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Diagnostic Tests for Adrenal gland symptoms

Diagnostic Test list for Adrenal gland symptoms:

The list of diagnostic tests mentioned in various sources as used in the diagnosis of Adrenal gland symptoms includes:

  • General appearance
    • Looking for truncal obesity, moon face, acne, buffalo hump, thin legs
    • Looking for bruising of Cushing's syndrome
    • Looking for increased pigmentation of Cushing's syndrome, Addison's disease or adrenal cancer
    • Looking for vitiligo (localized depigmentation) of Addison's disease
    • Looking for signs of virilisation in female and enlargement of breasts in male ( may be due to adrenal cancer)
  • Physical examination
  • Blood pressure - elevated in Cushing's syndrome, Phaeochromocytoma and Conn's syndrome; drops low with standing in Addison's.
  • Weakness of the proximal muscles in Cushing's Syndrome
  • Abdominal stretch marks in Cushing's Syndrome
  • Urine tests
    • 24 hour urine collection for urine-free cortisol assay (elevated in Cushing's syndrome)
    • 24 hour Urine collection for catecholamines, HMMA, VMA or total metadrenalines for diagnosis of phaeochromocytoma
    • Blood tests
      • Random Cortisol - elevated in Cushing's syndrome, low in Addison's disease.
      • Dexamethasone suppression test - can help diagnose Cushing's syndrome and an adrenal tumor.
      • Synacthen stimulation test will diagnose Addison's disease
      • Elevated aldosterone and aldosterone/renin ratio in Conn's syndrome
      • Electrolytes ( In Addison's disease have high potassium, low sodium, high urea, mild acidosis , high calcium; low potassium in Conn's syndrome
      • High blood glucose during Phaeochromocytoma attack
      • Adrenal antibodies - positive in Addison's disease if autoimmune cause.
      • 17-Hydroxyprogesterone increase - in Congenital adrenal hyperplasia.
    • Radiology investigations
      • Chest X-ray and Abdominal X-ray to establish cause of Cushing's Disease and Addison's disease
      • Renal venography
      • Renal CT
      • MRI and radioisotope scans to establish cause of Conn's syndrome and Cushing's syndrome
    • Tests for associated conditions - e.g. Addison's is associated with Graves disease , Hashimoto's disease , Type 1 Diabetes , pernicious anemia , low parathyroid function and ovarian failure.

Home Diagnostic Testing

These home medical tests may be relevant to Adrenal gland symptoms causes:

Conditions listing medical symptoms: Adrenal gland symptoms:

The following list of conditions have 'Adrenal gland symptoms' or similar listed as a symptom in our database. This computer-generated list may be inaccurate or incomplete. Always seek prompt professional medical advice about the cause of any symptom.

Select from the following alphabetical view of conditions which include a symptom of Adrenal gland symptoms or choose View All.

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Conditions listing medical complications: Adrenal gland symptoms:

The following list of medical conditions have 'Adrenal gland symptoms' or similar listed as a medical complication in our database.

 

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