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Symptoms » Cerebellar ataxia » Glossary
 

Glossary for Cerebellar ataxia

Medical terms related to Cerebellar ataxia or mentioned in this section include:

  • 3-methylglutaconic aciduria, type 4: A rare genetic disorder where the body's cells are unable to make sufficient energy resulting in an accumulation in the body of 3-methylglutaconic acid. Type 4 is characterized by symptoms which overlap type 1 and 3.
  • 3-methylglutaconic aciduria, type V: A rare genetic disorder where the body's cells are unable to make sufficient energy resulting in an accumulation in the body of 3-methylglutaconic acid.
  • ARCA: A group of recessively inherited neurological disorders characterized mainly by cerebellar ataxia and usually with other additional abnormalities.
  • Abscess: This is an area of puss collected in a cavity which is constituted by necrotised tissue
  • Acoustic neuroma: A rare benign tumor that forms in the hearing canal. Can cause tinnitus, progressive hearing loss, headaches, facial numbness, papilledema, dizziness and an unsteady walk. Speaking and swallowing difficulty can occur in advanced stages. Also called acoustic neurilemoma, acoustic neurinoma and acoustic neurofibroma.
  • Acute cerebellar ataxia: Acute cerebellar ataxia involves symptoms such as balance and coordination problems which are controlled by the cerebellar part of the brain.
  • Alcohol abuse: Excessive alcohol as a symptom of other conditions
  • Arachnodactyly -- ataxia -- cataract -- aminoaciduria -- mental retardation: A rare syndrome characterized mainly by congenital cataracts, ataxia, mental retardation, abnormal amino acid metabolism and long, thin fingers.
  • Arnold-Chiari Malformation (Type 1): A rare malformation where the base of the brain enters into the upper spinal canal.
  • Arnold-Chiari malformation type 2: A rare malformation where the base of the brain enters into the upper spinal canal. The extent of the deformity is greater in type 2 than type 1 and hence the symptoms are more severe and are often associated with a myelomeningocele (opening of the spine and spinal cord).
  • Ataxia: Failure of muscular coordination
  • Ataxia Telangiectasia: A rare inherited childhood disorder involving progressive degeneration of the nervous system.
  • Balance symptoms: Problems with balance or vertigo
  • Barbiturate abuse: Abuse of barbiturate medications
  • Basal ganglia calcification, idiopathic 1: Abnormal calcium deposits in the part of the brain called the basal ganglia. Type 1 results in psychiatric, cognitive or neurological problems associated with the calcification. The symptoms experienced are variable.
  • Behavioral symptoms: Symptoms of personal behavior.
  • Behcet's syndrome: Recurring inflammation of small blood vessels affecting various areas.
  • Biemond Syndrome: A rare genetic disorder characterized by nystagmus, cerebellar ataxia and short digits.
  • Biemond syndrome type 1: A rare inherited condition characterized by mental retardation, finger and toe abnormalities, obesity and eye problems.
  • Bilateral cerebellar ataxia: gross incoordination of muscle movement
  • Brachydactyly nystagmus cerebellar ataxia: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by short digits, nystagmus and cerebellar ataxia.
  • Brain symptoms: Symptoms affecting the brain
  • CACH syndrome: A rare syndrome characterized mainly by childhood ataxia and reduced myelination of the cerebral nerves. Motor and mental development in the first few years of life is normal with progressive neurodegeneration occurring between 2 and 5 years of age. Fever and trauma to the head can speed up disease progression.
  • Cerebellar Ataxia, Deafness and Narcolepsy: A rare condition characterized by the association of narcolepsy, deafness and cerebellar ataxia. Narcolepsy is a sleep disorder where characterized by the classic tetrad of excessive daytime sleepiness, cataplexy, hypnagogic hallucinations and sleep paralysis.
  • Cerebellar ataxia -- areflexia -- pes cavus -- optic atrophy -- sensorineural hearing loss: A rare syndrome characterized mainly by ataxia, absent reflexes, high foot arch (pes cavus), progressive optic nerve degeneration and hearing impairment. The ataxic symptoms tended to occur early in life after an illness involving fevers. The ataxia then tends to come and go but then persists into adulthood. The severity of symptoms is variable.
  • Cerebellar ataxia -- ectodermal dysplasia: A rare syndrome characterized by balance and coordination problems and teeth and hair abnormalities.
  • Cerebellar ataxia in children: Cerebellar ataxia in children refers to a child who has uncoordinated muscle movements.
  • Cerebellar ataxia, areflexia, pes cavus, optic atrophy and sensorinural hearing loss: A rare syndrome characterized mainly by ataxia, absent reflexes, high foot arch (pes cavus), progressive optic nerve degeneration and hearing impairment. The ataxic symptoms tended to occur early in life after an illness involving fevers. The ataxia then tends to come and go but then persists into adulthood.
  • Cerebellar ataxia, infantile with progressive external ophthalmoplegia: A rare disorder characterized by cerebellar ataxia during infancy and progressive paralysis of eye muscles.
  • Cerebellar degeneration: Degeneration of nerves in the part of the brain called the cerebellum which controls balance and muscle coordination.
  • Cerebellar lesions: diseases of cerebellum affect movement control
  • Cerebral Palsy: Any brain disorder causing movement disability
  • Cerebrotendinous Xanthomatosus: A rare syndrome where a genetic mutation results in a metabolic disorders caused by a deficiency of sterol 27-hydroxylase deficiency. The condition causes progressive neurological dysfunction, cataracts and premature atherosclerosis. Deposits of cholesterol and cholestanol can be found in any part of the body including the brain. The rate of progression and severity of symptoms varying amongst patients. The degree of neurological involvement is also variable.
  • Ceroid lipofuscinosis, neuronal 1, infantile: A rare inherited biochemical disorder involving the progressive accumulation of certain chemicals (lipopigments) in body tissues due to deficiency of an enzyme (palmitoyl-protein thioesterase) needed to process it.
  • Ceroid lipofuscinosis, neuronal 2, late infantile type: A rare inherited biochemical disorder involving the progressive accumulation of certain chemicals (lipopigments) in body tissues due to deficiency of an enzyme (protease tri-peptidyl-peptidase) needed to process it.
  • Ceroid lipofuscinosis, neuronal 3, Juvenile: A progressive genetic disorder where defective lipid metabolism that causes blindness, neurological deterioration, dementia leading to total incapication within years and death within 10-15 years.
  • Ceroid lipofuscinosis, neuronal 4: A rare inherited biochemical disorder involving the progressive accumulation of certain chemicals (lipopigments) in body tissues due to deficiency of an enzyme (palmitoyl-protein thioesterase 1) needed to process it.
  • Chiari Malformation: Protrusion of the brain down the spinal column.
  • Chiari-1 Malformation: A rare malformation where the base of the brain enters into the upper spinal canal.
  • Chickenpox: Common viral infection.
  • Clumsiness: Clumsy motions or poor coordination
  • Congenital disorder of glycosylation type 1A: A very rare inherited metabolic disorder where defective carbohydrate compounds are attached to glycoproteins and thus impairing glycoprotein function. Type 1A involves a phosphomannomutase enzyme defect and affects most body systems especially the nervous system and liver function.
  • Congenital disorder of glycosylation type 2H: Congenital disorders of glycosylation is a group of very rare inherited metabolic disorder where defective carbohydrate compounds are attached to glycoproteins and thus impairing glycoprotein function. Type IIh is caused by a defect on chromosome 16q22.1 and involves a defect on the COG8 gene.
  • Congenital disorder of glycosylation type IIH: Congenital disorders of glycosylation is a group of very rare inherited metabolic disorder where defective carbohydrate compounds are attached to glycoproteins and thus impairing glycoprotein function. Type IIh is caused by a defect on chromosome 16q22.1 and involves a defect on the COG8 gene.
  • Coordination problems: Symptoms affecting physical coordination.
  • Cowden's syndrome: A rare hereditary condition characterized by multiple noncancerous nodules called hamartomas. Sufferers also face an increased risk of particular cancers.
  • Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease: A very rare degenerative brain disease that can be inherited, transmitted (eg in surgical transplants using infected tissue) or as a result of genetic mutations. The condition is fatal.
  • Dementia, familial Danish: A rare inherited form of dementia caused by the deposit of abnormal substances in the brain, spinal cord and retina and the degeneration of brain tissue. Deafness and cataracts usually started in the 20's with severe deafness occurring by the age of 45. Movement problems usually started after the age of 40 with death occurring in the 5th or 6th decade.
  • Encephalitis: Infection of the brain (as a symptom)
  • Epstein-Barr virus: Common virus causing mononucleosis
  • Ethanol -- Teratogenic Agent: There is evidence to indicate that exposure to Ethanol during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of exposure and the stage of pregnancy that the exposure occurred at.
  • Ethotoin -- Teratogenic Agent: There is evidence to indicate that exposure to Ethotoin (an anticonvulsant drug) during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of exposure and the stage of pregnancy that the exposure occurred at.
  • Face symptoms: Symptoms affecting the face
  • Familial chronic infantile diffuse sclerosis: A degenerative brain disease involving deterioration of the brain white matter which affects motor and mental functioning. The chronic infantile form starts during infancy and progresses slowly with survival possible to middle age.
  • Familial hemiplegic migraine:
  • Fanconi-Turler syndrome: A rare syndrome characterized mainly by mental retardation, ataxia and uncoordinated eye movements due to degeneration of parts of the brain.
  • Fisher (M.) syndrome: A rare type of nerve disease involving muscle coordination problems, eye muscle paralysis and absent reflexes. It appears to be caused by the body's own immune system destroying the protective layer around nerves. The condition is usually preceded by a viral illness and is not life-threatening.
  • Fluorouracil -- Teratogenic Agent: There is evidence to indicate that exposure to Fluorouracil (a chemotherapy drug) during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of exposure and the stage of pregnancy that the exposure occurred at.
  • Friedreich's ataxia: Progressive muscle weakness from nerve damage.
  • Giant axonal neuropathy: A rare genetic disorder characterized by incoordination, vision problems and dementia caused by abnormalities of a nerve cell component.
  • Glucosephosphate isomerase deficiency: A rare inherited condition where a lack of the enzyme glucosephosphate isomerase causes red blood cells to be destroyed prematurely (hemolytic anemia).
  • Gradual onset of cerebellar ataxia: Gradual onset of cerebellar ataxia is a slow development of uncoordinated muscle movements.
  • Griscelli syndrome type II: A rare genetic condition characterized by a partial lack of pigmentation in the eye, skin and hair, clumps of pigmentation in hair shafts, immunodeficiency and neurological symptoms.
  • Hallervorden-Spatz disease: Nerve disorder causing movement problems.
  • Hartnup Disease: A disorder of amino acid transport resulting in light sensitive dermatitis, ataxia, migraines and personality changes.
  • Head injury: Any injury that occurs to the head
  • Head symptoms: Symptoms affecting the head or brain
  • Hemiplegic migraine, familial type 1: A rare inherited form of migraine that characteristically causes temporary paralysis on one side of the body and involves the presence of an aura. A migraine episode may be triggered by minimal trauma to the head. The severity of the disorder is variable with some patients experiencing paralysis on one side of the body or coma for weeks.
  • Hereditary ataxia: Ataxia may depend on hereditary disorders consisting of degeneration of the cerebellum and/or of the spine
  • Hereditary cerebellar ataxia syndrome of early onset: An inherited form of cerebellar ataxia which has an early onset.
  • Hereditary non-progressive cerebellar ataxia syndrome of early onset: An inherited form of cerebellar ataxia which has an early onset and is not progressive.
  • Hoyeraal-Hreidarsson syndrome: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by retarded growth, a small head, anemia, immunodeficiency and an underdeveloped brain (cerebellum).
  • Hyponatremia: An electrolyte disturbance involving low sodium levels in the blood. Symptoms are determined by the degree of imbalance. Very low sodium levels can cause water intoxication which can be very dangerous.
  • Hypoparathyroidism: causesd by lack of PTH
  • Jeune-Tommasi syndrome: A rare genetic disorder characterized by ataxia, deafness and heart problems.
  • Joubert Syndrome: A rare neurological disorder where there is a defect in the part of the brain that controls coordination and balance.
  • Kearns-Sayre Syndrome: A rare neuromuscular disorder characterized by pigmented deposits on the retina, heart disease and progressive paralysis of some eye muscles.
  • Kuf Disease:
  • MELAS: A mitochondrial disorder characterized by stroke-like episodes, headaches, vomiting and other neurological symptoms.
  • Marie type ataxia: An inherited brain disorder that affects muscle coordination.
  • Marinesco-Sjogren syndrome: A group of recessively inherited disorder characterized mainly by incoordination due to a brain anomaly.
  • Medulloblastoma: A type of brain tumor.
  • Mercury -- Teratogenic Agent: There is strong evidence to indicate that exposure to Mercury during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the stage of pregnancy that the exposure occurred at.
  • Miller Fisher Syndrome: Autoimmune nerve condition.
  • Movement symptoms: Changes to movement or motor abilities
  • Multiple Sclerosis: Autoimmune attack on spinal nerves causing diverse and varying neural problems.
  • Muscle symptoms: Symptoms affecting the muscles of the body
  • Musculoskeletal symptoms: Symptoms affecting muscles or bones of the skeleton.
  • Nerve symptoms: Symptoms affecting the nerves
  • Neurodegeneration With Brain Iron Accumulation 2: A rare, inherited, progressive neurological movement disorder where accumulation of iron in the brain causes degeneration of the nervous system. Type 2 is linked to a defect in the PLA2G6 gene on chromosome 22q13.1.
  • Neurological symptoms: Any symptoms that are caused by neurological conditions
  • Niemann-Pick disease: A rare inherited biochemical disorder involving the deficiency of an enzyme (acid sphingomyelinase) needed to break down certain lipids which results in an accumulation of these lipids in the body.
  • Niemann-Pick disease, type D: Niemann-Pick disease is an inherited metabolic disorder where lipids are not able to be metabolized adequately and hence build up and cause damage in various parts of the body such as the spleen, liver, lungs, bone marrow and brain. Type D is no longer a relevant term as research has shown that it has the same genetic mutation as Type C and is therefore the same condition.
  • Normal Pressure Hydrocephalus: A block in the flow of cerebrospinal fluid in the brain, causing enlarged ventricles and brain atrophy.
  • Oculo-dento-digital dysplasia dominant: A rare disorder characterized by webbing of some fingers, small corneas, enamel abnormalities and slow-growing, dry hair.
  • Pantothenate kinase-associated neurodegeneration: A rare, inherited, progressive neurological movement disorder where accumulation of iron in the brain causes degeneration of the nervous system.
  • Paraneoplastic cerebellar degeneration: Disorders of the cerebellum associated with tumors. The cerebellum is the part of the brain that controls coordination. It is believed that the body's immune system's attempt to destroy the tumor results in damage to the cerebellum. The main tumors associated with this condition include lung and breast cancer, Hodgkin's lymphoma and reproductive organ tumors.
  • Paraneoplastic syndromes:
  • Phenylketonuria: A metabolic disorder where there is a deficiency of the enzyme phenylalanine hydroxylase which leads to a harmful buildup of the phenylalanine in the body. Normally the phenylalanine is converted into tyrosine. The severity of the symptoms can range from severe enough to cause mental retardation to mild enough not to require treatment. Severity is determined by the level of impairment of enzyme activity of phenylalanine hydroxylase.
  • Polymicrogyria, Bilateral Frontoparietal: Polymicrogyria refers to abnormal brain development where the brain has abnormally smooth gyri (convolutions) on the surface of the brain. In the bilateral frontoparietal form, both sides of the portion of the brain called the frontoparietal region are affected.
  • Possible human carcinogenic exposure -- Carbon tetrachloride: Some evidence indicates that exposure to Carbon tetrachloride has a possible link to an increased risk of developing cancer in humans. The carcinogenicity of the substance may be influenced by the duration and level of exposure. Carbon tetrachloride is used in a variety of applications such as in cleaning agents, refrigerants and fire extinguishers. Exposure to the chemical is most likely to occur in an occupational setting or through exposure to contaminated air, water or soil near manufacturing plants or waste sites.
  • Possible human carcinogenic exposure -- Lead: Some evidence indicates that exposure to Lead has a possible link to an increased risk of developing cancer in humans. The carcinogenicity of the substance may be influenced by the duration and level of exposure.
  • Possible human carcinogenic exposure -- Phenytoin: Some evidence indicates that exposure to Phenytoin (an anticonvulsant medication) has a possible link to an increased risk of developing cancer in humans. The carcinogenicity of the substance may be influenced by the duration and level of exposure.
  • Pyruvate carboxylase deficiency:
  • Pyruvate decarboxylase deficiency: A rare genetic disorder involving an enzyme (pyruvate decarboxylase) deficiency which results in symptoms such as failure to thrive, psychomotor retardation, small head, eye problems, increased blood ammonia levels and lactic acidosis which can result in infant death in severe cases.
  • Refsum Disease: A metabolic disorder where a deficiency of phytanic acid alpha-hydroxylase results in a buildup of phytanic acid in the body which causes neurological disorders.
  • Refsum disease with increased pipecolic acidemia: A rare disorder involving all the clinical features of Refsum disease as well as high blood levels of L-pipecolic acid. Refsum disease is a metabolic disorder where a deficiency of phytanic acid alpha-hydroxylase results in a buildup of phytanic acid in the body which causes neurological disorders.
  • Renal tubulopathy -- diabetes mellitus -- cerebellar ataxia: A very rare condition characterized by rapidly progressive diabetes, kidney disease and cerebellar ataxia. Symptoms develop during the first five years.
  • Sandhoff Disease: An inherited biochemical disorder involving a deficiency of the enzyme called hexosaminidase A&B which results in the harmful accumulation of chemicals in the central nervous system and other body tissues.
  • Senior-Loken Syndrome: A rare inherited disorder characterized by kidney dysfunction and progressive eye disease.
  • Shy- Drager syndrome: also known as multiple system atrophy
  • Sialidosis type 1: A rare inherited condition where deficiency of an enzyme called neuraminidase results in epilepsy, ataxia and vision problems as well as characteristic cherry red spots in the macula of the eye. Symptoms may be exacerbated by factors such as smoking and menstrual cycles.
  • Sialuria, Finnish type: A rare inherited biochemical disorder characterized by the accumulation of sialic acid in the tissues and excretion of sialic acid in the urine. This condition is an adult form of sialuria.
  • Spastic paraplegia 20, autosomal recessive: A rare disorder characterized mainly by progressive stiffness, weakness and wasting of the lower leg muscles. The thumb muscle and speech is also affected.
  • Spinocerebellar Ataxia: A condition characterised by a failure of muscle coordination due to pathology arising in the spinocerebellar tract of the spinal cord
  • Spongiform encephalopathy: A rare inherited prion disease which has a range of manifestations resulting primarily from degeneration of the nervous system.
  • Stroke symptoms: Brain-related symptoms of bleeding or blockage.
  • Syringobulbia: A neurological disorder that progresses slowly and is characterized by a fluid filled cavity in the spinal cord and brain stem.
  • Systemic lupus erythematosus: chronic autoimmune disease that can be fatal, though with recent medical advances, fatalities are becoming increasingly rare.
  • Telfer-Sugar-Jaeger syndrome: A rare genetic disorder characterized by patches of skin depigmentation as well as neurological problems such as incoordination, deafness and mental retardation.
  • Thyrocerebral-retinal syndrome: A very rare syndrome observed in a brother and sister and characterized by thyroid, kidney and neurological disease.
  • Tumor: Abnormal tissue growth which may be malignant or benign.
  • Unverricht-Lundborg syndrome: A rare inherited type of progressive myoclonus epilepsy which tends to cause symptoms during childhood. The involuntary muscle movements tend to occur more frequently and become more severe with increasing age. Symptoms may occur following various stimuli such as light, stress or exercise.
  • Van Bogaert disease: A rare inherited condition where cholesterol is deposited in the brain and other parts of the body. The disease is classified as a lipid storage disorder due to the abnormal deposition of cholesterol and cholestanol in various parts of the body - especially the brain, lungs and Achilles tendon. The condition is possibly highly underdiagnosed.
  • Van Bogaert's disease: A rare inherited condition where cholesterol is deposited in the brain and other parts of the body. The disease is classified as a lipid storage disorder due to the abnormal deposition of cholesterol and cholestanol in various parts of the body - especially the brain, lungs and Achilles tendon. The condition is possibly highly underdiagnosed.
  • Van Bogaert-Scherer-Epstein Disease: A rare inherited condition where cholesterol is deposited in the brain and other parts of the body. The disease is classified as a lipid storage disorder due to the abnormal deposition of cholesterol and cholestanol in various parts of the body - especially the brain, lungs and Achilles tendon. The condition is possibly highly underdiagnosed.
  • Vanishing white matter leukodystrophy: Degeneration of the brain white matter. The condition tends to progress relatively slowly but a sudden deterioration of symptoms can occur after a head trauma or an illness involving fever. Some degree of recovery can occur after the sudden deterioration but other cases can result in coma and death. Survival is possible into the third decade.
  • Vasculitis: A condition which is characterized by inflammation to blood vessels
  • Velocardiofacial syndrome: A genetic disorder which can present with a wide range of phenotypic manifestations which has lead to a number of different names being assigned to the various presentations e.g. DiGeorge Syndrome and Cayler Anomaly Face Syndrome. There are nearly 200 different symptoms that can occur and the severity of the condition is also highly variable depending on the nature and severity of the symptoms that are present.
  • Vitamin B12 Deficiency: A deficiency of Vitamin B12 primarily causes anemias the body is unable to make sufficient quantities of normal red blood cells. Severe cases can lead to permanent nervous system problems. The vitamin B12 deficiency can result from absorption problems, insufficient dietary intake, certain medications (e.g. metformin), inherited conditions (e.g. transcobalamin deficiency) and certain chronic parasitic intestinal infestations.
  • Vitamin E deficiency: Deficiency of Vitamin E
  • Von Hippel-Lindau Disease: Genetic disease causing multiple benign tumors
  • Wallenberg's Syndrome: A rare neurological condition caused by a stroke (involving the cerebellar artery) and resulting in symptoms such as facial paralysis or weakness on one side of body.
  • Wilson's disease: Wilson disease, or hepatolenticular degeneration, is a neurodegenerative disease of copper metabolism.
  • Wolfram's disease: A condition that is inherited and consists of multiple symptoms
  • Xanthomatosis cerebrotendinous: A rare inherited condition where cholesterol is deposited in the brain and other parts of the body. The disease is classified as a lipid storage disorder due to the abnormal deposition of cholesterol and cholestanol in various parts of the body - especially the brain, lungs and Achilles tendon. The condition is possibly highly underdiagnosed.

Conditions listing medical symptoms: Cerebellar ataxia:

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