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Symptoms » Airway obstruction » Glossary

Glossary for Airway obstruction

Medical terms related to Airway obstruction or mentioned in this section include:

  • Aberrant subclavian artery abnormality: A rare defect where one the subclavian artery arises from an abnormal location on the aortic arch. The defect may cause compression of organs such as the airway and the voice box.
  • Acromegaly: An abnormal enlargement of the limbs due to increased secretion of growth hormone after the cessation of puberty
  • Acute Tracheitis: Tracheitis is a bacterial infection of the trachea and is capable of producing airway obstruction
  • Airway obstruction in children: Airway obstruction in children refers to an object or disease process that causes partial or total blockage of a child's breathing tube and leads to difficulty breathing or inability to breath.
  • Anaphylaxis: An immediate hypersensitivity reaction due to the exposure of a specific antigen to a sensitized individual
  • Bilateral abductor vocal cord paralysis syndrome: A complication that can occur following the removal of the thyroid gland.
  • Breath symptoms: Breath-related symptoms including breath odor
  • Breathing difficulties: Various types of breathing difficulty (dyspnea).
  • Breathing symptoms: Symptoms affecting the breathing systems.
  • Bronchospasm: sudden spasm of the bronchi
  • C1esterase deficiency: C1esterase deficiency is a condition characterized by swelling under the skin or mucosal tissue - the skin, respiratory tract or gastrointestinal tract may be affected. The condition may be inherited or acquired. Symptoms tend to develop over a few days and then abate after two to five days. Swelling attacks may occur fairly regularly e.g. weekly or sporadically e.g. once or twice a year.
  • Cervical Teratoma: A cervical teratoma is a very rare form of germ cell tumor that occurs in the neck. These tumors usually develop in the fetus and tend to be large and benign even though they grow continually. In rare cases they can occur in adults in which case they tend to be malignant. These tumors can be quite large and cause problems in other neck structures. Sometimes surgery is required in the uterus or during delivery in order to ensure the infant has access to an airway.
  • Chronic Airway Obstruction: Chronic airway obstruction is a type of pulmonary disorder, such as emphysema or chronic bronchitis, in which the upper or lower airway is chronically obstructed.
  • Chronic bronchitis: A condition which is characterized by the chronic inflammation of ones or more of the bronchi
  • Chronic laryngotracheitis: It is inflammation of the mucous membrane lining the larynx, which is located in the upper part of the respiratory tract and the trachea which may cause respiratory obstruction.
  • Croup: A condition characterized by an acute partial obstruction of the upper airway on young children
  • Cystic Fibrosis: Cystic fibrosis is a hereditary disease affecting the exocrine (mucus) glands of the lungs, liver, pancreas, and intestines, causing progressive disability due to multisystem failure.
  • Emphysema: Emphysema is a type of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). It is defined as an abnormal, permanent enlargement of the air spaces distal to the terminal bronchioles accompanied by destruction of their walls and without obvious fibrosis.
  • Enlarged adenoids: Enlargement of the adenoid glands, which lie in the oropharynx.
  • Epiglottitis: is the inflammation of the epiglottis and is a medical emergency
  • Face symptoms: Symptoms affecting the face
  • Head symptoms: Symptoms affecting the head or brain
  • Hypersecretion of growth hormone: increased production of growth hormone from the pituitary gland
  • Larsen syndrome: A rare genetic disorder characterized by multiple joint dislocation, a flat face and short fingernails.
  • Lymphangioleiomyomatosis: A very rare progressive disease where an unusual type of muscle cell (smooth muscle) infiltrates the lungs which eventually obstructs the flow of air through the lungs. The cause is unknown and generally occurs in women of child bearing age.
  • Mononucleosis: Common infectious virus.
  • Mouth symptoms: Symptoms of the mouth or oral area.
  • Nasal polyp: A polyp that is found in the nasal passage
  • Nasal polyps: A growth or mass in the mucous membrane of the nasal passage
  • Nasopharyngeal carcinoma: A malignant cancer that occurs in the nasopharynx area which is the upper part of the throat. Often there are no symptoms until the cancer has metastasized to other parts of the body such as the neck.
  • Nasopharynx cancer: A condition which is characterized a malignancy located in the nasopharynx
  • Nerve symptoms: Symptoms affecting the nerves
  • Peritonsillar abscess: also known as quinsy
  • Respiratory symptoms: Symptoms affecting the breathing systems.
  • Retropharyngeal abscess: The high mortality rate of retropharyngeal abscess is owing to its association with airway obstruction
  • Rhinitis: Nasal lining inflammation leading to runny/blocked nose
  • Skull deformity: A condition which is characterized by a deformity that is located in the skull
  • Throat symptoms: Symptoms affecting the throat
  • Thyroid cancer: Cancer of the thyroid gland.
  • Vocal papilloma: A common harmless bump that develops near the glottal closure and affects voice quality. The bump or tumor is caused by a papovavirus infection of the throat.

Conditions listing medical symptoms: Airway obstruction:

The following list of conditions have 'Airway obstruction' or similar listed as a symptom in our database. This computer-generated list may be inaccurate or incomplete. Always seek prompt professional medical advice about the cause of any symptom.

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Conditions listing medical complications: Airway obstruction:

The following list of medical conditions have 'Airway obstruction' or similar listed as a medical complication in our database.


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