Glossary for Cognitive problems in children
Medical terms related to Cognitive problems in children or mentioned in this section include:
- Anemia: Reduced red blood cells in the blood
- Asperger syndrome: A neuropsychiatric disorder mainly involving the inability to understand and becoming involved in social interaction.
- Autism: Childhood mental condition with social and communication difficulties.
- Behavioral symptoms: Symptoms of personal behavior.
- Brain symptoms: Symptoms affecting the brain
- Cerebral Palsy: Any brain disorder causing movement disability
- Child health symptoms: Symptoms related to pediatric (child) health.
- Cognitive impairment: General loss of mental or cognitive ability
- Cri-du-chat syndrome: A rare genetic disorder where a small portion of the short arm (p) of chromosome 5 is missing. The condition is characterized by a high-pitched cry which is similar to a cat's cry.
- Delirium: Severe mental deterioration
- Delusions: Inappropriate or irrational beliefs.
- Depressive symptoms: Inappropriate depressed mood.
- Dyslexia: Dyslexia is a name for a condition where people have difficulty with reading and writing. People with dyslexia have normal intelligence and are not in any way mentally retarded or intellectually challenged. The difficulty with certain tasks is believed to be related to problems with perception capability in certain parts of the brain. Researchers have discovered that there are a number of genes linked to an increased susceptibility to dyslexia.
- Edwards Syndrome: A rare inherited genetic disorder where a portion of chromosome 18 is duplicated. Most affected individuals die during the fetal stage and surviving infants have serious defects and tend to live for only a short while.
- Electrolyte imbalance: impairment in the level of electrolytes in the body
- Encephalitis: Infection of the brain (as a symptom)
- Epilepsy: Paroxysmal transient disturbances of brain function that may manifest as loss of consciousness, abnormal motor phenomena
- Face symptoms: Symptoms affecting the face
- Fatigue: Excessive tiredness or weakness.
- Fetal alcohol syndrome: A condition which occurs in a new born fetus and is caused by the mother consuming excess alcohol during her pregnancy
- Forgetfulness: Forgetting things or loss of memory ability
- Fragile-X Syndrome: A rare inherited characterized by various physical anomalies as well as mental retardation. The symptoms are milder in females.
- Head symptoms: Symptoms affecting the head or brain
- Hearing impairment: Impaired ability to hear.
- Hydrocephalus: A condition which is characterized by marked dilatation of the cerebral ventricles
- Hypercalcemia: Raised blood calcium levels
- Klinefelter syndrome: A genetic condition where males have at least one extra X chromosome or extra copies of both the X and Y chromosomes in each cell. Normally male cells contain one X and one Y chromosome in each cell. The condition is not inherited but is a result of problems during cell division. Klinefelter syndrome variants is a more severe form of the condition as it involves more than one extra X or X and Y chromosome in each cell.
- Lead poisoning: A type of heavy metal poisoning caused by excessive exposure to lead.
- Learning disabilities: Difficulty with learning or schooling.
- Meningitis: Infection of the membrane around the brain (as a symptom)
- Mental problems: Symptoms affecting judgement, thought or intelligence.
- Mental retardation: Reduced mental ability or intelligence.
- Multiple Sclerosis: Autoimmune attack on spinal nerves causing diverse and varying neural problems.
- Nerve symptoms: Symptoms affecting the nerves
- Personality symptoms: Symptoms or changes to the personality.
- Sickle Cell Anemia: Sickle cell anemia is an inherited blood disorder characterized by red blood cells which are crescent-shaped rather than the normal doughnut shape. These abnormally shaped red blood cells are unable to function normally and tend to undergo premature destruction which leads to anemia. If the genetic defect which causes the condition is inherited from both parents the condition can be quite severe whereas if it is inherited from only one parent, often there are no symptoms. The abnormally shaped red blood cells can cause problems when they clump together and block blood vessels.
- Small baby: Small size of newborn baby
- Stress: Emotional stress (sometimes refers to physical stress)
- Systemic lupus erythematosus: chronic autoimmune disease that can be fatal, though with recent medical advances, fatalities are becoming increasingly rare.
- Traumatic Brain Injury: Brain injury from trauma or accident.
- Turner Syndrome: Rare chromosome syndrome with one X but no second X or Y chromosome.
Conditions listing medical symptoms: Cognitive problems in children:
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