- Cholesterol and lipids:
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With regular medical care and consistent patient compliance with treatment, high cholesterol and all the components of cholesterol, including HDL, LDL, and triglycerides, can successfully be brought to normal levels in the right balance.
The most effective high cholesterol treatment plan uses a multifaceted approach. This includes preventive care aimed at keeping cholesterol levels at a normal level in people who have not yet developed the condition. This is especially important for people who are at risk for high cholesterol. They include people with a family history of high cholesterol and heart disease.
Prevention measures are generally the same as initial treatments for high cholesterol. They include regular exercise, not smoking or drinking excessively, achieving and maintaining a healthy weight, and eating a heart-healthy well-balanced diet.
A heart healthy diet is rich in fresh fruit and vegetables and whole grains and includes low-fat or no-fat dairy products and moderate quantities of healthy meats. Total fat intake should be between 25 and 35 percent of calories. Most of the fats should come from sources of polyunsaturated and monounsaturated fats, which can actually help to lower cholesterol levels. They include fats from fish, nuts and vegetable oils, such as salmon, trout, herring, avocados, olives, walnuts and liquid vegetable oils.
Foods high in saturated and trans fats should be avoided. They include foods made with partially hydrogenated oils, such as baked goods, doughnuts,fried foods, shortening and some margarines and dairy products. Foods high in saturated fats include those processed from animals, including beef, beef fat, veal, lamb, pork, lard, poultry fat, butter, cream, milk, cheeses and other dairy products made from whole and 2 percentmilk.
For people who are unable to lower cholesterol levels to a healthy level through diet, exercise, and addressing unhealthy behaviors, such as smoking, treatment of high cholesterol also includes medication.
The most commonly prescribed cholesterol lowering drugs are the statins. Statins act to prevent formation of cholesterol in the liver. Statins are extremely effective at lowering LDL (bad) cholesterol. They can also lower triglycerides (blood fats) and raise the HDL (good) cholesterol.
New research is also finding that statins create an anti-inflammatory effect on the arteries that further lowers the risk for developing cardiovascular disease. Statins have also been found to reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease in people who do not have high cholesterol but are at risk for due to other factors.
Other medications include selective cholesterol absorption inhibitors, which lower cholesterol by preventing its absorption in the intestine from ingested cholesterol-containing foods. Niacin is a medication that works in the liver by affecting the production of blood fats. Other cholesterol lowering drugs include resins, which increase the elimination of LDL cholesterol in the intestines, and fibrates, which lower triglycerides.
Some of the possible treatments for Cholesterol and lipids from various sources may include:
Alternative treatments, home remedies, other other complementary therapies that have been listed as possibly helpful for Cholesterol and lipids in various sources may include:
Review the treatment information pages for various causes of Cholesterol and lipids:
More causes: not all possible causes for Cholesterol and lipids are listed above; for a full list refer to causes of Cholesterol and lipids.
Only your doctor can advise whether any of these treatments are appropriate for your specific medical situation. Always discuss all treatment options with your doctor before making a decision, including whether to start or discontinue any treatment plan.
The following list of conditions have 'Cholesterol and lipids' or similar listed as a symptom in our database. This computer-generated list may be inaccurate or incomplete. Always seek prompt professional medical advice about the cause of any symptom.
Select from the following alphabetical view of conditions which include a symptom of Cholesterol and lipids or choose View All.
The following list of medical conditions have 'Cholesterol and lipids'
or similar listed as a medical complication in our database.
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