Glossary for Ascites in children
Medical terms related to Ascites in children or mentioned in this section include:
- Abdominal distention: The sensation and appearance of distention located in the abdomen
- Abdominal symptoms: Symptoms affecting the abdomen or digestive tract
- Absent alpha 1 band: An absence of alpha-1-antitrypsin the the body
- Alpha 1-Antitrypsin Deficiency: An absence of alpha-1-antitrypsin the the body
- Arteriovenous fistula: Connection between artery and vein.
- Ascites: The presence of serous fluid within the abdominal cavity
- Biliary Atresia: A rare condition that can affect newborns where the bile duct that carries the bile from the liver to the small intestine is blocked or missing.
- Body symptoms: Symptoms affecting the entire body features.
- Brucellosis: An infectious disease caused by the Brucella genus which is transmitted from animals to humans.
- Budd chiari syndrome: A disorder where the main vein leaving the liver becomes blocked leading to symptoms such as liver enlargement and fluid buildup in the abdomen. Also called Chiari's syndrome or Rokitansky's disease.
- Budd-Chiari syndrome: A disorder where the main vein leaving the liver becomes blocked leading to symptoms such as liver enlargement and fluid buildup in the abdomen. Also called Chiari's syndrome or Rokitansky's disease.
- Cancer: Abnormal overgrowth of body cells.
- Cardiomyopathy: A condition characterized by an increase in the size of the heart
- Child health symptoms: Symptoms related to pediatric (child) health.
- Chronic constrictive pericarditis:
- Chylous ascites: A rare disorder involving obstruction of the drainage of the abdominal lymph glands which results in abdominal accumulation of milky white fluid.
- Cirrhosis of liver: diffuse hepatic process characterized by fibrosis and the conversion of normal liver architecture into structurally abnormal nodules
- Congenital analbuminemia: A rare disorder where low or absent blood albumin levels are present at birth or soon after. Some cases are virtually asymptomatic as the liver compensates by making other proteins but other cases can result in symptoms such as osteoporosis and high blood lipid levels.
- Congestive heart failure: A condition which is characterized by breathlessness due to oedema and congestion of the lungs
- Digestive symptoms: Any symptoms affecting the digestive tract.
- Endometriosis: Misplaced uterus tissue causing scar tissue.
- Erythroblastosis fetalis: A condition which is characterized by a hemolytic anaemia of the fetus due to transplacental transmission of antibodies
- Filariasis: Parasitic worm infection of the lympatic system
- Fluid retention: A condition where a person retains fluid usually causing oedema
- Galactosemia: Accumulation of galactose in the blood leading to mental retardation and failure to thrive if not corrected.
- Gaucher Disease: A rare inherited biochemical disorder characterized by the deficiency of the enzyme called glucocerebrosidase and accumulation of glycosylceramide (glucocerebroside). There are three forms of this disease: type 1, 2 and 3.
- Head symptoms: Symptoms affecting the head or brain
- Hookworm: Worm spread through feces with poor sanitation.
- Hypoalbuminemia: Low levels of albumin (protein) in the blood.
- Hypothyroidism: The decreased activity of the thyroid gland
- Idiopathic minimal change nephrotic syndrome: A rare kidney disorder which has no apparent cause. The filtering structures of the kidneys are only slightly damaged and appear to be almost normal. Progression to kidney failure is very rare.
- Infection: Infections as a symptom.
- Injury: Any damage inflicted in the body
- Leukemia: Cancer of the blood cells, usually white blood cells.
- Liver symptoms: Symptoms affecting the liver
- Lymphoma: Any neoplastic disorder that occurs in lymphoid tissue
- Malnutrition: Any disorder that relates to inadequate intake of nutrients.
- Ménétrier's disease: Rare chronic disease with excessive growth of skin folds in the stomach.
- Neonatal hepatitis: A liver inflammation that occurs during the first few months of an infant's life.
- Nephrotic syndrome: A condition involving excess loss of protein in the urine, reduced albumin levels in the blood and swelling.
- Nerve symptoms: Symptoms affecting the nerves
- Neuroblastoma: neuroblastoma is a malignant (cancerous) tumor of infants and children that develops from nerve tissue
- Ovarian Cancer: A condition which is characterized by a malignancy that is located in the ovary
- Ovarian tumour: A tumour that is located on the ovary.
- Pancreas symptoms: Symptoms affecting the pancreas gland
- Portal hypertension: Portal hypertension is a condition in which the blood pressure is abnormally high in the portal vein system, which carries blood from the digestive organs to the liver.
- Portal vein thrombosis: Clotting or obstruction of blood flow along the portal vein and into the liver. This causes blood to back up and results various problems such as enlarged spleen and abdominal pain. The obstruction can occur acutely (over a short space of time) or chronically (over a longer period of time). The portal vein collects blood from the intestines and spleen and carries it to the liver.
- Poststreptococcal glomerulonephritis: A condition characterized by glomerulonephritis which occurs after a streptococcal infection
- Pseudomyxoma Peritonei: A rare type of cancer where mucous-producing cancer cells in the abdomen produce excessive mucous.
- Schistosomiasis: Parasitic fluke infection in developing countries
- Swelling symptoms: Symptoms causing swelling or enlargement.
- Systemic lupus erythematosus: chronic autoimmune disease that can be fatal, though with recent medical advances, fatalities are becoming increasingly rare.
- Tricuspid stenosis:
- Tuberculosis: Bacterial infection causing nodules forming, most commonly in the lung.
- Tularemia: A rare infections disease caused by the bacterium Francisella tularensis (a gram-negative pleomorphic coccobacillus). Transmission occurs through contact with infected animals or there habitats e.g. bites from infected insects or other animals, eating infected wild animals, contact with contaminated water and soil. Symptoms can vary greatly depending on the method of infection. For example infection through inhalation can cause symptoms similar to pneumonia, eating infected animals can cause a sore throat and abdominal symptoms and transmission through the skin can cause result in a painful skin ulcer.
- Tyrosinemia: A rare genetic metabolic disorder characterized by a deficiency of particular enzymes which prevents the breakdown of tyrosine which then builds up in the liver.
- Upper abdominal symptoms: Symptoms affecting the upper abdominal region.
- Wilms' tumor: A malignant kidney tumor that occurs in children.
- Wilson's Disease: Wilson disease, or hepatolenticular degeneration, is a neurodegenerative disease of copper metabolism.
- Wilson's disease: Wilson disease, or hepatolenticular degeneration, is a neurodegenerative disease of copper metabolism.
Conditions listing medical symptoms: Ascites in children:
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