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The first step in treatment is prevention. The risk of developing acute bronchitis can be reduced by not smoking and avoiding air pollutants, and exposure to people who are sick with colds, influenza, and other respiratory infections. Good hand washing practices minimize the spread of viruses and bacteria that cause acute bronchitis.
Mild cases of acute bronchitis may be treated at home. Treatment includes getting plenty of rest and fluids and using a humidifier. The physician will also recommended over-the-counter or prescription medications to relieve pain, fever, and cough.
If acute bronchitis is caused by a bacterial infection, an antibiotic will be prescribed. If there is shortness of breath, a bronchodilator may be needed. Bronchodilators help to relax and open up the lower airways in the lungs and are inhaled into the lungs using a device called an inhaler.
Moderate to severe acute bronchitis may result in low levels of oxygen in the blood and require hospitalization and intravenous antibiotic administration. Treatment often includes oxygen therapy, in which extra oxygen is given through nasal prongs or a mask. Supplemental oxygen can help relieve the shortness of breath and ensure that the vital organs, such as the heart and the brain, get enough oxygen. Concentrations of oxygen and the types of devices used vary depending on the severity of an individual's condition.
It is also vital to prevent common diseases that can seriously complicate acute bronchitis and become life threatening. These include influenza and pneumonia, which may be prevented with vaccines or treated with antibiotics in appropriate patients who are at risk for these complications.
The following treatments are listed for Acute Bronchitis in our knowledge base:
The following medications/drugs/procedures are some of the latest treatments for Acute bronchitis:
Only your doctor can advise whether any of these treatments are appropriate for your specific medical situation. Always discuss all treatment options with your doctor before making a decision, including whether to start or discontinue any treatment plan.
The following list of conditions have 'Acute bronchitis' or similar listed as a symptom in our database. This computer-generated list may be inaccurate or incomplete. Always seek prompt professional medical advice about the cause of any symptom.
Select from the following alphabetical view of conditions which include a symptom of Acute bronchitis or choose View All.
The following list of medical conditions have 'Acute bronchitis'
or similar listed as a medical complication in our database.
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