Assessment
Questionnaire

Have a symptom?
See what questions
a doctor would ask.
 
Symptoms » Blood vessel symptoms » Glossary
 

Glossary for Blood vessel symptoms

Medical terms related to Blood vessel symptoms or mentioned in this section include:

  • 2q deletion: A rare chromosomal disorder where part of the long arm (q) of chromosome 2 is deleted resulting in various abnormalities which are determined by the size of the deleted portion.
  • A ?-protein amyloidosis: Amyloidosis is a rare group of metabolic disorders where a protein called amyloid accumulates in body organs and tissues where it can cause damage. This particular form involves deposits of ?-proteins in the nerves resulting in Alzheimer's disease or around brain blood vessels which can cause strokes or brain bleeds.
  • Abdomen bleeding: Bleeding due to abdominal wall disorders or due to failure in the body clotting mechanisms.
  • Abdomen bruise: An abdominal injury to underlying tissues or bone in which the skin is not broken, often characterized by ruptured blood vessels and discolorations.
  • Abdominal pain in mesenteric ischemia: Abdominal pain in mesenteric ischemia is a condition in which a person with mesenteric ischemia is experiencing abdominal discomfort.
  • Abdominal wall bruise: An abdominal injury to underlying tissues or bone in which the skin is not broken, often characterized by ruptured blood vessels and discolorations.
  • Abnormal pulse: throbbing of the arteries due to the effect of the heart rate
  • Abnormal uterine bleeding: The loss of blood from the uterus that varies from that which is considered normal
  • Abnormal vaginal bleeding: refers to vaginal bleeding at any time during the menstrual cycle other than normal menstruation
  • Absence of femoral pulse on one side: Absence of femoral pulse on one side is a lack of a pulse that is normally felt in the inguinal area between the hip and the groin on one side.
  • Absence of pedal pulse on both sides: Absence of pedal pulse on both sides is a lack of pulses that are usually felt on the top of both feet.
  • Absence of pedal pulse on one side: Absence of pedal pulse on one side refers to a lack of a pulse that is usually felt on the top of one foot.
  • Absence of pulse on one side: Absence of pulse on one side is a condition in which there is a lack of a pulse on one side of the body where it is normally expected.
  • Absent carotid pulses: loss of carotid pulsations
  • Absent femoral pulse: the femoral pulse is palpated below the inguinal ligament and about midway between symphysis pubis and anterior superior iliac spine, it is absent in ceratin conditions
  • Absent pedal pulse: the distal pulse of the foot, also referred to as pedal pulse, may be taken at either of two sites: the posterior tibial pulse (located behind the medial ankle) or the dorsalis pedis pulse (located on the anterior surface of the foot, lateral to the large tendon of the great toe), it may be absent in certain conditions
  • Absent pulse: An undetectable pulse.
  • Accelerated hypertension: Accelerated hypertension is a condition characterized by a rapid increase in blood pressure. The condition is a medical emergency which can cause organ damage if not treated promptly.
  • Accentuated fall in systolic pressure: marked fall in the systolic pressure
  • Acrocallosal syndrome: A rare genetic disorder characterized by underdeveloped or absent corpus callosum of brain, duplication of thumb or big toe and extra fingers or toes.
  • Acute hemorrhagic conjunctivitis:
  • Acute hemorrhagic pancreatitis: Acute inflammation of the pancreas accompanied by the formation of necrotic areas on the surface of the pancreas and in the omentum and, frequently, also accompanied by hemorrhages into the substance of the gland.
  • Acute hypertension-like symptoms: conditions which cause a rapid rise in the blood pressure and hence lead to various symptoms pertaining to hypertension
  • Adrenal Cancer: A malignant cancer that develops in the adrenal gland. The tumor may be nonfunctioning (does not produce hormones) or functioning in which case excessive levels of hormones can cause a variety of symptoms depending on which hormone is involved. Adrenal hormones made in the cortex (outer part of the gland) are aldosterone, corticosteroids and androgenic steroids. Adrenalin and noradrenalin are the hormones made in the medulla (central part of the adrenal gland).
  • Adrenal Cortex Neoplasms: A tumor that develops in the adrenal gland. The tumor may be nonfunctioning (does not produce hormones) or functioning in which case excessive levels of hormones can cause a variety of symptoms depending on which hormone is involved. Adrenal hormones made in the cortex (outer part of the gland) are aldosterone, corticosteroids and androgenic steroids.
  • Adrenal adenoma, familial: A benign tumor that develops in the adrenal gland and tends to run in families. The tumor may be nonfunctioning (does not produce hormones) or functioning in which case excessive levels of hormones can cause a variety of symptoms depending on which hormone is involved. Adrenal hormones made in the cortex (outer part of the gland) are aldosterone, corticosteroids and androgenic steroids . Adrenalin and noradrenalin are the hormones made in the medulla (central part of the adrenal gland).
  • Adrenal gland hyperfunction: Excessive activity of the adrenal gland which causes excessive production of one or more adrenal hormones (aldosterone, corticosteroids, androgenic steroids, epinephrine and norepinephrine). The increased adrenal gland activity may be caused by an adrenal gland tumor or by excessive stimulation of the gland. Pituitary hormones stimulate adrenal gland activity.
  • Adrenal incidentaloma: A tumor of the adrenal gland that is discovered incidentally while performing an imaging examination for reasons other than an adrenal tumor. The tumor may be asymptomatic or can causes excessive secretion of adrenal hormones and resulting symptoms. The tumor may also be malignant or benign.
  • Adrenocortical carcinoma: A condition which is characterized by malignancy which affects the adrenocortex.
  • Aicardi syndrome: A rare genetic disorder where the structure connecting the two halves of the brain fails to develop which results in seizures and eye abnormalities .
  • Air embolism: A condition where an air bubble enters the cardiovascular system (via injection, intravenous therapy, surgery or puncture wound) and obstructs the blood flow.
  • Alcohol drinking: The consumption of a drink containing alcohol. Alcohol consumption can cause varying degrees of impairment depending on the amount consumed. Consuming very large amounts of alcohol can lead to death.
  • Alcohol-Induced Disorders: Disorders caused by excessive alcohol consumption. The symptoms are variable depending on the disorder involved. Some of the disorders are: alcohol abuse, alcohol dependence, alcohol intoxication, alcohol withdrawal, alcohol intoxication delirium, alcohol withdrawal delirium, alcohol-induced persisting dementia, alcohol-induced persisting amnestic disorder, alcohol-induced psychotic disorder, alcohol-induced mood disorder, alcohol-induced anxiety disorder, alcohol-induced sexual dysfunction, alcohol-induced sleep disorder, liver damage, liver cancer and esophageal cancer.
  • Ales dysfibrinogenemia: A rare inherited disorder characterized by abnormal fibrinogen which is a protein essential to the blood clotting process. The Alès type was discovered in Alès.
  • Alpha-N-acetylgalactosaminidase deficiency, Type II: A very rare inherited metabolic disorder where deficiency of an enzyme (alpha-N-acetylgalactosaminidase) causes glycoplids to accumulate in body tissues and result in various symptoms. Type 2 occurs during the second or third decade of life and is milder than type I and doesn't involve neurological degeneration.
  • Altered vital signs: vital signs are measures of various physiological statistics often taken by health professionals in order to assess the most basic body functions,altered vital signs indicate an underlying abnormality
  • Altered vital signs due to dehydration: Altered vital signs due to dehydration refers to a change in the pulse, breathing, blood pressure and/or body temperature as a result of a lack of sufficient fluid in the body.
  • Altered vital signs due to encephalopathy: Altered vital signs due to encephalopathy refers to a change in the pulse, breathing, blood pressure and/or body temperature as a result of encephalopathy.
  • Altered vital signs due to road traffic accident: Altered vital signs due to road traffic accident refers to a change in the pulse, breathing, blood pressure and/or body temperature as a result of a motor vehicle collision.
  • Altered vital signs in case of diabetic ketoacidosis: Altered vital signs in case of diabetic ketoacidosis is a change in the pulse, breathing, blood pressure and/or body temperature as a result of diabetic ketoacidosis.
  • Altered vital signs in meningitis: Altered vital signs in meningitis is a condition in which there is a change in the pulse, breathing, blood pressure and/or body temperature as a result of meningitis.
  • Altered vital signs in pulmonary embolism: Altered vital signs in pulmonary embolism refers to a change in the pulse, breathing, blood pressure and/or body temperature as a result of pulmonary embolism.
  • Amphetamine abuse: Use of the stimulant drugs known as amphetamines or "speed"
  • Amyloidosis VII: Amyloidosis involves the abnormal deposit of a substance called amyloid in various parts of the body. In the Ohio type, the amyloid deposits in the leptomeningeal blood vessels, brainstem, spinal cord and eye causing central nervous system dysfunction, brain hemorrhages as well as vision impairment.
  • Amyloidosis, oculoleptomeningeal: Amyloidosis involves the abnormal deposit of a substance called amyloid in various parts of the body. In this particular type, the amyloid deposits in the leptomeningeal blood vessels, brainstem, spinal cord and eye causing central nervous system dysfunction, brain hemorrhages and vision impairment.
  • Anal bruise: A haematoma that occurs on the anus.
  • Anal hematoma: Anal hematoma is a collection of blood that has leaked from blood vessels in the anus.
  • Anal triangle bruise: Usually occurs due to trauma.
  • Anaphylaxis: An immediate hypersensitivity reaction due to the exposure of a specific antigen to a sensitized individual
  • Aneurysm: Swelling or ballooning of part of an artery
  • Aneurysm, intracranial berry: A bulge in a blood vessel in the brain. The bulge can rupture causing a stroke. They usually form as a result of high blood pressure and weak blood vessel walls in the brain. There are five different subtypes of intracranial berry aneurysms with each one caused by a defect in different gene. The defective gene increases and individuals risk for developing intracranial berry aneurysms.
  • Aneurysm, intracranial berry, 1: A bulge in a blood vessel in the brain. The bulge can rupture causing a stroke. They usually form as a result of high blood pressure and weak blood vessel walls in the brain. There are five different subtypes of intracranial berry aneurysms with each one caused by a defect in different gene. The defective gene increases and individuals risk for developing intracranial berry aneurysms. Type 1 is caused by a defect on chromosome 7q11.2.
  • Aneurysm, intracranial berry, 10: A bulge in a blood vessel in the brain. The bulge can rupture causing a stroke. They usually form as a result of high blood pressure and weak blood vessel walls in the brain. There are five different subtypes of intracranial berry aneurysms with each one caused by a defect in different gene. The defective gene increases and individuals risk for developing intracranial berry aneurysms. Type 10 is caused by a defect on chromosome 8q12.1.
  • Aneurysm, intracranial berry, 2: A bulge in a blood vessel in the brain. The bulge can rupture causing a stroke. They usually form as a result of high blood pressure and weak blood vessel walls in the brain. There are five different subtypes of intracranial berry aneurysms with each one caused by a defect in different gene. The defective gene increases and individuals risk for developing intracranial berry aneurysms. Type 2 is caused by a defect on chromosome 19q13.
  • Aneurysm, intracranial berry, 3: A bulge in a blood vessel in the brain. The bulge can rupture causing a stroke. They usually form as a result of high blood pressure and weak blood vessel walls in the brain. There are five different subtypes of intracranial berry aneurysms with each one caused by a defect in different gene. The defective gene increases and individuals risk for developing intracranial berry aneurysms. Type 3 is caused by a defect on chromosome 1p36.13-p34.3.
  • Aneurysm, intracranial berry, 4: A bulge in a blood vessel in the brain. The bulge can rupture causing a stroke. They usually form as a result of high blood pressure and weak blood vessel walls in the brain. There are five different subtypes of intracranial berry aneurysms with each one caused by a defect in different gene. The defective gene increases and individuals risk for developing intracranial berry aneurysms. Type 4 is caused by a defect on chromosome 5p15.2-14.3.
  • Aneurysm, intracranial berry, 5: A bulge in a blood vessel in the brain. The bulge can rupture causing a stroke. They usually form as a result of high blood pressure and weak blood vessel walls in the brain. There are five different subtypes of intracranial berry aneurysms with each one caused by a defect in different gene. The defective gene increases and individuals risk for developing intracranial berry aneurysms. Type 5 is caused by a defect on chromosome 2p13.
  • Aneurysm, intracranial berry, 6: A bulge in a blood vessel in the brain. The bulge can rupture causing a stroke. They usually form as a result of high blood pressure and weak blood vessel walls in the brain. There are now six different subtypes of intracranial berry aneurysms with each one caused by a defect in different gene. The defective gene increases an individuals risk for developing intracranial berry aneurysms. Type 6 is caused by a defect on chromosome 9p21.
  • Aneurysm, intracranial berry, 7: A bulge in a blood vessel in the brain. The bulge can rupture causing a stroke. They usually form as a result of high blood pressure and weak blood vessel walls in the brain. There are five different subtypes of intracranial berry aneurysms with each one caused by a defect in different gene. The defective gene increases and individuals risk for developing intracranial berry aneurysms. Type 7 is caused by a defect on chromosome 11q24-q25.
  • Aneurysm, intracranial berry, 8: A bulge in a blood vessel in the brain. The bulge can rupture causing a stroke. They usually form as a result of high blood pressure and weak blood vessel walls in the brain. There are five different subtypes of intracranial berry aneurysms with each one caused by a defect in different gene. The defective gene increases and individuals risk for developing intracranial berry aneurysms. Type 8 is caused by a defect on chromosome 14q23.
  • Aneurysm, intracranial berry, 9: A bulge in a blood vessel in the brain. The bulge can rupture causing a stroke. They usually form as a result of high blood pressure and weak blood vessel walls in the brain. There are five different subtypes of intracranial berry aneurysms with each one caused by a defect in different gene. The defective gene increases and individuals risk for developing intracranial berry aneurysms. Type 9 is caused by a defect on chromosome 2q33.1.
  • Aneurysmal dissection: an aneurysmal dissection (dissecting aneurysm, dissecting hematoma) is an often fatal disorder in which the inner layer of the vessel wall tears
  • Aneurysms: An area of dilation of the wall of an artery or vein
  • Angiokeratoma due to Fabry's disease: Angiokeratoma due to Fabry's disease are small purplish spots that develop due to Fabry's disease.
  • Angioma hereditary neurocutaneous: A rare genetic condition characterized angiomas involving both the skin and nervous system.
  • Angiopathy, hereditary, with nephropathy, aneurysms and muscle cramps: An inherited disorder characterized by kidney disease, aneurysms, blood vessel disease and muscle cramps which can last from seconds to minutes.
  • Ankle blueness: A blue discolouration of the ankle
  • Ankle bruise: A haematoma that occurs at the ankle.
  • Ankle fracture: Ankle fracture refers to a broken bone in the ankle.
  • Ankle sprain: Damage to the ankle ligaments.
  • Antiphospholipid syndrome: An autoimmune disorder characterized by blood clots and pregnancy losses.
  • Antithrombin III deficiency, congenital: A rare blood disorder where a congenital deficiency of antithrombin III causes excessive blood coagulation which results in blood clot formation.
  • Aorta conditions: Conditions that affect the aorta
  • Aortic dilatation- joint hypermobility- arterial tortuosity: A rare syndrome characterized by the dilation of the aortic root, hyperextensible joints and varicose veins
  • Apo A-I deficiency: Low plasma HDL cholesterol that tends to run in families.
  • Arm blueness: A blue discolouration of the arm
  • Arm bruise: Injury or trauma to the arm tissue which is often characterized by ruptured blood vessels and discolorations.
  • Arm fracture: Arm fracture is a break in any of the bones in the arm.
  • Arterial dilation: dilatation of the arteries.
  • Arterial dissection -- lentiginosis: A rare inherited condition characterized by arterial dissection and numerous skin macules. An arterial dissection is a blood vessel anomaly where blood leaks into the blood vessel wall through a tear in the inner lining of the blood vessel.
  • Arterial dissections with lentiginosis: A rare familial syndrome characterized by the association of aortic dissection and multiple lentigines (brown skin spots). The aorta can rupture in some cases and result in sudden death.
  • Arterial hypertension: medical condition in which the blood pressure is chronically elevated.
  • Arterial luminal narrowing: narrowing of the arteries.
  • Arterial obstruction: Obstruction to the flow of blood due to fatty plaque deposition on the intimal layer of the vessel wall and aggregation of platelets.
  • Arterial tortuosity syndrome: A rare disorder which affects the connective tissue that makes up blood vessels resulting in various arterial abnormalities. Connective tissue abnormalities also affect the skin and joints.
  • Arteriosclerosis: A group of medical conditions which are characterized by the thickening and loss of elasticity of arterial blood vessel walls
  • Arteriosclerosis Obliterans: Arteriosclerosis that results in the narrowing and gradual blockage of the artery. Arteriosclerosis involves the deposition of cholesterol plaques and other material on the inside of the artery walls. The symptoms will depend on the location of the arteries affected and how severe the blockage is.
  • Arteriovenous fistula: Connection between artery and vein.
  • Artery burning sensation: Abnormal sensations in the arterial wall which may be due to an autoimmune response.
  • Artery conditions: Any conditions affecting arteries
  • Artery infection: Inflammation of the tunica adventia, tunica media and tunica intima.
  • Artery inflammation: Inflammation of the tunica adventia, tunica media and tunica intima.
  • Artery numbness: Abnormal sensations in the arterial wall which may be due to an autoimmune response.
  • Artery redness: Inflammation of the tunica adventia, tunica media and tunica intima.
  • Artery stiffness: stiffness of the vessel wall due to loss of elasticity or athermatous plaque deposit.
  • Artery swelling: Swelling of the vessel wall due to loss of elasticity or athermatous plaque deposit.
  • Artery symptoms: Symptoms affecting the arteries (large blood vessels)
  • Artery tingling: Abnormal sensations in the arterial wall which may be due to an autoimmune response.
  • Artery weakness: weakness of the vessel wall due to loss of elasticity or athermatous plaque deposit.
  • Asymmetrical brachial pulses: difference in the reading of the brachial artery on palpation of the right and left brachial artery in the cubital fossae
  • Ataxia Telangiectasia: A rare inherited childhood disorder involving progressive degeneration of the nervous system.
  • Atelectasis: is a collapse of lung tissue affecting part or all of one lung
  • Atherosclerosis: A condition which is a form of arteriosclerosis where atheromas are caused by the aggregation of cholesterol and lipids
  • Athyrotic hypothyroidism sequence: A rare congenital disorder characterized by a thyroid gland defect.
  • Atrial Septal Defect 3: A rare heart malformation involving the presence of an abnormal opening between the two atrial chambers of the heart which allows abnormal mixing of oxygenated and deoxygenated blood. The severity of the symptoms depends on the size and location of the defect with mild cases being asymptomatic until adulthood. Atrial septal defect 3 is caused by a mutation on chromosome 14q12. There are no other heart abnormalities associated with the condition.
  • Atrial Septal Defect 4: A rare heart malformation involving the presence of an abnormal opening between the two atrial chambers of the heart which allows abnormal mixing of oxygenated and deoxygenated blood. The severity of the symptoms depends on the size and location of the defect with mild cases being asymptomatic until adulthood. Atrial septal defect 4 is caused by a mutation on chromosome 7p15-p14. There are no other heart abnormalities associated with the condition.
  • Atrial Septal Defect 5: A rare heart malformation involving the presence of an abnormal opening between the two atrial chambers of the heart which allows abnormal mixing of oxygenated and deoxygenated blood. The severity of the symptoms depends on the size and location of the defect with mild cases being asymptomatic until adulthood. Atrial septal defect 5 is caused by a mutation on chromosome 15q14. There are no other heart abnormalities associated with the condition.
  • Atrial Septal Defect 6: A rare heart malformation involving the presence of an abnormal opening between the two atrial chambers of the heart which allows abnormal mixing of oxygenated and deoxygenated blood. The severity of the symptoms depends on the size and location of the defect with mild cases being asymptomatic until adulthood. Atrial septal defect 6 is caused by a mutation on chromosome 4q32-q33.
  • Atrial fibrillation: A rhythm disturbance of the heart that results in irregular and chaotic ventricular contractions.
  • Autonomic dysreflexia: Autonomic dysreflexia is a condition characterized by instability of the autonomic nervous system and often results in sudden high blood pressure.
  • Autosomal Recessive Polycystic Kidney Disease: Severe form of PKD, a genetic kidney disease.
  • Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease: Genetic kidney disease causing kidney cysts.
  • Back blueness: A blue discolouration on the back
  • Back bruise: A haematoma that occurs on the back.
  • Back sprain: Damage to ligaments in the back.
  • Bacterial endocarditis: Infection and inflammation of the inner layers of the heart, most commonly the valves cause by bacteria.
  • Barotrauma: Damage to the lungs, ear or sinuses caused by rapid or extreme changes in air pressure.
  • Basilar artery insufficiency: refers to a temporary set of symptoms due to decreased blood flow in the posterior circulation of the brain
  • Battle's sign: ecchymosis over the mastoid process of the temporal bone.
  • Bearn-Kunkel syndrome: A type of autoimmune liver disease characterized by liver damage, very high blood gammaglobulin levels and increased plasma cells.
  • Behcet's syndrome: Recurring inflammation of small blood vessels affecting various areas.
  • Benign lung Tumor: Benign lung tumors are a heterogenous group of neoplastic lesions originating from pulmonary structures.
  • Bernheim's syndrome: Reduced size of right heart ventricle due to enlargement of the left ventricle which encroaches on the space in the right ventricle. Blood flow from the right atrium to the right ventricle is obstructed.
  • Biceps bruise: An injury to underlying tissues or bone in which the skin is not broken, often characterized by ruptured blood vessels and discolorations.
  • Big toe bruise: Injury to underlying tissues or bone in which the skin is not broken, often characterized by ruptured blood vessels and discolorations.
  • Bilateral stroke: rapidly developing loss of brain function due to disturbance in the blood supply of the brain
  • Bing-Neel syndrome: A rare disorder involving infiltration of the central nervous system by abnormal leukemia-like cells (lymphoplasmocytoid cells) that occur in Waldenström's macroglobulinemia. The abnormality increases blood viscosity which impairs its circulation through small brain and eye blood vessels.
  • Binswanger Disease: Multi-infarct dementia, caused by damage to deep white matter.
  • Binswanger's Disease: A type of senile dementia characterized by chronic cerebrovascular disease.
  • Blanching vascular reactions in children:
  • Bleeding after sex: Vaginal bleeding after sexual intercourse
  • Bleeding symptoms: Any type of bleeding symptoms.
  • Bleeding tendencies: defect in the haemostasis mechanism
  • Blood clot: A coagulum that is located in the blood stream due to the aggregation of blood factors
  • Blood clot in pregnancy: Blood clot in pregnancy is relatively common and is caused largely by physiological factors related to pregnancy, but can also be caused by pathology unrelated to pregnancy.
  • Blood clots: Multiple coagulums that are located in the blood stream due to the aggregation of blood factors
  • Blood clots in pregnancy: Blood clots in pregnancy are relatively common and are caused largely by physiological factors related to pregnancy, but can also be caused by pathology unrelated to pregnancy.
  • Blood conditions: Conditions that affect the blood
  • Blood loss: loss of blood can occur through any of the body orifices
  • Blood pressure changes: Changes to the pressure of blood flow around the body
  • Blood pressure symptoms: High (hypertension) or low blood pressure (hypotension).
  • Blood shot ring around the cornea: Red blood-like colored ring around the cornea
  • Blood symptoms: Symptoms affecting the blood and its blood cells.
  • Blood vessel conditions: Conditions that affect the blood vessels
  • Blood vessel damage: A condition characterized by damage to vessels that transport blood around the body
  • Blood vessel inflammation: A condition characterized by inflammation of the vessels that transport blood around the body
  • Bloodshot eyes: Red blood-like color of the eyes
  • Bloody vaginal discharge: discharge from the vagina other than normal menstruation
  • Blue face in children: Blue face in children, sometimes called facial cyanosis, can occur due to a lack of oxygen in the cells of the face, among other causes.
  • Blue hands: Blue appearance of the hands
  • Blue hands in children: Blue hands in children, sometimes called cyanosis, can occur due to a lack of oxygen in the cells of the hands, extreme cold, and other causes.
  • Blue lips: Blueness or discoloration of the lips
  • Blue lips in children: Blue lips in children, sometimes called cyanosis, occurs due to extreme cold, a lack of oxygen in the cells of the lips, and other causes in children.
  • Blue nails: A condition which is characterized by the occurrence of nails that are blue in appearance
  • Blue nails in children: Blue nails in children, sometimes called cyanosis, occurs due to extreme cold, a lack of oxygen in the cells of the skin under the nails, and other causes in children.
  • Blue skin: Blueness of the skin
  • Blue tongue: A symptom which occurs when the tongue is blue in appearance
  • Blue tongue in children: Blue tongue in children, sometimes called tongue cyanosis, can occur due to a variety of conditions, including a lack of oxygen in the tongue cells.
  • Bluish black discoloration of the mucous membrane: decreased in the oxygen saturation of the mucous membrane also known as cyanosis
  • Bluish discoloration of both arms: Bluish discoloration of both arms, sometimes called cyanosis, is an abnormally blue tint or coloring of both arms.
  • Bluish discoloration of both hands: Bluish discoloration of both hands, sometimes called cyanosis, refers to a condition in which there is a blue tone or tint of both hands.
  • Bluish discoloration of one arm: Bluish discoloration of one arm, sometimes called cyanosis, occurs when one arm appears bluish.
  • Bluish discoloration of one hand: Bluish discoloration of one hand refers to an abnormal bluish color of one hand, sometimes called cyanosis.
  • Bluish discoloration of the mucous membrane: decreased in the oxygen saturation of the mucous membrane also known as cyanosis
  • Bluish discoloration of the skin: Cyanosis is a bluish discoloration of the skin or mucous membranes caused by lack of oxygen in the blood .
  • Bluish discoloration of the skin similar to that in case of acute severe asthma: decreased in the oxygen saturation, also known as cyanosis
  • Bluish discoloration of the skin similar to that in the case of acute severe asthma: Bluish discoloration of the skin similar to that in the case of acute severe asthma is an abnormal bluish coloration of the skin that is due to a lack of oxygen that is delivered to the body's cells.
  • Body skin hyperlaxity due to vitamin K-dependent coagulation factor deficiency: A rare inherited connective tissue disorder caused by a deficiency of a blood coagulation factor.
  • Bosviel syndrome: A rare condition where a blood blister on the uvula ruptures. It often occurs as a complication of tracheal intubation.
  • Bounding pulse: Is most often classified as a forceful and strong pulse.
  • Boutonneuse fever: An infectious disease that is caused by Rickettsia conorii which is transmitted by the brown dog tick (Rhipicephalus sanguineus). The disease occurs predominantly in Mediterranean areas such as India and Africa. The onset of symptoms is usually sudden and the incubation period is usually between 6 and 10 days.
  • Brain stem infarction: an usually fatal ischemic event involving the brain stem
  • Breast blueness: A blue discolouration on the breast or breasts
  • Breast bruise: A haematoma that occurs on the back.
  • Broken finger: Fracture of a finger bone
  • Broken foot: Fracture of one or more foot bones
  • Broken hand: Fracture of one or more bones in the hand
  • Broken jaw: Fracture of the jaw bone (mandible)
  • Broken nose: Fracture of the nose
  • Bronchial bruise: Injury to underlying tissues or bone in which the skin is not broken, often characterized by ruptured blood vessels and discolorations.
  • Brow bruise: Injury or trauma to the brow which is often characterized by ruptured blood vessels and discolorations.
  • Bruch's disease: An infectious disease that is caused by Rickettsia conorii which is transmitted by the brown dog tick (Rhipicephalus sanguineus). The disease occurs predominantly in Mediterranean areas such as India and Africa. The onset of symptoms is usually sudden and the incubation period is usually between 6 and 10 days.
  • Bruit: Audible blood flow through a vessel or the heart, indicating abnormal flow.
  • Bruits: Swishing sounds heard over an artery that may also produce a palpable vibration.
  • Buccal mucosa bruise: Injury to underlying tissues or bone in which the skin is not broken, often characterized by ruptured blood vessels and discolorations.
  • Buerger's disease: Buergers's disease is a recurring inflammation and thrombosis (clotting) of small and medium arteries and veins of the hands and feet
  • Bulging abdominal veins: Bulging or protruding abdominal veins
  • Bulging neck veins: Unusual bulging of neck veins or arteries
  • Bulging veins: Abnormal protrusion or bulging of the veins
  • Buttock blueness: A blue discolouration on the buttocks
  • Buttock bruise: A haematoma that occurs on the buttock.
  • CDG syndrome type 1A: A very rare inherited metabolic disorder where defective carbohydrate compounds are attached to glycoproteins and thus impairing glycoprotein function. Type 1A involves a phosphomannomutase enzyme defect and affects most body systems especially the nervous system and liver function.
  • CDG syndrome type I: A rare genetic disorder where the body is unable to synthesize glycoproteins which results in multisystem problems.
  • CREST syndrome: Group of symptoms usually related to systemic sclerosis
  • Cadasil: A rare inherited condition which affects the small blood vessels of the brain. Damage to the vessels causes strokes and other problems.
  • Calcaneal bone bruise: Injury or trauma to the heel bone which is often characterized by ruptured blood vessels and discolorations.
  • Calciphylaxis: A rare fatal condition characterized by calcification of skin blood vessels and destruction of skin tissue. The condition is often associated with end-stage kidney disease.
  • Calf blueness: A blue discolouration on the calf or calves
  • Calf bruise: A haematoma that occurs on the calf or calves.
  • Campylobacter fetus infection: Campylobacter fetus is a food borne bacterial infection which may vary in severity from mild to severe. The bacteria are opportunistic and mainly affect debilitated patients but can also occur in healthy patients. Abortion due to blood infection in the fetus can occur in pregnant women who become infected. The infection is less likely to cause gastrointestinal symptoms such as diarrhea than other Campylobacter infections but is prone to causing infection in other parts of the body such as the appendix, abdominal cavity, central nervous system (meningitis), gallbladder, urinary tract and blood stream. Cattle and sheep are the main source of this bacteria.
  • Capillary refill time, increased: An increase in the time taken to refill the capillaries of the peripheries
  • Caput medusae: Dilated veins around the umbilicus.
  • Carbon disulfide-induced cardiovascular disease: Chronic exposure to certain chemicals can cause cardiovascular disease. For example, exposure to Carbon disulfide can lead to heart disease and carries a risk of premature death as a result. Chronic exposure to these sort of chemicals is most likely to occur in a work environment. Carbon disulfide is used mainly in viscose rayon manufacturing but is also used as a solvent and in other process. Exposure usually occurs through inhalation of vapours but skin absorption can also occur. Reported cases haf cardiovascular disease has occurred among workers exposed to carbon disulfide concentrations of 20-60 ppm.
  • Carcinoid syndrome: Carcinoid heart disease is a rare, metastatic disease that occurs predominantly in the right heart. The tricuspid and pulmonic valves are affected, leading to right heart failure, which results in increased morbidity and mortality.
  • Cardiac abnormalities: Any abnormalities of the cardiovascular system
  • Cardiac compression syndrome: Symptoms caused by compression of the heart which can be caused by abnormal curvature of the spine or rib cage deformities which restrict the chest space.
  • Cardiac defect: Cardiac defect refers to a malformation, anomaly, or abnormality of the heart
  • Cardiopulmonary insufficiency: diseases of the heart and lung
  • Cardiotoxicity -- Allylamine: Exposure to Allylamines can have a toxic effect on the heart and may result in degenerative changes in the heart. The degree of toxicity may be influenced the duration and level of exposure to the chemical.
  • Cardiotoxicity -- Aromatic hydrocarbons: Exposure to Aromatic hydrocarbons can have a toxic effect on the heart and may result in degenerative changes in the heart. The degree of toxicity may be influenced the duration and level of exposure to the chemical.
  • Cardiotoxicity -- Carbon Disulfide: Exposure to Carbon Disulfide can have a toxic effect on the heart and may result in degenerative changes in the heart. The degree of toxicity may be influenced the duration and level of exposure to the chemical.
  • Cardiotoxicity -- Carbon Monoxide: Exposure to Carbon Monoxide can have a toxic effect on the heart and may result in degenerative changes in the heart. The degree of toxicity may be influenced the duration and level of exposure to the chemical.
  • Cardiovascular disorder: diseases of the heart function, pumping mechanism or any diseases of the heart valves and conduction mechanism
  • Cardiovascular disorders: diseases of the heart
  • Carotid artery stenosis:
  • Carotid bruit on one side: Carotid bruit on one side is an abnormal sound made by the flow of blood through the carotid artery on one side.
  • Carotid bruits: a carotid bruit is a noise caused by turbulent blood flow in the carotid artery
  • Carotid bruits on both sides: Carotid bruits on both side is a condition in which there is an abnormal sound by the flow of blood through the carotid artery on both sides.
  • Cat Eye Syndrome: A rare chromosomal disorder involving abnormalities of chromosome 22 and characterized by coloboma of the iris, down-slanting palpebral fissures and anal atresia.
  • Catel-Manzke Syndrome: A rare genetic disorder characterized by a small jaw, cleft palate and an extra bone at the base of the pointer finger.
  • Cayler syndrome: A very rare disorder involving heart defects and abnormalities involving the lower lip muscle.
  • Central cyanosis: bluish discoloration of the skin and the mucous membrane.
  • Cerebral Amyloid Angiopathy, Familial: A rare disorder where abnormal deposits of amyloid in the brain blood vessels causes spasticity, incoordination and dementia. Brain hemorrhage and strokes may also result in severe cases.
  • Cerebral Arteriosclerosis: Hardening or blockage of arteries in the brain.
  • Cerebral Autosomal Recessive Arteriopathy with Subcortical Infarcts and Leukoencephalopathy: A rare inherited condition characterized primarily by progressive degeneration of the brain white matter and disease of the brain blood vessels as well as additional symptoms not involving the brain e.g. thin skin, alopecia and spinal disc disease.
  • Cerebral hemorrhage: Bleeding in the brain
  • Cerebral ventricle neoplasm: A tumor that occurs in the fluid-filled spaces of the brain called the ventricles. Symptoms vary depending on the size and exact location of the tumor and whether it is cancerous or not.
  • Cerebrovascular disorders: diseases affecting the vascular system of the brain
  • Cerebrovascular symptoms: Symptoms related to the brain's arteries
  • Cervical bruit: Audible blood flow through a cervical vessel, indicating abnormal flow.
  • Cervix bruise: Inflammatory conditions which cause cervical pain
  • Chafing: Skin chafing from friction or rubbing
  • Chagas Cardiomyopathy: Heart disease that can occur as a complication of a chronic parasitic infection caused by the protozoa Trypanosoma cruzi and transmitted by insect bites or blood transfusions.
  • Cheekbone bruise: Injury to underlying tissues or bone in which the skin is not broken, often characterized by ruptured blood vessels and discolorations.
  • Chemical-induced cardiovascular disease: Chronic exposure to certain chemicals can cause cardiovascular disease. For example, exposure to Carbon disulfide can lead to heart disease and carries a risk of premature death as a result. Chronic exposure to these sort of chemicals is most likely to occur in a work environment.
  • Chest blueness: A blue discolouration on the chest
  • Chest bruise: A haematoma that occurs on the chest.
  • Chest bruise in children: A chest bruise in children is a uncomfortable and discolored area of skin on the chest that is the result of broken blood vessels.
  • Chin bleeding: Bleeding from the chin
  • Chin blueness: A blue discolouration on the chin
  • Chin bruise: A haematoma that occurs on the chin.
  • Choanal atresia -- deafness -- cardiac defects -- dysmorphia: A rare birth disorder characterized by choanal atresia (narrowing or blockage of nasal airway), deafness, heart defects and facial anomalies.
  • Cholesterol and lipids: Levels of blood or urine cholesterol or lipids as a symptom
  • Chondroectodermal dysplasia: An inherited skeletal dysplasia marked that results in short-limbed dwarfism, development of an extra finger as well as cardiovascular impairments. Also called Ellis-van Creveld syndrome.
  • Chromosome 11q partial deletion: A rare chromosomal disorder where a portion of chromosome 11 is missing and is characterized by trigonencephaly, heart defects and a large, carp-shaped mouth.
  • Chromosome 13, Partial Monosomy 13q: A rare chromosomal disorder where the long arm (q) of chromosome 13 is deleted resulting in various physical, neurological and developmental abnormalities. The type and severity of symptoms is determined by the amount and location of the deleted genetic material.
  • Chromosome 13q deletion: A rare chromosomal disorder where the long arm (q) of chromosome 13 is deleted resulting in various physical, neurological and developmental abnormalities. The type and severity of symptoms is determined by the amount and location of the deleted genetic material.
  • Chromosome 13q deletion syndrome: A rare chromosomal disorder where the long arm (q) of chromosome 13 is deleted resulting in various physical, neurological and developmental abnormalities. The type and severity of symptoms is determined by the amount and location of the deleted genetic material.
  • Chromosome 13q partial deletion: A rare chromosomal disorder where part of the long arm (q) of chromosome 13 is deleted resulting in various physical, neurological and developmental abnormalities. The type and severity of symptoms is determined by the amount and location of the deleted genetic material.
  • Chromosome 18 deletion syndrome: A rare chromosomal disorder where a portion of chromosome 18 is missing.
  • Chromosome 18q- Syndrome: A rare chromosomal disorder where a portion of chromosome 18 is missing. The type and severity of symptoms is determined by the amount of genetic material that is missing.
  • Chromosome 2, monosomy 2q: A rare chromosomal disorder where part of the long arm (q) of chromosome 2 is deleted resulting in various abnormalities which are determined by the size of the deleted portion.
  • Chromosome 22 Ring: A rare chromosomal disorder where genetic material from one or both ends of chromosome 22 is missing and the two broken ends have rejoined to form a ring. The resulting type and severity of symptoms is determined by the amount and location of genetic material missing.
  • Chromosome 22 trisomy mosaic: A rare chromosomal disorder where three copies of chromosome 22 are present in some of the body's cells instead of the normal two. Severity of symptoms is determined by how many cells have the extra chromosomal material.
  • Chromosome 22, trisomy: A very rare disorder where there is an extra copy of chromosome 22 in all the body cells. The condition is usually fatal soon after birth or during the fetal stage.
  • Chromosome 3/B translocation: A rare chromosomal disorder involving a translocation of genetic material of chromosome 3.
  • Chromosome 4, Monosomy 4q: A rare chromosomal disorder where a portion of the long arm (q) of chromosome 4 is missing resulting in various abnormalities.
  • Chromosome 5q deletion syndrome: A rare chromosomal disorder where the long arm (q) of chromosome 5 is deleted resulting in various abnormalities.
  • Chromosome 6p partial duplication: A rare chromosomal disorder involving duplication of part of the short arm (p) of chromosome 6 resulting in various abnormalities depending on the amount and location of the duplicated genetic material.
  • Chronic hypertension-like symptoms: conditions which cause a prolonged rise in the blood pressure and hence lead to various symptoms pertaining to hypertension
  • Chronic necrotizing vasculitis: Inflammation and destruction of blood vessel walls which leads to death of associated tissue. Symptoms are determined by the extent and location of the blood vessel inflammation. The inflammation possibly has autoimmune origins. It can occur in condition such as rheumatoid arthritis, systemic lupus erythematosus and scleroderma.
  • Chronic orthostatic hypotension: an excessive drop in blood pressure when the patient stands up causing light-headedness or dizziness
  • Circulation symptoms: Symptoms affecting the circulatory system
  • Circulatory collapse as seen in shock: Circulatory collapse as seen in shock refers to a loss of blood pressure and adequate circulation as happens in shock.
  • Circulatory infections:
  • Circulatory occlusions: Circulatory occlusions are blockages in the blood vessels of the circulatory system.
  • Clavicle bruise: An injury to underlying tissues or bone in which the skin is not broken, often characterised by ruptured blood vessels and discolorations.
  • Clotting symptoms: Symptoms affecting the blood's ability to clot
  • Coagulation defects: deal with disruption of the body's ability to control blood clotting
  • Coarctation of the aorta: coarctation of the aorta is a narrowing of the aorta between the upper-body artery branches and the branches to the lower body
  • Cocaine addiction: An uncontrollable desire to use cocaine on a regular basis. Chronic cocaine use can lead to dependency in as little as two weeks. Frequent use leads to an increased tolerance to the drug so higher and higher doses are required to achieve the desired euphoric feeling.
  • Cocaine overdose: Cocaine is an illegal and highly addictive recreational drug. Excessive doses of the drug can result in various symptoms and even death in severe cases.
  • Cohen-Hayden syndrome: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by mental retardation, eye defect and various growth abnormalities of the bone, skin and head.
  • Compartment syndrome: compartment syndrome involves the compression of nerves and blood vessels within an enclosed space. This leads to impaired blood flow and muscle and nerve damage
  • Congenital Afibrinogenemia: A rare disorder involving the inability to make fibrinogen which is essential for the process of blood clotting.
  • Congenital Disorders of Glycosylation Type Ia: A very rare inherited metabolic disorder where defective carbohydrate compounds are attached to glycoproteins and thus impairing glycoprotein function. Type 1A involves a phosphomannomutase enzyme defect and affects most body systems especially the nervous system and liver function.
  • Congenital aneurysms of the great vessels: A bulge in one of the main blood vessels in the body - pulmonary artery, pulmonary veins, vena cava and aorta. The condition is generally asymptomatic unless the aneurysm becomes very large or bursts which can result in rapid death depending on the location of the aneurysm.
  • Congenital disorder of glycosylation type 1A: A very rare inherited metabolic disorder where defective carbohydrate compounds are attached to glycoproteins and thus impairing glycoprotein function. Type 1A involves a phosphomannomutase enzyme defect and affects most body systems especially the nervous system and liver function.
  • Congenital disorder of glycosylation type 1C: A very rare inherited metabolic disorder where defective carbohydrate compounds are attached to glycoproteins and thus impairing glycoprotein function. Type 1C has a ?1,3-glucosyl-transferase enzyme defect.
  • Congenital disorder of glycosylation type 2D: Congenital disorders of glycosylation is a group of very rare inherited metabolic disorder where defective carbohydrate compounds are attached to glycoproteins and thus impairing glycoprotein function. Type 2d is caused by a defect on chromosome 9p13 and involves a defect in the gene for beta-1,4-galactosyltransferase.
  • Congenital microgastria limb reduction defect: A rare syndrome characterized by micrograstia and limb reduction as well as other abnormalities.
  • Congenital thrombotic disease due to protein C deficiency: A rare blood disorder where deficiency of protein C (anticoagulation agent) results in a predisposition for the formation of blood clots. The severity of the condition is variable. Homozygotes tend to have more severe symptoms while most heterozygotes are asymptomatic. Deficiency of protein C can be an inherited trait or may be acquired through liver disease and after surgery.
  • Conjunctival bruise: usually occurs due to trauma to the eye.
  • Conn's adenoma: An uncommon (but possible highly underdiagnosed) condition characterized by the excessive production of a hormone called aldosterone by the adrenal gland. The condition may result from the presence of an adrenal adenoma. The severity of the condition is variable with some patients simply suffering high blood pressure and no other symptoms. Due to the high degree of variation in presenting symptoms, the condition may be frequently underdiagnosed or misdiagnosed.
  • Conn's syndrome: An adrenal gland disorder where excess aldosterone hormone is produced resulting in symptoms such as headache, fatigue, nocturia and increased urine production. Also called primary hyperaldosteronism.
  • Conn-Louis Carcinoma: An uncommon (but possible highly underdiagnosed) condition characterized by the excessive production of a hormone called aldosterone by the adrenal gland. The condition results from the presence of an adrenal carcinoma. The severity of the condition is variable with some patients simply suffering high blood pressure and no other symptoms. Due to the high degree of variation in presenting symptoms, the condition may be frequently underdiagnosed or misdiagnosed.
  • Connective tissue bruise: Bruises involving the connective tissue of the body.
  • Connective tissue disorders: Any condition affecting connective tissues.
  • Conor's disease: An infectious disease that is caused by Rickettsia conorii which is transmitted by the brown dog tick (Rhipicephalus sanguineus). The disease occurs predominantly in Mediterranean areas such as India and Africa. The onset of symptoms is usually sudden and the incubation period is usually between 6 and 10 days.
  • Constipation: Hardness of stool or difficulty or inability to pass feces.
  • Consumption coagulopathy: Consumption coagulopathy, also called disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC), is a serious bleeding disorder that can occur as a result of a variety of diseases, disorders and conditions, such as sepsis, certain tumors and severe trauma.
  • Continuous bruit: implies a left to right shunt.
  • Contusion: any injury that doesnt break the skin but causes some discoloration
  • Contusion following exercise: A contusion (bruise) is an injury to the soft tissue often produced by a blunt force such as a kick, fall, or blow. The immediate result will be pain, swelling, and discoloration.
  • Copperhead snake poisoning: The Copperhead snake is a poisonous snake found mainly in parts of North America. The toxicity of the poison varies among species but some species are extremely poisonous and readily result in death if the patient is not treated.
  • Coracobrachialis bruise: An injury to underlying tissues or bone in which the skin is not broken, often characterized by ruptured blood vessels and discolorations.
  • Cornea bruise: A bruise in the cornea of the eye.
  • Cornel syndrome: A very rare disorder observed in only a few families. The condition is characterized by deafness, heart problems and droopy eyelids
  • Corpus luteum hematoma: Corpus luteum hematoma is a collection of blood in a woman's ovary.
  • Corticobasal Degeneration: A rare progressive neurological disorder where parts of the brain deteriorate.
  • Crack addiction: An uncontrollable desire to use crack on a regular basis. Chronic crack use can lead to dependency in as little as two weeks. Crack is a form of cocaine - powdered cocaine is heated with ammonia or sodium bicarbonate to make rocks of crack. Frequent use leads to an increased tolerance to the drug so higher and higher doses are required to achieve the desired euphoric feeling.
  • Cranial bruit: bruit felt on auscultation over the cranium and orbit.
  • Crotalidae snake poisoning: Crotalids are snakes from the Crotalidae family. This group of snakes includes rattlesnakes which are usually found in America. These snakes are easily identified by the "rattle" at the tip of their tails. The toxicity of the venom can vary among species but some can result in death if prompt treatment is not given.
  • Crystal meth addiction: An uncontrollable desire to use crystal meth on a regular basis. Crystal meth is a powerful stimulant used illegally for its effects. It is highly addictive and known by street names such as ice, speed, glass, crank and chalk. Frequent use leads to an increased tolerance to the drug so higher and higher doses are required to achieve the desired euphoric feeling.
  • Cubital fossa bruise: Injury or trauma to the front of the inner elbow which is often characterized by ruptured blood vessels and discolorations.
  • Cushing's symphalangism: A rare syndrome characterized by deafness and the fusion of joints in the middle of fingers and toes as well as fusion of hand and foot bones.
  • Cutaneous vasoconstriction: it is the narrowing of the arteries and the veins of the skin
  • Cutaneous vasodilation: stimulation of baroreceptor results in cutaneous vasodialation
  • Cyanosed nails: Cyanosed nails are fingernails and/or toenails that have a bluish discoloration due to a lack of oxygen in the tissues.
  • Cyanosis: Blueness or purple coloring of skin.
  • Cyanosis due to respiratory etiology: Cyanosis due to respiratory etiology refers to a bluish color of the skin, lips, and/or nails due to a lack of oxygen in the tissues due to a respiratory disease or condition.
  • Cyanosis in children: Cyanosis in children refers to a bluish color of the skin, lips, and/or nails of a child due to a lack of oxygen in the tissues.
  • Cyanosis in infant: Cyanosis in infant refers to a bluish color of the skin, lips, and/or nails in an infant due to a lack of oxygen in the tissues.
  • Cyanosis of the extremities: known as peripheral cyanosis is blue coloration of the skin and mucous membranes due to the presence of deoxygenated hemoglobin in blood vessels near the skin surface
  • Cyanotic newborn: A cyanotic newborn is an infant that is newly born and has a bluish color of the skin, lips, and/or nails due to a lack of oxygen in the tissues.
  • Cyanotic skin: bluish discoloration of the skin or mucous membranes caused by lack of oxygen in the blood
  • De Grouchy Syndrome: A rare chromosomal disorder where a portion of chromosome 18 is missing. The type and severity of symptoms varies depending on the amount and exact location of the genetic material that is deleted.
  • De Sanctis-Cacchione syndrome: A rare genetic ectodermal disorder characterized by sunlight sensitivity, skin atrophy and pigmentation and skin tumors as well neurologic involvement.
  • Decreased cardiac output: descreased amount of blood pumped by the heart
  • Decreased cerebral perfusion: compromised blood supply to the brain
  • Decreased protein C: A protein which is necessaryto prevent theclotting cascade and is autosomal dominant with regards to inheritance
  • Decreased protein S: A protein which is necessary to prevent the clotting cascade
  • Decreased vascularity: decreased vascularity indicates an obstruction to blood flow
  • Deep vein thrombosis: The formation of a thrombosis in the deep veins usually within the legs
  • Deep vein thrombosis in pregnancy: Deep vein thrombosis in pregnancy is the clotting of blood within veins, which occurs more commonly in pregnancy than in the non-pregnant state and results in pain, redness and oedema of the affected limb.
  • Defective apolipoprotein B-100: A rare inherited condition where defective apolipoprotein B-100 impairs the metabolism of cholesterol and results in high blood cholesterol which in turn increases the risk of cardiovascular disease.
  • Deletion 13q: A rare chromosomal disorder where the long arm (q) of chromosome 13 is deleted resulting in various physical, neurological and developmental abnormalities. The type and severity of symptoms is determined by the amount and location of the deleted genetic material.
  • Deletion 18q: A rare chromosomal disorder where a portion of chromosome 18 is missing. The type and severity of symptoms varies depending on the amount and exact location of the genetic material that is deleted.
  • Deletion 2q: A rare chromosomal disorder where part of the long arm (q) of chromosome 2 is deleted resulting in various abnormalities which are determined by the size of the deleted portion.
  • Diabetes insipidus, diabetes mellitus, optic atrophy: A rare association of diabetes insipidus, diabetes mellitus, optic atrophy, and deafness.
  • Diabetes-like symptoms: Symptoms similar to those of diabetes
  • Diabetic neuropathy: nerve damage which maybe motor, sensory and autonomic
  • Diffuse apical impulse: It is usually felt at the 5th left intercostal spacejust inside the mid clavicular line
  • Diffuse systemic sclerosi: A rare condition that characterized by skin tightness affecting the trunk and extremities as well as organ involvement. It involves an early period of internal inflammation which distinguishes it from other forms of scleroderma and the organ involvement can be severe and even life-threatening.
  • Digit bruise: An injury to underlying tissues or bone of the fingers or toes in which the skin is not broken. It is often characterized by ruptured blood vessels and discoloration.
  • Dilated capillaries of the nail fold: form of capillary abnormalities.
  • Diminished Korotkoff sounds: sharp tapping or knocking sounds generated with each systole.
  • Diminished peripheral pulses: absent of the peripheral pulses.
  • Diminished pulse: Loss or reduced intensity of pulse is called diminished pulse
  • Diphallus -- rachischisis -- imperforate anus: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by genital abnormalities, absent anal opening and malformed vertebrae.
  • Discontinuation syndrome: Symptoms that can occur when a person suddenly stops taking their high blood pressure medication.
  • Dissecting aortic aneurysm: aortic dissection is a potentially life-threatening condition in which there is bleeding into and along the wall of the aorta, the major artery leaving the heart
  • Dissection of an aortic aneurysm: potentially life-threatening condition in which there is bleeding into and along the wall of the aorta, the major artery leaving the heart.
  • Dissection syndromes:
  • Distended neck veins: indirectly observed pressure over the venous system
  • Distichiasis -- heart and vasculature anomalies: A rare birth syndrome characterized by heart and blood vessel abnormalities as well as the growth of an extra row of eyelashes.
  • Distichiasis with Congenital Anomalies of the heart and Peripheral Vasculature: A very rare condition characterized by congenital heart defects, a double row of eyelashes (distichiasis) and peripheral blood vessel anomalies.
  • Dramatic fall in blood pressure: Low blood pressure (hypotension) is pressure so low it causes symptoms or signs due to the low flow of blood through the arteries and veins
  • Dysbarism: A reaction caused by exposure to a sudden change in environmental pressure.
  • Dyslipidemia: Abnormal lipid levels in the blood which may manifest as high cholesterol, triglycerides or LDL and low HDL.
  • EDS V: A rare genetic connective tissue disorder characterized by skin hyperextensibility, moderate joint hypermobility and moderate vascular fragility.
  • EDS X: A very rare collagen disorder which is characterized by loose joints and hyperextensible skin as well as a blood platelet anomaly which causes bleeding into the skin (petechiae).
  • EDS10: A very rare collagen disorder which is characterized by loose joints and hyperextensible skin as well as a blood platelet anomaly which causes bleeding into the skin (petechiae).
  • Eagle's syndrome: A group of symptoms caused by calcification of the stylohyoid ligament and an abnormally long styloid process. The styloid process is a bone at the base of the skull which is attached to muscles and ligaments connected to the throat and tongue. If this bone is too long then actions such as swallowing and turning the head can cause pain and discomfort. The cause of the condition is unknown but trauma and inflammation may be the cause in some cases.
  • Ear blueness: A blue discolouration on the ear
  • Ear bruise: Injury or trauma to the ear which is often characterized by ruptured blood vessels and discolorations.
  • Ear canal bruise: Ear canal bruises are related to injuries.
  • Earlobe bruise: A bruise on the earlobe of the ear - usually due to some sort of trauma.
  • Easily bruised skin: Easily bruised skin refers to skin in which ruptured blood vessels bleed more than usual creating more or larger bruises than average.
  • Easy bruising: Where one bruises with minimal trauma to the skin
  • Ecchymosis of the temporal bone: Ecchymosis of the temporal bone is bruising of the bone that makes up the temple area of the skull.
  • Eclampsia: serious complication of pregnancy and is characterised by high blood pressure and convulsions
  • Ecstasy overdose: Ectsasy is an illegal and highly addictive recreational drug. Excessive doses of the drug can result in various symptoms and even death in severe cases.
  • Ehlers Danlos syndrome type 4, autosomal dominant: A rare genetic connective tissue disorder characterized by delicate skin, fragile blood vessels, distinctive facial features and minimal joint problems - previously known as EDS type 4.
  • Ehlers danlos syndrome: An inherited disorder of the connective tissue causing it to become weak and fragile. Connective tissue is found in skin, muscles, tendons and ligaments and hence all of these may be affected by weakness
  • Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome, Dysfibronectinemic type: A very rare collagen disorder which is characterized by loose joints and hyperextensible skin as well as a blood platelet anomaly which causes bleeding into the skin (petechiae).
  • Ehlers-Danlos syndrome Type I: A rare genetic connective tissue disorder characterized by hyperextensible joints, hyperextensible skin and poor wound healing.
  • Ehlers-Danlos syndrome type 4: A rare genetic connective tissue disorder characterized by small joint hypermobility, easy bruising and characteristic facial appearance - a vascular or ecchymotic form of the condition.
  • Ehlers-Danlos syndrome type IV: A rare genetic connective tissue disorder characterized by small joint hypermobility, easy bruising and characteristic facial appearance - a vascular or ecchymotic form of the condition.
  • Ehlers-Danlos syndrome type V: A rare genetic connective tissue disorder characterized by skin hyperextensibility, moderate joint hypermobility and moderate vascular fragility.
  • Ehlers-Danlos syndrome type VI: A rare genetic connective tissue disorder characterized by lax joints, scoliosis and fragile sclera of the eye - Ehlers Danlos type with predominant ocular abnormalities.
  • Ehlers-Danlos syndrome type VII: A rare genetic connective tissue disorder characterized by hypermobile joints, hyperextensible skin and joint dislocations.
  • Ehlers-Danlos syndrome type VIII: A rare genetic connective tissue disorder characterized by lax joints, hyperextensible skin and mild connective tissue fragility - a mild form of the condition.
  • Ehlers-Danlos syndrome type X: A very rare collagen disorder which is characterized by loose joints and hyperextensible skin as well as a blood platelet anomaly which causes bleeding into the skin (petechiae).
  • Ehlers-Danlos syndrome with Platelet Dysfunction from Fibronectin Abnormality: A very rare collagen disorder which is characterized by loose joints and hyperextensible skin as well as a blood platelet anomaly which causes bleeding into the skin (petechiae).
  • Ehlers-Danlos syndrome with periventricular heterotopia: The association of a brain malformation (periventricular nodular heterotopia) with a connective tissue disorder called Ehlers-Danlos syndrome.
  • Ehlers-Danlos syndrome, 6B: A rare genetic connective tissue disorder characterized by lax joints, scoliosis and fragile sclera of the eye - Ehlers Danlos type with predominant ocular abnormalities but lysyl-hydroxylase activity is normal1.
  • Ehlers-Danlos syndrome, kyphoscoliosis type: A rare genetic connective tissue disorder caused by deficiency of the lysyl hydroxylase enzyme and is characterized by progressive scoliosis and muscle weakness and fragile sclera - previously known as EDS type 6.
  • Ehlers-Danlos syndrome, progeroid form: A connective tissue disorder caused by an enzyme (xylosylprotein 4-beta-galactosyl transferase) deficiency.
  • Ehlers-Danlos syndrome, type 10: A very rare collagen disorder which is characterized by loose joints and hyperextensible skin as well as a blood platelet anomaly which causes bleeding into the skin (petechiae).
  • Ehlers-Danlos syndrome, vascular type: A rare genetic connective tissue disorder characterized by delicate skin, fragile blood vessels, distinctive facial features and minimal joint problems - previously known as EDS type 4.
  • Ehlers-Danlos, syndrome, periodontitis type: A rare genetic connective tissue disorder characterized by lax joints, hyperextensible skin and mild connective tissue fragility - a mild form of the condition.
  • Elbow blueness: A blue discolouration on the elbow
  • Elbow bruise: Injury to underlying tissues or bone of the elbow in which the skin is not broken, often characterized by ruptured blood vessels and discolorations.
  • Elbow injury: An injury that affects the elbow
  • Elevated Diastolic pressure: the diastolic pressure represents the pressure in the arteries as the heart relaxes after the contraction. The diastolic pressure reflects the lowest pressure to which the arteries are exposed
  • Elevated blood pressure: systolic pressure more than 130 mm Hg and diastolic more than 90 mm of Hg
  • Elevated blood pressure in pregnancy: Elevated blood pressure in pregnancy is a change in the haemodynamic state related to the degree of effort required from the heart in order to pump blood around the body.
  • Ellis -van creveld syndrome:
  • Endocarditis, infective: A rare condition where a bacterial infection attacks the inner lining of the heart muscle and valves which is called the endocardium.
  • Endomyocardial fibrosis: Heart disease characterized by progressive fibrosis of the lining of one or both lower heart cavities. This results in constriction of the heart cavity and may involve the heart valves and other structures.
  • Engorged Neck Veins: Increased pressure and filling of the veins in the neck, making them appear engorged and stand out
  • Engorged scalp veins: Visible enlargement of the veins on the scalp
  • Enhanced postural hypotensive reaction: A condition which is summarized by an excessive drop in ones blood pressure from lying to standing
  • Epidural haematoma:
  • Epidural hematoma: The occurrence of a haematoma upon or outside the dura mata
  • Episodic arterial vasospasm: is muscle pain which occurs during physical exercise and is relieved by rest. It usually is a feature or arterial abnormality of the lower limbs
  • Erythema: Skin redness caused by congestion of capillaries such as in blushing.
  • Escharonodulaire: An infectious disease that is caused by Rickettsia conorii which is transmitted by the brown dog tick (Rhipicephalus sanguineus). The disease occurs predominantly in Mediterranean areas such as India and Africa. The onset of symptoms is usually sudden and the incubation period is usually between 6 and 10 days.
  • Essential hypertension: esential hypertension refers to high blood pressure with no identifiable cause
  • Essential mixed cryoglobulinemia: A rare autoimmune disorder characterized by the presence of a mixture of various types of antibodies (crylglobulins) in the blood.
  • Essential thrombocytosis -- same as essential thrombocythemia: A rare blood disorder where the blood contains too many platelets due to excessive megakaryocytes (platelet-producing cells). Platelets are essential for blood clotting but in essential thrombocythemia excessive platelets can cause the blood to form abnormal clots. If the platelets are defective as well then bleeding problems can occur. The severity of the condition is variable.
  • Excessively reduced blood pressure: A condition which is characterized by an abnormal excessive reduction of ones blood pressure
  • Exercise hypertension: Exercise hypertension is an excessive rise in blood pressure during exercise. Many of those with exercise hypertension have spikes in systolic pressure to 250 mmHg or greater.
  • Expanded intravascular pressure: occurs due to increase in the total circulatory blood volume which in urn increases the pressure
  • Extensive bleeding: excessive bleeding seen post surgery.
  • External os bruise: Injury or trauma to the external orifice of the cervix which is often characterized by ruptured blood vessels and discolorations.
  • Eye blueness: A blue discolouration of the eye
  • Eye bruise: A haematoma that occurs at the eye
  • Eyelid blueness: A blue discolouration of the eyelid
  • Eyelid bruise: Injury or trauma to the eyelid which is often characterized by ruptured blood vessels and discolorations.
  • FG Syndrome: A rare genetic disorder characterized by anal abnormalities, reduced muscle tone and a prominent forehead.
  • FG syndrome 1: A rare inherited disorder characterized by anal abnormalities, reduced muscle tone and abnormal brain development. In type 1, the genetic defect is located on chromosome Xq12-q21.31.
  • FG syndrome 2: A rare inherited disorder characterized by anal abnormalities, reduced muscle tone and abnormal brain development. In type 2, the genetic defect is located on chromosome Xq28.
  • FG syndrome 3: A rare inherited disorder characterized by anal abnormalities, reduced muscle tone and abnormal brain development. In type 3, the genetic defect is located on chromosome Xp22.3.
  • FG syndrome 4: A rare inherited disorder characterized by anal abnormalities, reduced muscle tone and abnormal brain development. In type 4, the genetic defect is located on chromosome Xp11.4-p11.3.
  • FG syndrome 5: A rare inherited disorder characterized by anal abnormalities, reduced muscle tone and abnormal brain development. In type 5, the genetic defect is located on chromosome Xq22.3.
  • Fabry disease: Genetic fat storage disorder
  • Face blueness: Face blueness, sometimes called facial cyanosis, is a bluish tint or color of the face often related to a lack of oxygen in the facial tissues.
  • Face symptoms: Symptoms affecting the face
  • Facial blueness: A blue discolouration on the face
  • Facial bruise: A haematoma that occurs on the face.
  • Factor V Leiden mutation: A rare genetic condition where a abnormalities in the factor V protein prevent it from being inactivated by protein C which causes the blood to clot. The normal processes which regulate the blood coagulation process is impaired. The homozygous form of the condition carries a greater risk of blood clotting than the heterozygous form.
  • Fainting episodes similar as in pulmonary hypertension: also known as syncope
  • Familial Apolipoprotein A-I and C-III Deficiency: Familial Apolipoprotein A-I and C-III Deficiency is a lipid metabolism disorder characterized by low HDL cholesterol and a lack of apolipoproteins A-I and C-III in the blood.
  • Familial Apolipoprotein A-I, C-III, A-IV Deficiency: Familial Apolipoprotein A-I, C-III and A-IV Deficiency is a lipid metabolism disorder characterized by low HDL cholesterol and a lack of apolipoproteins A-I and C-III in the blood.
  • Familial Hypercholesterolemia: A genetic abnormality which causes patients to have abnormally high cholesterol levels (low-density lipoproteins). The condition usually leads to early cardiovascular disease.
  • Familial atrial fibrillation: A rare inherited condition where abnormal electrical activity in the heart causes it to have a fast and irregular beat. The condition may go unnoticed or may cause stroke or sudden death in some cases.
  • Familial venous malformations: A rare condition where localized areas of blood vessels undergo changes and may result in bleeding. Severity of the condition depends on the location of these lesions. Lesions can occur in internal organs where bleeding can result in death. Lesions can also occur on the skin, inside the mouth and even on the genitals.
  • Felty syndrome: A rare complication of long-term rheumatoid arthritis which involves an enlarged spleen and blood abnormalities.
  • Femoral lump: A palpable lesion located anatomically on the leg
  • Femoral mass or swelling: A mass in the femoral region.
  • Femur bruise: Injury to underlying tissues or bone in which the skin is not broken, often characterized by ruptured blood vessels and discolorations.
  • Fibrinogen deficiency, congenital: A rare congenital disorder characterized by the inability to make fibrinogen which is essential for the process of blood clotting.
  • Fibromuscular dysplasia of arteries: A rare disease where the blood vessel walls thicken and harden which reduces blood flow through the arteries and into various organs. The main arteries that may be affected are those in the kidney's and abdomen as well as the carotid artery which caries blood from the heart to the neck.
  • Fibronectin-Deficient EDS: A very rare collagen disorder which is characterized by loose joints and hyperextensible skin as well as a blood platelet anomaly which causes bleeding into the skin (petechiae).
  • Fibrosarcoma: Fibrosarcoma is a malignant tumor derived from fibrous connective tissue and characterized by immature proliferating fibroblasts or undifferentiated anaplastic spindle cells.
  • Fibula bruise: Injury to underlying tissues or bone in which the skin is not broken, often characterized by ruptured blood vessels and discolorations.
  • Finger blueness: A blue discolouration on the finger or fingers
  • Finger bruise: A haematoma that occurs on the finger
  • Fingernail bleeding: Usually due to trauma.
  • Fingernail blueness: A blue discolouration of the fingernail
  • Fingernail bruise: A haematoma that occurs on the fingernail
  • Fingernail bruise in children: Fingernail bruise in children is a purplish or black discoloration of the nail with pain that is the result of the breaking of small blood vessels under the fingernail.
  • Fingers bruise: Injury or trauma to the fingers which is often characterized by ruptured blood vessels and discolorations.
  • Fluctuating blood pressure: Variations in the blood pressure seen in various conditions.
  • Foot bruise: Injury to underlying tissues or bone in which the skin is not broken, often characterized by ruptured blood vessels and discolorations.
  • Foot injury: Any injury to the foot
  • Forearm bruise: An injury to underlying tissues or bone of the forearm in which the skin is not broken. It is often characterized by ruptured blood vessels and discolorations.
  • Forehead bruise: Injury or trauma to the forehead which is often characterized by ruptured blood vessels and discolorations.
  • Fractures: Breakage of bones
  • Functioning pancreatic endocrine tumor: Tumors that develop in the pancreas and cause excessive secretion of one or more pancreatic hormones such as insulin, somatostatin, glucagons, gastrin, ACTH (corticosteroids) and vasoactive intestinal peptidase.
  • Gastrointestinal bleeding: Bleeding in any part of the digestive tract
  • Genital bruise: A haematoma that occurs on the genitals.
  • Genital bruise in children: Genital bruise in children is the rupturing of blood vessels in the genital area of a child resulting in a purplish discoloration.
  • Glomerulonephritis -- sparse hair -- telangiectases: A rare syndrome characterized by sparse hair, kidney disease and enlarged skin blood vessels (telangiectasia).
  • Glucagonoma syndrome: A rare condition characterized by a tumor which secretes glucagon and a characteristic spreading rash, diabetes mellitus and various other symptoms.
  • Gottron's syndrome: A very rare inherited disorder characterized by the gradual loss of fatty tissue under the skin which results in a prematurely aged appearance. The hands and feet tend to be the most affected with thin, delicate skin.
  • Gradual onset of Raynau'd phenonmenon:
  • Gradual onset of blue lips in children: Gradual onset of blue lips in children, also sometimes called lip cyanosis, is a slow development of bluish lips often due to a lack of oxygen in the lip tissue.
  • Gradual onset of cyanosis: Gradual onset of cyanosis is the slow development of a bluish discoloration of the skin, nails, or lips or mucus membranes due to a lack of oxygen in the tissues.
  • Gradual onset of cyanosis due to cardiovascular causes: Gradual onset of cyanosis due to cardiovascular causes is a slow development of blue-tinged or blue skin as the result of cardiovascular conditions.
  • Gradual onset of cyanosis due to respiratory causes: Gradual onset of cyanosis due to respiratory causes refers to a slow development of blue-tinged or blue skin as the result of respiratory conditions.
  • Gradual onset of pulmonary embolism:
  • Granulomatous Angiitis of the Central Nervous System: Inflammation of blood vessels in the central nervous system (brain and spinal cord). The condition tends to recur.
  • Groin bruise: Bruise to the groin area - usually occurs due to trauma to the groin area.
  • Groin bruise in children: Groin bruise in children is the appearance of a purplish discoloration on the groin of a child due to the rupturing of blood vessels.
  • Gronblad-Strandberg-Touraine syndrome: A group of inherited, progressive connective tissue disorders affecting the skin, eyes and cardiovascular system. The condition is characterized by calcium deposits in the connective tissue which affects its ability to function. Some cases remain undiagnosed to the mildness of symptoms.
  • Gum bruise: A haematoma that occurs on the face.
  • Gums bruise: Gums bruise is a contusion of the gums due to rupture of blood vessels in the gums.
  • HERNS syndrome: A rare inherited syndrome characterized by blood vessel disease which causes eye and kidney disease and strokes. Neurological manifestations tend to occur around the 2nd and 3rd decade of life due to the blood vessels in the brain being affected.
  • HIV-associated cerebrovascular complications: HIV-associated cerebrovascular complications are problems within the brain's blood vessels that are linked to HIV infection.
  • HIV/AIDS: HIV is a sexually transmitted virus and AIDS is the progressive immune failure that HIV causes.
  • Haemorrhoids in pregnancy: Haemorrhoids in pregnancy refers to the appearance of enlarged veins around the anus and rectum in a woman who is pregnant
  • Hand bruise: A haematoma that occurs on the hand
  • Hand bruise in children: Hand bruise in children is a purplish discoloration in the hand of a child due to rupturing of blood vessels.
  • Hand conditions: Any condition that affects the hand
  • Hand fracture: A fracture of one or several of the bones that create the hand
  • Hand injury: Any injury to the hand
  • Head symptoms: Symptoms affecting the head or brain
  • Heart conditions: Any condition that affects the heart
  • Heart defect, tongue hamartoma and polysyndactyly: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by webbed fingers, congenital heart defects and tongue tumors.
  • Heart injury: An injury to the heart
  • Heart symptoms: Symptoms affecting the heart
  • Heart valve conditions: Medical conditions affecting the valves of the heart.
  • Heart valve disorder:
  • Heel bruise: Injury or trauma to the heel which is often characterized by ruptured blood vessels and discolorations.
  • Hematoma: Local collection of clotted blood
  • Hemolytic uremic syndrome: A rare condition characterized by acute kidney failure, hemolytic anemia and thrombocytopenia (reduced blood platelet count). The condition is often caused by upper respiratory infections or infectious diarrhea.
  • Hemorrhagic thrombocythemia: A rare blood disorder characterized by increased number of platelets in the blood which often results in an enlarged spleen, bleeding and blood vessel blockages.
  • Hemorrhoids: A condition characterized by the prolapse of an anal cushion that may result in bleeding and pain
  • Heparin-induced thrombocytopenia: A blood disorder triggered by the use of the drug called heparin which is an anticoagulant. The severity of the condition is variable.
  • Herbal Agent overdose -- Garlic: Garlic can be used as a herbal agent to treat cholesterol problems, high blood pressure and to reduce inflammation and the risk of blood clots. The bulb of the garlic plant contain alliin and ajoene which can cause an adverse reaction in some people or various symptoms if excessive amounts are ingested.
  • Heterozygous Familial Hypercholesterolemia: Heterozygous Familial Hypercholesterolemia is an inherited condition involving abnormal lipid metabolism. Cholesterol levels tend to be with coronary artery disease usually developing before the age of 50. The heterozygous form of the condition is not as severe as the homozygous form of the disease.
  • High Blood Pressure/Hypertension:
  • High Platelets: High platelets in the blood.
  • High blood pressure: Excessive blood pressure.
  • High blood pressure in pregnancy: High blood pressure in pregnancy is an abnormal elevation in blood pressure that occurs during pregnancy.
  • High-output heart failure: A condition which is characterized by an inability of the heart to pump blood efficiently and effectively
  • Hinge joint( elbow joint) bruise: Injury to underlying tissues or bone in which the skin is not broken, often characterized by ruptured blood vessels and discolorations.

Conditions listing medical symptoms: Blood vessel symptoms:

The following list of conditions have 'Blood vessel symptoms' or similar listed as a symptom in our database. This computer-generated list may be inaccurate or incomplete. Always seek prompt professional medical advice about the cause of any symptom.

Select from the following alphabetical view of conditions which include a symptom of Blood vessel symptoms or choose View All.

View All A B C D E F G H I K L M N O P Q R S T V W X Y Z #

Conditions listing medical complications: Blood vessel symptoms:

The following list of medical conditions have 'Blood vessel symptoms' or similar listed as a medical complication in our database.

 

By using this site you agree to our Terms of Use. Information provided on this site is for informational purposes only; it is not intended as a substitute for advice from your own medical team. The information on this site is not to be used for diagnosing or treating any health concerns you may have - please contact your physician or health care professional for all your medical needs. Please see our Terms of Use.

Home | Symptoms | Diseases | Diagnosis | Videos | Tools | Forum | About Us | Terms of Use | Privacy Policy | Site Map | Advertise