Glossary for Arthrogryposis
Medical terms related to Arthrogryposis or mentioned in this section include:
- Adducted thumbs -- arthrogryposis, Christian type: A rare recessively inherited disorder characterized mainly by a small head, arthrogryposis (joint contractures), cleft palate and various other abnormalities.
- Ankylosis -- facial anomalies -- pulmonary hypoplasia syndrome: A rare familial syndrome characterized mainly by fused or stiff joints, facial anomalies and underdeveloped lungs.
- Arthritis-like symptoms: A condition which is characterized by symptoms which mimic that of arthritis
- Arthrogryposis: A condition which is characterized by the persistent flexure of a joint
- Arthrogryposis in children:
- Arthrogryposis, congenital -- myopathic seizures: A rare syndrome characterized by mental retardation and muscle problems.
- Body symptoms: Symptoms affecting the entire body features.
- Bowen-Conradi Syndrome: A very rare inherited disorder characterized by low birth weight, small head, facial anomalies and failure to thrive.
- Brain symptoms: Symptoms affecting the brain
- Bruck syndrome: A very rare syndrome characterized primarily by weak, brittle bones and abnormal knee, ankle and foot joints (congenital contractures) at birth. There are two different subtypes of the disorder, each with a different genetic defect origin.
- Christian's syndrome 1: A rare recessively inherited syndrome characterized by premature skull fusion, cleft palate, permanently flexed fingers and various other anomalies.
- Chromosome 21 monosomy: A rare chromosomal disorder where there is only one copy of chromosome 21 instead of the normal two leading to various abnormalities.
- Chromosome 9, Tetrasomy 9p: A rare chromosomal disorder where there is four copies of the short arm of chromosome 9 instead of the normal two resulting in various abnormalities.
- Chromosome 9p tetrasomy syndrome: A rare chromosomal disorder where there is four copies of the short arm of chromosome 9 instead of the normal two resulting in various abnormalities.
- Common symptoms: The most common symptoms
- Congenital Myasthenia Gravis: Myasthenia gravis is a chronic neuromuscular disease which usually results from autoimmune dysfunction. Congenital myasthenia gravis however results from a genetic defect. Symptoms tend to become worse during the day with activity and improve after rest or after sleeping. The severity of symptoms may vary.
- Congenital myotonic dystrophy: A form of muscular dystrophy which is usually apparent at birth or within a few years. and affects the skeletal muscles, heart conduction, smooth muscle, eyes and the central nervous system. The range of severity varies from asymptomatic to fetal death.
- Craniosynostosis cleft lip palate arthrogryposis: A rare condition characterized mainly by the association of premature fusion of skull bones (craniosynostosis), cleft lip and/or palate and arthrogryposis.
- Developmental problems: Physical or mental development difficulty.
- Face symptoms: Symptoms affecting the face
- Facies unusual arthrogryposis advanced skeletal malformations: A very rare fatal malformation characterized by an unusual facial appearance, arthrogryposis, advanced bone age of the hips and abnormal X-rays of the skeleton.
- Faciocardiomelic Syndrome: A syndrome reported in a family and characterized by various anomalies including mental retardation and bone abnoramlities.
- Fetal alcohol syndrome: A condition which occurs in a new born fetus and is caused by the mother consuming excess alcohol during her pregnancy
- Freeman-Sheldon Syndrome: A very rare genetic disorder characterized by abnormal development of the skeleton and muscles.
- Gaucher disease -- perinatal lethal form: A rare syndrome characterized by the association of abnormally tight skin and Gaucher disease which is a lipid storage disease. This is the most severe form of Gaucher disease.
- Gordon Syndrome: A genetic musculoskeletal disorder characterized mainly by camptodactyly, cleft palate and club foot. The type and severity of symptoms is variable.
- Gradual onset of arthrogryposis:
- Head symptoms: Symptoms affecting the head or brain
- Inflammatory symptoms: Symptoms related to inflammation.
- Joint pain: Pain affecting the joints
- Joint symptoms: Symptoms affecting the joints.
- Lissencephaly type III -- metacarpal bone dysplasia: A rare syndrome characterized by an abnormally smooth brain as well as abnormal bone development in the hands.
- Meckel Syndrome: A rare genetic disorder involving numerous abnormalities and characterized by death within the first few weeks.
- Meningomyelocele: A very rare developmental disorder where a part of the membrane that covers the spinal cord and part of the spinal cord itself protrudes through an abnormal opening in the bones of the spinal column. The condition may be asymptomatic or if the defect is large, severe neurological abnormalities may result.
- Mietens syndrome: A rare condition characterized by short stature, short forearms, dislocated radius, strabismus and mental retardation.
- Mobius syndrome: A rare genetic condition characterized by defective cranial nerves (6th and 7th), deafness, facial nerve paralysis and other abnormalities.
- Movement symptoms: Changes to movement or motor abilities
- Multiple pterygium syndrome: A very rare disorder characterized by webbing of various parts of the body, contractures, short stature, fusion of neck vertebrae and facial anomalies.
- Muscle spasm: The occurrence of a sudden prolonged and uncontrolled contraction of a muscle
- Muscle symptoms: Symptoms affecting the muscles of the body
- Musculoskeletal symptoms: Symptoms affecting muscles or bones of the skeleton.
- Nerve symptoms: Symptoms affecting the nerves
- Neurofibromatosis: Nerve disorders often leading to tumors on nerves.
- Neurological symptoms: Any symptoms that are caused by neurological conditions
- Overgrowth radial ray defect arthrogryposis: A rare condition characterized mainly by the association of arthrogryposis, excessive growth and arm and hand defects.
- Pain: Any type of pain sensation symptoms.
- Penicillamine, D -- Teratogenic Agent: There is evidence to indicate that exposure to Penicillamine, D during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of exposure and the stage of pregnancy that the exposure occurred at.
- Perinatal-lethal Gaucher disease: A disorder caused by a deficiency of an enzyme called glucocerebrosidase. The foetal form is one of several forms of Gaucher disease and is the rarest. The fetal form causes death before birth or soon after.
- Perisylvian syndrome: A very rare nerve disorder characterized by weakness or paralysis of face, jaw tongue and throat muscles. Other symptoms include seizures, delayed development and mental retardation.
- Podder-Tolmie syndrome: A rare syndrome characterized mainly by arthrogryposis, underdeveloped thumbs and meningoencephalocele.
- Propoxyphene -- Teratogenic Agent: There is evidence to indicate that exposure to Propoxyphene during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of exposure and the stage of pregnancy that the exposure occurred at.
- Proud-Levine-Carpenter syndrome: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by abnormal brain development, a small head and genital abnormalities.
- Sensations: Changes to sensations or the senses
- Sensory symptoms: Symptoms affecting the sensory systems.
- Skeletal dysplasia -- mental retardation: A rare recessively inherited disorder characterized mainly by mental retardation, a small head, arthrogryposis (joint contractures), cleft palate and various other abnormalities.
- Skeletal symptoms: Symptoms affecting the skeletal system such as the bones.
- Spinal Muscular Atrophy: A rare condition characterized by progressive degeneration of the spinal and brainstem motor neurons. During fetal development excess primary neurons are formed. The body automatically destroys the extra primary neurons so that only some survive and mature into neurons. In spinal muscular dystrophy, the process that destroys the excess primary neurons doesn't switch off and continues destroying the neurons resulting in progressive motor problems. Various types of the condition range from mild to severe enough to cause death within a couple of years of birth.
- Spranger-Schinzel-Myers syndrome: A very rare syndrome characterized by brain malformation, underdeveloped fingers and bone abnormalities. It is believed to be possibly caused by exposure to ergotamine and diazoxide which may be teratogenic.
- Stiff joints: Reduced mobility or movement of the joints
- Stiffness: Reduced mobility or movement
- Sturge-Weber Syndrome: A rare genetic disorder characterized by excessive blood vessel growth, calcium accumulation inside the brain and seizures.
- Trisomy 6 mosaicism: A very rare chromosomal disorder where there is an extra copy of chromosome 6 in some of the body's cells. Some cases with this chromosomal abnormality have no clinical symptoms. The presence of abnormalities in some cases is dependent on which body cells contain the chromosomal defect.
- Zellweger Syndrome: Zellweger spectrum disorders are a group of rare, genetic, multisystem disorders that were once thought to be separate entities. These disorders are now classified as different expressions (variants) of one disease process. Collectively, they form a spectrum or continuum of disease. Zellweger syndrome is the most severe form; neonatal adrenoleukodystrophy is the intermediate form; and infantile Refsum disease is the mildest form.
Conditions listing medical symptoms: Arthrogryposis:
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