Glossary for Anemia associated with hemoglobinopathies
Medical terms related to Anemia associated with hemoglobinopathies or mentioned in this section include:
- Abdominal symptoms: Symptoms affecting the abdomen or digestive tract
- Abnormal peripheral smear in children: Abnormal peripheral smear in children refers to abnormal results of a test that microscopically examines a small amount of a child's blood.
- Anemia: Reduced red blood cells in the blood
- Anemia associated with hemoglobinopathies in children: Anemia associated with hemoglobinopathies in children refers to a child who has a low number of red blood cells due to genetic defects that produce an abnormal structure of the hemoglobin in the blood.
- Digestive symptoms: Any symptoms affecting the digestive tract.
- Enlarged liver: Swelling of the liver.
- Hemoglobin C disease: An inherited blood condition characterized by abnormal hemoglobin (hemoglobin C) which leads to premature break down of red blood cells and hence anemia. In homozygous patients (a hemoglobin C gene is inherited from both parents) mild hemolytic anemia may develop as nearly all of the hemoglobin is of the abnormal hemoglobin C form. In heterozygous patients (a hemoglobin C gene is inherited from one parent) more than half of the hemoglobin is normal and the patient is asymptomatic. Hemoglobin C occurs commonly in West African populations and is believed to provide some protection against severe malaria.
- Hemoglobin E disease: A recessively inherited genetic blood disorder characterized by abnormally small red blood cells which generally causes no health problems. Some people may suffer mild hemolytic anemia or a slightly enlarged spleen.
- Hemoglobin SC: A genetic blood disorder where the patient inherits a gene for hemoglobin S from one parent and hemoglobin C from another. Severity of symptoms is variable.
- Hemoglobinopathy: A disease of the blood characterized by abnormal hemoglobin in the blood. The abnormality usually arises from a genetic defect which results in the hemoglobin have an abnormal structure. Sickle-cell disease and thalassemia are examples of hemoglobinopathies. Symptoms may vary from unnoticeable to severe with anemia being the most common symptom.
- Pallor in children: Pallor in children is a condition in which a child is unusually pale.
- Sickle Cell Anemia: Sickle cell anemia is an inherited blood disorder characterized by red blood cells which are crescent-shaped rather than the normal doughnut shape. These abnormally shaped red blood cells are unable to function normally and tend to undergo premature destruction which leads to anemia. If the genetic defect which causes the condition is inherited from both parents the condition can be quite severe whereas if it is inherited from only one parent, often there are no symptoms. The abnormally shaped red blood cells can cause problems when they clump together and block blood vessels.
Conditions listing medical symptoms: Anemia associated with hemoglobinopathies:
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