Diagnostic Tests for Blood pressure symptoms
Diagnostic Test list for Blood pressure symptoms:
The list of diagnostic tests
mentioned in various sources as
used in the diagnosis of Blood pressure symptoms
- Physical examination
- Blood pressure - sitting and standing in both arms.
- If initial reading is high ( diastolic over 90mmHg and/or systolic over 140mmHg) - repeat the measurement after 5 minutes of rest.
- If only systolic reading is high may suggest hyperthyroidism, aortic insufficiency and arteriosclerotic aortitis
- If high blood pressure is paroxysmal may suggest phaeochromocytoma
- If blood pressure is high in arms but normal when taken in legs suggests coarctation of the aorta
- Measure BMI using weight and height
- Examine for possible organ damage due to high blood pressure and also for possible secondary causes of high blood pressure
- Examine the back of the eyes for retinal damage due to blood pressure
- Compare timing of radial and femoral pulses. If not synchronous, suggests coarctation of aorta
- Cardiovascular examination including heart rate and rhythm, signs of enlarged heart and heart murmurs
- Lung examination for signs of congestive heart failure e.g. crackles in lung bases
- Abdominal examination for enlargement of the aorta (suggestive of aortic aneurysm), enlarged liver ( suggestive of alcoholism) and flank mass. The presence of a flank mass should suggest kidney cancer, hydronephrosis and polycystic kidneys
- Examine the legs for evidence of peripheral vascular disease e.g. absent or reduced pulses and loss of hair on legs
- 24 hour Blood pressure monitoring - can be useful in diagnosis of high blood pressure (including "white coat" hypertension) and in evaluating the results of medication.
- Urine analysis - testing for glucose, protein, white cells, blood.
- Urine microscopy - looking for red and white cells and casts.
- Urine culture - only if urine analysis is abnormal.
- Other Urine tests - 24 hour urinary catecholamines, 24 hour urinary aldosterone level, 24 hour urinary free cortisol only if specifically indicated.
- Blood tests
- Radiological investigations
- Chest X-Ray ( to detect enlarged heart)
- Other investigations are not routine and should only be performed is specifically indicated e.g. renal ultrasound scan , intravenous pyelogram (IVP), retrograde pyelography, MRI angiography and renal angiography, Cystoscopy
Home Diagnostic Testing
These home medical tests may be relevant to Blood pressure symptoms causes:
Conditions listing medical symptoms: Blood pressure symptoms:
The following list of conditions
have 'Blood pressure symptoms' or similar
listed as a symptom in our database.
This computer-generated list may be inaccurate or incomplete.
Always seek prompt professional medical advice about the cause
of any symptom.
Select from the following alphabetical view of conditions which
include a symptom of Blood pressure symptoms or choose View All.
Conditions listing medical complications: Blood pressure symptoms:
The following list of medical conditions have 'Blood pressure symptoms'
or similar listed as a medical complication in our database.
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