Glossary for Bone swelling
Medical terms related to Bone swelling or mentioned in this section include:
- Acromegaly: An abnormal enlargement of the limbs due to increased secretion of growth hormone after the cessation of puberty
- Adult Fibrosarcoma: A malignant tumor that develops from fibroblasts (cells that produce connective tissue) and tends to occur in soft tissue or in areas surrounding bones. Adult fibrosarcoma tends to affect mainly deep soft tissue, trunk, head, neck and upper arms and legs. Symptoms are determined by the size and location of the tumor. The tumors are usually slow growing and can metastasize.
- Aneurysmal bone cysts: A benign tumor-like lump in the bone. Most frequently occurs in the spine and longer bones of the body.
- Angioma: A benign tumor containing blood or lymph vessels.
- Angiosarcoma: A rare, aggressive malignant tumor of the blood vessel cells. Also called hemangiosarcoma, malignant hemangioendothelioma.
- Bone and cartilage tumors: Any tumors affecting the bones or cartilage, including both cancerous and benign tumors.
- Bone conditions: Conditions that affect the bones
- Bone loss: A condition which is characterized by the loss of the amount of bone in ones body particular its density
- Bone pain: Pain affecting the bones
- Bone symptoms: Symptoms affecting the body's bones
- Brain -- bone -- fat: A rare inherited disease characterized by bone cysts and progressive presenile dementia.
- CRMO, juvenile: A rare chronic inflammatory bone disease that occurs in children. The symptoms go into periods of remission only to return. The most common sites for the inflammation are the shinbone, thighbone and collarbone with usually several sites being affected at once.
- Callus: Thickening of skin on hands or feet.
- Cartilaginous neoplasms: Tumors made up of cartilage tissue. The tumors may be benign or malignant and the symptoms will depend on the location and size of the tumors. The tumors can form on parts of the body such as the arm and leg bones or even in the pharynx. The tumors may cause no symptoms in some cases and are only discovered incidentally.
- Chondroma: A type of tumor that develops from cartilage tissue. The can occur on any part of the bone: enchondromas form inside the bone marrow and periosteal chondromas form on the surface of the bone.
- Chondrosarcoma: Chondrosarcoma is the second most frequent primary malignant tumor of bone, representing approximately 25% of all primary osseous neoplasms. Chondrosarcomas are a group of tumors with highly diverse features and behavior patterns, ranging from slow-growing non-metastasizing lesions to highly aggressive metastasizing sarcomas.
- Chondrosarcoma (malignant): A form of bone cancer that originates from cartilage tissue. The most common areas affected are the pelvic bones, femur, humerus, arm, spine and ribs
- Chronic recurrent multifocal osteomyelitis: A rare chronic inflammatory bone disease that occurs in children. The symptoms go into periods of remission only to return. The most common sites for the inflammation are the shinbone, thighbone and collarbone with usually several sites being affected at once.
- Dermatomyositis: A muscle disease characterized by chronic muscle inflammation resulting in progressive muscle weakness and a characteristic rash.
- Duputyren's contracture:
- Ewing's family of tumors: A rare condition where tumors develop in bone or soft tissue. Usually teenagers are affected.
- Ewing's sarcoma: Ewing's sarcoma is a malignant round-cell tumor. It is a rare disease in which cancer cells are found in the bone or in soft tissue. The most common areas in which it occurs are the pelvis, the femur, the humerus, and the ribs.
- Exostoses: Development of non-cancerous bony growths on bones. Pain can result depending on the size and location of the growth.
- Fibrosarcoma: Fibrosarcoma is a malignant tumor derived from fibrous connective tissue and characterized by immature proliferating fibroblasts or undifferentiated anaplastic spindle cells.
- Fractures: Breakage of bones
- Giant cell tumor: Giant cell tumor of bone (GCT) is a rare, aggressive non-cancerous (benign) tumor.
- Infantile Fibrosarcoma: A tumor that develops from fibroblasts (cells that produce connective tissue) and tends to occur in soft tissue or in areas surrounding bones. Juvenile fibrosarcoma tends to have a much better prognosis compared to adult fibrosarcoma.
- Infantile myofibromatosis: A benign fibrous tumor that usually occurs in children or infants. The tumor is not cancerous but the location and size of the tumor can cause problems and even death in some cases if certain organs are involved. Tumors can occur in the skin, muscle, internal organs and bone.
- Infantile recurrent chronic multifocal osteomyolitis: A rare disorder characterized by recurring periods of inflammation. The cause is undetermined and tends to affect mostly children. It is often associated with certain autoimmune diseases such as psoriasis and Wegener's granulomatosis.
- Langerhans Cell Histiocytosis: A condition which is characterized by proliferation of Langerhans cells
- Lupus: chronic autoimmune disease that can be fatal, though with recent medical advances, fatalities are becoming increasingly rare.
- Majeed syndrome: A rare syndrome characterized by blood abnormality and recurring bone infections.
- Metastatic cancer: Any cancer that has spread to other parts of the body.
- Mucopolysaccharidoses: A lysosomal storage disorder that is caused by a deficiency of the ability to metabolise glycosaminoglycans
- Multiple Hereditary Exostoses: An hereditary condition which is characterized by benign bony growths projecting from a bone surface
- Myeloma: A primary malignancy of the plasma cells
- Osteoarthritis: A form of degenerative arthritis due to chronic degeneration
- Osteochondroma: A bone development abnormality characterized by the development of a benign bone tumor that occurs on the ends of long bones. Symptoms, if any, are determined by the location and size of the tumor. The tumor can occur singly or in multiples and in rare instances the tumors may become malignant.
- Osteogenesis imperfecta: Weak bones ("brittle bone disease") and loose joints
- Osteoma: A benign bone tumor.
- Osteomyelitis: An infection that occurs in bone
- Osteosarcoma: Osteosarcoma is the most common type of malignant bone cancer, accounting for 35% of primary bone malignancies. There is a preference for the metaphyseal region of tubular long bones. 50% of cases occur around the knee.
- Paget's Disease: Breast carcinoma involving nipple and areola.
- Paget's disease of bone: A chronic, slowly progressing bone disorder where the bone is destroyed rapidly and replaced by abnormal bone which is dense and fragile.
- Periosteal chondrosarcoma: A form of bone cancer that originates from cartilage tissue. Periosteal chondrosarcomas originate from the surface of previously healthy bones. The most common location is the metaphyses (part of the bone between the shaft of the bone and the rounded ends) of long bones.
- Primary chondrosarcoma: A form of bone cancer that originates from cartilage tissue. Primary chondrosarcomas originate from the central parts of previously healthy bones. The most common areas affected are the pelvic bones, femur, humerus, arm, spine and ribs.
- Pseudogout: A condition which is characterized by an acute inflammatory arthropathy caused by calcium pyrophosphate crystals
- Pyle disease: A rare genetic disorder characterized by numerous bone abnormalities as well as loss of vision and hearing.
- Rheumatoid arthritis: An autoimmune inflammatory condition which primarily affects the joints
- Ribbing syndrome: An inherited syndrome characterized patches of increased bone density in the shafts of one or more long bones. The shin and thigh bone are the most common bones affected. The condition is often asymptomatic.
- Rickets: A condition that affects the bones due to vitamin D deficiency
- Scleroderma, systemic: A rare autoimmune connective tissue disease where the body attacks parts of the body and causes scarring and thickness of the tissue. In the systemic form, the skin and organs are involved.
- Scurvy: Severe disease from vitamin C deficiency
- Secondary chondrosarcoma: A form of bone cancer that originates from cartilage tissue. Secondary chondrosarcomas originate from benign bone anomalies such as osteochondroma or enchondroma. The most common location is the hips and shoulders but can occur on any part of the skeleton.
- Skeletal symptoms: Symptoms affecting the skeletal system such as the bones.
- Solitary Plasmacytoma of Bone: A type of cancer from plasma cells where the plasma cells multiply uncontrollably. It can occur in the bone or in soft tissue. If the cancer is located in only one part of the body it is called a solitary plasmacytoma and if there are multiple sites it is called a multiple myeloma. Symptoms will vary depending on the location of the cancer. Bone plasmacytomas generally tend to cause localized pain and even pathological fractures if the bone has been significantly weakened due to the tumor.
- Swelling symptoms: Symptoms causing swelling or enlargement.
- Systemic lupus erythematosus: chronic autoimmune disease that can be fatal, though with recent medical advances, fatalities are becoming increasingly rare.
- Typhoid fever: Fever from bacterial food poisoning.
- Unicameral bone cyst: A type of bone tumor which is benign but can cause localized damage to surrounding bone tissue. Symptoms vary depending on the location and size of the tumor. The tumor is essentially a fluid-filled cavity. The tumor most often occurs in the long bones, especially the upper arm and upper leg bones.
- Wegener's granulomatosis: A rare disease involving blood vessel inflammation which can affect the blood flow to various tissues and organs and hence cause damage. The respiratory system and the kidneys are the main systems affected.
Conditions listing medical symptoms: Bone swelling:
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