use of ACTH during pregnancy may cause various harmful effects on the fetus. The likelihood and severity of symptoms may be affected by the level of exposure and the stage of pregnancy that the exposure occurred at. The effect on human fetuses has not been conclusively determined.
  • Abdominal Cancer: Growth of abnormal cells (tumour) affecting the organs in the abdominal cavity; may be due to primary growth of a tumour or spread from another tumour (metastases, secondary tumour)
  • Abdominal Distension: also known as ascites is pathologic fluid accumulation within the abdominal cavity
  • Abdominal Hernia: A protrusion of the intraabdominal contents through a defect in the abdominal wall
  • Abdominal Neoplasms: A tumor that occurs in the abdomen.
  • Abdominal chemodectomas with cutaneous angiolipomas: A rare genetic condition involving the growth of a tumor-like mass of lymphatic tissue in the abdomen.
  • Abdominal conditions: Medical conditions affecting the abdominal region.
  • Abdominal distension: also known as ascites is pathologic fluid accumulation within the abdominal cavity
  • Abdominal distention: The sensation and appearance of distention located in the abdomen
  • Abdominal fullness: The sensation of fullness located in the abdomen
  • Abdominal mass: Abdominal swelling with hard mass felt
  • Abdominal pain: Pain in the abdominal area or stomach.
  • Abdominal swelling: Swelling or bloating of the abdomen
  • Abdominal swelling in adults: Abdominal swelling in adults is enlargement or bloating of an adult's abdomen.
  • Abdominal swelling in children: Abdominal swelling in children is bloating or enlargement of a child's abdomen.
  • Abdominal swelling in pregnancy: Abdominal swelling in pregnancy is a lump or enlarged area felt under the skin, within the abdominal cavity.
  • Abdominal symptoms: Symptoms affecting the abdomen or digestive tract
  • Abdominal tumor: tumors of the abdomen
  • Abruptio placentae: A condition which is characterized by the premature detachment of the placenta from the uterus
  • Absent alpha 1 band: An absence of alpha-1-antitrypsin the the body
  • Acanthocytosis: A rare disorder where most of the red blood cells are abnormal with spiny projections due to lipid abnormalities. The blood abnormality is seen in conditions such as abetalipoproteinemia, severe liver disease and severe malnutrition. Symptoms and prognosis depend on the underlying disorder.
  • Accessory navicular bone: An abnormal bone that develops in the arch in the middle of the foot. Often there are no symptoms but if the bone is large it may rub against shoes and cause problems.
  • Achondrogenesis type 1A: A rare genetic disorder characterized by abnormal cartilage formation and growth of bones. Type 1A differs from other types by the origin of the genetic defect. Type 1A involves abnormal cartilage-forming cells (chondrocytes) whereas type 1B involves an abnormal cartilage matrix. Type 1B is the most severe disorder.
  • Achondroplasia regional -- dysplasia abdominal muscle: A rare syndrome characterized mainly by abnormal bone development of the ilium, ribs and abdominal muscles. The abdominal muscles tend to become more develope with increasing age.
  • Acute Appendicitis: Infection of the appendix
  • Acute Pancreatitis: sudden inflammation of the pancreas
  • Acute appendicitis: Infection of the appendix
  • Acute cholecystitis: Acute inflammation of the gall bladder, usually due to obstruction by a gall stone
  • Acute intermittent porphyria: A rare inherited metabolic disorder caused by a disturbed porphyrin metabolism resulting in increased production of porphyrin or its precursors. Symptoms include abdominal pain, photosensitivity and neurological disturbances such as seizures, coma, hallucinations and respiratory paralysis.
  • Acute pancreatitis: sudden inflammation of the pancreas
  • Acyclovir -- Teratogenic Agent: There is strong evidence to indicate that exposure to Acyclovir during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of exposure and the stage of pregnancy that the exposure occurred at.
  • Adenocarcinoid tumor: A rare type of tumor that occurs in the gastrointestinal tract and tends to metastasize. The symptoms are determined by the location of the tumors.
  • Adrenal hemorrhage, neonatal: Hemorrhage of the adrenal gland after birth. The severity of the disorder is varies from a small hemorrhage to damage to the whole adrenal gland. Sometimes the condition is discovered incidentally during ultrasounds for other reasons. The hemorrhage may occur as the result of a variety of causes including adrenal tumor, neonatal stress, and blood coagulation disorder or for no apparent reason.
  • Aggressive systemic mastocytosis: The excessive proliferation of mast cells. Mast cells control the skin's response to minor injury and release a chemical called histamine which causes the skin to redden. In the aggressive form, mast cells accumulate in the liver, spleen and lymphatic system.
  • Albuminuria: The presence of albumin (a blood protein) in the urine.
  • Alpha thalassemia: Thalassemia is an inherited blood disorder characterized by abnormal synthesis of hemoglobin. Hemoglobin consists of two main protein chains called alpha and beta. Alpha thalassemia involves defects in one or more of the four genes required to make each ? protein chain. The main symptom is anemia, the severity of which can vary amongst patients depending on how many defective genes are involved.
  • Alpha thalassemia -- Hemoglobin H disease: Thalassemia is an inherited blood disorder characterized by abnormal synthesis of hemoglobin. Hemoglobin consists of two main protein chains called alpha and beta. Hemoglobin H disease involves defects in three of the four genes required to make each ? protein chain. The main symptom is moderate to severe anemia.
  • Alpha thalassemia major: Thalassemia is an inherited blood disorder characterized by abnormal synthesis of hemoglobin. Hemoglobin consists of two main protein chains called alpha and beta. Alpha thalassemia major is very rare involves defects in all of the four genes required to make each ? protein chain. The condition leads to infant death before or soon after birth.
  • Alveolar echinococcosis: A rare parasitic infection caused by the larva of a miniscule tapeworm called Echinococcus multilocularis. Transmission occurs through contact with foxes, coyotes, dogs and cats. The condition results in the development of parasitic tumors in the liver (sometimes other organs such as brain and lungs) but it generally causes no symptom for 5 to 15 years after infection.
  • Andersen disease: An rare inborn error of metabolism involving glycogen storage and characterized by cirrhosis and sometimes liver failure. Lack of the amyl-transglucosidase enzyme and abnormal glycogen causes the condition.
  • Angioimmunoblastic T-cell lymphoma: A form of cancer which tends to be systemic in nature and thus cancer cells can be found in various parts of the body such as the lymph nodes, liver, spleen, skin and bone marrow.
  • Angiosarcoma of the liver: A rare type of cancer that starts in the lining of blood vessels in the liver. It is generally an aggressive tumor which often metastasizes.
  • Aortic aneurysm, familial abdominal 1: A rare familial disorder where the abdominal aorta has a weak, bulging portion. The condition is asymptomatic but can result in death if it bursts. Type 1 is caused by a genetic defect on chromosome 19q13.
  • Aortic aneurysm, familial abdominal 2: A rare familial disorder where the abdominal aorta has a weak, bulging portion. The condition is asymptomatic but can result in death if it bursts. Type 2 is caused by a genetic defect on chromosome 4q31.
  • Aortic aneurysm, familial abdominal 3: A rare familial disorder where the abdominal aorta has a weak, bulging portion. The condition is asymptomatic but can result in death if it bursts. Type 3 is caused by a genetic defect on chromosome 9p21.
  • Aortic coarctation: A rare inherited birth defect where the heart blood vessel called the aorta has a narrowed area which affects blood flow. The degree of constriction is variable which mild cases asymptomatic until adulthood. The poor blood flow to the lower body gives results in it appearing less developed than that upper body.
  • Appendiceal tumor: A tumor of the appendix. The condition is often misdiagnosed as acute appendicitis. The cancer usually metastasizes from other sites and rarely starts in the appendix.
  • Appendicitis/acute appendicitis/chronic appendicitis:
  • Appendix cancer: Cancer of the appendix. The cancer usually metastasizes from other sites and rarely starts in the appendix.
  • Ascites: The presence of serous fluid within the abdominal cavity
  • Atresia of small intestine: A rare birth defect where developmental abnormalities result in a part of the small intestine being completely absent or blocked.
  • Atresia of urethra: A rare congenital malformation where the urethra ends blindly which makes it unuseable by the body to eliminate urine. This usually results in death unless surgical intervention provides alternative communication between the bladder and the amniotic sac. In rare cases, there is an abnormal opening between the bladder and the rectum which allow the urine to drain. The inability of the fluid to pass out of the body of the fetus results in a reduced amount of amniotic fluid which in turn affects the development of the lungs.
  • Autoimmune Hepatitis: Liver inflammation caused due to autoimmune processes where the body's immune system attacks the liver.
  • Autosomal Recessive Polycystic Kidney Disease: Severe form of PKD, a genetic kidney disease.
  • Baby rattle pelvic dysplasia: A lethal bone development disorder.
  • Bacterial endocarditis: Infection and inflammation of the inner layers of the heart, most commonly the valves cause by bacteria.
  • Banti Syndrome: A rare conditions where chronic congestive spleen enlargement causes it to destroy red blood cells too early. The spleen becomes enlarged due to an obstruction of blood flow in the organ and the resulting increase in blood pressure.
  • Banti's syndrome: A chronic, progressive condition marked by enlargement of the spleen which is associated with anemia, splenomegaly, ascites, jaundice, leucopenia, thrombocytopenia and gastrointestinal bleeding.
  • Beemer-Langer syndrome: A very rare inherited condition characterized by a number of congenital abnormalities and death generally occurs during early infancy.
  • Beeswax poisoning: Beeswax can cause a gastrointestinal blockage if excessive quantities are eaten.
  • Beta Thalassemia intermedia: Thalassemia is an inherited blood disorder characterized by abnormal synthesis of hemoglobin. There are two subtypes of the disorder (alpha and beta) depending on what portion of the hemoglobin is abnormally synthesized. Beta Thalassemia intermedia involves defects in both of the two genes required to make each ? protein chain. The condition causes varying degrees of moderate anemia.
  • Beta thalassemia: Thalassemia is an inherited blood disorder characterized by abnormal synthesis of hemoglobin. Hemoglobin consists of two main protein chains called alpha and beta. Beta thalassemia involves defects in one or more of the two genes required to make each ? protein chain. The main symptom is anemia, the severity of which can vary amongst patients depending on how many defective genes are involved.
  • Biliary Atresia: A rare condition that can affect newborns where the bile duct that carries the bile from the liver to the small intestine is blocked or missing.
  • Biliary atresia, intrahepatic, non syndromic form: Congenital obstruction of the passages in the liver that carry bile. The nonsyndromic form is not associated with any other abnormalities.
  • Biliary atresia, intrahepatic, syndromic form: Congenital obstruction of the passages in the liver that carry bile. The syndromic form is associated with other congenital abnormalities such as heart and visceral defects.
  • Biliary cirrhosis: Biliary cirrhosis is a condition where the bile ducts are unable to transport bile effectively due to blockage, inflammation, scarring or some other damage to the bile ducts. The condition may result from such things as congenital defect of the bile ducts (e.g. biliary atresia), cystic fibrosis, gallstones or a variety of other secondary conditions. The cause of primary biliary cirrhosis is not fully understood.
  • Biliary disorder: Any condition affecting the bile ducts
  • Blind loop syndrome: A rare intestinal defect where there is a small loop in the intestines that allow digesting material to enter but not exit. The symptoms are variable depending on the size and location of the pouch.
  • Body symptoms: Symptoms affecting the entire body features.
  • Bowel obstruction: A condition which is characterized by the obstruction of the gastrointestinal system
  • Bowel problems: Symptoms affecting the bowel
  • Budd chiari syndrome: A disorder where the main vein leaving the liver becomes blocked leading to symptoms such as liver enlargement and fluid buildup in the abdomen. Also called Chiari's syndrome or Rokitansky's disease.
  • Byler Disease: A rare inherited conditions where bile is unable to drain from the liver where it builds up and causes progressive liver damage. The conditions has an early onset and usually leads to end-stage liver disease by the end of the second decade.
  • CCF: When the heart is no longer able to pump enough blood to meet the needs of the body.
  • CML-Like Syndrome, Familial: A very rare condition characterized by symptom similar to myelocytic leukemia that develop during infancy. The condition can result in death during the first years of life.
  • Candle poisoning: Candles can cause a gastrointestinal blockage if excessive quantities are eaten.
  • Capillaria philippiensis infection: A fish borne parasite that can infect humans. Transmission most often occurs through ingestion of contaminated fish. Severity of symptoms tend to increase as the number of worms multiply in the intestines. Death can occur if the condition is left untreated.
  • Cardiac tamponade: Symptoms caused by compression of the heart due to the accumulation of blood or fluid in the space between the heart muscle and the membrane covering the heart.
  • Celiac Disease: Digestive intolerance to gluten in the diet.
  • Childhood liver cancer, primary: Cancer that develops in the tissue of the liver in children.
  • Cholestasis: A condition where bile formation or flow is reduced.
  • Cholestasis, progressive familial intrahepatic 1: A rare inherited condition where bile is unable to drain from the liver where it builds up and causes progressive liver damage.
  • Cholestasis, progressive familial intrahepatic 2: A rare inherited condition where bile is unable to drain from the liver where it builds up and causes progressive liver damage. The condition has an early onset and usually leads to end-stage liver disease by the end of the second decade. The various types of this condition differ in the origin of the genetic defect (liver-specific ATP-binding cassette transporter on chromosome 2q24). Type 2 is also associated with an increased risk of liver cancer in the first few years of life.
  • Cholestasis, progressive familial intrahepatic 3: A rare inherited condition where bile is unable to drain from the liver where it builds up and causes progressive liver damage. The condition has an early onset and usually leads to end-stage liver disease by the end of the second decade. The various types of this condition differ in the origin of the genetic defect (liver-specific ATP-binding cassette transporter on chromosome 2q24). Type 2 is also associated with an increased risk of liver cancer in the first few years of life.
  • Choriocarcinoma, infantile: A rare malignant cancer that originates in the placenta. It is an aggressive cancer which generally results in infant death.
  • Chromophil renal cell carcinoma: A type of kidney tumor where the cells that make up the tumor take up dye readily during pathology testing.
  • Chromophobe renal cell carcinoma: A rare type of kidney tumor. The cells that make up the tumor tend to be clear and do not readily take up dye during pathology analysis. Metastasis often only occurs late in the course of the disease and surgical removal usually leads to a good prognosis.
  • Chromosome 11, deletion 11p: A syndrome that is caused by the deletion of short arm (p) of chromosome 11. The type and severity of symptoms varies depending on the amount and exact location of the genetic material that is deleted.
  • Chromosome 2 trisomy syndrome: A rare chromosomal disorder where there are three copies of chromosome 2 instead of the normal two.
  • Chronic constipation: Long term decrease in mass and frequency of bowel motions and difficulty passing bowel motions.
  • Chylous ascites: A rare disorder involving obstruction of the drainage of the abdominal lymph glands which results in abdominal accumulation of milky white fluid.
  • Cirrhosis, familial: Liver cirrhosis that is inherited in a familial pattern. The liver scarring (cirrhosis) is not caused by any discernable disease process. The liver becomes progressively scarred and its function is impaired.
  • Clear cell renal cell carcinoma: A type of kidney tumor where the cells that make up the tumor are clear.
  • Coarctation of aorta dominant: A rare inherited birth defect where the heart blood vessel called the aorta has a narrowed area which affects blood flow. The degree of constriction is variable which mild cases asymptomatic until adulthood. The poor blood flow to the lower body gives results in it appearing less developed than that upper body.
  • Colon symptoms: Symptoms affecting the colon (bowel).
  • Colonic volvulus: Twisting of the colon.
  • Colorectal Cancer, Susceptibility to, 1: Colorectal cancer refers to cancer of the colon (bowel) or cancer of the rectum, depending on the region affected. It is an under-diagnosed condition because it has no early symptoms. Even when symptoms occur, both the symptoms and the diagnostic tests required are considered embarrassing by many, leading to delayed diagnosis. However, early diagnosis is crucial as colon cancer is a leading cause of death. There are various genes which are linked to an increased risk of developing colorectal cancer. Not all patients with the genetic defect will develop colorectal cancer but the presence of additional triggering factors such as alcohol may trigger the development in those genetically susceptible. Type 1 is linked to a defect on chromosome 9.
  • Colorectal Cancer, Susceptibility to, 10: Colorectal cancer refers to cancer of the colon (bowel) or cancer of the rectum, depending on the region affected. It is an under-diagnosed condition because it has no early symptoms. Even when symptoms occur, both the symptoms and the diagnostic tests required are considered embarrassing by many, leading to delayed diagnosis. However, early diagnosis is crucial as colon cancer is a leading cause of death. There are various genes which are linked to an increased risk of developing colorectal cancer. Not all patients with the genetic defect will develop colorectal cancer but the presence of additional triggering factors such as alcohol may trigger the development in those genetically susceptible. Type 10 is linked to a defect on chromosome 19q.
  • Colorectal Cancer, Susceptibility to, 11: Colorectal cancer refers to cancer of the colon (bowel) or cancer of the rectum, depending on the region affected. It is an under-diagnosed condition because it has no early symptoms. Even when symptoms occur, both the symptoms and the diagnostic tests required are considered embarrassing by many, leading to delayed diagnosis. However, early diagnosis is crucial as colon cancer is a leading cause of death. There are various genes which are linked to an increased risk of developing colorectal cancer. Not all patients with the genetic defect will develop colorectal cancer but the presence of additional triggering factors such as alcohol may trigger the development in those genetically susceptible. Type 11 is linked to a defect on chromosome 20p.
  • Colorectal Cancer, Susceptibility to, 2: Colorectal cancer refers to cancer of the colon (bowel) or cancer of the rectum, depending on the region affected. It is an under-diagnosed condition because it has no early symptoms. Even when symptoms occur, both the symptoms and the diagnostic tests required are considered embarrassing by many, leading to delayed diagnosis. However, early diagnosis is crucial as colon cancer is a leading cause of death. There are various genes which are linked to an increased risk of developing colorectal cancer. Not all patients with the genetic defect will develop colorectal cancer but the presence of additional triggering factors such as alcohol may trigger the development in those genetically susceptible. Type 2 is linked to a defect on chromosome 8q24.
  • Colorectal Cancer, Susceptibility to, 3: Colorectal cancer refers to cancer of the colon (bowel) or cancer of the rectum, depending on the region affected. It is an under-diagnosed condition because it has no early symptoms. Even when symptoms occur, both the symptoms and the diagnostic tests required are considered embarrassing by many, leading to delayed diagnosis. However, early diagnosis is crucial as colon cancer is a leading cause of death. There are various genes which are linked to an increased risk of developing colorectal cancer. Not all patients with the genetic defect will develop colorectal cancer but the presence of additional triggering factors such as alcohol may trigger the development in those genetically susceptible. Type 3 is linked to a defect on chromosome 16.
  • Colorectal Cancer, Susceptibility to, 4: Colorectal cancer refers to cancer of the colon (bowel) or cancer of the rectum, depending on the region affected. It is an under-diagnosed condition because it has no early symptoms. Even when symptoms occur, both the symptoms and the diagnostic tests required are considered embarrassing by many, leading to delayed diagnosis. However, early diagnosis is crucial as colon cancer is a leading cause of death. There are various genes which are linked to an increased risk of developing colorectal cancer. Not all patients with the genetic defect will develop colorectal cancer but the presence of additional triggering factors such as alcohol may trigger the development in those genetically susceptible. Type 4 is linked to a defect on chromosome 15.
  • Colorectal Cancer, Susceptibility to, 5: Colorectal cancer refers to cancer of the colon (bowel) or cancer of the rectum, depending on the region affected. It is an under-diagnosed condition because it has no early symptoms. Even when symptoms occur, both the symptoms and the diagnostic tests required are considered embarrassing by many, leading to delayed diagnosis. However, early diagnosis is crucial as colon cancer is a leading cause of death. There are various genes which are linked to an increased risk of developing colorectal cancer. Not all patients with the genetic defect will develop colorectal cancer but the presence of additional triggering factors such as alcohol may trigger the development in those genetically susceptible. Type 5 is linked to a defect on chromosome 10p14.
  • Colorectal Cancer, Susceptibility to, 6: Colorectal cancer refers to cancer of the colon (bowel) or cancer of the rectum, depending on the region affected. It is an under-diagnosed condition because it has no early symptoms. Even when symptoms occur, both the symptoms and the diagnostic tests required are considered embarrassing by many, leading to delayed diagnosis. However, early diagnosis is crucial as colon cancer is a leading cause of death. There are various genes which are linked to an increased risk of developing colorectal cancer. Not all patients with the genetic defect will develop colorectal cancer but the presence of additional triggering factors such as alcohol may trigger the development in those genetically susceptible. Type 6 is linked to a defect on chromosome 8q23.
  • Colorectal Cancer, Susceptibility to, 7: Colorectal cancer refers to cancer of the colon (bowel) or cancer of the rectum, depending on the region affected. It is an under-diagnosed condition because it has no early symptoms. Even when symptoms occur, both the symptoms and the diagnostic tests required are considered embarrassing by many, leading to delayed diagnosis. However, early diagnosis is crucial as colon cancer is a leading cause of death. There are various genes which are linked to an increased risk of developing colorectal cancer. Not all patients with the genetic defect will develop colorectal cancer but the presence of additional triggering factors such as alcohol may trigger the development in those genetically susceptible. Type 7 is linked to a defect on chromosome 11.
  • Colorectal Cancer, Susceptibility to, 8: Colorectal cancer refers to cancer of the colon (bowel) or cancer of the rectum, depending on the region affected. It is an under-diagnosed condition because it has no early symptoms. Even when symptoms occur, both the symptoms and the diagnostic tests required are considered embarrassing by many, leading to delayed diagnosis. However, early diagnosis is crucial as colon cancer is a leading cause of death. There are various genes which are linked to an increased risk of developing colorectal cancer. Not all patients with the genetic defect will develop colorectal cancer but the presence of additional triggering factors such as alcohol may trigger the development in those genetically susceptible. Type 8 is linked to a defect on chromosome 14q.
  • Colorectal Cancer, Susceptibility to, 9: Colorectal cancer refers to cancer of the colon (bowel) or cancer of the rectum, depending on the region affected. It is an under-diagnosed condition because it has no early symptoms. Even when symptoms occur, both the symptoms and the diagnostic tests required are considered embarrassing by many, leading to delayed diagnosis. However, early diagnosis is crucial as colon cancer is a leading cause of death. There are various genes which are linked to an increased risk of developing colorectal cancer. Not all patients with the genetic defect will develop colorectal cancer but the presence of additional triggering factors such as alcohol may trigger the development in those genetically susceptible. Type 9 is linked to a defect on chromosome 16q.
  • Colorectal cancer: Cancer of the colon (bowel) or rectum.
  • Congenital Diarrhea, Secretory Sodium, 3: A congenital condition characterized by diarrhea resulting form a defect in the sodium/hydrogen exchange. The severity of the condition is variable.
  • Congenital Diarrhea, Secretory Sodium, Syndromic, 3: A congenital syndrome characterized by diarrhea resulting form a defect in the sodium/hydrogen exchange as well as other variable anomalies. The severity of the condition is variable.
  • Congenital chloride diarrhea: A rare birth disorder where the intestines don't absorb electrolytes properly (especially chloride) which leads to electrolyte imbalance which is potentially fatal if untreated. Symptoms often start while the infant is still inside the womb.
  • Congenital disorder of glycosylation type 1H: Congenital disorders of glycosylation is a group of very rare inherited metabolic disorder where defective carbohydrate compounds are attached to glycoproteins and thus impairing glycoprotein function. Type Ih is caused by a defect on chromosome 11pter-p15.5 and involves the gene for a particular enzyme (dolichyl-P-glucose:Glc-1-Man-9-GlcNAc-2-PP-dolichyl-alpha-3-glucosyltransferase).
  • Congenital heart septum defect: A heart defect involving the septum which is present at birth. The defect is a hole in the wall of the heart that separates the right and left chambers and allows blood to flow through the hole. An atrial septal defect is a hole between the two upper heart chambers and a ventricular septal defect is a hole between the two lower heart chambers. Symptoms are determined by the size and exact location of the defect.
  • Congenital hepatic porphyria: A rare congenital disorder where there is an excess of porphyrin (pigments) in the body. The liver is responsible for making porpyrins.
  • Congenital herpes simplex: An infant born with a herpes simplex infection transmitted through the mother. The infection may be localized or involve various internal organs and even the central nervous system in which case death can occur.
  • Congenital lactase deficiency: A congenital metabolic disorder where a deficiency of an enzyme called lactase impairs the body's ability to digest milk and other products that contain lactose. Symptoms tend to occur soon after consuming such products. The severity of symptoms depends on the degree of lactase deficiency.
  • Congenital megacolon: A rare condition similar to Hirschsprung's disease where abnormalities in the bowel muscles prevent it from contracting normally and pushing the fecal matter through. Congenital megacolon differs from Hirschsprung's disease in that the whole colon tends to be dilated.
  • Congenital megalo-ureter: A birth defect where the ureter is abnormally dilated due to a structural obstruction of the end portion of the ureter.
  • Congenital mesoblastic nephroma: A benign congenital kidney tumor.
  • Congenital short bowel: A rare birth defect where the bowel is abnormally short. A short bowel can impair the body's ability to absorb enough nutrients and hence result in malabsorption.
  • Congenital tuberculosis: Fetal infection with tuberculosis
  • Congestive cardiac failure: A condition characterized by breathlessness and abnormal sodium and water retention.
  • Constipation: Hardness of stool or difficulty or inability to pass feces.
  • Constrictive pericarditis: Constrictive pericarditis refers to an chronic inflammation of the sac that covers the heart (pericardium) that results in scarring of the pericardium.
  • Constrictive tuberculous pericarditis: Inflammation and swelling of the pericardium (fibrous sac surrounding the heart) that occurs as a complication of tuberculosis. The condition may be misdiagnosed as a heart attack and vice versa.
  • Cooley syndrome: An inherited blood disorder involving abnormal production of red blood cells which causes serious anemia. It is a severe form of thalassemia.
  • Cor pulmonale: Right ventricular enlargement and failure caused by pulmonary hypertension.
  • Corticotropin -- Teratogenic Agent: There is evidence to indicate that exposure to Corticotropin during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of exposure and the stage of pregnancy that the exposure occurred at.
  • Cretinism athyreotic: A rare form of congenital hypothyroidism that causes mental and physical growth retardation in infants or children. Prompt thyroid hormone therapy is essential in order to prevent progressive neurological and motor deterioration.
  • Crohn's disease: Crohn's disease causes inflammation of the digestive system. It is one of a group of diseases called inflammatory bowel disease. The disease can affect any area from the mouth to the anus. It often affects the lower part of the small intestine called the ileum.
  • Cycad nut poisoning: The cycad nut contains a toxic chemical called cyasin which can be leeched out by soaking in water. The nuts are often used as a food source but it is important to leech out the toxic chemicals first. Eating nuts that still contain the toxin can cause serious symptoms. Cycad nuts may also increase the risk of developing liver cancer.
  • Cystic Fibrosis: Cystic fibrosis is a hereditary disease affecting the exocrine (mucus) glands of the lungs, liver, pancreas, and intestines, causing progressive disability due to multisystem failure.
  • Cystic hamartoma of lung and kidney: A very rare condition characterized mainly by benign cysts in the lungs and kidneys.
  • Decreased gastrointestinal motility: Decreased gastrointestinal motility is a lowered functioning of the gastrointestinal tract in which food is not digested and moved normally through the gastrointestinal tract.
  • Decreased intestinal motility: slowed peristalsis
  • Deletion 11p: A syndrome that is caused by the deletion of short arm (p) of chromosome 11. The type and severity of symptoms varies depending on the amount and exact location of the genetic material that is deleted.
  • Dercum syndrome: A rare condition characterized by the development of painful, localized fatty skin swellings.
  • Desmoid disease, hereditary: A rare inherited disorder characterized by the development of benign growths called desmoid tumors or fibromatoses. The growth usually occurs in the abdomen but can occur in the neck, chest, arms and legs. Symptoms vary depending on the size and location of the growths. Even thought the growths are benign the can cause localized damage and obstruction. The condition can stabilize or become progressively worse and ultimately lead to death. The tumors often develop after some sort of trauma such as abdominal surgery or childbirth.
  • Desmoplastic small round cell tumor: A rare aggressive tumor that usually develops in soft tissue and tends to grow to a large size. It usually occurs in the abdomen but may also in other parts of the body such as abdominal organs, brain, testicles, ovaries, spinal cord and skull.
  • Developmental Lactase Deficiency: This form of lactase deficiency occurs in premature infants. Lactase enzyme activity usually develops late in pregnancy so a preterm infant will not yet have developed this enzyme function. The greater the degree of prematurity, the greater the reduction in lactase activity.
  • Diabetic Gastroparesis: Gastroparesis is a diabetic complication that occurs from neuropathy of the stomach nerve (called the "vagus nerve"). This causes digestive difficulties as the food starts to move too slowly through the stomach.
  • Diaphanospondylodysostosis: A rare disorder characterized by bone formation anomalies including a lack of bone formation in the spine during the fetal stage as well as kidney problems.
  • Diffuse neonatal hemangiomatosis: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by multiple capillary hemangiomas as well as other abnormalities.
  • Digestive symptoms: Any symptoms affecting the digestive tract.
  • Digestive system cancer: A malignancy that affects the gastrointestinal cancer
  • Digestive tract cancer:
  • Diverticulitis: diverticulitis is inflammation of an abnormal pouch(diverticulum) in the intestinal wall. These pouches are usually found in the large intestine
  • Dreyfus syndrome: A rare syndrome characterized by flattened vertebrae, kyphoscoliosis, spinal ankylosis, short neck, dwarfism and other abnormalities.
  • Dysharmonic skeletal maturation -- muscular fiber disproportion: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by abnormal bone development and muscle problems.
  • Dyspepsia: Imprecise term for indigestion or various digestive complaints
  • EGE: A rare disorder where white blood cells (eosinophils) infiltrate the layers of the lining of the stomach and intestines and cause gastrointestinal symptoms. The degree of infiltration will determine the severity of symptoms.
  • Edema: The abnormal retention of fluid in a given anatomical area
  • End Stage Liver Failure: Late stage of liver failure characterised by the onset of mental and neurological symptoms, due to build up of toxic metabolites.
  • Endocrine pancreatic cancer: Any disease that affects the endocrine pancreas
  • Endodermal sinus tumor: A form of malignant germ cell tumor that occurs mainly in young children. They can occur in the testis, ovaries, uterus, abdomen, thorax, tailbone region, vagina, liver, retroperitoneum and pineal ventricle of the brain. Symptoms will vary depending on the exact location of the tumor.
  • Endomyocardial fibrosis: Heart disease characterized by progressive fibrosis of the lining of one or both lower heart cavities. This results in constriction of the heart cavity and may involve the heart valves and other structures.
  • Enlarged liver: Swelling of the liver.
  • Enterocolitis: Serious type of intestinal infection
  • Eosinophilic enteropathy, pattern III: A rare disorder where white blood cells (eosinophils) infiltrate the deepest part of lining of the stomach often resulting in accumulation of fluid filled with white blood cells in the stomach (ascites). The fluid can enter the lung tissue and cause problems.
  • Esophageal Atresia and/or Tracheoesophageal Fistula: A rare condition characterized by an underdeveloped esophagus where the esophagus is not connected to the stomach. An abnormal opening between the trachea and esophagus may or may not also be present. The two abnormalities usually occur together.
  • Esophageal atresia with tracheoesophageal fistula: A rare condition characterized by an abnormal opening between the trachea and esophagus as well as an underdeveloped esophagus where the esophagus is not connected to the stomach.
  • Esophageal spasm: Esophageal spasm is involuntary contractions or convulsing of the muscles of the esophagus.
  • Esophagitis: Inflammation of the esophagus
  • Extragonadal Germ Cell Tumor: A rare form of cancer that originates in germ cells that are found in areas such as the brain, chest, tailbone or abdomen rather than the ovaries or testicles. Germ cells are the precursors for male sperm and female eggs. The symptoms are determined by the location and size of the tumor.
  • Familial Colorectal Cancer: An inherited disorder in which affected individuals have a higher-than-normal chance of developing colorectal cancer and certain other types of cancer, often before the age of 50.
  • Familial Lactase Deficiency: A congenital metabolic disorder where normal amounts of lactase are produced but the lactase is defective and unable to digest milk and other products that contain lactose. Symptoms tend to occur soon after consuming such products.
  • Familial Lipoprotein Lipase Deficiency: An hereditary condition characterized by a deficiency of lipoprotein lipase
  • Familial Mediterranean fever: A rare inherited condition characterized by recurrent fever and inflammation. The inflammation usually involves the stomach, lungs or joints.
  • Familial Wilms tumor 2: A familial form malignant kidney tumor that occurs in children. Type 2 differs from other forms of Wilms tumor by the origin of the genetic defect (chromosome 19q13.4).
  • Familial hyperchylomicronemia: A rare inherited inborn error of metabolism involving the absence of the enzyme called lipoprotein lipase which results in increased blood triglyeride and chylomicron levels.
  • Familial hyperlipoproteinemia: A group of genetic disorder characterized by abnormal breakdown of lipoproteins which causes abnormal lipoprotein and lipid levels in the blood. There are various types of this condition: hyperlipoproteinemia type I, II, III, IV and V. The type and severity of symptoms vary between types. The disorder tends to run in families (familial).
  • Familial pulmonary arterial hypertension: Familial pulmonary arterial hypertension refers to high blood pressure in the arteries that carry blood to the lungs. Blood pressure in other parts of the body is normal or sometimes even low. The condition occurs in a familial pattern i.e. tends to run in families.
  • Familial renal cell carcinoma: A genetic form of kidney cancer that develops in the lining of the tubules in the kidney and tends to run in families.
  • Female genital organ tumors: Tumors affecting the female genital organs, whether cancerous or bening.
  • Fibroids: Benign nodules in the uterus wall.
  • Flank mass: A palpable lesion located anatomically in the flanks
  • Flatulence: Gas passed from the anus
  • Florid cystic endosalpingiosis of the uterus: Benign tumor-like uterine cysts.
  • Food allergies: a food allergy is an adverse immune response to a food protein
  • Food intolerances: Any inability to tolerate particular foods.
  • Forbes disease: A rare inherited glycogen storage disease caused by a deficiency of the enzyme amylo-1,6-glucosidase resulting in a build up of glycogen in the liver and muscles.
  • Fructose-1-phosphate aldolase deficiency, hereditary: An inherited metabolic disorder where deficiency of the enzyme fructose-1-phsophate aldolase prevents fructose being metabolized resulting in fructose intolerance.
  • GAS: Gas passed from the anus
  • Galactosemia I: A rare inherited disorder where deficiency of a particular enzyme (galactose-1-phosphate uridyl transferase) prevents the metabolism of galactose which is a sugar component of milk. Ranges from milk intolerance in mild cases to death in severe untreated cases.
  • Gall bladder conditions: Any condition that affects the gallbladder
  • Gallstones: A condition where biliary calculi form in the gallbladder
  • Gas/bloat syndrome: Excessive production of gas in the gastrointestinal system which causes bloating. Causes can include gastrointestinal infection, excessive gulping of air, altered diet and malabsorption disorders.
  • Gastric lymphoma: A rare type of tumor that occurs in the lining of the stomach. The tumor may be primary or have spread there from other parts of the body. This type of tumor is more common in old people.
  • Gastritis: gastritis is inflammation of the gastric mucosa of the stomach
  • Gastro-enteropancreatic neuroendocrine tumor: A rare form of gastrointestinal tumor. It includes two main groups of cancer called carcinoid and endocrine pancreatic tumors. Some of the tumors consist of hormone secreting cells which results in excessive secretion of certain hormones.
  • Gastrointestinal Basidiobolomycosis: Very rare intestinal infection
  • Gastrointestinal mucormycosis: An infectious disease caused by fungus from the order Mucorales which is normally found in the soil and in decaying plant matter. Transmission is usually through the inhalation of spores. It is generally harmless to healthy individuals but can cause infection in patients who are immunocompromised or who have a serious chronic illness such as uncontrolled diabetes. Symptoms and severity can vary considerable depending on the part of the body the infection occurs in - gastrointestinal tract, skin, lungs, central nervous system, eye orbit and the paranasal sinuses. Gastrointestinal mucormycosis is very rare and involves infection of the gastrointestinal tract.
  • Gastrointestinal neoplasm: A growth or excessive proliferation of cells in the lining of the gastrointestinal tract which includes the esophagus, intestine, pharynx and stomach. The growth may be benign or malignant. The symptoms are determined by the size, location and stage of the tumor.
  • Gastrointestinal tumors: Any tumor of the gastrointestinal (digestive) system, including cancers and benign tumors.
  • Gastrointestinal zygomycosis: An infectious disease caused by fungus from the orders Mucorales and Entomophthorales which are normally found in the soil and in decaying plant matter. The infection differs from mucormycosis which only involves the order Mucorales. Transmission is usually through the inhalation of spores. It is generally harmless to healthy individuals but can cause infection in patients who are immunocompromised or who have a serious chronic illness such as uncontrolled diabetes. Symptoms and severity can vary considerable depending on the part of the body the infection occurs in - gastrointestinal tract, skin, lungs, central nervous system, eye orbit and the paranasal sinuses. Gastrointestinal zygomycosis involves infection of the gastrointestinal tract.
  • Gastroparesis: A condition characterized by the paralysis of the stomach
  • Gaucher Disease: A rare inherited biochemical disorder characterized by the deficiency of the enzyme called glucocerebrosidase and accumulation of glycosylceramide (glucocerebroside). There are three forms of this disease: type 1, 2 and 3.
  • Gaucher disease type 1: A rare inherited biochemical disorder characterized by the deficiency of the enzyme called glucocerebrosidase and accumulation of glycosylceramide (glucocerebroside). There are three forms of this disease: type 1, 2 and 3. Type 1 is the visceral, chronic form which usually starts during adulthood.
  • Gaucher disease type 2: A rare inherited biochemical disorder characterized by the deficiency of the enzyme called glucocerebrosidase and accumulation of glycosylceramide (glucocerebroside). There are three forms of this disease: type 1, 2 and 3. Type 2 is acute neurological form apparent in infancy.
  • Gaucher disease type 3: A rare inherited biochemical disorder characterized by the deficiency of the enzyme called glucocerebrosidase and accumulation of glycosylceramide (glucocerebroside). There are three forms of this disease: type 1, 2 and 3. Type 3 is a subacute neurological form which often first appears in childhood.
  • Gelatinous ascites: A large abdominal cyst filled with gelatinous or mucous fluid. It is often caused by a mucous-producing abdominal cancer.
  • Genital herpes: Sexually transmitted infection of the genital region.
  • Gloomy syndrome: A rare genetic condition which is characterized by distinctive physical features and severe growth retardation that starts during the fetal stage. Intelligence is not affected.
  • Glycogen debranching deficiency: A rare metabolic disorder where an enzyme deficiency (amylo-1,6-glucosidase) results in a harmful buildup of glycogen byproducts in the liver, muscle and even the heart in some cases. The severity of symptoms is variable depending on the degree of enzyme deficiency and how strictly treatment measures are adhered to.
  • Goldberg syndrome: A rare lysosomal storage disorder characterized by an enzyme deficiency (neuraminidase and beta-galactosidase) which results in a build-up of glycoproteins in the urine. There are three main subtypes: infantile, juvenile and adult forms. The early infantile form is the most severe and often results in death during infancy.
  • Goldberg-Shprintzen megacolon syndrome: A rare malformations syndrome characterized by abnormalities such as small head, eye problems, poor muscle tone, hearing problems and Hirschsprung megacolon where defective intestinal muscles are unable to move stool efficiently through the intestines.
  • Granulosa cell tumor of the ovary: A rare type of ovarian tumor which can cause excess estrogen hormone production. The tumor is a low grade malignant tumor.
  • Gray baby syndrome: A side effect of chloramphenicol (antibiotic) administration to infants - especially premature infants. Infants lack the liver enzymes to metabolize the drug and it builds up to toxic levels. Death is relatively common.
  • Gynandroblastoma: A type of ovarian tumor that causes feminizing and masculinizing effects of estrogen and androgen.
  • Heart enlargement: Increased thickness of muscular walls of heart causing an abnormally large sized heart
  • Heart failure: A condition which is characterized by an inability of the heart to pump blood efficiently and effectively
  • Heart symptoms: Symptoms affecting the heart
  • Heartburn: Heartburn is a burning sensation experienced behind the breastbone in the upper chest due to regurgitation of stomach contents.
  • Helminthiasis: Infection of the human body with a parasitic worm such as roundworms and pinworms. The worms usually only involve the intestinal tract but sometimes they may invade other organs. The type and severity of symptoms is determined by the type of worm and the part of the body infected.
  • Hemangioendothelioma: A rare type of blood vessel tumor that can occur anywhere in the body but is most often found in the skin, liver and spleen. Symptoms vary according to the exact location.
  • Hemangiopericytoma: A slow growing tumor that develops in deep soft tissues an tends to occur mainly in the abdomen (pelvic retroperitoneum specifically), hips, shoulders, upper arms and upper legs.
  • Hemolytic anaemia, lethal -- genital anomalies: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by genital abnormalities and hemolytic anemia which often causes death.
  • Hemolytic anemia, lethal -- genital anomalies: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by genital abnormalities and hemolytic anemia which often causes death.
  • Hepatic Venoocclusive Disease with immunodeficiency: An inherited disorder characterized by the association of immunodeficiency and liver disease involving the blockage of small veins in the liver due to swelling and fibrosis.
  • Hepatoblastoma: A primary malignant liver tumor which is rare in infants and children.
  • Hepatocellular carcinoma (fibrolamellar variant): A rare form of liver cancer. The prognosis for this variant of hepatocellular cancer is better than for hepatocellular cancer.
  • Hepatoma: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a primary malignancy of the liver.
  • Hepatorenal tyrosinemia: A rare genetic metabolic disorder characterized by a deficiency of particular enzymes which prevents the breakdown of tyrosine which then builds up in the liver. Type 1 involves a deficiency of the enzyme fumaril acetoacetate hydrolase.
  • Heptaosplenic T-cell Lymphoma: A rare subtype of lymphoma which originates from T-cell lymphocytes in the liver and the spleen. This form of lymphoma is considered quite aggressive. People with solid organ transplants tend to be more susceptible to this form of cancer, possibility because of the need to take immune suppressing drugs to avoid rejection of the transplanted organ.
  • Hernia: General term for an organ protruding where it should not.
  • Hiatus hernia: is a protrusion of the upper part of the stomach into the thoracic cavity through a tear or weakness in the diaphragm, the most common type being sliding hiatus hernia
  • Hirschsprung -- microcephaly -- cleft palate: A rare disorder characterized by the association of Hirschsprung megacolon, a small head and a cleft palate.
  • Hirschsprung disease: congenital disorder of the colon in which the ganglionic nerver cells are absent leading to constipation
  • Hirschsprung disease -- polydactyly -- heart disease: A rare disorder characterized by Hirschsprung disease, extra little finger, extra big toe and a heart defect.
  • Hirschsprung disease ganglioneuroblastoma: A rare disorder characterized by an intestinal defect tumors of the nerves.
  • Hirschsprung's disease: A rare condition where abnormalities in the bowel muscles prevent it from contracting normally and pushing the fecal matter through which results in obstruction and dilation of the bowel.
  • Hochenegg ulcer: A rare, firm type of rectal tumor which is ulcerated in the middle.
  • Hydatid cyst: It is rare for hydatid disease to be encountered primarily in the urogenital system or retroperitoneum. Moreover, prostatic involvement is extremely rare.
  • Hydrops ectrodactyly syndactyly: A very rare disorder characterized mainly be webbed fingers and toes, hand defect and hydrops (abnormal accumulation of fluid in the fetus).
  • Hypokalemia: Abnormally low levels of potassium in the blood.
  • Hypothyroidism due to iodide transport defect: Low thyroid hormone levels in infants due to abnormal iodide transport in the body caused by a genetic defect. The severity of the condition varies depending on the extent of the defect and the length of time taken to diagnose the condition. Symptoms tend to become worse, the longer the condition is undiagnosed.
  • Idiopathic liver cirrhosis: Cirrhosis is defined histologically as a diffuse hepatic process characterized by fibrosis and the conversion of normal liver architecture into structurally abnormal nodules. The progression of liver injury to cirrhosis may occur over weeks to years.
  • Idiopathic minimal change nephrotic syndrome: A rare kidney disorder which has no apparent cause. The filtering structures of the kidneys are only slightly damaged and appear to be almost normal. Progression to kidney failure is very rare.
  • Idiopathic pulmonary hypertension: A rare condition where sclerosis of the pulmonary arteries cause cyanosis, polycythemia and heart failure.
  • Idiopathic sclerosing mesenteritis: A rare disorder that affects the lining of the digestive tract. The lining of the small bowel mesentery (membrane that joins small intestine to back of abdominal wall) becomes thickened and inflamed. The condition may be mild or severe enough to cause death. The idiopathic form of the condition occurs for no apparent reason.
  • Immunoproliferative diseases: Diseases characterised by proliferation of the lymphoid cells
  • Indigestion: Imprecise term for various digestive complaints
  • Infantile sialic acid storage disorder: A rare inherited biochemical disorder characterized by the accumulation of sialic acid in the tissues and excretion of sialic acid in the urine. The disorder results in death within the first few years of life - usually in infancy.
  • Infertility: Inability of couples to establish pregnancy by having sexual intercourse over a period of time, usually more than 1 year in length.
  • Inflammatory myofibroblastic tumors: A rare tumor that tends to occur mainly in the soft tissue and internal body organs. The more common specific locations are soft tissue, mediastinum, pancreas, gastrointestinal and genitourinary tracts, mouth, skin, breast, nerve, bone and central nervous system. The type and severity of symptoms is determined by the location and size of the tumor.
  • Intestinal Pseudoobstruction in Adults: A condition characterized by the clinical presentation of obstruction of the intestines when there is no mechanical cause.
  • Intestinal lymphangiectasis: A dilated intestinal lymph vessel. Symptoms depend on the location and extent of the abnormality. It may be a congenital or acquired condition.
  • Intestinal obstruction: Any obstruction that occurs in the gastrointestinal system
  • Intestinal pseudo-obstruction: A digestive disorder where the intestines are unable to contract normally and push food through the digestive system. This results in symptoms similar to an obstruction and hence the name pseudo-obstruction. The walls of the affected gastrointestinal tract becomes thin and the muscles that control its motion start to degenerate.
  • Irritable bowel syndrome: A chronic non inflammatory disease with a psychophysiologic basis
  • Isthmus coarctation: A rare inherited birth defect where the heart blood vessel called the aorta has a narrowed area which affects blood flow. The degree of constriction is variable which mild cases asymptomatic until adulthood. The poor blood flow to the lower body gives results in it appearing less developed than that upper body.
  • Jarcho-Levin Syndrome: A rare genetic disorder characterized by spinal column abnormalities, dwarfism and a swollen abdomen as well as other anomalies.
  • Jejunal Atresia: A rare birth defect where developmental abnormalities result in the small intestine being completely absent or blocked.
  • Jejunal atresia with renal adysplasia: A very rare genetic disorder characterized mainly be abnormal or absent kidneys as well as jejunal atresia. Jejunal atresia is a birth defect where a portion of the small intestine (jejunum) is completely closed off or blocked due.
  • Jirasek-Zuelzer-Wilson syndrome: A rare abnormality that can occur in newborn infants and involves a complete lack of nerve tissue in the entire colon. The colon is unable to move digesting material through it and leads to a blockage of the digestive system.
  • Kaposiform hemangio-endothelioma: A rare blood vessel tumor that occur primarily in children. It causes localized damage but is not metastatic. Main sites affected are the retroperitoneum and skin but can also occur in the head and neck area, mediastinum and deep soft tissue of the trunk and limbs. Symptoms and prognosis is determined by the size and location of the tumors.
  • Kidney symptoms: Symptoms affecting one or both kidneys.
  • Kidney transplant: The transplantation of a kidney from one person to another
  • Laband Syndrome:
  • Lactose Intolerance: lactose intolerance is the inability to metabolize lactose, a sugar found in milk and other dairy products, because the required enzyme lactase is absent in the intestinal system or its availability is lowered
  • Lactose intolerance: lactose intolerance is the inability to metabolize lactose, a sugar found in milk and other dairy products, because the required enzyme lactase is absent in the intestinal system or its availability is lowered
  • Leiomyosarcoma: A rare soft tissue cancer that arises from smooth muscle cells which form the involuntary muscles. Smooth muscle cells can occur in the skin, uterus, stomach, intestine and blood vessel walls. The main location for these tumors is in the uterus, retroperitoneum, pelvis and large blood vessels such as the inferior vena cava. Symptoms depend on the size and location of the tumor.
  • Leprechaunism: A very rare genetic disorder characterized by insulin resistance which leads to growth delay and endocrine system abnormalities.
  • Leukemia, Myeloid, Chronic-Phase: Myeloid leukemia is a form of cancer where the bone marrow makes too many myeloid cells (granulocytes and their precursors) in the bone marrow which accumulates in the blood and eventually invades various parts of the body. The chronic phase of myeloid leukemia usually involves few if any symptoms. This is the early stage of the disease and without treatment it generally progresses to the accelerated phase of the condition. The majority of patients diagnosed with myeloid leukemia are diagnosed during the chronic phase.
  • Leukemia, T-cell, chronic: Cancer of blood cells called T-cells which form part of the immune system.
  • Lipomatous hemangiopericytoma: A rare slow-growing tumor that tends to occur mainly in deep in the thigh or in the retroperitoneum (space between the abdominal organs and the back of the abdominal space). Symptoms are determined by the size and location of the tumor.
  • Lipoproteine lipase deficiency: A rare inherited inborn error of metabolism involving the absence of the enzyme called lipoprotein lipase which results in increased blood triglyeride and chylomicron levels.
  • Liver cancer: The occurrence of malignancy that occurs in the liver
  • Liver conditions: Any condition that affects the liver
  • Liver symptoms: Symptoms affecting the liver
  • Liver vein outflow obstruction: Budd-Chiari syndrome is the clinical picture caused by occlusion of the hepatic veins. It presents with the classical triad of abdominal pain, ascites and hepatomegaly.
  • Lung cancer: Lung cancer is a disease of uncontrolled cell growth in tissues of the lung. This growth may lead to metastasis, which is the invasion of adjacent tissue and infiltration beyond the lungs. Most lung tumors are malignant.
  • Lymph node neoplasm: Lymph node tumor.
  • Lymphangiectasies and lymphedema Hennekam type: A rare disorder characterized by buildup of lymphatic fluid in the limbs, face and genitals, seizures and mental and growth retardation.
  • Lymphangiectasis: Dilation of lymphatic vessels.
  • Lymphatic malformation (LM): Abnormal or defective development of a lymph vessel. Groups of abnormal lymph channels and spaces contain lymph fluid. A blockage in the malformation can cause a buildup of fluid which can compress nearby structures such as the windpipe. Other problems can occur when the fluid leaks from the malformation into surrounding areas. Examples of lymphatic malformations includes lymphangioma, cavernous lymphangioma and cystic hygroma. Symptoms may vary depending on the location of the malformation and whether the lymph vessel becomes blocked.
  • Lymphatic neoplasm: A tumor that develops in lymphatic tissue. The tumor may be cancerous or benign.
  • Lymphatic system cancer: Any type of cancer affecting the lymphatic system, including lymphomas.
  • Lymphatic system tumors: Any type of tumor affecting the lymphatic system, whether cancerous or benign.
  • Lymphoedema -- lymphangiectasia -- mental retardation: A rare disorder characterized by buildup of lymphatic fluid in the limbs, face and genitals, seizures and mental and growth retardation.
  • Lymphoma: Any neoplastic disorder that occurs in lymphoid tissue
  • Lymphoma, gastric non-Hodgkins type: A very rare form of malignant stomach cancer involving lymph tissue.
  • MPS-IV (Morquio Disease): A condition which is characterized by biochemically distinct mucopolysaccharidosis
  • Malabsorption: Dysfunctional absorption
  • Malignant germ cell tumor: Malignant tumors that are made up of germ cells which are immature cells that eventually become reproductive system tissues in males and females. The symptoms depend on the location of the tumor which may occur in the ovaries, testes or anywhere along the body's midline such as the chest, head, abdomen, pelvis and lower back.
  • Malignant rhabdoid tumors: An aggressive malignant tumor that occurs in children. Symptoms depend on the location of the tumor. The tumors often form in the kidneys and then tend to metastasize to the brain and sometimes the lungs. Symptoms will vary depending on the location of the tumor.
  • McKusick-Kaufman syndrome: A rare genetic disorder characterized by hydrometrocolpos (fluid buildup in vagina and uterus), extra fingers and congenital heart defects.
  • Meconium plug syndrome: A condition that can occur in newborns where a mass of thickened meconium obstructs the large intestines. The condition may occur as a result of other disorders such as cystic fibrosis, colon atresia, narrowed colon, impaired intestinal motility (Hirschsprung disease) or for no apparent reason. Often, bowel function returns to normal once the meconium plug is passed from the body.
  • Megacolon: Dilatation and hypertrophy of the colon
  • Melanoma: Melanoma is the most dangerous type of skin cancer. It is the leading cause of death from skin disease. It involves cells called melanocytes, which produce a skin pigment called melanin. Melanin is responsible for skin and hair color.
  • Membranous nephropathy, idiopathic: A rare kidney disorder which occurs for no obvious reason and involves thickening and dysfunction of the filtering part of the kidneys.
  • Mesothelioma: Type of lung cancer associated with asbestos.
  • Mesothelioma, adult malignant: A rare type of malignant cancer that occurs in the pleura (chest lining) or peritoneum (abdominal lining). The cancer develops in people who have inhaled asbestos fibres. Symptoms tend to occur many years or even decades after the exposure.
  • Mesothelioma, adult malignant -- peritoneal: A rare type of malignant cancer that occurs in the peritoneum (abdominal lining). The cancer develops in people who have inhaled asbestos fibers. Symptoms tend to occur many years or even decades after the exposure.
  • Mesothelioma, adult malignant -- pleural: A rare type of malignant cancer that occurs in the pleura (chest lining). The cancer develops in people who have inhaled asbestos fibers. Symptoms tend to occur many years or even decades after the exposure.
  • Morquio syndrome: A rare inherited biochemical disorder characterized by the accumulation of mucopolysaccharides (glycosaminoglycans) in various body tissues due to insufficient amounts of the enzyme (galactosamine-?-sulfate - type A, ? galactosidase - type B) needed to break it down. The symptoms are variable with type A and B being clinically indistinguishable.
  • Morquio syndrome, type B: A rare inherited biochemical disorder characterized by the accumulation of mucopolysaccharides (glycosaminoglycans) in various body tissues due to insufficient amounts of the enzyme (? galactosidase) needed to break it down.
  • Mosse syndrome: A condition involving the association of liver cirrhosis with polycythemia which is a chronic myeloproliferative disorder characterized by the excessive production of mainly red blood cells by the bone marrow.
  • Multicystic renal dysplasia, bilateral: A rare congenital disorder where multiple cysts develop in the kidneys which affects their ability to function normally. The condition is results in death prior to or within weeks of birth.
  • Muscle weakness: Weakness of the muscles or loss of tone
  • Mycobacterium bovis: A form of mycobacterium
  • Myocardial infarction: blood supply to part of the heart is interrupted
  • Ménétrier's disease: Rare chronic disease with excessive growth of skin folds in the stomach.
  • Necrotizing enterocolitis: A rare disease that is tends to occur in premature infants and involves inflammation and destruction of gastrointestinal tissue. It usually occurs within weeks of birth - often after the start of milk feeding. The condition can be extremely serious and even fatal.
  • Neonatal bacterial meningitis: Bacterial meningitis that occurs in an infant under 3 months of age. Bacterial meningitis is a bacterial brain infection.
  • Neonatal sepsis: Bacterial blood infection in an infant under 3 months of age.
  • Nephrosis, idiopathic form, familial: A rare, inherited, severe kidney disorder which usually results in end-stage kidney failure. Steroids and immunosuppressive therapies are of no effect on the disease and only a kidney transplant can resolve the condition.
  • Nephrosis, idiopathic, sporadic:
  • Nephrosis, idiopathic, sporadic form: A rare kidney disorder which usually results in end-stage kidney failure. Steroids and immunosuppressive therapies usually have no effect on the disease and only a kidney transplant can resolve the condition. The condition can reoccur even after a kidney transplant.
  • Nephrotic syndrome: A condition involving excess loss of protein in the urine, reduced albumin levels in the blood and swelling.
  • Nephrotic syndrome type 2: A rare, severe kidney disorder which usually results in end-stage kidney failure. The condition is inherited in an autosomal recessive manner. Steroids and immunosuppressive therapies are of no effect on the disease and only a kidney transplant can resolve the condition.
  • Nephrotic syndrome, early onset, type 3: A rare, early onset kidney disorder which usually results in end-stage kidney failure. Steroids and immunosuppressive therapies usually have no effect on the disease and only a kidney transplant can resolve the condition.
  • Nephrotic syndrome, idiopathic, steroid-resistant, autosomal recessive: A rare, severe kidney disorder which usually results in end-stage kidney failure. The condition is inherited in an autosomal recessive manner. Steroids and immunosuppressive therapies are of no effect on the disease and only a kidney transplant can resolve the condition.
  • Nephrotic syndrome, idiopathic, steroid-resistant, familial: A rare, inherited, severe kidney disorder which usually results in end-stage kidney failure. Steroids and immunosuppressive therapies are of no effect on the disease and only a kidney transplant can resolve the condition.
  • Nephrotic syndrome, steroid-resistant, sporadic idiopathic: A rare kidney disorder which usually results in end-stage kidney failure. Steroids and immunosuppressive therapies usually have no effect on the disease and only a kidney transplant can resolve the condition. The condition can reoccur even after a kidney transplant.
  • Nephrotic syndrome, steroid-sensitive: A kidney disease which can lead to end-stage kidney failure but tends to respond well to steroids and immunosuppressive therapies.
  • Nerve symptoms: Symptoms affecting the nerves
  • Neuroblastoma: neuroblastoma is a malignant (cancerous) tumor of infants and children that develops from nerve tissue
  • Neuroblastoma, Susceptibility to: Neuroblastoma is a malignant (cancerous) tumor of infants and children that develops from nerve tissue. Symptoms depend on the size and location of the tumor. Some people have particular genetic anomalies which makes them more susceptible to developing a neuroblstoma.
  • Neuroblastoma, Susceptibility to, 1: Neuroblastoma is a malignant (cancerous) tumor of infants and children that develops from nerve tissue. Symptoms depend on the size and location of the tumor. Some people have particular genetic anomalies which makes them more susceptible to developing a neuroblastoma. Type 1 is linked to a genetic defect on chromosome 1p36.
  • Neuroblastoma, Susceptibility to, 2: Neuroblastoma is a malignant (cancerous) tumor of infants and children that develops from nerve tissue. Symptoms depend on the size and location of the tumor. Some people have particular genetic anomalies which makes them more susceptible to developing a neuroblastoma. Type 2 is linked to a genetic defect on chromosome 4p12.
  • Neuroblastoma, Susceptibility to, 3: Neuroblastoma is a malignant (cancerous) tumor of infants and children that develops from nerve tissue. Symptoms depend on the size and location of the tumor. Some people have particular genetic anomalies which makes them more susceptible to developing a neuroblastoma. Type 3 is linked to a genetic defect on chromosome 2p23.
  • Neuroblastoma, Susceptibility to, 4: Neuroblastoma is a malignant (cancerous) tumor of infants and children that develops from nerve tissue. Symptoms depend on the size and location of the tumor. Some people have particular genetic anomalies which makes them more susceptible to developing a neuroblastoma. Type 4 is linked to a genetic defect on chromosome 6p.
  • Neuroblastoma, Susceptibility to, 5: Neuroblastoma is a malignant (cancerous) tumor of infants and children that develops from nerve tissue. Symptoms depend on the size and location of the tumor. Some people have particular genetic anomalies which makes them more susceptible to developing a neuroblastoma. Type 5 is linked to a genetic defect on chromosome 2q35.
  • Neuroblastoma, Susceptibility to, 6: Neuroblastoma is a malignant (cancerous) tumor of infants and children that develops from nerve tissue. Symptoms depend on the size and location of the tumor. Some people have particular genetic anomalies which makes them more susceptible to developing a neuroblastoma. Type 6 is linked to a genetic defect on chromosome 1q21.
  • Neurofibromatosis, familial intestinal: A rare type of familial tumor that arises from intestinal nerves.
  • Niemann-Pick disease: A rare inherited biochemical disorder involving the deficiency of an enzyme (acid sphingomyelinase) needed to break down certain lipids which results in an accumulation of these lipids in the body.
  • Nodular regenerative hyperplasia of the liver: A rare liver condition characterized by the development of nodules in the liver - the size and number of nodules is variable but they are often quite small. The nodules are not separated by fibrous tissue. The condition is generally asymptomatic in the early stages but its progressive nature and can lead to severe portal hypertension and its complications as well as liver failure. The disorder is often associated with particular conditions: rheumatic diseases, blood cancer and other cancers, kidney transplants, sarcoidosis and certain drugs (liver toxic drugs and azathiprine in particular).
  • Non functioning pancreatic endocrine tumor: A tumor of the pancreas that does not result in an increased hormone production but can cause symptoms when the tumor becomes big enough to push against other structures. The tumor may be malignant or benign.
  • Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, during pregnancy: A cancer that originates in the lymphatic system and occurs during pregnancy. The greatest problem is the fact that the cancer is usually quite aggressive and delays in delivery often results in delayed treatment and a poor prognosis.
  • Nonkeratan-sulfate-excreting Morquio syndrome: A rare inherited biochemical disorder characterized by the accumulation of mucopolysaccharides (glycosaminoglycans) in various body tissues due to insufficient amounts of certain enzymes needed to break it down. This disorder is distinguished form other similar conditions by the fact that no keratosulfate is excreted in the urine.
  • OHSS: Excessive stimulation of the ovaries that usually occurs as a complication of in vitro fertilization but may also occur spontaneously. The degree of excessive ovarian stimulation may vary from mild to severe.
  • Obesity: Excessive body weight especially fat.
  • Obliterative portal venopathy: A rare condition characterized by abnormal hardening of liver blood vessels (portal veins), portal hypertension and an enlarged spleen. The condition usually occurs in adults but can rarely occur in children. The exact cause of the condition is unknown but various factors have been implicated e.g. genetic predisposition, workplace exposure to inorganic arsenicals, thorium compounds and vinyl chloride monomer.
  • Obstructive Jaundice: Condition where blockage of the flow of bile from the liver causes overspill of bile products into the blood and incomplete bile excretion from the body.
  • Occupational Cancer -- Liver cancer: Occupational exposure to vinyl chloride can increase the risk of developing liver cancer.
  • Occupational Cancer -- Lymphatic cancer: Occupational exposure to X-radiation can increase the risk of developing lymphatic cancer.
  • Occupational Cancer -- Mesothelioma: Occupational exposure to asbestos can increase the risk of developing mesothelioma.
  • Ogilvie's syndrome: A rare gastrointestinal disorder where the peristaltic action of the colon is absent which prevents fecal matter from passing through.
  • Oncocytoma, renal: A type of benign kidney tumor.
  • Ovarian cancer: A condition which is characterized by a malignancy that is located in the ovary
  • Ovarian epithelial cancer: Development of cancer in the tissue of the outer covering of the ovaries.
  • Ovarian germ cell malignant tumor: Development of cancer in the tissue of the eggs (germ cells) in the ovaries.
  • Ovarian germ cell tumor: Development of cancer in the tissue of the eggs (germ cells) in the ovaries.
  • Ovary conditions: Any condition that affects a female ovary
  • PFIC: A rare inherited condition where bile is unable to drain from the liver where it builds up and causes progressive liver damage. End-stage liver disease usually occurs before adulthood. There are three different subtypes of the disorder, each with a different genetic origin of the defect.
  • Pancreas conditions: Any condition that affects the pancreas
  • Pancreas symptoms: Symptoms affecting the pancreas gland
  • Pancreatic cancer: Pancreatic cancer is a malignant neoplasm of the pancreas
  • Pancreatic islet cell tumors (non-functioning tumor): A tumor that arises from the pancreatic islet cells and may involve cells that produce excess pancreatic hormones.
  • Pancreatitis: Any inflammation that occurs in the pancreas
  • Pancreatoblastoma: A very rare pancreatic tumor that occurs almost exclusively in children. The tumor can grow large enough to push against and hence obstruct the passage of material in the gastrointestinal tract.
  • Paraomphalocele: A rare birth disorder involving a defect in the abdominal wall through which some of the abdominal contents may protrude. The defect occurs near the umbilical cord.
  • Pelvic abscess: A pus-filled cavity in the pelvis due to infection.
  • Pelvic inflammatory disease: A condition which is characterized by an infection which is located in the upper female genital tract
  • Peptic Ulcer: Ulcer on the lining of the stomach or duodenum
  • Pericarditis: Inflammation of the pericardium that surrounds the heart
  • Peritonitis: Inflammation of the peritoneum.
  • Plexosarcoma: A rare type of tumor that occurs in the gastrointestinal tract and retroperitoneum.
  • Pneumonia: Lung infection or inflammation (as a symptom)
  • Polycystic kidney disease type 1: A rare condition where cysts in the kidney grow and cause the kidney to become larger and reduce it's ability to function. PKD 1 is an autosomal dominant form of the disease and differs from PKD 2 in that it is more severe and is caused by a mutation in a different gene.
  • Polycystic kidney disease, infantile type: Severe form of polycystic kidney disease which is a genetic kidney disease. Symptoms develop very early in life and may even be present during the fetal stage.
  • Polyneuropathy -- Ophthalmoplegia -- Leukoencehalopathy -- Intestinal Pseudo-Obstruction: A rare genetic disorder which affects a number of body systems and manifests results in symptoms such as droopy eyelids, progressive eye muscle weakness, gastrointestinal dysmotility, brain disease, thin body, peripheral neuropathy and muscle disease.
  • Portal hypertension: Portal hypertension is a condition in which the blood pressure is abnormally high in the portal vein system, which carries blood from the digestive organs to the liver.
  • Portal hypertension due to intrahepatic block: A blockage that forms in the portal vein (caries blood from the digestive tract to the liver) due to liver problems.
  • Portal thrombosis: Clotting or obstruction of blood flow along the veins from the intestines and spleen and into the liver. This causes blood to back up and results various problems such as enlarged spleen and abdominal pain. The obstruction can occur acutely (over a short space of time) or chronically (over a longer period of time).
  • Portal vein thrombosis: Clotting or obstruction of blood flow along the portal vein and into the liver. This causes blood to back up and results various problems such as enlarged spleen and abdominal pain. The obstruction can occur acutely (over a short space of time) or chronically (over a longer period of time). The portal vein collects blood from the intestines and spleen and carries it to the liver.
  • Potassium deficiency: A deficiency of potassium in the body
  • Pregnancy: Symptoms related to pregnancy.
  • Pregnancy symptoms: Symptoms related to pregnancy.
  • Premenstrual syndrome: A collection of symptoms that some women suffer that occurs directly before menstruation
  • Primary biliary cirrhosis: Primary biliary cirrhosis is a chronic and progressive cholestatic disease of the liver.
  • Primary pulmonary hypertension: Primary pulmonary hypertension refers to high blood pressure in the arteries that carry blood to the lungs for no apparent reason. Blood pressure in other parts of the body is normal or sometimes even low.
  • Primary pulmonary hypertension -- Dexfenfluramine-associated: Dexfenfluramine-associated primary pulmonary hypertension refers to high blood pressure in the blood vessels that carry blood to the lungs as a result of using a diet drug called Dexfenfluramine. Blood pressure in other parts of the body is normal or sometimes even low. Only certain people with a particular genetic anomaly will develop this condition when using the diet drug.
  • Primary pulmonary hypertension -- Fenfluramine-associated: Fenfluramine-associated primary pulmonary hypertension refers to high blood pressure in the blood vessels that carry blood to the lungs as a result of using a diet drug called Fenfluramine. Blood pressure in other parts of the body is normal or sometimes even low. Only certain people with a particular genetic anomaly will develop this condition when using the diet drug.
  • Prolidase deficiency: A rare metabolic disorder where an enzyme (prolidase) deficiency impairs the breakdown of certain proteins which causes a harmful buildup in the body. The type and severity of symptoms are variable and may include skin disorders, retarded motor development, impaired cognitive development, frequent infections and skeletal abnormalities.
  • Proteinuria: Excessive protein excreted in urine.
  • Protruding abdomen: abdominal distension.
  • Pseudomyxoma Peritonei: A rare type of cancer where mucous-producing cancer cells in the abdomen produce excessive mucous.
  • Pulmonary branches stenosis: A very rare disorder where the pulmonary branches are narrower than normal. The severity of symptoms depends on the degree of narrowing.
  • Pulmonary hypertension: The occurrence of hypertension the blood vessels of the lungs
  • Pulmonary hypoxic hypertension: Pulmonary hypoxic hypertension is characterized by high blood pressure and low oxygen levels that result from constriction of the blood vessels leading to the lungs.
  • Pulmonary thromboembolic hypertension: Pulmonary thromboembolic hypertension refers to high blood pressure in the blood vessels that carry blood to the lungs due to a blood clot in one of these blood vessels. Blood pressure in other parts of the body is normal or sometimes even low.
  • Pulsatile Abdominal swelling: A mass or swelling of the abdomen that feels to be pulsing ie periodically expanding and contracting in time with the heart beat.
  • Pyloric stenosis: Narrowed opening between stomach and intestines
  • Rectractile mesenteritis: A disorder involving the tissue that connects the small intestine to the back of the back of the abdominal wall (mesentery) and is characterized by infection and inflammation followed by fibrosis.
  • Reflux nephropathy: A condition which is characterized by reflux of urine from the bladder back up the ureters
  • Renal cancer: Cancer (malignant) of the kidneys. The kidneys are organs that make certain hormones and remove waste from the blood and turning it into urine.
  • Renal cancer, familial: A genetic form of kidney cancer that tends to run in families.
  • Renal colic: Severe urinary system pain usually from a urinary stone
  • Retroperitoneal liposarcoma: A rare, slow growing tumor that develops in the retroperitoneal cavity of the abdomen and tends to displace organs rather than destroy them. The tumor generally contains fat and soft tissue.
  • Rhabdoid tumor: An aggressive malignant tumor that occurs in children. Symptoms depend on the location of the tumor. The tumors often form in the kidneys and then tend to metastasize to the brain and sometimes the lungs.
  • Sclerosing Mesenteritis: A rare disorder that affects the lining of the digestive tract. The lining of the small bowel mesentery (membrane that joins small intestine to back of abdominal wall) becomes thickened and inflamed. The condition may be mild or severe enough to cause death. It may occur for no apparent reason or may be associated with previous abdominal surgery and certain inflammatory disorders such as sclerosing cholangitis.
  • Secondary Biliary Cirrhosis: Secondary biliary cirrhosis is a condition where the bile ducts are unable to transport bile effectively due to a secondary cause which results in blockage, inflammation, scarring or some other damage to the bile ducts. The condition may result from such things as congenital defect of the bile ducts (e.g. biliary atresia), cystic fibrosis, gallstones or a variety of other secondary conditions.
  • Secondary Lactase Deficiency: This form of lactase deficiency results from some sort of damage to the intestines either due to a disease or surgery. Some possible causes include untreated celiac disease, long-term use of antibiotics, giardiasis, carcinoid syndrome, HIV enteropathy, gastrectomy and intestinal resection. Lactase enzyme activity usually develops late in pregnancy so a preterm infant will not yet have developed this enzyme function. The greater the degree of prematurity, the greater the reduction in lactase activity.
  • Secondary pulmonary hypertension: Secondary pulmonary hypertension refers to high blood pressure in the arteries that carry blood to the lungs. Blood pressure in other parts of the body is normal or sometimes even low. The condition may be caused by such things as lung conditions (e.g. emphysema, chronic bronchitis), heart conditions (e.g. congestive heart failure, birth defects involving heart), AIDS or medications such as fenfluramine (a diet drug).
  • Semmerkrot-Haraldsson-Weenaes syndrome: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by anemia, missing thumb, an immune disorder and an excessive buildup of fluid in the fetus or newborn (hydrops fetalis).
  • Short Bowel Syndrome: Disorder of shortened bowel usually from bowel surgery.
  • Shprintzen-Goldberg syndrome: A rare malformations syndrome characterized by abnormalities such as small head, eye problems, poor muscle tone, hearing problems and Hirschsprung megacolon where defective intestinal muscles are unable to move stool efficiently through the intestines.
  • Sjogren's Syndrome: Autoimmune disease damaging the eye tear ducts and other glands.
  • Small baby: Small size of newborn baby
  • Small bowel bacterial overgrowth syndrome: The small bowel is a part of the digestive system. A healthy small bowel contains some bacteria but in bacterial overgrowth syndrome, there are an excessive number of bacteria. Abnormal small bowel muscle function is often associated with conditions such as intestinal motility problems due to neurological diseases and muscular diseases, diabetes mellitus, small intestine obstruction and diverticulitis. It may also be caused by certain medications and abdominal surgeries.
  • Small intestine cancer, adult: Cancer (malignant) that develops in the small intestine of adults.
  • Smith disease: A harmless condition involving increased lymphocyte levels which may manifest as a variety of symptoms or may be asymptomatic. Diseases such as whooping cough and German measles are believed to be possible causes. The disease most commonly occurs in children and young adults.
  • Sphingolipidosis: A group of diseases involving the abnormal metabolism and storage of a substance called sphingolipid. Symptoms will vary depending on the disease. Examples of diseases from this group include gangliosidosis, Gaucher's disease and Niemann-Pick disease.
  • Spleen Cancer: Malignancy of white blood cells with tumour deposits in the spleen.
  • Splenomegaly: The normal spleen is usually not palpable. The spleen moves with respiratory patterns and may only be palpable at the end of inspiration
  • Spondyloepimetaphyseal dysplasia, hypotrichosis: An inherited bone growth disorder characterized by short stature, bone abnormalities and vision problems. An additional feature of this condition is the reduced amount of hair (hypotrichosis). The bone abnormalities are due to a genetic mutation that affects the development of bone and connective tissue.
  • Stalker-Chitayat syndrome: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by abnormal rotation of the intestines and an unusual facial appearance.
  • Stomach cancer: Stomach or gastric cancer can develop in any part of the stomach and may spread throughout the stomach and to other organs
  • Stomach pain: The occurrence of pain located in the stomach
  • Stomach swelling: Swelling of the stomach occurs usually due to any inflammatory lesion of the digestive tract.
  • Stomach symptoms: Symptoms affecting the stomach.
  • Streptococcal Group B invasive disease: Infection with bacteria called Group B Streptococcus which can cause severe symptoms or even death. The bacteria occur in the stomach and the urogenital tract of females and are normally harmless and cause no symptoms. However, it can cause a range of diseases in newborns, the elderly and people with poor immune systems.
  • Strudwick syndrome: An inherited bone growth disorder characterized by short stature, bone abnormalities and vision problems. The bone abnormalities are due to a genetic mutation that affects the development of bone and connective tissue.
  • Stuart-Bras disease: A type of liver disease that is seen in children (usually aged 1-6 years) in the West Indies and is possibly caused by ingestion of plant toxins from plants such as Senico.
  • Subphrenic abscess: A pus-filled cavity in the subphrenic region which is the area below the diaphragm but above the colon and liver. The infection can occur as a complication of abdominal surgery, acute pancreatitis and trauma.
  • Subpulmonary stenosis: A narrowing in the artery that allows blood to flow from the right heart ventricle to the lungs in order to be oxygenated. Severity of symptoms is determined by the degree of narrowing.
  • Swelling symptoms: Symptoms causing swelling or enlargement.
  • Tang Hsi Ryu syndrome: A rare syndrome characterized by enlarged liver and spleen, increased pigmentation and abnormal peripheral nerve functioning.
  • Thinness: Underweight and thin
  • Thyroid agenesis: A rare disorder where the thyroid fails to develop resulting in hypothyroidism from birth.
  • Thyroid symptoms: Symptoms affecting the thyroid gland
  • Transitional cell carcinoma: A type of cancer that occurs in the lining of the urinary system organs (renal pelvis, bladder or ureter).
  • Tricuspid valve disease: A condition which affects the tricuspid valve of the heart
  • Tricuspid valve diseases: Any disease that affects the tricuspid valve
  • Trisomy 19 mosaicism: A very rare chromosomal disorder where there is an extra copy of chromosome 19 in some of the body's cells. Some cases with this chromosomal abnormality have no clinical symptoms. The presence of abnormalities in some cases is dependent on which body cells contain the chromosomal defect.
  • Tropical sprue: A rare digestive disease where the small intestine can't absorb nutrients properly.
  • Tumor: Abnormal tissue growth which may be malignant or benign.
  • Type III Glycogen Storage Disease: A condition which is characterized by a disease affecting glycogen storage
  • Type IV Glycogen Storage Disease: A condition which is characterized by a disease affecting glycogen storage
  • Ulcerative colitis: Ulcerative colitis (Colitis ulcerosa, UC) is a form of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Ulcerative colitis is a form of colitis, a disease of the intestine, specifically the large intestine or colon, that includes characteristic ulcers, or open sores, in the colon.
  • Ureter cancer: A malignancy that is located in the ureter
  • Urethral cancer: A rare cancer that develops in the urethra which carries urine from the bladder to be excreted.
  • Urethral obstruction sequence: A condition which is characterised by the early obstruction of the urethra.
  • Urinary disorders: Any disorder that affects the urinary system
  • Urinary system cancer: A malignancy that affects the urinary system
  • Urinary tract neoplasm: A tumor that develops anywhere along the urinary tract. The urinary tract includes the kidneys, urethra and ureters. The tumor may be malignant or benign.
  • Uropathy distal obstructive polydactyly: A condition which is characterised by distal obstructive uropathy and polydactyly
  • Urorectal septum malformation sequence: A rare disorder characterized by fetal developmental problems involving the urorectal septum.
  • Uterine fibroids: Benign nodules in the uterus wall.
  • Uterine leiomyoma: A condition which is characterized by a benign tumour of the uterus derived from smooth muscle
  • Uterus conditions: Any condition that affects the female uterus
  • VLCAD deficiency: A rare condition that is characterised by cardiomyopathy, fatty liver, skeletal myopathy, pericardial effusions, ventricular arrhythmias, and sudden death
  • Valvular dysplasia of the child: A condition which is characterised by the dysplasia of one or more of the valves to a childs heart
  • Variegate porphyria: A rare metabolic disorder characterized by a deficiency of a certain enzyme which results in a build-up in the body of porphyrins or their precursors. This form of hepatic porphyria causes the sufferer to have acute attacks as well as skin sensitivity.
  • Virilising ovarian tumour: A tumour that results in the virilization of females due to hormone release
  • Visceral neuropathy, familial, autosomal dominant: A dominantly inherited gastrointestinal disorder where the intestinal walls are unable to contract normally to move digested material through the system which produces symptoms similar to an obstruction in the intestinal tract.
  • WAGR Syndrome: A syndrome that is due to the deletion of chromosome 11.
  • Waardenburg syndrome, type 4: A rare inherited eye disorder characterized by loss of central vision as well as symptoms of Hirschsprung disease which is an intestinal disorder that prevents waste material from moving effectively through the digestive system.
  • Waldmann disease: A rare digestive disorder where the lymph glands that feed the small intestine lining are enlarged. The enlargement may be due to causes or a result of other conditions.
  • Werner syndrome: A form of premature aging where sufferers start aging during adolescence or soon after and appear old by the time they reach their 30's or 40's. Milder forms of the condition may also occur.
  • Whipple's Disease: Rare malabsorption disease from bacterial digestive infection
  • Wiedemann Opitz syndrome: A syndrome characterised by a number of congenital symptoms
  • Wilms tumor -- aniridia -- genitourinary anomalies -- mental retardation: A syndrome resulting from deletion of genetic material from chromosome the short arm of chromosome 11 (11p13). The characteristic symptoms are partial or complete absence of iris, genitourinary anomalies, mental retardation and Wilms' tumor. The specific range and severity of symptoms is variable depending on the size and exact location of the genetic material that is missing.
  • Wilms tumor 2: A familial form malignant kidney tumor that occurs in children. Type 2 differs from other forms of Wilms tumor by the origin of the genetic defect (chromosome 11p15.5).
  • Wilms tumor 3: A dominantly inherited form malignant kidney tumor that occurs in children. Type 3 differs from other forms of Wilms tumor by the origin of the genetic defect (chromosome 16q).
  • Wilms tumor 4: A familial form malignant kidney tumor that occurs in children. Type 4 differs from other forms of Wilms tumor by the origin of the genetic defect (chromosome 17q12-q21).
  • Wilms tumor and radial bilateral aplasia: A condition that is characterised by bilateral aplasia of the kidneys and wilms tumor
  • Wilms tumour and pseudohermaphroditism: A syndrome that is characterised by the occurrence of Wilms tumor with pseudohermaphroditism
  • Wilms tumour and radial bilateral aplasia: A conditions that is characterized by the absence of one of the two forearm bones (radius) as well as the development of a type of kidney tumor called Wilm's tumor.
  • Wilms' tumor: A malignant kidney tumor that occurs in children.
  • Wilson's disease: Wilson disease, or hepatolenticular degeneration, is a neurodegenerative disease of copper metabolism.
  • Wolman disease: A rare inherited lipid storage disease. The condition usually results in death early in life.
  • Wolman syndrome: A form of lipoidosis where acid cholesteryl ester hydrolase deficiency causes an accumulation of lipids (particularly cholesterol esters and triglycerides) in tissues and organs.
  • Xanthogranulomatous cholecystitis: A lipid laden foam cell tumour of the gallbladder resulting in inflammation
  • Yolk sack tumour: A germ cell tumour that is a proliferation of yolk sack endoderm
  • Zadik Barak Levin syndrome: A condition that affects the endocrine system as well as some facial characteristics
  • Zellweger Syndrome: Zellweger spectrum disorders are a group of rare, genetic, multisystem disorders that were once thought to be separate entities. These disorders are now classified as different expressions (variants) of one disease process. Collectively, they form a spectrum or continuum of disease. Zellweger syndrome is the most severe form; neonatal adrenoleukodystrophy is the intermediate form; and infantile Refsum disease is the mildest form.
  • Zimmerman-Laband syndrome: A rare inherited condition characterized by fibrosis of the gums and ear, nose, nail and finger abnormalities.

Conditions listing medical symptoms: Abdominal swelling:

The following list of conditions have 'Abdominal swelling' or similar listed as a symptom in our database. This computer-generated list may be inaccurate or incomplete. Always seek prompt professional medical advice about the cause of any symptom.

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Conditions listing medical complications: Abdominal swelling:

The following list of medical conditions have 'Abdominal swelling' or similar listed as a medical complication in our database.
Last revision: Nov 10, 2003

 

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