Glossary for Chronic diarrhoea with weight loss in children
Medical terms related to Chronic diarrhoea with weight loss in children or mentioned in this section include:
- AIDS: A term given to HIV patients who have a low CD4 count (below 200) which means that they have low levels of a type of immune cell called T-cells. AIDS patients tend to develop opportunistic infections and cancers. Opportunistic infections are infections that would not normally affect a person with a healthy immune system. The HIV virus is a virus that attacks the body's immune system.
- Abdominal symptoms: Symptoms affecting the abdomen or digestive tract
- Abetalipoproteinemia: A rare genetic disorder involving fat metabolism. The disorder is also known as Bassen-Kornzweig syndrome. Signs of the disease include acanthocytosis, little or no serum beta-lipoproteins and hypocholesterolemia. In severe cases, steatorrhea, ataxia, nystagmus, motor incoordination and retinitis pigmentosa may also occur.
- Body symptoms: Symptoms affecting the entire body features.
- Bowel movements: Changes in type or frequency of bowel motions
- Bowel problems: Symptoms affecting the bowel
- Carcinoid tumor: A carcinoid tumor is a type of neuroendocrine tumor which tends to occur in the lungs or gastrointestinal tract. Symptoms will vary depending on the location of the tumor.
- Celiac Disease: Digestive intolerance to gluten in the diet.
- Child health symptoms: Symptoms related to pediatric (child) health.
- Chronic diarrhoea: Diarrhoea lasting for more than 3 weeks
- Chronic diarrhoea with weight loss:
- Common Variable Immunodeficiency: An immunodeficiency disorder involving low blood gamma globulin levels which results in an increased susceptibility to infections. The condition may be inherited or can be caused by certain drugs (levamisole, hydantoin and carbamazepine).
- Congenital Diarrhea, Secretory Sodium, 3: A congenital condition characterized by diarrhea resulting form a defect in the sodium/hydrogen exchange. The severity of the condition is variable.
- Cystic Fibrosis: Cystic fibrosis is a hereditary disease affecting the exocrine (mucus) glands of the lungs, liver, pancreas, and intestines, causing progressive disability due to multisystem failure.
- Diarrhea: Loose, soft, or watery stool.
- Digestive symptoms: Any symptoms affecting the digestive tract.
- Food Allergy -- soy: A soy allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to soy or food containing soy. The body's immune system produces immunoglobulin E (IgE - an antibody) and histamine in response to contact with the allergen. The specific symptoms that can result can vary considerably amongst patients from a severe anaphylactic reaction to asthma, abdominal symptoms, eczema or headaches.
- Giardia: Contagious parasitic digestive infection
- Grief or loss: The normal emotional response that occurs to an external loss
- Immune deficiency: A decrease in the capability of the immune system of the body
- Inflammatory bowel disease: Inflammatory bowel disease refers to digestive symptoms resulting from chronic bowel inflammation. Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis are two of the main subtypes of the disease. Scientists have discovered an array of genetic mutations which can result in an increased susceptibility to inflammatory bowel disease. Not all people with the genetic anomaly will develop the condition but it can increase the risk especially if other environmental factors are also present. The severity of the disease that develops is variable.
- Intestinal epithelial dysplasia: A rare intestinal disorder characterized by defects in the intestinal lining which results in severe chronic diarrhea usually soon after birth. Parenteral nutrition is usually required long term which can result in various complications and thus an intestinal transplant is usually recommended in severe cases.
- Lower abdominal symptoms: Symptoms affecting the lower abdominal region.
- Microvillus Inclusion Disease: A rare, inherited, progressive intestinal disease where a defect in the intestinal wall results in severe diarrhea after birth.
- Neural crest-derived tumors: A neuroendocrine tumor that occurs only in children and infants tends to have a chronic progression. The tumors may be benign or malignant and symptoms will vary depending on the location and malignancy of the tumor. Neural crest-derived tumors include benign swchwannomas, malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumors, neurofibromas and primary melanomas.
- Neuroblastoma: neuroblastoma is a malignant (cancerous) tumor of infants and children that develops from nerve tissue
- Pheochromocytoma: pheochromocytoma is a rare tumor that usually starts in the cells of the adrenal glands
- Stool symptoms: Changes to stool such as diarrhea
- Sucrase-Isomaltase Deficiency: A condition which is characterized by a deficiency of sucrase-isomaltase deficiency
- Tropical sprue: A rare digestive disease where the small intestine can't absorb nutrients properly.
- Vipoma: A rare disorder caused by an increase in secretion of vasoactive intestinal peptide by the pancreas. The syndrome is often caused by an islet-cell tumor (except for beta cells) in the pancreas.
- Weight loss: Loss of body weight.
- Weight loss disorders:
- Weight loss in children: Weight loss in children is a condition in which a child experiences a reduction of his or her weight.
- Weight symptoms: Symptoms related to body weight.
- Zollinger-Ellison syndrome: A rare disorder where excessive levels of the hormone gastrin are released into the stomach which increases stomach acidity which results in peptic ulcer development. A hormone secreting pancreatic or duodenal tumor is usually the cause.
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