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Symptoms » Brain symptoms » Glossary
 

Glossary for Brain symptoms

Medical terms related to Brain symptoms or mentioned in this section include:

  • 1q deletion: A rare chromosomal disorder where part of the long arm (q) of chromosome 1 is deleted resulting in various abnormalities which are determined by the size of the deleted portion.
  • 1q terminal deletion: A rare chromosomal disorder where the terminal part of the long arm (q) of chromosome 1 is deleted resulting in various abnormalities.
  • 2-Hydroxyglutaricaciduria: A rare metabolic disorder characterized by high levels of a certain chemical (2-Hydroxyglutaric) which causes a serious progressive neurological disease and damage to the brain. The features of this disorder are variable and some cases are milder than others.
  • 2-Methylbutyric Aciduria: A very rare genetic disorder where an enzyme deficiency prevents the break down of certain proteins into energy and results in a harmful accumulation of acids in the blood and body tissues. More specifically, there is a deficiency of an enzyme (2-methylbutyryl-coenzyme A dehydrogenase) needed to convert the amino acid isoleucine into energy. 2-methylbutyrylglycine levels build up in the body and may cause damage. Symptoms vary according to the degree of enzyme deficiency - can range from asymptomatic to life-threatening.
  • 2-methylbutyryl-coenzyme A dehydrogenase deficiency: A very rare genetic disorder where an enzyme deficiency prevents the break down of certain proteins into energy and results in a harmful accumulation of acids in the blood and body tissues. More specifically, there is a deficiency of an enzyme (2-methylbutyryl-coenzyme A dehydrogenase) needed to convert the amino acid isoleucine into energy. 2-methylbutyrylglycine levels build up in the body and may cause damage. Symptoms vary according to the degree of enzyme deficiency - can range from asymptomatic to life-threatening.
  • 22q11.2 deletion syndrome: A rare genetic disorder caused by the absence of a small portion of genetic material. A small section of chromosome 22 is missing at a location called q11.2. Chromosome 22 is one of 23 pairs of chromosomes that exist in humans.
  • 2p21 deletion syndrome: This syndrome is a more severe form hypotonia-cystinuria syndrome as a larger portion of genetic material from chromosome 2p21 is deleted. It is characterized by infant seizures, reduced muscle tone, developmental delay, lactic acidosis and unusual facial appearance.
  • 2q deletion: A rare chromosomal disorder where part of the long arm (q) of chromosome 2 is deleted resulting in various abnormalities which are determined by the size of the deleted portion.
  • 3 alpha methylglutaconicaciduria, type 3: A rare genetic condition where a gene mutation prevents the production of certain protein which leads to a build-up of an acid (3-methylglutaconic acid) which can have a negative impact on the body. The condition is characterized mainly by damage to the optic nerve.
  • 3-Hydroxyacyl-CoA Dehydrogenase II Deficiency: A rare genetic disorder involving the deficiency of an enzyme (hydroxyacyl-coa dehydrogenase). The severity of the symptoms is highly variable with some cases resulting in death during the first decade while others suffer psychomotor and regression. Symptoms tend to be more severe in males who suffer progressive neurodegeneration whereas females tend to suffer mainly from developmental delay.
  • 3-Hydroxyisobutyric aciduria: A rare inborn metabolic disorder which causes brain and facial anomalies, seizures and growth problems.
  • 3-methylglutaconic aciduria, type 4: A rare genetic disorder where the body's cells are unable to make sufficient energy resulting in an accumulation in the body of 3-methylglutaconic acid. Type 4 is characterized by symptoms which overlap type 1 and 3.
  • 3-methylglutaconic aciduria, type V: A rare genetic disorder where the body's cells are unable to make sufficient energy resulting in an accumulation in the body of 3-methylglutaconic acid.
  • 3q deletion: A rare chromosomal disorder where part of the long arm (q) of chromosome 3 is deleted resulting in various abnormalities which are determined by the size of the deleted portion.
  • 4-hydroxyphenylacetic aciduria: A urinary abnormality usually caused by the deficiency of a particular enzyme (4-hydroxyphenylpyruvic acid oxidase). The urine contains excess 4-hydroxyphenylacetic acid.
  • 4p16.3 deletion: A rare genetic disorder where a portion of chromosome 4 is deleted at a location called 16.3. The condition is characterized by malformations in most parts of the body as the deletion affects growth and development of the fetus.
  • 6-pyruvoyl-tetrahydropterin synthase deficiency: A rare genetic disorder where insufficient levels of tetrahydropterin leads to a build up of phenylalanine in the blood which can cause toxic side effects such as nerve damage or even brain damage. The condition does not usually cause any significant symptoms.
  • 7th cranial nerve palsy: 7th cranial nerve palsy, also called Bell's palsy, is a paralysis of the facial muscles on one side of the face due to unknown causes that affect the facial nerve.
  • A ?-protein amyloidosis: Amyloidosis is a rare group of metabolic disorders where a protein called amyloid accumulates in body organs and tissues where it can cause damage. This particular form involves deposits of ?-proteins in the nerves resulting in Alzheimer's disease or around brain blood vessels which can cause strokes or brain bleeds.
  • ACAD8 deficiency: An extremely rare metabolic disorder where the body is unable to metabolize certain proteins properly. More specifically, an insufficient level of the enzyme (isobutyryl-coenzyme A dehydrogenase) needed to metabolize the amino acid valine. The onset and severity of symptoms is variable.
  • ACAD9 deficiency: A metabolic disorder involving a deficiency of an enzyme (acyl-CoA dehydrogenase-9). The symptoms are variable and are usually triggered by a viral infection or ingestion of aspirin which can trigger a Reye-like episode which can cause death.
  • ACPS III: A rare genetic condition characterized by head and digital anomalies as well as other abnormalities.
  • ADANE: A potentially fatal inherited neurological disease involving brain lesions. Symptoms tend to occur during childhood after an illness involving a fever. The disease is similar to Leigh syndrome but the course is acute rather than chronic.
  • ADHD-like symptoms: is a neurodevelopmental behavioural disorder affecting 3-5% of the population characterised by 3 main components: hyperactivity, impulsivity and inattention. Some conditions which cause similar symptoms include
  • ADHD-like symptoms in adults: is a neurodevelopmental behavioural disorder affecting 3-5% of the population characterised by 3 main components: hyperactivity, impulsivity and inattention. Some conditions which cause similar symptoms include
  • ADHD-like symptoms in children: is a neurodevelopmental behavioural disorder affecting 3-5% of the population characterised by 3 main components: hyperactivity, impulsivity and inattention. Some conditions which cause similar symptoms include
  • AIDS-Related Opportunistic Infections: A term given to HIV patients who have a low CD4 count (below 200) which means that they have low levels of a type of immune cell called T-cells. AIDS patients tend to develop opportunistic infections and cancers. Opportunistic infections are infections that would not normally affect a person with a healthy immune system. The HIV virus is a virus that attacks the body's immune system.
  • ARCA: A group of recessively inherited neurological disorders characterized mainly by cerebellar ataxia and usually with other additional abnormalities.
  • ATR-X syndrome: A rare X-linked disorder that affects males and is characterized by mental retardation and alpha thalassemia.
  • Aase Smith syndrome: A rare hereditary syndrome characterized by deformities such as cleft palate, joint contractures and hypoplastic anemia.
  • Aase Syndrome: A genetic condition which results in anaemia and some skeletal and joint deformities
  • Aase-Smith I syndrome: A very rare hereditary syndrome characterized by deformities such as joint contractures, anemia, hydrocephalus and cleft palate.
  • Abdomen burning sensation: Burning sensation of the abdomen can be superficial or deep in nature.
  • Abdomen numbness: Sensation of abdominal numbness.
  • Abdomen sensitivity: Raised abdominal response to stimulus.
  • Abdomen spasm: Sudden involuntary contraction of the abdominal muscles.
  • Abdomen tingling: Prickling or stinging sensation felt in the abdomen.
  • Abdominal Cramps in Pregnancy: Abdominal Cramps in Pregnancy are spasms of pain felt in the region between the lowest line of the ribs and the pubic/pelvic bones.
  • Abdominal Pain in Pregnancy: Moderate to severe discomfort in the abdomen, occurring during pregnancy, which may or may not be related to pregnancy.
  • Abdominal Tenderness in Pregnancy: Abdominal Tenderness in Pregnancy is a painful sensation felt in the region between the lower border of the ribs and the pelvis.
  • Abdominal cramps: Painful muscular contractions occurring in the abdomen.
  • Abdominal cramps during pregnancy: Intermittant discomfort in the abdomen, related to abdominal muscles or internal organs, which may or may not be related to pregnancy.
  • Abdominal discomfort: The sensation of discomfort located in the abdomen
  • Abdominal muscle spasm: also known as abdominal rigidity
  • Abdominal pain: Pain in the abdominal area or stomach.
  • Abdominal pain exacerbated by exercise: Any acute or chronic pathological condition of the abdomen can be exacerbated by physical exercise or a sporting activity. Some of the abdominal conditions which can be worsened by exercise or sports include
  • Abdominal pain in adults: Abdominal pain in adults refers to abdominal discomfort that occurs in adults.
  • Abdominal pain in children: Abdominal pain in children refers to discomfort or pain in the abdomens of children.
  • Abdominal pain in mesenteric ischemia: Abdominal pain in mesenteric ischemia is a condition in which a person with mesenteric ischemia is experiencing abdominal discomfort.
  • Abdominal pain in the elderly: Abdominal pain in the elderly refers to an older adult who has abdominal discomfort.
  • Abdominal pain in the second trimester: Abdominal pain in the second trimester refers to pain, cramping, or discomfort that occurs in the abdomen during the second trimester of pregnancy.
  • Abdominal pain similar to Inflammatory bowel disease: it is a lower central abdominal pain
  • Abdominal pain that worsens with menses: also known as dysmenorrhea
  • Abdominal pain worsened by exercise: Abdominal pain in case of exercise is usually due to muscle cramps but previously present abdominal pain can be worsened in the following cases
  • Abdominal rebound tenderness: Where pain is felt on the release of applied pressure upon the abdomen.
  • Abdominal rebound tenderness in Pregnancy: Abdominal rebound tenderness in pregnancy is the feeling of pain that occurs immediately after an examiner removes the hand with which he/she has been palpating the abdomen.
  • Abdominal tenderness: Abdominal point tenderness refers to the pain you feel when pressure is applied to a specific part of the belly area
  • Abdominal wall burning sensation: Burning sensation of the abdomen can be superficial or deep in nature.
  • Abdominal wall inflammation: Inflammation of the abdominal wall or inflammation of the abdominal organs.
  • Abdominal wall itch: An irritating abdominal skin sensation due to various etiological factors.
  • Abdominal wall numbness: Sensation of abdominal numbness.
  • Abdominal wall sensitivity: Raised abdominal response to stimulus.
  • Abdominal wall spasm: Sudden involuntary contraction of the abdominal muscles.
  • Abdominal wall tingling: Prickling or stinging sensation felt in the abdomen.
  • Abductor lurch: deviation from the normal gait pattern expected for a child's age.
  • Abetalipoproteinemia: A rare genetic disorder involving fat metabolism. The disorder is also known as Bassen-Kornzweig syndrome. Signs of the disease include acanthocytosis, little or no serum beta-lipoproteins and hypocholesterolemia. In severe cases, steatorrhea, ataxia, nystagmus, motor incoordination and retinitis pigmentosa may also occur.
  • Abnormal Walk in Pregnancy: Abnormal Walk in Pregnancy is a change in the usual appearance of the way an adult woman moves when ambulating.
  • Abnormal brain biopsy: Abiopsy taken of the brain which reveals an abnormal result
  • Abnormal extensor reflex: also known as decerebrate posture
  • Abnormal eye movements: Uncontrollable eye movements are involuntary, rapid, and repetitive movement of the eyes.
  • Abnormal flexor response: An abnormal flexor response is an abnormal reflex to stimulation.
  • Abnormal gait: An abnormal way of walking
  • Abnormal gait in children: Abnormal gait in children refers to a type of walk that is irregular or deviates from the normal, possibly indicating pathology.
  • Abnormal involuntary movements of the eyes: involuntary spasms of the eyelid muscles.
  • Abnormal involuntary movements of the face: repetitive, spasmodic movement often involving the eyes and facial muscles.
  • Abnormal involuntary movements of the mouth: repetitive spasmodic movements of the oral muscles
  • Abnormal involuntary movements of the neck: repetitive spasmodic movements of the neck muscles.
  • Abnormal involuntary movements of the tongue: repetitive spasmodic movements of the tongue.
  • Abnormal movement during inspiration: decreased or increased movement of the chest wall during inspiration
  • Abnormal neuromuscular transmission: Neuromuscular disease is a very broad term that encompasses many diseases and ailments that either directly, via intrinsic muscle pathology, or indirectly, via nerve pathology, impair the functioning of the muscles
  • Abnormal pain: The abnormal presence of pain that one may feel
  • Abnormal peripheral neuropathy:
  • Abnormal pupillary response to light: the pupillary light reflex is the reduction of pupil size in response to light. A sluggish or slow pupillary response is known as an abnormal pupillary response to light
  • Abnormal pupillary size: pathological increase or decrease in the pupil size
  • Abnormal pupillary size in one eye: Abnormal pupillary size in one eye refers to an uncharacteristically small or large pupil in one eye.
  • Abnormal sensations: altered sensations due to involvement of the posterior column
  • Abnormal sensations as in case of diabetes mellitus: altered sensations due to involvement of the posterior column
  • Abnormal sensitivity to light: dislike of bright light
  • Abnormal sensitivity to light in both eyes: Abnormal sensitivity to light in both eyes is a condition in which the eyes are unusually sensitive to light, also called photosensitivity.
  • Abnormal sensitivity to light in one eye: Abnormal sensitivity to light in one eye is a condition in which one eye is unusually sensitive to light, also called photosensitivity.
  • Abnormal sensory nerve action potential and sensory conduction velocity: An investigation used to determine nerve function and the conduction velocity of a nerve
  • Abnormal spasm of the facial muscles: a jerk usually caused by sudden muscle contractions
  • Abnormal spasm of the facial nerve: inflammation of the peripheral nervous system. Often representing as Bell's palsy
  • Abnormal taste sensation: Abnormal taste sensation refers to an unusual or unexpected taste in the mouth.
  • Abnormal thinking: Abnormal thinking is any type of thought process that is considered deviant or outside of what is expected, usual, understandable, or typical.
  • Abnormal thinking in pregnancy: Abnormal thinking in pregnancy is a deviation from the woman's usual, expected thought processes or attitude.
  • Abnormal walk: An abnormal walk is any type of gait that is irregular, unsteady, or unusual, possibly indicating pathology.
  • Abscess: This is an area of puss collected in a cavity which is constituted by necrotised tissue
  • Absence of septum pellucidum and septo-optic dysplasia: A rare birth defect where a thin membrane in the middle of the brain is missing. This brain abnormality is never present on it's own but is a characteristic of septo-optic dysplasia where the patient also has optic disk abnormalities and pituitary deficiencies.
  • Absence of thirst in children: Absence of thirst in children is a condition in which a child is not thirsty.
  • Absent abdominal reflexes: the abdominal reflex includes contraction of abdominal muscles in the quadrant of the abdomen that is stimulated by scraping the skin tangential to or toward the umbilicus. This contraction can often be seen as a brisk motion of the umbilicus toward the quadrant that is stimulated, it is absent in ceratin conditions
  • Absent corneal reflex: Loss of blinking when the edge of the cornea is touched.
  • Absent corneal reflex in one eye: Absent corneal reflex in one eye is the lack of a blink reflex in one eye.
  • Absent corpus callosum -- cataract -- immunodeficiency: A rare syndrome characterized by immunodeficiency, cleft lip or palate, cataract, reduced pigmentation and brain abnormalities.
  • Acanthamoeba: Several conditions from infection with ameba.
  • Acanthamoeba infection: Infection with a microscopic, free-living ameba that is readily found in the environment - soil, air and water. Most people exposed to the ameba will not become infected but when infections do occur, they tend to affect the eyes, central nervous system or can cause widespread infection throughout the body.
  • Acanthamoeba infection of the central nervous system: Infection by an amoebic organism called Acanthamoeba. Infection usually occurs when the amoeba enters through a break in the skin or through the nose. Infection can be localized or systemic where it can involve the central nervous system and cause potentially fatal meningoencephalitis. Infection of the eye can occur by cleaning contact lenses in contaminated water.
  • Accelerated hypertension: Accelerated hypertension is a condition characterized by a rapid increase in blood pressure. The condition is a medical emergency which can cause organ damage if not treated promptly.
  • Accessory bone pain in children: Accessory bone pain in children is any discomfort or pain in the accessory bones in children.
  • Accutane -- Teratogenic Agent: There is strong evidence to indicate that the use of Accutane during pregnancy may cause a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of exposure and the stage of pregnancy that the exposure occurred at.
  • Achalasia -- Addisonianism -- Alacrimia syndrome: A rare inherited disorder characterized mainly by achalasia, alacrimia (absent tears) and Addison's disease. Addison's disease involves adrenal insufficiency due to a resistance to adrenocorticotropic hormone. Only about 70 cases reported worldwide.
  • Achalasia -- addisonianism -- alacrima syndrome: A rare inherited disorder characterized mainly by achalasia, alacrimia (absent tears) and Addison's disease. Addison's disease involves adrenal insufficiency due to a resistance to adrenocorticotropic hormone. Only about 70 cases reported worldwide.
  • Achalasia -- adrenal -- alacrima syndrome: A familial disorder characterized by adrenal gland-related hormonal problems, swallowing difficulty (achalasia) and a lack of tears (alacrima). Neurological impairment and motor and sensory neuropathy is progressive. The adrenal glands in patients are resistant to the ACTH hormone and hence fails to operate normally.
  • Aches: General body aches or muscle aches
  • Aches in pregnancy: Aches in pregnancy are physical areas of discomfort felt in any part of the body, but usually confined to the torso, including the pelvis and ribs. Aching legs are also common.
  • Achilles tendon burning sensation: burning sensation of the Achilles tendon usually due to systemic disorders.
  • Achilles tendon bursitis due to running: It is estimated that Achilles tendonitis accounts for around 11% of all running injuries. The Achilles tendon is the large tendon at the back of the ankle. The achilles tendon can become inflamed through overuse as well as a number of contributory factors. The Achilles tendon has a poor blood supply which is why it is slow to heal.
  • Achilles tendon numb: Abnormal sensations felt in the Achilles tendon.
  • Achilles tendon pain: Achilles tendon also known as the calcaneal tendon is the tendon of the posterior part of the leg.
  • Achilles tendon sensitive: Increased responsiveness to stimulation.
  • Achilles tendon spasm: Sudden involuntary contraction of the Achilles tendon.
  • Achilles tendon stiff: tendon stiffness due to physical trauma or abnormal muscle contraction.
  • Achilles tendon tingling: Prickling or stinging sensation felt in the Achilles tendon.
  • Aching eyes: A sensation of aching located in the eyes
  • Aching joints: A sensation of aching located in the joints
  • Aching muscles in children: Aching muscles in children is a condition in which a child's muscles ache.
  • Aching muscles of both arms: Aching muscles of both arms is an aching of the muscles of both arms.
  • Aching pain: severe pain in the body
  • Achromatopsia: Patients who have achromatopsia (sometimes called achromatopia) do not have normal "cone vision.". Although the term may refer to acquired disorders such as color agnosia and cerebral achromatopsia, it typically refers to an autosomal recessive congenital color vision disorder, the inability to perceive color AND to achieve satisfactory visual acuity at high light levels (typically exterior daylight).
  • Acid regurgitation: The regurgitation of stomach contents
  • Acid-Base Imbalance: A disruption to the normal acid-base equilibrium in the body. There are four main groups of disorder involving an acid-base imbalance: respiratory acidosis or alkalosis and metabolic acidosis or alkalosis. Obviously the severity of symptoms is determined by the degree of imbalance.
  • Acidemia, isovaleric: A rare genetic condition where the body can't process proteins adequately. More specifically, there are insufficient levels of the enzyme needed to break down an amino acid called leucine. This results in a build up of isovaleric acid which can harm the brain and nervous system. Some people suffer severe symptoms from birth and others suffer milder symptoms that come and go and are affected by such things as infections or consumption of high protein food.
  • Acidemia, methylmalonic: An inborn error of metabolism where amino acids in the body aren't metabolized properly resulting in high levels of the acid throughout the body.
  • Acidemia, propionic: An inherited genetic disorder where the body is incapable of processing some proteins and fats resulting in the accumulation of certain substances in the body which causes the symptoms of the condition. The condition can be life threatening.
  • Acidic tastes: Acidic or metallic taste in mouth
  • Ackee Fruit Food poisoning: Unripe ackee fruit contains a chemical called hypoglycin A and B which affect the central nervous system and fatty acid oxidation. Eating the unripe fruit can cause symptoms can occur in as little as two hours but is generally 6 to 48 hours. The ackee fruit is found mainly in Jamaica, West Africa, Central America, Sought Florida, southern California and Hawaii.
  • Acoustic Neurinoma: A benign tumor of the 8th cranial nerve which lies in the tube connecting the inner ear to the brain.
  • Acoustic neuroma: A rare benign tumor that forms in the hearing canal. Can cause tinnitus, progressive hearing loss, headaches, facial numbness, papilledema, dizziness and an unsteady walk. Speaking and swallowing difficulty can occur in advanced stages. Also called acoustic neurilemoma, acoustic neurinoma and acoustic neurofibroma.
  • Acquired facial paralysis in children: Acquired facial paralysis in children is paralysis or the facial muscles in children that is due to a disease or cause that is not present at birth and is acquired later in life.
  • Acrocallosal Syndrome (Schinzel Type): A rare condition characterized by absence of portion of the brain (corpus callosum), mental deficiency, duplicated toes, mental deficiency and other abnormalities.
  • Acrocallosal syndrome: A rare genetic disorder characterized by underdeveloped or absent corpus callosum of brain, duplication of thumb or big toe and extra fingers or toes.
  • Acrocephalopolydactyly: A rare genetic condition characterized by limb abnormalities, extra digits and hydrocephalus. Other additional symptoms are variably present.
  • Acrocephalopolydactyly -- Cardiac Disease -- Ear, Skin and Lower Limb Defects: A rare genetic condition characterized by head and digital anomalies as well as other abnormalities.
  • Acrocephalopolysyndactyly type III: A rare genetic condition characterized by head and digital anomalies as well as other abnormalities.
  • Acrocephalosyndactyly Syndrome type 5: A rare genetic disorder where some of the skull bones fuse too early which affects the size and shape of the skull and face. Thumb and toe abnormalities are also present. There are three types of Pfeiffer syndrome with varying degrees of severity.
  • Acrocephalosyndactyly type 5 (ACPS 5): A rare genetic disorder where some of the skull bones fuse too early which affects the size and shape of the skull and face. Thumb and toe abnormalities are also present. There are three types of Pfeiffer syndrome with varying degrees of severity.
  • Acrodynia: A disease occurring in infants or young children. Symptoms include edema, pruritis, skin rash, extremities are pink, cheeks and nose are scarlet, profuse sweating, digestive disturbance, photophobia, polyneuritis, irritability, listlessness, apathy and failure to thrive.
  • Acrofacial dysostosis Rodriguez type: One of a group of disorders characterized by defective limb and facial development. The Rodriguez type is very rare and primarily involves severe limb and organ malformations.
  • Acrofrontofacionasal dysostosis syndrome: A very rare syndrome characterized by abnormalities of the bones of the skeleton as well as mental retardation. Various facial, eye and urogenital anomalies are also present.
  • Acutane embryopathy: A rare disorder caused by fetal exposure to retinoids and resulting in mental and physical birth defects.
  • Acute Alzheimers-like concentration difficulty: maybe to due to various causative agents
  • Acute Alzheimers-like confusion symptoms: unalterable confusion state
  • Acute Alzheimers-like memory loss: also known as dementia
  • Acute Alzheimers-like symptoms: symptoms such as dementia
  • Acute Disseminated Encephalomyelitis: A type of encephalitis that usually follows an acute viral infection and involves an immune attack on myelin tissue which is part of the nervous system. Initial symptoms include fever, headache, vomiting and drowsiness followed by seizures, coma and paralysis. Often results in permanent neurological disorders.
  • Acute Pesticide poisoning -- xylene: Xylene is an ingredient used in certain insecticides. Exposure to the chemical can cause a range of symptoms depending on the level and route of exposure. Exposure can occur through inhalation, ingestion, the skin or eyes. Acute exposure involves a exposure over a short period of time whereas chronic exposure occurs over a longer period of time.
  • Acute Vision Changes in Both Eyes (with pain or inflammation): Vision changes occurring in both eyes, of sudden onset or over a short term period of hours to days with associated symptoms of pain and/or inflammation.
  • Acute abdominal pain: Sudden onset pain occurring within the abdomen.
  • Acute abdominal pain in pregnancy: Acute abdominal pain in pregnancy is the sudden onset of abdominal pain in the pregnant woman.
  • Acute adhd-like symptoms: is a neurodevelopmental behavioural disorder affecting 3-5% of the population characterised by 3 main components: hyperactivity, impulsivity and inattention. Some conditions which cause similar symptoms include
  • Acute adhd-like symptoms in adults: is a neurodevelopmental behavioural disorder affecting 3-5% of the population characterised by 3 main components: hyperactivity, impulsivity and inattention. Some conditions which cause similar symptoms include
  • Acute adhd-like symptoms in children: is a neurodevelopmental behavioural disorder affecting 3-5% of the population characterised by 3 main components: hyperactivity, impulsivity and inattention. Some conditions which cause similar symptoms include
  • Acute brain symptoms: Acute symptoms involving brain malfunctioning.
  • Acute chest pain: The sudden and acute onset of pain in the chest
  • Acute chronic headache not migraine-related: conditions which causes severe headache other than migraine
  • Acute chronic herpes-like genital pain: formation of vesicles seen commonly in a rash
  • Acute chronic joint pain: pain in the joints
  • Acute chronic kidney pain: renal related etiologies
  • Acute chronic knuckle pain: severe pain of the heads of the metacarpal bones
  • Acute chronic pain in multiple bones: occurs during physical exercise and is relieved by rest. It usually is a feature of arterial abnormality
  • Acute chronic pain symptoms: continous deep seated pain
  • Acute chronic spinal pain: diseases of the spinal cord
  • Acute chronic tailbone pain: pain due to lesions in the coccyx
  • Acute chronic vaginal pain: pathologies of the vagina
  • Acute colitis-like abdominal pain: conditions which cause pain abdomen similar to that in case of colitis
  • Acute collarbone pain: acute pain due to pathologies related to the clavicle
  • Acute concentration difficulty in adults: maybe to due to various causative agents
  • Acute concentration difficulty with headache-like symptoms: is mostly due to an organic cause
  • Acute cranial nerve dysfunction: dysfunction of certain cranial nerves may affect the eye, pupil, optic nerve, or extraocular muscles and their nerves; thus, they can be considered cranial nerve disorders, neuro-ophthalmologic disorders, or both
  • Acute diabetes-like neuropathy symptoms: also known as peripheral neuropathy is a typical presentation of diabetes but can be a presentation of other diseases too
  • Acute diabetes-like paresthesia symptoms: sensation of sudden, rapid pricking or numbness. It is also called "pins and needles sensation"
  • Acute difficulty concentrating at work: is mostly related to stress
  • Acute difficulty concentrating for long periods: concentrating difficulty which occurs only during particular periods
  • Acute elbow pain: conditions of the elbow which can cause acute pain for a long period of time
  • Acute episodes of Alzheimers-like symptoms: symptoms of Alzheimer's disease such as dementia can occur in bouts
  • Acute episodic adhd-like symptoms: ADHD is a neurodevelopmental behavioural disorder affecting 3-5% of the population characterised by 3 main components: hyperactivity, impulsivity and inattention. Some conditions which cause similar symptoms but episodic in nature include
  • Acute episodic concentration difficulty: concentrating difficulty which occurs only during particular periods
  • Acute fatty liver of pregnancy: A rare complication of pregnancy that can occur in the second half of the pregnancy. It is characterized by excessive fatty deposits in the liver which can be fatal without prompt diagnosis and treatment which involves delivering the baby as soon as possible.
  • Acute feeling of having difficulty concentrating: maybe due to stress or an underlying neurological lesion
  • Acute feet pain: Acute feet pain is the sudden onset of pain in the feet.
  • Acute fibromyalgia-like chronic pain symptoms: a common disorder, is a syndrome composed of a specific set of signs and symptoms
  • Acute fibromyalgia-like symptoms: a common disorder, is a syndrome composed of a specific set of signs and symptoms
  • Acute fibromyalgia-like symptoms in multiple locations: a common disorder, is a syndrome composed of a specific set of signs and symptoms
  • Acute flank pain: acute flank pain refers to sudden onset pain in one side of the body between the upper abdomen and the back
  • Acute flank pain in pregnancy: Acute flank pain in pregnancy is a feeling of discomfort to the sides of the abdomen. This may occur on one side or both, which may give a clue as to its cause.
  • Acute foot pain: Acute foot pain is a condition in which there is a sudden onset of pain in one foot.
  • Acute forearm pain: forearm pathologies which cause acute pain for a short duration
  • Acute forgetfulness: also known as dementia
  • Acute forgetfulness in pregnancy: Acute forgetfulness in pregnancy is the tendency to have difficulty remembering details over the short term.
  • Acute fulminant multiple sclerosis: Malignant Multiple Sclerosis, is a particularly aggressive form of the disease. Thankfully very rare, this highly aggressive form is defined by its swift and relentless decline to significant disability or even death, often within a few weeks or months after the onset of the initial attack. It is characterized by widespread and progressive cerebral white matter destruction or by severe pathological involvement of clinically strategic regions such as brainstem, resulting in bulbar paralysis.
  • Acute generalized headache in children: Acute generalized headache in children is a condition in which a child experiences a sudden onset of discomfort throughout the head.
  • Acute gerd-like chest pain: must not be overlooked as it may be a medical emergency
  • Acute gerd-like sternum pain: Gerd presents with symptoms such as chest pain, heartburn and dysphagia
  • Acute heartburn after eating: food can be the precipitating factor to cause heartburn
  • Acute heartburn after exercise: exercise maybe be a precipitating factor to some conditions presenting with heartburn
  • Acute heartburn pain resistant to treatment: medication may sometimes not help a condition with heartburn
  • Acute heartburn unrelated to eating: acute heartburn which is constant and not related to eating or any other precipitating factor
  • Acute heartburn with acid reflux: acid reflux related disorders
  • Acute heartburn without reflux: acute heartburn not related to reflux diseases
  • Acute heartburn-like chest pain: must not be overlooked as it may be a medical emergency
  • Acute heartburn-like sternum pain: must not be overlooked as it may be a medical emergency
  • Acute hemorrhagic leukoencephalitis: A rare degenerative brain disease where the patient suffers edema, many small hemorrhages, necrosis of blood vessel walls, demyelination of nerve fibers. Histiocytes, lymphocytes and neutrophils also enter the meninges. Symptoms include severe headache, fever, vomiting and sometimes convulsions and unconsciousness. Also called acute hemorrhagic leukoencephalitis.
  • Acute hyperactivity in adults: maybe to due to various causative agents
  • Acute hyperactivity in the workplace: maybe due to stress or an underlying neurological lesion
  • Acute ibd-like abdominal pain: conditions which causes abdominal pain similar to that in case of inflammatory bowel disease
  • Acute ibs-like abdominal pain: conditions which cause acute abdominal pain similar to that in case of inflammatory bowel disease
  • Acute injuries of both knees related to sports: Acute injuries of both knees related to sports is the sudden onset of sports-related trauma to the knees.
  • Acute injuries of the knee related to sports: The knee joint is the largest joint in the body, consisting of 4 bones and an extensive network of ligaments and muscles. Injuries to the knee joint are amongst the most common in sporting activities.
  • Acute intermittent forgetfulness: Acute intermittent forgetfulness is difficulty with remembering that occurs off and on.
  • Acute intermittent forgetfulness in pregnancy: Acute intermittent forgetfulness in pregnancy is the tendency to have difficulty remembering details over the short term.
  • Acute intermittent porphyria: A rare inherited metabolic disorder caused by a disturbed porphyrin metabolism resulting in increased production of porphyrin or its precursors. Symptoms include abdominal pain, photosensitivity and neurological disturbances such as seizures, coma, hallucinations and respiratory paralysis.
  • Acute liver pain: pain due to pathology in the liver
  • Acute liver pain in pregnancy: Acute liver pain in pregnancy is pain under the ribs on the right side of the upper abdomen. This pain may or may not actually arise from the liver, so other potential causes are also listed.
  • Acute meningitis: Acute meningitis is an inflammation of the brain that presents in an acute fashion. The inflammation may be the result of infective agents such as bacteria, viruses and fungi as well as non-infective agents such as certain drugs. Acute forms of meningitis can develop in within hours or days whereas chronic meningitis develops over weeks or months.
  • Acute migraine-like symptoms: conditions which causes severe headache
  • Acute mountain sickness: A condition that occurs when an un-acclimatized person climbs to high altitudes.
  • Acute nausea: The sudden and acute onset of the symptom of nausea
  • Acute nausea and vomiting: Sudden onset unpleasant sensation in the abdomen causing a forcible regurgitation of stomach contents through the mouth
  • Acute nausea and vomiting in pregnancy: Acute nausea and vomiting in pregnancy is the sudden onset of a feeling of sickness in the stomach, associated with vomiting.
  • Acute nausea in pregnancy: Acute nausea in pregnancy is the sudden onset of a feeling of sickness in the stomach, often associated with vomiting.
  • Acute pain from intercourse: also known as dyspareunia
  • Acute pain from intercourse in pregnancy: Acute pain from intercourse in pregnancy is the sudden onset of pain in the region of the vagina and pelvis, occurring during intercourse whilst pregnant.
  • Acute pain in both cheeks: Acute pain in both cheeks is pain or discomfort that occurs suddenly in both cheeks.
  • Acute pain in both thumbs: Acute pain in both thumbs is discomfort or pain that occurs suddenly in both thumbs.
  • Acute pain in multiple joints: it could be in the form of pain and swelling
  • Acute pain in one cheek: Acute pain in one cheek is discomfort or pain that occurs suddenly in one cheek.
  • Acute pain in the maxillary sinus on both sides: Acute pain in the maxillary sinus on both sides refers to the sudden onset of discomfort or pain that occurs in both maxillary sinuses in the cheekbone areas of the face.
  • Acute pain in the maxillary sinus on one side: Acute pain in the maxillary sinus on pone side refers to the sudden onset of discomfort or pain that occurs in one maxillary sinus in the cheekbone area of one side of the face.
  • Acute pain sitting down: rest pain occurs when blood flow in the extremity falls below resting tissue requirements
  • Acute pain when walking: also known as intermittent claudication
  • Acute pain when walking in pregnancy: Acute pain when walking in pregnancy refers to pain in the region of the hips, lower back and pelvis, occurring in the ambulant woman during pregnancy and often increasing with gestation.
  • Acute pelvic pain in children: Acute pelvic pain in children is a condition in which there is a sudden onset of pain or discomfort in the pelvis of a child.
  • Acute prostate pain symptoms: conditions which cause acute pain similar to that of pain due to a prostatic pathology
  • Acute quadricep pain in the lower limb: Acute quadricep pain in the lower limb is sudden pain or discomfort in the thigh.
  • Acute respiratory distress syndrome, Infant: A breathing disorder that occurs in infants. The underdeveloped lungs fail to functioning adequately and the body becomes deprived of oxygen. The condition is more likely to affect premature infants and the greater the prematurity, the greater the risk.
  • Acute seasonal concentration difficulty: concentrating difficulty which occurs only during particular periods
  • Acute shoulder pain: acute pathologies of the shoulder
  • Acute shoulder pain on both sides: Acute shoulder pain on both sides is sudden pain or discomfort that occurs in both shoulders.
  • Acute shoulder pain on one side: Acute shoulder pain on one side is sudden pain or discomfort that occurs in one shoulder.
  • Acute sole pain on both sides: Acute sole pain on both sides is discomfort or pain that occurs suddenly on both soles of the feet.
  • Acute sole pain on one side: Acute sole pain on one side is a condition in which there is sudden discomfort or pain on the sole of one foot.
  • Acute testicular pain in children: Acute testicular pain in children is the sudden appearance of pain or discomfort in the testicle or testicles of a child.
  • Acute thumb pain: Acute thumb pain is sudden pain or discomfort in the thumb.
  • Acute toe pain in both feet: Acute toe pain in both feet is a condition in which there is a sudden onset of pain or discomfort in one or more toes in both feet.
  • Acute toe pain in one foot: Acute toe pain in one is a sudden onset of pain or discomfort in one or more toes on one foot.
  • Acute triceps pain on both sides: Acute triceps pain on both sides is pain or discomfort that occurs suddenly in both upper arms.
  • Acute triceps pain on one side: Acute triceps pain on one side is pain or discomfort that occurs suddenly in one upper arm.
  • Acute upper arm pain on both sides: Acute upper arm pain on both sides is discomfort or pain that happens suddenly in both upper arms.
  • Acute upper arm pain on one side: Acute upper arm pain on one side is a condition in which discomfort or pain happens suddenly in one upper arm.
  • Acute uterine pain: pathologies of the uterus which cause pain for a short duration
  • Acute uterine pain in pregnancy: Acute uterine pain in pregnancy refers to sudden onset of pain in the lower abdomen originating from the uterus in a woman who is pregnant
  • Acute vision changes in one eye (painful or inflamed eye): Vision changes occurring in one eye only, of sudden onset or over a short term period of hours to days with associated symptoms of pain and/or inflammation.
  • Acute vitamin A toxicity: Acute ingestion of vitamin A can cause symptoms. Symptoms usually only last for a day or two.
  • Acyclovir -- Teratogenic Agent: There is strong evidence to indicate that exposure to Acyclovir during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of exposure and the stage of pregnancy that the exposure occurred at.
  • Acyl-CoA dehydrogenase, short chain, deficiency of: A rare disorder where the body lacks enzymes needed to convert some fats (short-chain fatty acids) into energy. Symptoms are exacerbated by fasting or acute illness. The severity of symptoms is variable with some patients remaining virtually asymptomatic their whole life while other suffer symptoms from infancy.
  • Adams Nance syndrome: A rare genetic disorder characterized by rapid heartbeat, high blood pressure, small eyes and the presence of excess glycine in the urine.
  • Addington disease: An epidemic disease which resembles polio and was first recorded in South Africa. The range and severity of symptoms experienced is variable and the disease may persist from a week to 3 months in some cases.
  • Adducted thumb syndrome recessive form: A rare recessively inherited disorder characterized mainly by a small head, arthrogryposis (joint contractures), cleft palate and various other abnormalities.
  • Adducted thumbs -- arthrogryposis, Christian type: A rare recessively inherited disorder characterized mainly by a small head, arthrogryposis (joint contractures), cleft palate and various other abnormalities.
  • Adduction and extension of the arms: position of the upper limb due various etiologies
  • Adduction of the arms: position of the upper limb due various etiologies
  • Adenoids burning sensation: Abnormal sensations in the adenoids.
  • Adenoids itch: Adenoids or nasopharyngeal tonsils are a mass of lymphoid tissue situated at the back of the nose, in the roof of the nasopharynx.
  • Adenoids numb: Abnormal sensations in the adenoids.
  • Adenoids pain: Adenoids or nasopharyngeal tonsils are a mass of lymphoid tissue situated at the back of the nose, in the roof of the nasopharynx.
  • Adenoids tingling: Adenoids or nasopharyngeal tonsils are a mass of lymphoid tissue situated at the back of the nose, in the roof of the nasopharynx. Abnormal sensations in the adenoid.
  • Adenoviridae Infections: Infection with a virus from the Adenoviridae family. The most common sites for infection are membrane linings such as the intestines, respiratory and urinary tract and the eyes. The infection may result in a range of symptoms depending on the particular virus involved. Transmission usually occurs through breathing in the germs or through fecal-oral contact. The infection is contagious.
  • Adenovirus infection in immunocompromised patients: Infection with a virus from the Adenoviridae family that occurs in a patient with a weakened immune system. The infection in these people is serious and can be fatal. The infection may result in a range of symptoms depending on the particular virus involved. Transmission usually occurs through breathing in the germs or through fecal-oral contact.
  • Adenylosuccinate lyase deficiency: A rare inherited disorder characterized by a deficiency of the enzyme called adenlyosuccinate lyase which generally results in psychomotor retardation and autistic behavior.
  • Adhd: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a mental and behavioral disorder characterized by behavioral problems such as hyperactivity, inattention, concentration difficulty, and other mental symptoms. Typically, ADHD and associated hyperactivity is known as a childhood disorder, although ADD/ADHD in adults is known to be under-diagnosed. It is distinguished from Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD) which has a reduced focus on hyperactivity type symptoms.
  • Adhesive abuse: Adhesive abuse is the use of various inhalants for the purpose of achieving a "high". They are often used as a cheap, readily available alternative to street drugs but they can cause serious damage to the body. Adhesives include household glues, rubber cement and model aeroplane glue. These adhesives can be abused by sniffing them, spraying directly into the mouth, heating them and then inhaling them or injecting them directly into the body.
  • Adhesive addiction: Adhesive addiction refers to the compulsive need to abuse adhesives (e.g. sniffing them). Sufferers have withdrawal symptoms when attempting to stop the habit and feel unable to stop the habit despite knowing the harm it is causing their health. Aerosols are very damaging to the body and can readily result permanent brain damage and even death. Death can occur through chronic use and in rare cases can occur after one session of use. Children and teenagers are particular at risk for this type of addiction - it is readily available and users feel it gains them greater acceptance from their peers. Adhesives includes household glue, rubber cement and model airplane glue.
  • Adhesive capsulitis: disorder in which the shoulder capsule, the connective tissue surrounding the glenohumeral joint of the shoulder, becomes inflamed and stiff, and grows together with abnormal bands of tissue, called adhesions, greatly restricting motion and causing chronic pain.
  • Adiposis dolorosa: A condition which mainly affects women and causes painful fatty swellings
  • Adnexal tenderness: Tenderness of the appendages or secondary structures of the uterus.
  • Adrenal crisis: A potentially fatal condition where the adrenal cortex slows or stops functioning resulting in reduced glucocorticoids, decreased extracellular fluid volume and hyperkalemia. Symptoms include shock, coma, low blood pressure, weakness and loss of vasomotor tone. Also called addisonian crisis.
  • Adrenoleukodystrophy: A rare hereditary metabolic disease that only occurs in male children and is characterized by adrenal atrophy and extensive cerebral demyelination causing progressive loss of mental functioning, aphasia, apraxia and sometimes blindness. The patient usually dies within 5 years.
  • Adrenoleukodystrophy, autosomal, neonatal form: A rare inherited disorder involving the adrenal glands, testes and certain parts of the brain (white matter). It is a less severe form of leukodystrophy where an abnormality within the body cells prevents the metabolism of certain fats (long chain fatty acids).
  • Adrenomyeloneuropathy: A form of X-linked adrenoleukodystrophy characterized by spinal cord dysfunction and brain involvement may or may not be present. Those with brain involvement suffer serious symptoms that can eventually lead to total disability and even death.
  • Adult low grade infiltrative supratentorial Astrocytoma: A type of brain cancer that occurs in the supratentorial region of the brain of adults and is relatively non-aggressive.
  • Adult-onset ALD: Form of ALD in adults.
  • Aerosol abuse: Aerosol abuse is the use of various inhalants for the purpose of achieving a "high". They are often used as a cheap, readily available alternative to street drugs but they can cause serious damage to the body. Aerosols include air fresheners, hair spray, spray pain and deodorants. These aerosols can be abused by sniffing them, spraying directly into the mouth, heating them and then inhaling them or injecting them directly into the body.
  • Aerosol addiction: Aerosol addiction refers to the compulsive need to abuse aerosol (e.g. sniffing them). Sufferers have withdrawal symptoms when attempting to stop the habit and feel unable to stop the habit despite knowing the harm it is causing their health. Aerosols are very damaging to the body and can readily result permanent brain damage and even death. Death can occur through chronic use and in rare cases can occur after one session of use. Children and teenagers are particular at risk for this type of addiction - it is readily available and users feel it gains them greater acceptance from their peers. Aerosols includes spray pain, air freshener, deodorants and hair sprays.
  • African Sleeping sickness: A disease caused by parasites (Trypanosome brucei gamiense or T. brucei rodesiense) and transmitted to humans by the tsetse fly which is found only in Africa. Causes symptoms such as fever, chills, headache, anemia, edema of hands and feet, enlarged lymph glands, lethargy, sleepiness, convulsions and coma. Also called African trypanosomiasis and sleeping sickness.
  • Agenesis of the corpus callosum: Congenital absence of connective part of the brain.
  • Agitation: A state of increased tension with episodes of emotional and physical irritability.
  • Agnathia-holoprosencephaly-situs inversus: A very rare disorder characterized by a small or absent jaw, developmental brain defect and internal organs situated on the wrong side of the body (situs inversus). The severity and range of symptoms is variable.
  • Agnosia: is a loss of ability to recognize objects, persons, sounds, shapes, or smells while the specific sense is not defective nor is there any significant memory loss
  • Agnosia in children: Agnosia in children is a condition in which a child is unable to recognize and identify objects or persons.
  • Agyria: Abnormal condition where the body excessively absorbs silver salts and deposits it in the tissues. Symptoms include gray skin and mucous membranes.
  • Agyria-pachygyria type 1: Abnormal brain development where the brain fails to develop normally during the fetal stage.
  • Aicardi-Goutieres syndrome: A rare inherited progressive disease that affects the brain and immune system.
  • Aicardi-Goutieres syndrome 1: A rare inherited progressive disease that affects the brain and immune system. Type 1 is caused by a defect on chromosome 3p21.3-p21.2.
  • Aicardi-Goutieres syndrome 2: A rare inherited progressive disease that affects the brain and immune system. Type 2 is caused by a defect on chromosome 13q14-q21.
  • Aicardi-Goutieres syndrome 3: A rare inherited progressive disease that affects the brain and immune system. Type 3 is caused by a defect on chromosome 11q13.2.
  • Aicardi-Goutieres syndrome 4: A rare inherited progressive disease that affects the brain and immune system. Type 4 is caused by a defect on chromosome 19p13.13.
  • Aicardi-Goutieres syndrome 5: A rare inherited progressive disease that affects the brain and immune system. Type 5 is caused by a defect on chromosome 3p21.3-p21.2.
  • Air embolism: A condition where an air bubble enters the cardiovascular system (via injection, intravenous therapy, surgery or puncture wound) and obstructs the blood flow.
  • Air hunger: is the sensation of the urge to breathe
  • Air sickness: disturbance between the central nervous system and the inner ear which affects the balance and equilibrium
  • Akathisia: A condition characterized by a constant urge to move resulting in the sufferer being unable to sit still. Can be caused by use of anti-psychotic drugs or anti-depressants or can occur spontaneously.
  • Akathisia in children:
  • Akesson syndrome: A very rare syndrome characterized by excessive skin folds and furrows on the scalp, mental retardation the failure of the thyroid to develop.
  • Al Gazali -- Nair syndrome: A very rare syndrome characterized by bone abnormalities, eye problems, seizures and developmental delay. The reported cases involved related parents.
  • Al Gazali Sabrinathan Nair syndrome: A very rare syndrome characterized by bone and eye problems, seizures and mental retardation.
  • Al Murrah-induced lead poisoning: Al Murrah is a folk remedy used mainly by Saudi Arabian people to treat problems such as stomach pain, diarrhea and colic. This folk remedy has the potential to cause lead poisoning due to its relatively high content of lead. Children are more susceptible to the effects of lead. The use of folk remedies is still prevalent in some cultures. Lead poisoning can result in serious illness and even death in severe cases.
  • Alarcon-induced lead poisoning: Alarcon is a folk remedy used mainly by Mexican people to treat digestive or stomach problems including indigestion and diarrhea. This folk remedy has the potential to cause lead poisoning due to its relatively high content of lead. Children are more susceptible to the effects of lead. The use of folk remedies is still prevalent in some cultures. Lead poisoning can result in serious illness and even death in severe cases.
  • Albayaidle-induced lead poisoning: Albayaidle is a folk remedy used mainly by Mexican and Central American people to treat digestive or stomach problems such as vomiting and colic. It is also used to treat apathy and lethargy. This folk remedy has the potential to cause lead poisoning due to its relatively high content of lead. Children are more susceptible to the effects of lead. The use of folk remedies is still prevalent in some cultures. Lead poisoning can result in serious illness and even death in severe cases.
  • Albayalde-induced lead poisoning: Albayalde is a folk remedy used mainly by Mexican and Central American people to treat digestive or stomach problems such as vomiting and colic. It is also used to treat apathy and lethargy. This folk remedy has the potential to cause lead poisoning due to its relatively high content of lead. Children are more susceptible to the effects of lead. The use of folk remedies is still prevalent in some cultures. Lead poisoning can result in serious illness and even death in severe cases.
  • Albright's hereditary osteodystrophy: A rare genetic disorder where the body fails to recognize and respond to the parathyroid hormone. The parathyroid hormone is involved in controlling the blood levels of calcium and phosphate.
  • Alcohol Withdrawal: Symptoms that occur when alcohol consumption is discontinued or reduced. Symptoms may vary depending on the level of dependence.
  • Alcohol abuse: Excessive alcohol as a symptom of other conditions
  • Alcohol drinking: The consumption of a drink containing alcohol. Alcohol consumption can cause varying degrees of impairment depending on the amount consumed. Consuming very large amounts of alcohol can lead to death.
  • Alcohol intoxication: excess intake of alcohol can lead to serious consequences
  • Alcohol use: Use of alcohol (as a symptom)
  • Alcohol-Induced Disorders: Disorders caused by excessive alcohol consumption. The symptoms are variable depending on the disorder involved. Some of the disorders are: alcohol abuse, alcohol dependence, alcohol intoxication, alcohol withdrawal, alcohol intoxication delirium, alcohol withdrawal delirium, alcohol-induced persisting dementia, alcohol-induced persisting amnestic disorder, alcohol-induced psychotic disorder, alcohol-induced mood disorder, alcohol-induced anxiety disorder, alcohol-induced sexual dysfunction, alcohol-induced sleep disorder, liver damage, liver cancer and esophageal cancer.
  • Alcoholic cerebellar degeneration: cerebellar degeneration which occurs in alcoholics
  • Alertness: A state of function in which someone is watchfull
  • Ales dysfibrinogenemia: A rare inherited disorder characterized by abnormal fibrinogen which is a protein essential to the blood clotting process. The Alès type was discovered in Alès.
  • Alexander Syndrome: Brain myelin disorder causing mental degeneration.
  • Allergic encephalomyelitis: An autoimmune brain and spinal cord disease that can be induced in laboratory animals in experimental settings. The disease involves inflammation and degeneration of nerve myelin sheaths and it may be acute or chronic.
  • Alopecia mental retardation syndrome: A rare syndrome characterized primarily by a lack of hair and mental retardation.
  • Alopecia, epilepsy, oligophrenia syndrome of Moynahan: A rare condition characterized by alopecia, epilepsy, mental retardation and a small head.
  • Alopecia, epilepsy, pyorrhea, mental subnormality: A rare syndrome characterized by alopecia, epilepsy, mental retardation and pus-producing gum and tooth inflammations.
  • Alpers Syndrome: A rare syndrome characterized by liver disease, seizures and progressive, episodic psychomotor retardation.
  • Alpha-N-acetylgalactosaminidase deficiency, Type III: A very rare enzyme deficiency (N-acetyl-alpha-D-galactosaminidase) which can occur in three forms: type I (infantile-onset neuroaxonal dystrophy), type II or Kanzaki disease (adult-onset) and type III (mild or moderate form).
  • Alpha-ketoglutarate dehydrogenase deficiency: A metabolic disorder characterized by a deficiency of Alpha-ketoglutarate dehydrogenase which results in high levels of oxoglutaric acid in the urine as well as other severe symptoms.
  • Alpha-mannosidosis type II: A rare inherited metabolic disorder involving a deficiency of an enzyme (alpha-mannosidosase) which results in the accumulation of certain chemicals in the body which leads to progressive damage. This form of the condition is less severe than type I (infantile form).
  • Alpha-mannosidosis, adult-onset form:
  • Alport Syndrome: A rare hereditary disorder involving the progressive deterioration of parts of the kidney resulting in chronic kidney disease.
  • Altered vital signs due to encephalopathy: Altered vital signs due to encephalopathy refers to a change in the pulse, breathing, blood pressure and/or body temperature as a result of encephalopathy.
  • Altered vital signs in meningitis: Altered vital signs in meningitis is a condition in which there is a change in the pulse, breathing, blood pressure and/or body temperature as a result of meningitis.
  • Alternating Hemiplegia: Episodes of one-sided paralysis.
  • Aluminium toxicity: High body levels of aluminium resulting in symptoms. Usually occurs in patients with renal impairment.
  • Alveolar Hydatid Disease: Rare multi-organ tapeworm infection caught from animals.
  • Alzheimer disease, familial, 3, with spastic paraparesis and apraxia: This form of Alzheimer's is an early-onset form of Alzheimer's that is linked to a defect on chromosome 14q24.3. It is characterized by features which are atypical for Alzheimer's - spastic paraparesis which occurs before the dementia symptoms and apraxia. Alzheimer's disease is a progressive disorder involving degeneration of the brain. The disease mainly affects brain functions involving thinking, memory, personality and behaviour.
  • Alzheimer's disease: A progressive degenerative disease of the brain of unknown cause
  • Alzheimer's-like symptoms: symptoms such as dementia
  • Alzheimers-like concentration difficulty: maybe to due to various causative agents
  • Alzheimers-like confusion symptoms: unalterable confusion state
  • Alzheimers-like memory loss: also known as dementia
  • Amebic dysentery: Intestinal inflammation caused by Entamoeba histolytica and often marked by symptoms such as frequent, loose bowel movements that contain blood and mucus. Also called intestinal amebiasis.
  • American mountain fever: A viral disease transmitted through the bite of ticks (Rocky Mountain wood tick and American dog tick) who are infected with the virus. Because the virus infects blood cells including erythrocytes, transmission can also occur through transfusion with infected blood but this is uncommon. Infection is most common in Canada and parts of western US. The incubation period usually lasts between 3 and 6 days but can be as long as a few weeks. The virus tends to cause to periods of fever each lasting for a few days.
  • Aminoacidopathies: Any of a group of inborn errors of metabolism which results in the build up in the body of one or more amino acids in the blood and/or urine. The range and severity of symptoms is hugely variable.
  • Aminoacylase 1 deficiency: A rare genetic disorder caused by an enzyme (aminoacylase-1) deficiency. There is still uncertainty whether the deficiency actually causes any of the symptoms observed in patients.
  • Aminopterin -- Teratogenic Agent: There is strong evidence to indicate that exposure to ? during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of exposure and the stage of pregnancy that the exposure occurred at.
  • Aminopterin and methotrexate -- Teratogenic Agent: There is strong evidence to indicate that the use of Aminopterin and methotrexate during pregnancy may cause a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of exposure and the stage of pregnancy that the exposure occurred at.
  • Amitriptyline -- Teratogenic Agent: There is strong evidence to indicate that exposure to Amitriptyline during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of exposure and the stage of pregnancy that the exposure occurred at.
  • Amlodipine -- Teratogenic Agent: There is strong evidence to indicate that exposure to Amlodipine during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of exposure and the stage of pregnancy that the exposure occurred at.
  • Amnesia: A disorder in which the ability to store and recall new information, as well as past information may be lost.
  • Amnesic shellfish poisoning: Rare shellfish poisoning sometimes causing amnesia.
  • Amoebiasis: An infectious disease caused by a free-living amoebic parasite called Entamoeba histolytica. The organism infects the bowel and causes gastroenteritis. Infection occurs through ingesting contaminated food or water. It is more common in countries with poor sanitation. The incubation period may last from days to weeks before symptoms appear.
  • Amphetamine -- Teratogenic Agent: There is strong evidence to indicate that exposure to Amphetamine during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of exposure and the stage of pregnancy that the exposure occurred at.
  • Amphetamine abuse: Use of the stimulant drugs known as amphetamines or "speed"
  • Ampola syndrome: A rare genetic disease characterized primarily by mental retardation, facial anomalies, short stature, seizures and finger and toe abnormalities.
  • Amyloid Neuropathies: A peripheral nerve disorder caused by abnormal amyloid deposits in the nerves. Sensory, autonomic or motor nerves may be affected. The degree of nerve involvement, and hence symptoms, are variable.
  • Amyloid angiopathy: A blood vessel disorder caused by abnormal amyloid deposits in the blood vessel walls of the brain. The deposits can cause the blood vessel to become weak and rupture resulting in intracranial bleeding. Despite the potentially serious consequences the disorder is often asymptomatic until old age.
  • Amyloidosis VI: Amyloidosis involves the abnormal deposit of a substance called amyloid in various parts of the body. In the Icelandic type, the amyloid deposits affect the brain blood vessels and cause hemorrhages.
  • Amyloidosis VII: Amyloidosis involves the abnormal deposit of a substance called amyloid in various parts of the body. In the Ohio type, the amyloid deposits in the leptomeningeal blood vessels, brainstem, spinal cord and eye causing central nervous system dysfunction, brain hemorrhages as well as vision impairment.
  • Amyloidosis, familial cutaneous: Amyloidosis involves the abnormal deposit of a substance called amyloid in various parts of the body. The familial cutaneous form is characterized by brown skin pigmentation as well as systemic symptoms such as failure to thrive, developmental delay, gastrointestinal problems and pneumonia.
  • Amyloidosis, oculoleptomeningeal: Amyloidosis involves the abnormal deposit of a substance called amyloid in various parts of the body. In this particular type, the amyloid deposits in the leptomeningeal blood vessels, brainstem, spinal cord and eye causing central nervous system dysfunction, brain hemorrhages and vision impairment.
  • Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis: A degenerative motor neuron disease marked by weakness and wasting of the muscles which starts at the hands and legs and spreads to the rest of the body. Death occurs in 2 to 5 years. Also called Lou Gehrig's disease or wasting palsy.
  • Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, type 6: An inherited disorder involving progressive degeneration of motor neurons which results in muscle weakness and wasting. Type 6 is caused by a defect on chromosome 16q12.
  • Anaesthesia: loss of sensations
  • Anal discomfort: A sensation of discomfort that is located in the region of the anus
  • Anal itching: Itching near or around the anus
  • Anal pain: A sensation of pain that is located in the region of the anus
  • Anal pain in pregnancy: Anal pain in pregnancy be accompanied by bleeding, a lump or discharge.
  • Anal triangle itch: Unpleasant sensation in the anal area.
  • Analgesia: The relief of the sensation of pain without a loss of ones conscious state
  • Andersen disease: An rare inborn error of metabolism involving glycogen storage and characterized by cirrhosis and sometimes liver failure. Lack of the amyl-transglucosidase enzyme and abnormal glycogen causes the condition.
  • Aneurysm: Swelling or ballooning of part of an artery
  • Aneurysm, intracranial berry: A bulge in a blood vessel in the brain. The bulge can rupture causing a stroke. They usually form as a result of high blood pressure and weak blood vessel walls in the brain. There are five different subtypes of intracranial berry aneurysms with each one caused by a defect in different gene. The defective gene increases and individuals risk for developing intracranial berry aneurysms.
  • Aneurysm, intracranial berry, 1: A bulge in a blood vessel in the brain. The bulge can rupture causing a stroke. They usually form as a result of high blood pressure and weak blood vessel walls in the brain. There are five different subtypes of intracranial berry aneurysms with each one caused by a defect in different gene. The defective gene increases and individuals risk for developing intracranial berry aneurysms. Type 1 is caused by a defect on chromosome 7q11.2.
  • Aneurysm, intracranial berry, 10: A bulge in a blood vessel in the brain. The bulge can rupture causing a stroke. They usually form as a result of high blood pressure and weak blood vessel walls in the brain. There are five different subtypes of intracranial berry aneurysms with each one caused by a defect in different gene. The defective gene increases and individuals risk for developing intracranial berry aneurysms. Type 10 is caused by a defect on chromosome 8q12.1.
  • Aneurysm, intracranial berry, 2: A bulge in a blood vessel in the brain. The bulge can rupture causing a stroke. They usually form as a result of high blood pressure and weak blood vessel walls in the brain. There are five different subtypes of intracranial berry aneurysms with each one caused by a defect in different gene. The defective gene increases and individuals risk for developing intracranial berry aneurysms. Type 2 is caused by a defect on chromosome 19q13.
  • Aneurysm, intracranial berry, 3: A bulge in a blood vessel in the brain. The bulge can rupture causing a stroke. They usually form as a result of high blood pressure and weak blood vessel walls in the brain. There are five different subtypes of intracranial berry aneurysms with each one caused by a defect in different gene. The defective gene increases and individuals risk for developing intracranial berry aneurysms. Type 3 is caused by a defect on chromosome 1p36.13-p34.3.
  • Aneurysm, intracranial berry, 4: A bulge in a blood vessel in the brain. The bulge can rupture causing a stroke. They usually form as a result of high blood pressure and weak blood vessel walls in the brain. There are five different subtypes of intracranial berry aneurysms with each one caused by a defect in different gene. The defective gene increases and individuals risk for developing intracranial berry aneurysms. Type 4 is caused by a defect on chromosome 5p15.2-14.3.
  • Aneurysm, intracranial berry, 5: A bulge in a blood vessel in the brain. The bulge can rupture causing a stroke. They usually form as a result of high blood pressure and weak blood vessel walls in the brain. There are five different subtypes of intracranial berry aneurysms with each one caused by a defect in different gene. The defective gene increases and individuals risk for developing intracranial berry aneurysms. Type 5 is caused by a defect on chromosome 2p13.
  • Aneurysm, intracranial berry, 6: A bulge in a blood vessel in the brain. The bulge can rupture causing a stroke. They usually form as a result of high blood pressure and weak blood vessel walls in the brain. There are now six different subtypes of intracranial berry aneurysms with each one caused by a defect in different gene. The defective gene increases an individuals risk for developing intracranial berry aneurysms. Type 6 is caused by a defect on chromosome 9p21.
  • Aneurysm, intracranial berry, 7: A bulge in a blood vessel in the brain. The bulge can rupture causing a stroke. They usually form as a result of high blood pressure and weak blood vessel walls in the brain. There are five different subtypes of intracranial berry aneurysms with each one caused by a defect in different gene. The defective gene increases and individuals risk for developing intracranial berry aneurysms. Type 7 is caused by a defect on chromosome 11q24-q25.
  • Aneurysm, intracranial berry, 8: A bulge in a blood vessel in the brain. The bulge can rupture causing a stroke. They usually form as a result of high blood pressure and weak blood vessel walls in the brain. There are five different subtypes of intracranial berry aneurysms with each one caused by a defect in different gene. The defective gene increases and individuals risk for developing intracranial berry aneurysms. Type 8 is caused by a defect on chromosome 14q23.
  • Aneurysm, intracranial berry, 9: A bulge in a blood vessel in the brain. The bulge can rupture causing a stroke. They usually form as a result of high blood pressure and weak blood vessel walls in the brain. There are five different subtypes of intracranial berry aneurysms with each one caused by a defect in different gene. The defective gene increases and individuals risk for developing intracranial berry aneurysms. Type 9 is caused by a defect on chromosome 2q33.1.
  • Aneurysmal subarachnoid haemorrhage: Bleeding in the space around the brain that occurs from a leak in a weakened or dilated blood vessel under the arachnoid layer of the brain. Death can occur if treatment is not prompt.
  • Angelman syndrome: A rare genetic disorder characterized by a puppet-like gait, fits of laughter and characteristic facial features.
  • Angelman-Like Syndrome, X-linked: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by mental retardation, mutism, facial anomalies, epilepsy and weak eye muscles. Males tended to have severe mental retardation whereas female carriers had mild or no mental retardation. Patients do eventually walk but then often lose this ability by the age of 10 years. Female carriers tend to have mild symptoms and males have severe symptoms - symptoms are variable to some degree.
  • Angina: Angina is a particular type of pain related to heart conditions
  • Angina pectoris: severe chest pain due to ischemia
  • Anginal pain: chest discomfort that occurs when there is a decreased blood oxygen supply to an area of the heart muscle
  • Angioma hereditary neurocutaneous: A rare genetic condition characterized angiomas involving both the skin and nervous system.
  • Angiomatosis, diffuse corticomeningeal, of Divry and Van Bogaert: A rare condition characterized by diffuse sclerosis and clusters of capillaries in parts of the brain as well as a marbled appearance to the skin.
  • Angioneurotic Edema: Involves swelling of deep skin layers and fatty tissues under the skin as well as the mucous membrane. The condition involves recurrent swelling of tissues, abdominal pain and swelling of the voice box. It is often caused by an allergic reaction to drugs or food. It is also called Quincke's disease, giant urticaria, Quincke's edema or angioedema.
  • Angiostrongyliasis: Infection by a parasitic worm (Angiostrongylus). Infection can occur through eating contaminated raw animals such as snails, slugs, prawns or crabs which act as hosts to these parasites.
  • Aniridia cerebellar ataxia mental deficiency: A rare inherited disorder characterized by a partial absence of the iris, mental retardation and impaired coordination of voluntary movements.
  • Ankle burning sensation: A burning sensation located in the ankle
  • Ankle clonus: a rhythmic contraction of the calf muscles following a sudden dorsiflexion of the foot, the leg being semiflexed
  • Ankle coldness: A cold sensation occurring at the ankle
  • Ankle itch: A sensation that causes a desire to scratch the skin of the ankle
  • Ankle numbness: A loss of sensation located at or around the ankle region of the foot.
  • Ankle pain: Pain affecting the ankle joint
  • Ankle pain in children: Ankle pain in children is any discomfort or pain in the ankle of a child.
  • Ankle pain on both sides: Ankle pain on both sides refers to pain or discomfort in both ankles.
  • Ankle pain on one side: Ankle pain on one side is a condition in which there is discomfort or pain in one ankle.
  • Ankle paralysis: A loss of the motor and or sensory function of the ankle due to either a muscular or neural mechanism
  • Ankle paresthesia (tingling): A loss of sensation located at or around the ankle region of the foot.
  • Ankle paresthesia of both sides: Ankle paresthesia of both sides is a condition in which there is numbness, tingling or other abnormal sensations in both ankles.
  • Ankle paresthesia of one side: Ankle paresthesia of one side is a condition in which there is numbness, tingling or other abnormal sensations in one ankle.
  • Ankle spasm: A sudden involuntary contraction of the muscles surrounding the ankle joint.
  • Ankle tingling/paresthesias: A tingling sensation located on the ankle.
  • Ankle weakness: A decrease in the usual strength of the movements of the ankle
  • Anogenital pruritus: An itching located in the anal and genital regions
  • Anophthalmia -- hypothalamo-pituitary insufficiency: A rare syndrome characterized mainly by small or absent eyes and malformations of the hypothalamus and pituitary gland.
  • Anophthalmia -- hypyothalamo-pituitary insufficiency: A rare syndrome characterized mainly by small or absent eyes and malformations of the hypothalamus and pituitary gland.
  • Anorectal pain: Pain in the anus or rectum regions
  • Anorectal pain in children: Anorectal pain in children is a pain or discomfort in the anal and/or rectal area.
  • Anosmia: A loss of or lack of a sense of smell.
  • Anoxia: A condition marked by a lack of oxygen.
  • Antalgic gait: Antalgic gait is a limping type of walk.
  • Antalgic gait in adults: Antalgic gait in adults is an abnormal type of walk or limp in adults.
  • Antalgic gait in children: Antalgic gait in children is an abnormal type of walk or limp in children.
  • Antepartum Eclampsia: Antepartum eclampsia is the development of seizures or coma in pregnant women suffering from high blood pressure. Antepartum means that it occurs before delivery. Eclampsia is a serious condition which requires urgent medical treatment. Eclampsia may be associated with moderate as well as significant increases in blood pressure. The blood pressure can return to normal after delivery or may persist for a period of time.
  • Anterior knee pain related to sports: The knee joint is the largest joint in the body, consisting of 4 bones and an extensive network of ligaments and muscles. Injuries to the knee joint are amongst the most common in sporting activities.
  • Anthrax: A serious infectious bacterial disease that can be fatal.
  • Antiphospholipid syndrome: An autoimmune disorder characterized by blood clots and pregnancy losses.
  • Aorta conditions: Conditions that affect the aorta
  • Apallic syndrome: A persistent vegetative state caused by brain damage.
  • Aphasia: inability to produce and comprehend language
  • Aphasia in children: Aphasia in children is difficulty with speech, talking or verbally expressing oneself in a child.
  • Aphasia-epilepsy, acquired: A rare childhood neurological disorder characterized by aphasia, epileptic seizures and inability to recognize sounds. The symptoms may develop quickly or gradually.
  • Aphthous Ulcer: Small area of erosion in the mucosa of the mouth and tongue causing a painful, shallow lesion.
  • Appendicular pain: The appendix is a blind ended tube connected to the caecum, from which it develops embryologically. Blockage of the lumen of the appendix can lead to inflammation .
  • Appetite changes: Inappropriately reduced or increased appetite.
  • Apraxia: A disorder of skilled movement not due to tremors, weakness, akinesia or abnormal tone or posture.
  • Apraxia in children: Apraxia in children refers to a child who has difficulty in consistently and correctly saying what is intended as the result of a disorder of the central nervous system.
  • Apricot seed poisoning: Apricot seeds contain a chemical called amygdalin which breaks down into cyanide in the human body. The toxic chemicals are not released if the pit remains intact and therefore poisoning usually occurs if the seeds are crushed and eaten. Accidental ingestion is very unusual. Most parts of the apricot plant contain the toxic chemical with the highest concentration in young leaves. Different species of apricots have different levels of toxic chemical. Severe symptoms or even death can occur if children consume more than ten kernels or adults consume more than forty kernels. Theories exist that apricot kernels may help cancer sufferers but there has been no scientific studies that have proven this.
  • Aquagenic pruritus: Aquagenic pruritus is a skin disease characterized by the development of severe, intense, prickling-like epidermal itching that is without observable skin lesions and that is evoked by contact with water.
  • Arachnodactyly -- ataxia -- cataract -- aminoaciduria -- mental retardation: A rare syndrome characterized mainly by congenital cataracts, ataxia, mental retardation, abnormal amino acid metabolism and long, thin fingers.
  • Arachnoid Cysts: A rare disorder involving a fluid-filled cysts on the arachnoid membrane which is one of the thin layers of tissue that form a membrane which covers the spinal cord and brain. The type and severity of symptoms is determined by the size and location of the cyst.
  • Arakawa's syndrome 2: An inherited metabolic disorder where an enzyme deficiency (methionine synthase) causes mental and physical retardation, blood disorders, degeneration of brain tissue and various other symptoms.
  • Arbovirosis: An infectious disease caused by an arbovirus. The virus is transmitted by arthropods such as insects and ticks. Examples of arboviruses include Yellow Fever, Japanese encephalitis and tick-borne encephalitis. The symptoms may vary depending on the type of virus involved. The infection can lead to life-threatening brain inflammation.
  • Areflexia: slowing or delayed reflexes
  • Arena syndrome: A rare disorder characterized by mental retardation, spastic paraplegia and iron deposits in part of the brain that controls movement (basal ganglia).
  • Argentinean hemorrhagic fever: An infectious disease caused by the Junin virus. Transmission can occur through contact with infected rodent (usually the corn mouse) urine, feces or saliva. The incubation period lasts from one to two weeks. The disease is most common in rural workers in Argentina.
  • Arginase deficiency: A very rare urea cycle disorder caused by a deficiency of the enzyme (arginase) needed to convert ammonia to the urea which can then be removed in the urine. The condition leads to excess build-up of ammonia in the body which is toxic to the nervous system.
  • Argininosuccinase lyase deficiency, neonatal: A rare inherited urea cycle disorder caused by lack of enzymes (argininosuccinase lyase) needed to turn ammonia into urea resulting in excess ammonia in the body. The neonatal form of the condition can result in death or severe complications if not treated early enough.
  • Argininosuccinic aciduria: A rare inherited disorder of the urea cycle characterized by the lack of an enzyme (argininosuccinate lyase) which is needed to remove nitrogen from the body so a lack of the enzyme leads to a build-up of ammonia in the blood.
  • Arginninosuccinic acid synthetase deficiency:
  • Arima syndrome: A rare disorder characterized mainly by eye and brain abnormalities.
  • Arizona Bark Scorpion poisoning: A bite from the Arizona Bark scorpion contains chemicals toxic to the nerve system and can cause serious, life-threatening symptoms.
  • Arm burning sensation: Abnormal burning sensation in the arm.
  • Arm cold: Abnormal sensation of coldness in the arm.
  • Arm coldness: A cold sensation occurring on the arm
  • Arm coldness in children: Arm coldness in children is an abnormally cold or cool sensation in the arm of a child.
  • Arm itch: A sensation that causes a desire to scratch the skin of the arm
  • Arm numb: Abnormal sensation of numbness in the arm.
  • Arm numbness: Loss of feeling or sensation
  • Arm pain: Pain or discomfort of one or both arms
  • Arm pain in children: Arm pain in children is a sensation of pain or discomfort of an arm in a child.
  • Arm paralysis: A loss of the motor and or sensory function of the arm due to either a muscular or neural mechanism
  • Arm paresthesia: Arm tingling, prickling, numbness or burning sensations
  • Arm sensitive: Increased responsiveness of the arm to any form of stimulus.
  • Arm spasm: Involuntary contractions of muscles in the arm.
  • Arm stiffness: Lacking the ease or comfort of arm joint movement.
  • Arm tingling: Abnormal tingling sensation in the arm.
  • Arm tremor: The occurrence of a physical tremor located in the arm
  • Arm weakness: Weakness of the muscles of the arm.
  • Arm weakness in children: Arm weakness in children is a lack of strength of the arm of a child.
  • Arms are adducted and extended: position of the upper limb due various etiologies
  • Arnold-Chiari Malformation (Type 1): A rare malformation where the base of the brain enters into the upper spinal canal.
  • Arnold-Chiari malformation type 2: A rare malformation where the base of the brain enters into the upper spinal canal. The extent of the deformity is greater in type 2 than type 1 and hence the symptoms are more severe and are often associated with a myelomeningocele (opening of the spine and spinal cord).
  • Arnold-Chiari malformation type 3: An extremely rare malformation where the base of the brain enters into the upper spinal canal. Type 3 involves the herniation of brain or brain stem tissue out of the back of the neck or head. The condition generally has a poor prognosis.
  • Arnold-Chiari malformation type 4: Arnold-Chiari malformation is a rare malformation where the base of the brain enters into the upper spinal canal. Type 4 actually involves a lack of development of a portion of the base of the brain (cerebellum). The prognosis is very poor with death often occurring during infancy.
  • Arnold-Chiari syndrome: malformation of the brain which leads to herniation of the cerebellar tonsils and the medulla into the foramen magnum
  • Arteriosclerosis Obliterans: Arteriosclerosis that results in the narrowing and gradual blockage of the artery. Arteriosclerosis involves the deposition of cholesterol plaques and other material on the inside of the artery walls. The symptoms will depend on the location of the arteries affected and how severe the blockage is.
  • Arteriovenous Malformation: Birth defect of a tangle of veins and arteries.
  • Arteriovenous fistula: Connection between artery and vein.
  • Artery burning sensation: Abnormal sensations in the arterial wall which may be due to an autoimmune response.
  • Artery tingling: Abnormal sensations in the arterial wall which may be due to an autoimmune response.
  • Arthralgia: pain in the joints
  • Arthralgia in lower limb: unilateral arthralgia
  • Arthralgia of both lower limbs: Bilateral arthralgia
  • Arthralgia similar to that in Inflammatory bowel disease: pain in the joints similar to that of Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis
  • Arthritis: A condition which is characterized by the inflammation of a joint
  • Arthritis-like symptoms: A condition which is characterized by symptoms which mimic that of arthritis
  • Arthrogryposis: A condition which is characterized by the persistent flexure of a joint
  • Arthrogryposis -- epileptic seizures -- migrational brain disorder: A rare disorder characterized by congenital joint contractures, epileptic seizures and brain development abnormalities. It can be caused by fetal exposure to alcohol or chemical products.
  • Arthrogryposis, congenital -- myopathic seizures: A rare syndrome characterized by mental retardation and muscle problems.
  • Aseptic meningitis: The occurrence of symptoms consistent with meningitis without the location of a causative organism
  • Aspartylglucosaminidase deficiency: A rare glycoprotein metabolism disorder caused by a deficiency of an enzyme called aspartylglucosaminidase. Patients tend to develop normally during the first few years of life and development continues slowly until adolescence when mental retardation becomes progressively worse.
  • Aspartylglucosaminuria: A rare glycoprotein metabolism disorder caused by a deficiency of an enzyme called aspartylglucosaminidase. Patients tend to develop normally during the first few years of life and development continues slowly until adolescence when mental retardation becomes progressively worse.

Conditions listing medical symptoms: Brain symptoms:

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Conditions listing medical complications: Brain symptoms:

The following list of medical conditions have 'Brain symptoms' or similar listed as a medical complication in our database.

 

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