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Symptoms » Chronic renal failure » Glossary

Glossary for Chronic renal failure

Medical terms related to Chronic renal failure or mentioned in this section include:

  • Abdominal symptoms: Symptoms affecting the abdomen or digestive tract
  • Acute intermittent porphyria: A rare inherited metabolic disorder caused by a disturbed porphyrin metabolism resulting in increased production of porphyrin or its precursors. Symptoms include abdominal pain, photosensitivity and neurological disturbances such as seizures, coma, hallucinations and respiratory paralysis.
  • Adenine phosphoribosyltransferase deficiency: A rare genetic disorder where an enzyme (2, 8-dihydroxyadenine) deficiency results in urinary tract stone formation.
  • Alport Syndrome: A rare hereditary disorder involving the progressive deterioration of parts of the kidney resulting in chronic kidney disease.
  • Amyloidosis: A disease characterized by the accumulation of insoluble amyloid protein in tissues and organs which in turn affects the functioning of these tissues and organs.
  • Autosomal Recessive Polycystic Kidney Disease: Severe form of PKD, a genetic kidney disease.
  • Barakat syndrome: A rare condition characterized by deafness, kidney disease and insufficiency parathyroid hormone production.
  • Bardet-Biedl Syndrome: A rare genetic disorder characterized by mental retardation, obesity, polydactyly and retinal pigmentation as well as other abnormalities.
  • Benign Prostate Hyperplasia: Non-cancerous prostrate enlargement common with aging
  • Bismuth -- Teratogenic Agent: Experimental studies on sheep indicate that the use of Bismuth during pregnancy may cause various harmful effects on the fetus. The likelihood and severity of symptoms may be affected by the level of exposure and the stage of pregnancy that the exposure occurred at. The effect on human fetuses has not been conclusively determined.
  • Bladder symptoms: Symptoms related to the bladder and urination.
  • Carnevale-Canun-Mendoza syndrome: A rare disorder characterized by loss of bone tissue in the wrists and ankles as well as kidney problems.
  • Chronic pyelonephritis: chronic pyelonephritis is persistent kidney inflammation that can scar the kidneys and may lead to chronic renal failure
  • Cystinosis: A rare biochemical disorder involving the accumulation of a chemical called cystine in various parts of the body which can cause harmful effects.
  • Danubian endemic familial nephropathy: A form of slow-progressing kidney disease that occurs in a particular geographic area which includes countries such as Bulgaria, Yugoslavia and Romania. The condition can remain asymptomatic for many years until serious kidney damage has occurred.
  • Denys-Drash Syndrome: A condition which is characterized by gonadal dysgenesis, nephropathy and the occurrence of Wilm's tumour
  • Diabetes: Symptoms similar to those of diabetes
  • Digestive symptoms: Any symptoms affecting the digestive tract.
  • Essential hypertension: esential hypertension refers to high blood pressure with no identifiable cause
  • Fabry disease: Genetic fat storage disorder
  • Fanconi syndrome: Fanconi syndrome that occurs secondary to the accumulation of crystals of light-chain immunoglobulin molecules in the kidney tubules which affects their functioning.
  • Frasier syndrome: A rare syndrome involving kidney disease and male pseudohermaphrodism (genetic male with some female sex organs). Kidney failure can occur as early as adolescence.
  • Galloway-Mowat Syndrome: A condition which is characterized by microcephaly, hiatal hernia and nephrotic syndrome
  • Glomerulonephritis: A condition which affects the kidneys and is characterized by inflammatory changes that occur in the glomeruli
  • Glomerulosclerosis: A condition which results in the fibrosis and scarring of the renal glomeruli
  • Gout: Painful joints, most commonly the big toe.
  • High blood pressure: Excessive blood pressure.
  • Hydronephrosis: Swelling of the kidney resulting from a blockage to the flow of urine.
  • Hypertension: Excessive blood pressure.
  • IgA nephropathy: A rare disorder where kidney inflammation leads to a build up of the antibody (IgA) in the kidney which results in the characteristic symptom of blood in the urine.
  • Juvenile gout: Gout that occurs in children as a result of kidney disease caused by a genetic defect.
  • Kidney symptoms: Symptoms affecting one or both kidneys.
  • Lesch-Nyhan syndrome: Inherited biochemical disorder of purine metabolism caused by the virtual absence of an enzyme called hypoxanthine-guanine phosphoribosyltransferase or HPRT.
  • Lowe Syndrome: An X linked condition characterized by vitamin D deficiency and causing an oculocerebrorenal syndrome
  • Lupus: chronic autoimmune disease that can be fatal, though with recent medical advances, fatalities are becoming increasingly rare.
  • Medullary Sponge Kidney: A rare inherited disorder where the tubes in the kidneys that collect urine are wider than normal.
  • Membranous nephropathy, idiopathic: A rare kidney disorder which occurs for no obvious reason and involves thickening and dysfunction of the filtering part of the kidneys.
  • Metastatic prostate cancer: Advanced prostate cancer results from any combination of lymphatic, blood, or contiguous local spread.
  • Myeloma: A primary malignancy of the plasma cells
  • Nail-Patella Syndrome: A rare inherited disorder characterized by small or absent kneecap and ridged and/or absent nails as well as other abnormalities
  • Nerve symptoms: Symptoms affecting the nerves
  • Norum disease: A rare genetic disorder disorder involving abnormal lipid metabolism due to a deficiency of an enzyme called lecithin:cholesterol acyltransferase. The condition causes high levels of cholesterol, triglycerides and phospholipids. The condition is not associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease.
  • Numbness of both elbows: Numbness of both elbows refers to the loss or reduction of sensation in the elbows.
  • Obstructive nephropathies: nephropathy from obstruction to the kidneys
  • Obstructive nephropathy: nephropathy from obstruction to the kidneys
  • Optic nerve coloboma with renal disease: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by kidney disease and a gap in the optic nerve which causes vision problems.
  • Primary hyperoxaluria type 1: A rare inherited inborn metabolic disorder characterized by excessive amounts of oxalate in the urine and deposits of oxalate in the kidneys which leads to progressive kidney failure. There are two subtypes of Oxalosis, each with a different origin for the genetic defect involved. Type 1 involves a deficiency of a liver enzyme called Alanine-glyoxylate aminotransferase. Type 2 tends to cause a milder disease than type 1 with better longterm outcomes.
  • Reflux nephropathy: A condition which is characterized by reflux of urine from the bladder back up the ureters
  • Renal artery stenosis: renal artery stenosis is a narrowing or blockage of the artery that supplies blood to the kidney
  • Renal disorder: disease affecting the kidneys
  • Renal failure: A condition characterized by a failure of the kidney to excrete toxic metabolites from the body
  • Renal pain: pain due to pathological involvement of the kidneys
  • Scleroderma, systemic: A rare autoimmune connective tissue disease where the body attacks parts of the body and causes scarring and thickness of the tissue. In the systemic form, the skin and organs are involved.
  • Senior-Loken Syndrome: A rare inherited disorder characterized by kidney dysfunction and progressive eye disease.
  • Sexual symptoms: Symptoms affecting the sexual organs
  • Systemic lupus erythematosus: chronic autoimmune disease that can be fatal, though with recent medical advances, fatalities are becoming increasingly rare.
  • Thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura, acquired: A rare blood condition where small blood clots form in blood vessels which reduces the number of blood platelets and results in kidney failure, neurological symptoms and anemia. The condition may be familial or acquired - symptoms tend to recur regularly in the familial form.
  • Townes-Brocks Syndrome: A rare condition characterized by anal, hand, foot and ear abnormalities.
  • Type 1 diabetes: Severe insulin-treated diabetes typically occurring in young people.
  • Upper abdominal symptoms: Symptoms affecting the upper abdominal region.
  • Urinary symptoms: Symptoms affecting urination or related organs.
  • Wegener's granulomatosis: A rare disease involving blood vessel inflammation which can affect the blood flow to various tissues and organs and hence cause damage. The respiratory system and the kidneys are the main systems affected.

Conditions listing medical symptoms: Chronic renal failure:

The following list of conditions have 'Chronic renal failure' or similar listed as a symptom in our database. This computer-generated list may be inaccurate or incomplete. Always seek prompt professional medical advice about the cause of any symptom.

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Conditions listing medical complications: Chronic renal failure:

The following list of medical conditions have 'Chronic renal failure' or similar listed as a medical complication in our database.


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