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Symptoms » Dehydration » Glossary
 

Glossary for Dehydration

Medical terms related to Dehydration or mentioned in this section include:

  • 18-Hydroxylase deficiency: A rare genetic, metabolic defect where a deficiency of the enzyme 18-Hydroxylase which results in a reduced amount of aldosterone and salt wasting.
  • Abdominal symptoms: Symptoms affecting the abdomen or digestive tract
  • Abnormal blood test symptoms: Abnormal results from diagnostic blood tests.
  • Accidental Eye Injury: The accidental injury to an eye
  • Acidemia, methylmalonic: An inborn error of metabolism where amino acids in the body aren't metabolized properly resulting in high levels of the acid throughout the body.
  • Acidemia, propionic: An inherited genetic disorder where the body is incapable of processing some proteins and fats resulting in the accumulation of certain substances in the body which causes the symptoms of the condition. The condition can be life threatening.
  • Ackee Fruit Food poisoning: Unripe ackee fruit contains a chemical called hypoglycin A and B which affect the central nervous system and fatty acid oxidation. Eating the unripe fruit can cause symptoms can occur in as little as two hours but is generally 6 to 48 hours. The ackee fruit is found mainly in Jamaica, West Africa, Central America, Sought Florida, southern California and Hawaii.
  • Acute pancreatitis: sudden inflammation of the pancreas
  • Adrenal Cortex Diseases: Diseases of the adrenal cortex. Examples includes Addison's disease, Cushing's syndrome and adrenal fatigue.
  • Adrenal crisis: A potentially fatal condition where the adrenal cortex slows or stops functioning resulting in reduced glucocorticoids, decreased extracellular fluid volume and hyperkalemia. Symptoms include shock, coma, low blood pressure, weakness and loss of vasomotor tone. Also called addisonian crisis.
  • Adrenal gland hypofunction: Reduced adrenal gland activity due to damage to the adrenal gland or lack of stimulation of the gland. Pituitary hormones stimulate adrenal gland activity.
  • Adrenal gland symptoms: Symptoms affecting the adrenal glands
  • Adrenal hyperplasia: A group of disorder that occur when there is a problem in the process of making adrenal corticosteroids.
  • Adrenal hyperplasia, congenital type 3: A group of disorders that occur when a deficiency of 21-hydroxylase impairs the normal process of making adrenal corticosteroids. The severity of the condition is variable depending on the degree of deficiency.
  • Adrenal hypofunction: A condition which is characterized by a lack of production of hormones from the adrenal gland.
  • Adrenal hypoplasia congenital, X-linked: A genetic disorder which affects the body tissues that produce hormones. It is characterized by underdeveloped adrenal glands which results adrenal insufficiency and hypogonadotrophic hypogonadism.
  • Alcohol -- Teratogenic Agent: There is strong evidence to indicate that exposure to Alcohol during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of exposure and the stage of pregnancy that the exposure occurred at.
  • Amebic dysentery: Intestinal inflammation caused by Entamoeba histolytica and often marked by symptoms such as frequent, loose bowel movements that contain blood and mucus. Also called intestinal amebiasis.
  • Anemic -- hematuria syndrome: An epidemic disease in Argentina which has a prolonged recovery time but usually there are no complications. Symptoms vary between seasons so that affected patients suffer anorexia, vomiting, diarrhea and dehydration in summer but suffer reduced urination, excess blood, albumin and renal casts in the urine. Other symptoms occur irrespective of the season.
  • Angelman-Like Syndrome, X-linked: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by mental retardation, mutism, facial anomalies, epilepsy and weak eye muscles. Males tended to have severe mental retardation whereas female carriers had mild or no mental retardation. Patients do eventually walk but then often lose this ability by the age of 10 years. Female carriers tend to have mild symptoms and males have severe symptoms - symptoms are variable to some degree.
  • Anorexia Nervosa: A disorder where a distorted sense of body image leads to self-starvation to the point of death in some cases.
  • Argentinean hemorrhagic fever: An infectious disease caused by the Junin virus. Transmission can occur through contact with infected rodent (usually the corn mouse) urine, feces or saliva. The incubation period lasts from one to two weeks. The disease is most common in rural workers in Argentina.
  • Astrovirus: An RNA virus that may affect the gastrointestinal system
  • Autoimmune enteropathy: A very rare condition that occurs when the body's own immune system attacks the intestinal wall and affect the way it absorbs food.
  • Autoimmune enteropathy, type 1: A rare condition involving autoimmune problems which can variably manifest as enteropathy (diarrhea), hemolytic anemia, and endocrine gland diseases such as diabetes mellitus and thyroid disease. Resistance to viral infections is poor. The condition is life-threatening, especially during infancy and early childhood. As the condition is inherited in a X-linked manner, males tend to suffer severe symptoms whereas females suffer few if any symptoms as they are a carrier of the condition.
  • Azalea poisoning: Bacillus cereus is a bacterium that can cause food poisoning symptoms such as vomiting and diarrhea. There are two types: Type I causes mainly vomiting and is associated with fried rice whereas type II causes mainly diarrhea and is associated with meats, cereals, vegetables and milk.
  • Bacillus cereus type I food poisoning: Bacillus cereus is a bacterium that can cause food poisoning symptoms such as vomiting and diarrhea. There are two types: Type I causes mainly vomiting and is associated with fried rice whereas type II causes mainly diarrhea and is associated with meats, cereals, vegetables and milk.
  • Bacillus cereus type II food poisoning: Bacillus cereus is a bacterium that can cause food poisoning symptoms such as vomiting and diarrhea. There are two types: Type I causes mainly vomiting and is associated with fried rice whereas type II causes mainly diarrhea and is associated with meats, cereals, vegetables and milk.
  • Bell mania: A rare life-threatening neuropsychiatric disorder involving delusions, hyperactivity and periods of fever. Death can occur within days or months without treatment.
  • Beta ketothiolase deficiency: A rare inherited disease characterized by the bodies inability to metabolise certain amino acids and products of the breakdown of fat. Harmful levels of organic acids build up in the body and cause ketoacidic attacks.
  • Bleeding symptoms: Any type of bleeding symptoms.
  • Blood symptoms: Symptoms affecting the blood and its blood cells.
  • Body symptoms: Symptoms affecting the entire body features.
  • Bolivian hemorrhagic fever: An infectious disease that occurs in Bolivia and is caused by the Machupo virus. Transmission can occur through contact with infected rodent (Calomys callosus) droppings. The incubation period lasts from one to two weeks.
  • Bowel Obstruction: A condition which is characterized by the obstruction of the gastrointestinal system
  • Bowel obstruction: A condition which is characterized by the obstruction of the gastrointestinal system
  • Brainerd diarrhea: Diarrheal condition of unknown cause.
  • Burns: Injury from burns and scalds.
  • Bébé Collodion syndrome: A rare birth abnormality where an infant is born covered in a tight, yellow, shiny membrane. The membrane peels off and may reform several times. As the membrane dries it can leave crack which can result in infection, dehydration or inability to control body temperature. The tight skin can also affect breathing and feeding ability or impair blood supply to limbs. In mild cases the underlying skin may be normal. 10% of cases resolve themselves within a few weeks of birth.
  • Campylobacter food poisoning: Common bacterial infection usually from chicken.
  • Carcinoid syndrome: Carcinoid heart disease is a rare, metastatic disease that occurs predominantly in the right heart. The tricuspid and pulmonic valves are affected, leading to right heart failure, which results in increased morbidity and mortality.
  • Chemical poisoning -- Borates: Borate is a chemical used in a wide variety of products - herbicides, paints, insecticides, rodenticides and various personal products such as skin creams, toothpastes and powders. Ingestion and other exposures to the chemical can cause various symptoms. The type and severity of symptoms varies depending on the amount of chemical involved and the nature of the exposure.
  • Chicken soup poisoning: The consumption of excessive amounts of chicken soup can result in serious symptoms due to very high salt levels in the body. Children and the elderly are more likely to be affected by the high salt levels of chicken soup however the condition is rarely seen. Chicken soup is often promoted as useful for treating colds, asthma or emaciation.
  • Cholera: An acute bacterial disease transmitted through food or water contaminated with human faeces. The intestinal infection is caused by the bacterium Vibrio cholerae.
  • Chromosome 10, Monosomy 10p:
  • Chromosome 10p deletion syndrome: A rare chromosomal disorder where there is a deletion of the short arm (p) of chromosome 10 resulting in variable abnormalities.
  • Chromosome 9, Tetrasomy 9p: A rare chromosomal disorder where there is four copies of the short arm of chromosome 9 instead of the normal two resulting in various abnormalities.
  • Chromosome 9, trisomy 9p: A rare chromosomal disorder where a portion of the short arm (p) of chromosome 9 is duplicated so there is three copies of it instead of the normal two.
  • Chromosome 9p tetrasomy syndrome: A rare chromosomal disorder where there is four copies of the short arm of chromosome 9 instead of the normal two resulting in various abnormalities.
  • Chronic kidney failure: Gradual failure of the kidneys over a period of time
  • Ciliary dysentery: A form of gastroenteritis caused by a ciliated parasite called Balantidium coli. The parasites are usually found in swine. Symptoms can persist from one to four weeks but may recur if not treated.
  • Clostridium perfringens food poisoning: Common type of food poisoning.
  • Cocaine overdose: Cocaine is an illegal and highly addictive recreational drug. Excessive doses of the drug can result in various symptoms and even death in severe cases.
  • Cockayne syndrome: A rare genetic disorder characterized by a senile-like appearance, hearing and vision impairment and sun sensitive skin.
  • Cockayne syndrome type 1: A rare inherited condition characterized by short stature, light sensitivity and a prematurely aged appearance. Type 1 is an early-onset form and involves progressive symptoms that usually start after 1 year of age.
  • Cockayne syndrome type 2: A rare inherited condition characterized by severely impaired neurological development. Type 2 is a congenital form of the disorder and symptoms are apparent from birth.
  • Codeine withdrawal: Symptoms that occur when Codeine use is discontinued or reduced. Codeine is a sedative pain-killer. Symptoms may vary depending on the level of dependence.
  • Colchicine toxicity: The toxic reaction of the body to the substance, possibly via allergic reaction or overdose.
  • Colibacillosis: Infection with a bacteria called Escherichia coli. Infection can cause severe diarrhea or septicemia. The bacteria can also produce toxins which can affect other parts of the body also. Infections can occur anywhere in the world but some developing countries have endemic areas. Transmission can occur contaminated animal products or contact with infected cats and dogs.
  • Colitis: Inflammation of the colon
  • Collagenous Colitis: A chronic disorder of the digestive system characterized by inflammation and thickening of the large intestine lining.
  • Colonic volvulus: Twisting of the colon.
  • Congenital Malabsorptive Diarrhea, 4: A congenital condition characterized by diarrhea and malabsorption resulting form a reduced number of enteroendocrine cells. Enteroendocrine cells are found mainly in the pancreas but also in the gastrointestinal tract and they produce various hormones needed for processes such as digestion.
  • Congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH): A group of disorder that occur when there is a problem in the process of making adrenal corticosteroids.
  • Congenital adrenal hyperplasia -- sodium-wasting form: A group of disorder that occur when a deficiency of 21-hydroxylase impairs the normal process of making adrenal corticosteroids - a severe deficiency of 21-hydroxylase causing salt-wasting which is potentially fatal.
  • Congenital chloride diarrhea: A rare birth disorder where the intestines don't absorb electrolytes properly (especially chloride) which leads to electrolyte imbalance which is potentially fatal if untreated. Symptoms often start while the infant is still inside the womb.
  • Congenital lactase deficiency: A congenital metabolic disorder where a deficiency of an enzyme called lactase impairs the body's ability to digest milk and other products that contain lactose. Symptoms tend to occur soon after consuming such products. The severity of symptoms depends on the degree of lactase deficiency.
  • Congenital microvillous atrophy: A birth disorder involving a defect in the cells lining the intestines which results in watery diarrhea from birth which can be life threatening if not treated.
  • Congenital sucrose-isomaltose malabsorption: A rare disorder where a congenital deficiency of an enzyme (sucrase-isomaltase) prevents the absorption of sucrase and isomaltose consumed in the diet.
  • Corticosterone Methyloxidase type I Deficiency: A very rare genetic disorder where deficiency of a particularly chemical (aldosterone synthase) results in a deficiency of aldosterone. The condition can be severe enough to cause infant death unless the patient is diagnosed and treated.
  • Croup: A condition characterized by an acute partial obstruction of the upper airway on young children
  • Cryptosporiosis: Contagious parasitic digestive infection
  • Cutaneous photosensitivity colitis, lethal: A very rare syndrome where extreme sun sensitivity of the skin is associated with difficult to treat diarrhea. Death often occurs during infancy.
  • Cyclic vomiting syndrome: recurrent attacks of intense nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain with or without headache/ migraine
  • Cystic fibrosis -- gastritis -- megaloblastic anemia: A very rare syndrome characterized primarily by cystic fibrosis, anemia and gastritis.
  • Cystinosis: A rare biochemical disorder involving the accumulation of a chemical called cystine in various parts of the body which can cause harmful effects.
  • Deal-Barratt-Dillon syndrome: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by scaly skin, jaundice, diarrhea and Fanconi syndrome (bone marrow fails to make sufficient new blood cells).
  • Decreased chloride: A decrease in the amount of chloride in the body.
  • Defect in synthesis of adenosylcobalamin: A rare genetic disorder characterized by the impaired ability to make a chemical called adenosylcobalamin. Adenosylcobalamin is a derivative of vitamin B12. The defect results a biochemical abnormality which affects the body's normal biochemical functioning.
  • Dehydration: Loss and reduction in body water levels
  • Developmental Lactase Deficiency: This form of lactase deficiency occurs in premature infants. Lactase enzyme activity usually develops late in pregnancy so a preterm infant will not yet have developed this enzyme function. The greater the degree of prematurity, the greater the reduction in lactase activity.
  • Diabetes: Symptoms similar to those of diabetes
  • Diabetes Insipidus: A condition which is characterized by polyuria causing dehydration and resulting in great thirst
  • Diabetes Insipidus, Neurogenic: A disturbed water balance due to a deficiency of vasopressin (antidiuretic) hormone which causes excessive thirst and urination. Causes include autoimmune disease, malignancy, trauma, infection and blood vessel disease.
  • Diabetes insipidus: A condition which is characterized by polyuria causing dehydration and resulting in great thirst
  • Diabetes insipidus, diabetes mellitus, optic atrophy: A rare association of diabetes insipidus, diabetes mellitus, optic atrophy, and deafness.
  • Diabetes insipidus, nephrogenic type 2: A rare congenital condition where the kidney fails to respond to the antidiuretic hormone (arginine vasopressin), thus preventing reabsorption of water. This results in excessive urination and thirst. Type II is specifically caused by a defect in the AQP2 gene on chromosome 12q13.
  • Diabetes insipidus, nephrogenic, dominant type: A rare dominantly inherited, congenital condition where the kidney fails to respond to the antidiuretic hormone (arginine vasopressin), thus preventing reabsorption of water. This results in excessive urination and thirst. The condition is specifically caused by a defect in the AQP2 gene on chromosome 12q13.
  • Diabetes insipidus, nephrogenic, recessive type: A rare recessively inherited, congenital condition where the kidney fails to respond to the antidiuretic hormone (arginine vasopressin), thus preventing reabsorption of water. This results in excessive urination and thirst. The condition is specifically caused by a defect in the AQP2 gene on chromosome 12q13.
  • Diabetes mellitus, congenital insulin-dependent, with fatal secretory diarrhea: A rare condition involving autoimmune problems which can variably manifest as enteropathy (diarrhea), hemolytic anemia, and endocrine gland diseases such as diabetes mellitus and thyroid disease. Resistance to viral infections is poor. The condition is life-threatening, especially during infancy and early childhood. As the condition is inherited in a X-linked manner, males tend to suffer severe symptoms whereas females suffer few if any symptoms as they are a carrier of the condition.
  • Diabetes mellitus, transient neonatal: A form of infant diabetes that starts usually in the month of life but then usually disappears within a year. The condition predisposes the infant to diabetes later in life.
  • Diabetes-like symptoms: Symptoms similar to those of diabetes
  • Diabetic Ketoacidosis: A metabolic acidosis that results from the accumulation of ketones when diabetes mellitus is poorly controlled
  • Diabetic ketoacidosis: A metabolic acidosis that results from the accumulation of ketones when diabetes mellitus is poorly controlled
  • Diarrhea: Loose, soft, or watery stool.
  • Diarrhea -- polyendocrinopathy -- infections, X-linked: A rare X-linked disorder characterized by diarrhea and severe, fatal infections during infancy. The body's immune system attacks it's own endocrine glands and various other organs. Females are carriers and can have mild symptoms whereas males suffer the fatal course of the disease.
  • Diarrhea 2, with Microvillous Atrophy: A rare congenital condition characterized by diarrhea resulting form a defect in small intestine.
  • Diarrhea, polyendocrinopathy, fatal infection syndrome, X-linked: A rare condition involving autoimmune problems which can variably manifest as enteropathy (diarrhea), hemolytic anemia, and endocrine gland diseases such as diabetes mellitus and thyroid disease. Resistance to viral infections is poor. The condition is life-threatening, especially during infancy and early childhood. As the condition is inherited in a X-linked manner, males tend to suffer severe symptoms whereas females suffer few if any symptoms as they are a carrier of the condition.
  • Digestive symptoms: Any symptoms affecting the digestive tract.
  • Diseases contagious from breast milk: Diseases that can be contracted from a mothers breast milk
  • Disulfiram toxicity: The toxic reaction of the body to the substance, possibly via allergic reaction or overdose.
  • Duodenal atresia: A rare birth defect where a portion of the small intestine is absent or completely closed off and the digestive products cannot pass through. It is usually associated with other birth defects.
  • Duodenal atresia tetralogy of Fallot: A rare birth defect characterized by a heart defect and an intestinal malformation where the duodenum is absent or closed off which prevents digested material passing through.
  • E-coli food poisoning: Type of bacterial food poisoning
  • Ecstasy abuse: Use of the illicit drug called ecstasy
  • Electrolyte imbalance symptoms: Symptoms related to an imbalance of the electrolyte levels in the blood.
  • Endocrine-Cerebroosteodysplasia: A rare condition observed in six members from two families. The condition is severe with all affected individuals dying before, during or soon after birth. A number of the pregnancies were voluntarily terminated due to the detected malformations. Endocrine-Cerebroosteodysplasia primarily involves brain, skeletal and endocrine abnormalities.
  • Enophthalmos: A condition which is characterized by the recession of the eyeball into one's orbit
  • Enophthalmus: Appearance of sunken eyeball in eye socket.
  • Enopthalmos: Backward displacement of the eye into the orbit.
  • Enteric Anendocrinosis: A congenital condition characterized by diarrhea and malabsorption resulting form a reduced number of enteroendocrine cells. Enteroendocrine cells are found mainly in the pancreas but also in the gastrointestinal tract and they produce various hormones needed for processes such as digestion.
  • Enteroaggregative E. Coli infection: A bacterial infection that results from ingesting contaminated food or water and results in diarrhea that tends to last for weeks. It most often causes diarrhea in children in developing countries. Enteroaggregative refers to the grouping nature of the bacterial attack on the intestinal lining.
  • Enterohemorrhagic E. Coli infection: A bacterial infection that results from ingesting contaminated food or water and results in bloody diarrhea. Enterohemorrhagic refers to the intestinal bleeding associated with the infection.
  • Enterohemorrhagic Escherichia Coli Infection: An Escherichia Coli infection that occurs in the bowel causing an enterohemorrhagic condition
  • Enteroinvasive E. Coli infection: A type of bacterial infection that results from ingesting contaminated food or water and results in gastroenteritis. Enteroinvasive refers to the invasion of bacteria into the gastrointestinal lining. It tends to occur as occasional outbreaks in developed countries and as endemic infections in developing countries.
  • Enteropathogenic E. Coli infection: A bacterial infection that results from ingesting contaminated food or water and results in watery and sometimes bloody diarrhea. It most often causes diarrhea in infants in developing countries. Contaminated drinking water and meat products are the main source of infection. Enteropathogenic refers to the way that the bacteria use specific proteins to adhere to the intestinal lining.
  • Enteropathy, autoimmune, with hemolytic anemia and polyendocrinopathy: A rare condition involving autoimmune problems which can variably manifest as enteropathy (diarrhea), hemolytic anemia, and endocrine gland diseases such as diabetes mellitus and thyroid disease. Resistance to viral infections is poor. The condition is life-threatening, especially during infancy and early childhood. As the condition is inherited in a X-linked manner, males tend to suffer severe symptoms whereas females suffer few if any symptoms as they are a carrier of the condition.
  • Enterotoxigenic E. Coli infection: A bacterial infection that results from ingesting contaminated food or water and results in diarrhea. It most often causes diarrhea in infants and travelers in underdeveloped countries where there is poor sanitation. Contaminated drinking water, soft cheese and raw vegetables are the main source of infection. Symptoms may vary from mild to severe. Enterotoxigenic refers to the fact that the bacteria produce toxins.
  • Epidermalolysis bullosa: A group of skin disorders characterized by fragile skin which can blister upon little or no trauma to the skin. There are a number of different subtypes with some being inherited and some acquired. The hands and feet are often the main parts of the body affected.
  • Epidermolysis bullosa, junctional: A rare inherited skin disease which is characterized by fragile skin which readily forms skin blisters and can result in fatal complications.
  • Epidermolysis bullosa, lethal acantholytic: A very rare inherited disorder characterized by extremely fragile skin and mucous membranes which blisters and peels. The majority of the skin blisters and peels within a week of birth. Severe fluid loss and death follows soon after.
  • Epidermolysis bullosa, simplex: A group of skin disorders characterized by fragile skin which can blister upon little or no trauma to the skin. There are a number of different subtypes with some being inherited and some acquired. The hands and feet are often the main parts of the body affected.
  • Epidermolytic epidermolysis bullosa: A group of skin disorders characterized by fragile skin which can blister upon little or no trauma to the skin. There are a number of different subtypes with some being inherited and some acquired. The hands and feet are often the main parts of the body affected.
  • Epiglotitis: Inflamation of the epiglottis in the throat
  • Epiglottiditis: A condition characterized by inflammation of the epiglottis of the throat
  • Erythrodermic eczema: Erythrodermic eczema is a severe condition that results from worsening eczema.
  • Excessive dieting: Excessive limitation of food intake can lead to problems and effects such as dizziness, depression, intestinal problems, edema and impaired growth.
  • Excessive sweating: A condition which is characterized by an abnormal excess of sweating
  • Exfoliative dermatitis: Form of dermatitis where skin flakes or falls off.
  • Exudative retinopathy familial, X-linked, recessive: A rare progressive eye disorder which is inherited in a recessive X-linked manner. The development of the retinal blood vessels is incomplete resulting in parts of the retina having no blood vessels which is necessary for it's function. The disorder is caused by a genetic defect on chromosome 11q14-q21 and the severity of the condition.
  • Exudative retinopathy familial, autosomal dominant: A rare progressive eye disorder which is inherited in a dominant manner. The development of the retinal blood vessels is incomplete resulting in parts of the retina having no blood vessels which is necessary for it's function. The disorder is caused by a genetic defect on chromosome 11q14-q21 and the severity of the condition is variable.
  • Exudative retinopathy familial, autosomal recessive: A rare progressive eye disorder which is inherited in a recessive manner. The development of the retinal blood vessels is incomplete resulting in parts of the retina having no blood vessels which is necessary for it's function.
  • Exudative retinopathy, familial: A rare progressive eye disorder which is inherited in a familial manner. The development of the retinal blood vessels is incomplete resulting in parts of the retina having no blood vessels which is necessary for it's function.
  • Exudative vitreoretinopathy 3: A rare progressive eye disorder caused by a genetic defect on chromosome 11p13-p12. The development of the retinal blood vessels is incomplete resulting in parts of the retina having no blood vessels which is necessary for it's function.
  • Exudative vitreoretinopathy 4: A rare progressive eye disorder caused by a genetic defect on chromosome 11q13.4. It can be inherited in a dominant or recessive manner. The development of the retinal blood vessels is incomplete resulting in parts of the retina having no blood vessels which is necessary for it's function.
  • Familial Lactase Deficiency: A congenital metabolic disorder where normal amounts of lactase are produced but the lactase is defective and unable to digest milk and other products that contain lactose. Symptoms tend to occur soon after consuming such products.
  • Fanconi syndrome: Fanconi syndrome that occurs secondary to the accumulation of crystals of light-chain immunoglobulin molecules in the kidney tubules which affects their functioning.
  • Fanconi-ichthyosis-dysmorphism: A very rare syndrome characterized by scaly skin (ichthyosis), anemia, muscle anomalies and various other abnormalities. All six reported cases died within 6 months.
  • Fever: Raised body temperature usually with other symptoms.
  • Food poisoning: Poisoning from a substance or microbe in food.
  • Fothergill disease: Episodes of severe facial pain that lasts from seconds to minutes and involves the trigeminal nerve.
  • Fowl Paralysis: A viral disease that affects poultry - it is very contagious and is a herpes virus. The virus tends to affect the nerves and cause tumors in internal organs. Poultry may be unable to lay eggs or may even die. Young birds are more susceptible than older birds with death most common between the ages of 8 and 20 weeks. The virus may attack the nervous system and result in paralysis or it may attack the visceral system and cause tumors in the internal organs. Some birds may die without any obvious symptoms.
  • Fowl paralyses: A viral disease that affects poultry - it is very contagious and is a herpes virus. The virus tends to affect the nerves and cause tumors in internal organs. Poultry may be unable to lay eggs or may even die. Young birds are more susceptible than older birds with death most common between the ages of 8 and 20 weeks. The virus may attack the nervous system and result in paralysis or it may attack the visceral system and cause tumors in the internal organs. Some birds may die without any obvious symptoms.
  • Fungal meningitis: Fungal meningitis is an infection that causes swelling and irritation of the tissue around the brain and spinal cord. It usually strikes people whose weakened immune systems can't fight off infection. The disease is not common. but it can be very serious.
  • Galactosemia I: A rare inherited disorder where deficiency of a particular enzyme (galactose-1-phosphate uridyl transferase) prevents the metabolism of galactose which is a sugar component of milk. Ranges from milk intolerance in mild cases to death in severe untreated cases.
  • Gastritis: gastritis is inflammation of the gastric mucosa of the stomach
  • Gastroenteritis: An infection of the bowel
  • Gastrointestinal bleeding: Bleeding in any part of the digestive tract
  • Gastrointestinal infections related to AIDS: It usually occurs due to decreased immunity.
  • Generalized pustular psoriasis: This is a rare form of psoriasis is also known as von Zumbusch psoriasis. It can be life-threatening especially in the elderly. It is characterized by the development of pustules in the flexural areas - the backs of the knees, the insides of the elbows, the armpits and the groin. These pustules continue to spread and soon they join to form lakes of pus. The pustules rupture easily and can become infected. This condition can be fatal if the patient gets dehydrated, or the infection spreads to the bloodstream. Generalized pustular psoriasis is often triggered by stopping topical or oral steroids.
  • Gingivostomatitis: Mouth infection typically from first exposure to cold sores and subsequent viral HSV-1 infection.
  • Glucose-galactose malabsorption: An inherited metabolic disorder where the small intestine is unable to absorb and transport glucose and galactose that is consumed in the diet due to a lack of intestinal monosaccharidase.
  • Green gill mushroom poisoning: Green gill is a type of mushroom with a smooth cap and white gills eventually turning greenish. The mushroom is commonly found growing naturally in the US. This mushroom is very poisonous and causes severe gastrointestinal symptoms. Severe poisoning can lead to death due to complications such as dehydration and electrolyte imbalance.
  • HIV/AIDS: HIV is a sexually transmitted virus and AIDS is the progressive immune failure that HIV causes.
  • HMG-CoA lyase deficiency: A rare inherited metabolic disorder where deficiency of a particular enzyme impairs the processing of amino acids in food to create energy and causes various symptoms. Stresses on the body such as infection, fasting and heavy exercise can trigger an episode.
  • Hand-Foot-Mouth Syndrome: An infectious viral disease caused by the coxsackievirus A. The disease is characterized by the development of blisters in the mouth and on hands and feet. The disease is spread by contact with body fluids from an infected person and the incubation period is 3 - 7 days. The infection is most common in children under the age of ten but can occur in teenagers and sometimes in adults.
  • Harlequin type ichthyosis: A very rare genetic skin disorder where a newborn is covered with large plates of thick skin that cracks and splits.
  • Headache: Pain affecting the head or brain area.
  • Heat exhaustion: major cause of preventable morbidity worldwide
  • Heat stroke: it is a life threatening condition. It is hyperthermia in an advanced state
  • Heatstroke: it is a life threatening condition. It is hyperthermia in an advanced state
  • Helminthiasis: Infection of the human body with a parasitic worm such as roundworms and pinworms. The worms usually only involve the intestinal tract but sometimes they may invade other organs. The type and severity of symptoms is determined by the type of worm and the part of the body infected.
  • Hemorrhage: Any type of bleeding symptoms.
  • Hereditary primary Fanconi disease: A rare inherited disorder characterized by defective reabsorption of various substances such as phosphate, potassium, amino acids and glucose which manifests as a wide range of abnormalities and problems.
  • Herpes stomatitis: Mouth infection with ulcers/blisters due to the herpes virus
  • Hypercalcemia: Raised blood calcium levels
  • Hyperemesis Gravidarum: An extreme form of morning sickness.
  • Hyperglycemia: Where there is an increase above normal of the blood sugar levels
  • Hyperglycemic Hyperosmolar Nonketotic Syndrome: Life-threatening complication of high blood sugars and diabetes.
  • Hyperosmolar hyperglycemic nonketotic syndrome: A form of diabetic coma seen in type 2 diabetes mellitus
  • Hyperparathyroidism: Increased secretion of parathyroid hormone from the parathyroid glands.
  • Hyperreninemic Hypoaldosteronism, Familial 2: A very rare genetic disorder where deficiency of a particularly chemical results in a deficiency of aldosterone. The condition can be severe enough to cause infant death unless the patient is diagnosed and treated.
  • Hyperthermia: Hyperthermia is an increase in body temperature in the context of an unchanged thermoregulatory point in the brain.
  • Hypoadrenalism: Reduced adrenal gland activity.
  • Hypoadrenocorticism -- hypoparathyroidism -- moniliasis: An autoimmune disorder where hormone production by various glands is reduced. The main features of the disorder are Addison disease and/or hypoparathyroidism and/or chronic candidiasis.
  • Hypoaldosteronism, familial: A very rare genetic disorder where deficiency of a particularly chemical (aldosterone synthase) results in a deficiency of aldosterone. The condition can be severe enough to cause infant death unless the patient is diagnosed and treated.
  • IPEX syndrome: A rare condition involving autoimmune problems which can variably manifest as enteropathy (diarrhea), hemolytic anemia, and endocrine gland diseases such as diabetes mellitus and thyroid disease. Resistance to viral infections is poor. The condition is life-threatening, especially during infancy and early childhood. As the condition is inherited in a X-linked manner, males tend to suffer severe symptoms whereas females suffer few if any symptoms as they are a carrier of the condition.
  • Ichthyosis congenita, Harlequin fetus type: A very rare genetic skin disorder where a newborn is covered with large plates of thick skin that cracks and splits.
  • Ichthyosis congenita, harlequin type: A very rare genetic skin disorder where a newborn is covered with large plates of thick skin that cracks and splits.
  • Immune dysregulation -- polyendocrinopathy -- enteropathy, X linked: A rare condition involving autoimmune problems which can variably manifest as enteropathy (diarrhea), hemolytic anemia, and endocrine gland diseases such as diabetes mellitus and thyroid disease. Resistance to viral infections is poor. The condition is life-threatening, especially during infancy and early childhood. As the condition is inherited in a X-linked manner, males tend to suffer severe symptoms whereas females suffer few if any symptoms as they are a carrier of the condition.
  • Inflammatory bowel disease: Inflammatory bowel disease refers to digestive symptoms resulting from chronic bowel inflammation. Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis are two of the main subtypes of the disease. Scientists have discovered an array of genetic mutations which can result in an increased susceptibility to inflammatory bowel disease. Not all people with the genetic anomaly will develop the condition but it can increase the risk especially if other environmental factors are also present. The severity of the disease that develops is variable.
  • Intermediate cystinosis: Cystinosis is a condition where excess amino acid cystine builds up to harmful levels in the body. The intermediate form of cystinosis starts later than the nephropathic form but the symptoms are the same.
  • Intestinal epithelial dysplasia: A rare intestinal disorder characterized by defects in the intestinal lining which results in severe chronic diarrhea usually soon after birth. Parenteral nutrition is usually required long term which can result in various complications and thus an intestinal transplant is usually recommended in severe cases.
  • Intractable diarrhea of infancy (generic term): A group of disorder characterized by severe, difficult to treat, chronic diarrhea that starts during infancy. There a number of different disorders that can cause this condition - autoimmune enteropathy, congenital villous atrophy and syndromic diarrhea. The disorders may have different disease processes but they all involve severe diarrhea that starts during infancy and cannot be treated easily. Parenteral nutrition is usually required for months or even years which can have a serious impact on the quality of life. Intestinal transplant is a possible treatment option for serious cases.
  • Intractable diarrhea with enterocytes assembly abnormalities, congenital, familial: An inherited disorder characterized by severe, chronic diarrhea in infants due to defects in the intestinal absorptive cells called enterocytes.
  • Janbon syndrome: Gastrointestinal symptoms that can occur when using a drug called oxytetracycline which is a type of antibiotic. The drug tends to destroy the good bacteria in the gastrointestinal system and allows other bacteria resistant to the drug to flourish.
  • Kidney failure: The inability of the kidney to function correctly in its function of excreting metabolites from the blood
  • Krause syndrome: A syndrome involving the abnormal development of the eye and cerebral portion of the brain. It most often occurs in premature infants or an infant from a multiple birth. It is believed to possibly result from intercurrent infections in the mother, placental abnormalities and hemorrhages that occur during the second trimester of the pregnancy.
  • Kwashiorkor: A malnutrition state that is produced by severe protein deficiency
  • Lipoid congenital adrenal hyperplasia: A rare form of congenital adrenal hyperplasia where the early phase of adrenal cortisol production is defective which causes mineralocorticoid deficiency. Male pseudohermaphroditism is the main characteristic of this disorder.
  • MRXS-Christianson: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by mental retardation, mutism, facial anomalies, epilepsy and weak eye muscles. Males tended to have severe mental retardation whereas female carriers had mild or no mental retardation. Patients do eventually walk but then often lose this ability by the age of 10 years. Female carriers tend to have mild symptoms and males have severe symptoms - symptoms are variable to some degree.
  • Machupo virus: A virus which is the cause of a form of hemorrhagic fever occurring in Bolivia
  • Malnutrition: Any disorder that relates to inadequate intake of nutrients.
  • Mareck's disease -- nervous system: A viral disease that affects poultry - it is very contagious and is a herpes virus. The virus tends to affect the nerves and cause tumors in internal organs. Poultry may be unable to lay eggs or may even die. Young birds are more susceptible than older birds with death most common between the ages of 8 and 20 weeks. The virus may attack the nervous system and result in paralysis or it may attack the visceral system and cause tumors in the internal organs. Some birds may die without any obvious symptoms.
  • Mareck's disease -- visceral: A viral disease that affects poultry - it is very contagious and is a herpes virus. The virus tends to affect the nerves and cause tumors in internal organs. Poultry may be unable to lay eggs or may even die. Young birds are more susceptible than older birds with death most common between the ages of 8 and 20 weeks. The virus may attack the nervous system and result in paralysis or it may attack the visceral system and cause tumors in the internal organs. Some birds may die without any obvious symptoms.
  • Marek disease: A viral disease that affects poultry - it is very contagious and is a herpes virus. The virus tends to affect the nerves and cause tumors in internal organs. Poultry may be unable to lay eggs or may even die. Young birds are more susceptible than older birds with death most common between the ages of 8 and 20 weeks. The virus may attack the nervous system and result in paralysis or it may attack the visceral system and cause tumors in the internal organs. Some birds may die without any obvious symptoms.
  • Marek's disease: A viral disease that affects poultry - it is very contagious and is a herpes virus. The virus tends to affect the nerves and cause tumors in internal organs. Poultry may be unable to lay eggs or may even die. Young birds are more susceptible than older birds with death most common between the ages of 8 and 20 weeks. The virus may attack the nervous system and result in paralysis or it may attack the visceral system and cause tumors in the internal organs. Some birds may die without any obvious symptoms.
  • Meningitis: Infection of the membrane around the brain (as a symptom)
  • Mental retardation, Microcephaly, Epilepsy and Ataxia Syndrome: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by mental retardation, mutism, facial anomalies, epilepsy and weak eye muscles. Males tended to have severe mental retardation whereas female carriers had mild or no mental retardation. Patients do eventually walk but then often lose this ability by the age of 10 years. Female carriers tend to have mild symptoms and males have severe symptoms - symptoms are variable to some degree.
  • Mental retardation, X-linked -- craniofacial dysmorphology -- epilepsy -- ophthalmoplegia -- cerebellar atrophy: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by mental retardation, mutism, facial anomalies, epilepsy and weak eye muscles. Males tended to have severe mental retardation whereas female carriers had mild or no mental retardation. Patients do eventually walk but then often lose this ability by the age of 10 years. Female carriers tend to have mild symptoms and males have severe symptoms - symptoms are variable to some degree.
  • Mercury poisoning: A type of heavy metal poisoning caused by excessive exposure to mercury.
  • Mesenteric artery syndrome: A rare condition where a part of the duodenum is compressed by the mesenteric artery which results in duodenal obstruction.
  • Methylmalonic acidemia:
  • Methylmalonic acidemia, vitamin B12 responsive: A rare genetic disorder characterized by the impaired ability to make a chemical called adenosylcobalamin. Adenosylcobalamin is a derivative of vitamin B12. The defect results a biochemical abnormality which affects the body's normal biochemical functioning. The condition responds to the administration of vitamin B12.
  • Methylmalonicaciduria, vitamin B12 unresponsive, mut 0: A metabolic disorder whose severity is somewhat variable - most patients die within months of birth with survivors having neurological problems. The condition involves abnormal metabolism of vitamin B12 which doesn't respond to treatment using vitamin B12 administration. This disorder is more severe than the mut (-) form
  • Microphthalmis, isolated, with cataract 4: A rare genetic eye disorder characterized by congenital cataracts (cloudy eye lens) and small eyes. The various types differ in the origin of the genetic defect. Type 4 involves a defect on chromosome 22q11.2-q13.1. Type 1 involves a defect on chromosome 16p13.3 and type 2 involves chromosome 14q23.
  • Microvillus Inclusion Disease: A rare, inherited, progressive intestinal disease where a defect in the intestinal wall results in severe diarrhea after birth.
  • Multiple endocrine neoplasia: A group of conditions that is characterised by the hyperplasia and hyperfunction of two or more glands of the endocrine system
  • Multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1: Rare inherited disease causing tumors in multiple glands
  • Multiple endocrine neoplasia type 2: Rare inherited disease causing tumors in multiple glands
  • Multiple endocrine neoplasia type 3: Rare inherited disease causing tumors in multiple glands
  • Mumps: An acute viral disease that causes the salivary glands to become swollen, sore and inflamed. Immunization had greatly reduced the incidence of this disease.
  • Mushroom poisoning:
  • Nanophthalmos 2: A dominantly inherited eye disorder linked to a defect on chromosome 11q23 which results in very small eyes. The condition is usually associated with an increased risk of glaucoma.
  • Nanophthalmos 3: A dominantly inherited eye disorder linked to a defect on chromosome 2q11-q14 which results in very small eyes. The condition is usually associated with an increased risk of glaucoma.
  • Nephrogenic diabetes insipidus: A rare inherited condition where the kidneys can't concentrate the urine sufficiently which results in excessive urination and thirst. The condition occurs because the kidneys are unable to respond to the antidiuretic hormone.
  • Nephropathic cystinosis: Cystinosis is a condition where excess amino acid cystine builds up to harmful levels in the body. The nephropathic form of cystinosis usually starts during infancy and can result in severe complications if untreated.
  • Nerve symptoms: Symptoms affecting the nerves
  • Non infectious chronic diarrhea: Diarrhoea that lasts for more than 2 weeks is considered persistent or chronic.
  • Pancreatitis: Any inflammation that occurs in the pancreas
  • Panhypopituitarism: A rare condition where all pituitary hormones are absent or reduced. The condition may be congenital or acquired through such things as pituitary tumors. The pituitary gland regulates the activity of other endocrine glands as well as controlling growth. Other endocrine glands include adrenal, parathyroid, thyroid, pancreas, ovaries and testes. Symptoms can vary greatly depending on the degree of deficiency of the various hormones.
  • Parathyroid Cancer: A condition that is characterised by malignancy that affects the parathyroid
  • Pemphigus neonatorum: A group of conditions affecting the new born that resembles pemphigus
  • Periodic hyperlysinemia: A rare genetic disorder where the body lacks enzymes to metabolize lysine which then causes a harmful builds up of lysine and ammonia in the body.
  • Plant poisoning -- Castor bean (Ricinus communis): Ingestion of parts of the castor bean plant may cause severe symptoms.
  • Plant poisoning -- Rosary pea (Abrus precatorious): Ingestion of parts of the Rosary pea plant may cause severe symptoms.
  • Plant poisoning -- Water hemlock (Cicuta sp.): Ingestion of parts of the water pea plant may cause severe symptoms.
  • Plant poisoning -- daffodil (Narcissus pseudonarcissus): Accidental ingestion of daffodils can result in gastrointestinal irritation which is usually mild but can be severe.
  • Plant poisoning -- holly (Ilex sp.): Accidental ingestion of holly can result in gastrointestinal irritation which is usually mild but can be severe.
  • Plant poisoning -- mistletoe (Phoradendron serotinum): Accidental ingestion of mistletoe can result in gastrointestinal irritation which is usually mild but can be severe.
  • Plant poisoning -- pokeweed (Phytolacca Americana): Accidental ingestion of pokeweed can result in gastrointestinal irritation which is usually mild but can be severe.
  • Polycystic kidney disease type 1: A rare condition where cysts in the kidney grow and cause the kidney to become larger and reduce it's ability to function. PKD 1 is an autosomal dominant form of the disease and differs from PKD 2 in that it is more severe and is caused by a mutation in a different gene.
  • Polyendocrinopathy, immune dysfunction, and diarrhea, X-linked: A rare condition involving autoimmune problems which can variably manifest as enteropathy (diarrhea), hemolytic anemia, and endocrine gland diseases such as diabetes mellitus and thyroid disease. Resistance to viral infections is poor. The condition is life-threatening, especially during infancy and early childhood. As the condition is inherited in a X-linked manner, males tend to suffer severe symptoms whereas females suffer few if any symptoms as they are a carrier of the condition.
  • Progeria short stature pigmented nevi: A very rare inherited disorder characterized by premature aging, short stature, and immune system deficiency. The type and severity of symptoms is variable.
  • Propionic Acidemia: A condition which is characterized by the excess of propionic acid and glycine in the blood resulting in acidaemia
  • Proximal tubulopathy -- diabetes mellitus -- cerebellar ataxia: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by diabetes, movement disorder and kidney abnormality. Death often occurs during childhood.
  • Pseudohypoaldosteronism type 1: A rare condition characterized by electrolyte disorders caused by the kidney's inability to respond to aldosterone. Type 1 is differentiated from type II in that it involves sodium wasting.
  • Pseudohypoaldosteronism type 1, autosomal dominant: A rare condition characterized by electrolyte disorders caused by the kidney's inability to respond to mineralocorticoids. Type 1 is differentiated from type II in that it involves sodium wasting. There are two forms of type 1: an autosomal recessive form which tends to be more severe than the autosomal dominant form. The recessive form tends to persist into adulthood whereas the dominant form is milder and symptoms tend to improve with age.
  • Pseudohypoaldosteronism type 1, autosomal recessive: A rare condition characterized by electrolyte disorders caused by the kidney's inability to respond to mineralocorticoids. Type 1 is differentiated from type II in that it involves sodium wasting. There are two forms of type 1: an autosomal recessive form which tends to be more severe than the autosomal dominant form. The recessive form tends to persist into adulthood whereas the dominant form is milder and symptoms tend to improve with age.
  • Pseudomembranous Colitis: Diarrhoeal illness caused by the bacteria Clostridium difficile, usually following a recent course of antibiotics and disruption of normal bowel bacteria
  • Psoriasis: Psoriasis is an inflammatory skin condition where the defective immune system causes skin cells to grow rapidly. It affects a significant number of people. Arthritis, which can be severe, is associated with the psoriasis in up to a third of cases. Not all patients who are susceptible to the condition will develop it - roughly 10% of those susceptible will actually develop the condition. There are various environmental factors which can trigger the onset of the disease e.g. strep throat (common trigger), some medication, stress and cold weather. Once the disease develops, it may resolve on its own or with treatment or may become a persistent chronic condition. The severity and duration of symptoms is variable.
  • Pyloric stenosis: Narrowed opening between stomach and intestines
  • RHYNS syndrome: A rare syndrome characterized by eye, kidney and skeletal abnormalities as well as hypopituitarism.
  • Renal tubulopathy -- diabetes mellitus -- cerebellar ataxia: A very rare condition characterized by rapidly progressive diabetes, kidney disease and cerebellar ataxia. Symptoms develop during the first five years.
  • Rieger anomaly -- partial lipodystrophy: A very rare disorder characterized by short stature, low birth weight and loss of skin fat. SHORT is an acronym for short stature, hyperextensible joints and/or hernia, ocular depression, Reiger anomaly and teething delay. Additional symptoms are also variably present.
  • Roseola infantum: Contagious infant conditions
  • Rotavirus: Diarrhea-causing virus in infants.
  • Salmonella typhimurium infection: An infection caused by bacteria from the Salmonella genus which can result in gastroenteritis, fever or may be asymptomatic. Infection is caused by consuming contaminated food or drinks.
  • Sarcosporidiosis: Infection with a protozoa called Sarcocystis. The condition is often asymptomatic. Infection usually occurs by eating raw infected meat.
  • Secondary Bone Cancer: Tumour development in bone as a result of spread from a primary malignant tumour from another body site (usually lung bronchus, breast and prostate)
  • Secondary Lactase Deficiency: This form of lactase deficiency results from some sort of damage to the intestines either due to a disease or surgery. Some possible causes include untreated celiac disease, long-term use of antibiotics, giardiasis, carcinoid syndrome, HIV enteropathy, gastrectomy and intestinal resection. Lactase enzyme activity usually develops late in pregnancy so a preterm infant will not yet have developed this enzyme function. The greater the degree of prematurity, the greater the reduction in lactase activity.
  • Severe diarrhea: A condition which is characterized by severe diarrhoea
  • Short Bowel Syndrome: Disorder of shortened bowel usually from bowel surgery.
  • Small bowel bacterial overgrowth syndrome: The small bowel is a part of the digestive system. A healthy small bowel contains some bacteria but in bacterial overgrowth syndrome, there are an excessive number of bacteria. Abnormal small bowel muscle function is often associated with conditions such as intestinal motility problems due to neurological diseases and muscular diseases, diabetes mellitus, small intestine obstruction and diverticulitis. It may also be caused by certain medications and abdominal surgeries.
  • Staphylococcus aureus food poisoning: Common type of food poisoning.
  • Sucrase-Isomaltase Deficiency: A condition which is characterized by a deficiency of sucrase-isomaltase deficiency
  • Sucrase-isomaltase malabsorption, congenital: A rare disorder where a congenital deficiency of an enzyme (sucrase-isomaltase) prevents the absorption of sucrose and isomaltose consumed in the diet.
  • Sucrase-isomaltose malabsorption, congenital: A rare disorder where a congenital deficiency of an enzyme (sucrase-isomaltase) prevents the absorption of sucrose and isomaltose consumed in the diet.
  • Sudden onset of dehydration: Sudden onset of dehydration is a condition in which there is a rapid development of an abnormally large loss of water from the body's tissues.
  • Sunken eyes: The occurrence of eyes of an individual that appear to be sunken in nature
  • The Methylmalonic Acidemias: A condition which is characterized by an excess of methylmalonic acid in the blood
  • Toni-Fanconi syndrome type 1:
  • Toxic epidermal necrolysis: A skin condition causing widespread blisters to erupt over greater than 30% of the body.
  • Toxic megacolon: is a life threatening complication
  • Toxic mushrooms -- Gastrointestinal irritant: Some mushrooms contain a chemical which cause gastrointestinal irritation. Mushroom species from this group include certain species of Agaricus, Amanita, Boletus, Entoloma, Gomphus, Lactarius, Omphalotus, Tricholoma, Tylopilus and Verpa.
  • Toxic mushrooms -- cyclopeptides: Some mushrooms contain a toxic chemical called cyclopeptide which can cause primarily gastrointestinal symptoms if ingested. Most cases of mushroom poisoning in North America involve cyclopeptide-containing mushrooms. Mushroom species from this group include certain species of Amanita (bisporigera, ocreata, phalloides, suballiacea, tenufolia, verna, virosa), Galerina and Lepiota. One Amanita mushroom cap may result in death in an adult. Poisoning occurs in three phases: gastrointestinal symptoms (within 24 hours of ingestion); remission (up to 72 hours after ingestion); and liver and kidney symptoms (3 to 6 days after ingestion). Poisoning symptoms are more severe in children due to their smaller body size.
  • Ulcerative colitis: Ulcerative colitis (Colitis ulcerosa, UC) is a form of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Ulcerative colitis is a form of colitis, a disease of the intestine, specifically the large intestine or colon, that includes characteristic ulcers, or open sores, in the colon.
  • Vasopressin-resistant diabetes insipidus: A condition which is characterised by normal renal filtration and solute excretion however there is a persistent hypotonic urine
  • Vibrio: An organism of the genus Vibrio or other spiral motile organism
  • Vibrio infection -- Vibrio alginolyticus: An infectious disease caused by a bacteria called Vibrio alginolyticus. This bacterium tends to cause ear and wound infections.
  • Vibrio infection -- Vibrio damsela: An infectious disease caused by a bacteria called Vibrio damsela. The nature and severity of symptoms can vary considerably depending on the type of infection caused - gastroenteritis, wound infection or septicemia. Wound infection is the most common disease associated with this bacteria and septicemia and gastroenteritis is relatively rare. Infection usually occurs through consumption of contaminated seafood or exposure of a wound to contaminated water. The elderly and very young tend to suffer more severe symptoms.
  • Vibrio infection -- Vibrio fluvialis: An infectious disease caused by a bacteria called Vibrio fluvialis. The nature and severity of symptoms can vary considerably depending on the type of infection caused - gastroenteritis, wound infection or septicemia. Gastroenteritis is the most common disease associated with this bacteria and septicemia is relatively rare. Infection usually occurs through consumption of contaminated seafood or exposure of a wound to contaminated water. The elderly and very young tend to suffer more severe symptoms.
  • Vibrio infection -- Vibrio furnissii: An infectious disease caused by a bacteria called Vibrio furnissii. The nature and severity of symptoms can vary considerably depending on the type of infection caused - gastroenteritis, wound infection or septicemia. Gastroenteritis is the most common disease associated with this bacteria and septicemia and wound infection is relatively rare. Infection usually occurs through consumption of contaminated seafood or exposure of a wound to contaminated water. The elderly and very young tend to suffer more severe symptoms.
  • Vibrio infection -- Vibrio holisae: An infectious disease caused by a bacteria called Vibrio holisae. The nature and severity of symptoms can vary considerably depending on the type of infection caused - gastroenteritis, wound infection or septicemia. Gastroenteritis is the most common disease associated with this bacteria and septicemia is relatively rare. Infection usually occurs through consumption of contaminated seafood or exposure of a wound to contaminated water. The elderly and very young tend to suffer more severe symptoms.
  • Vibrio infection -- Vibrio metschnikovii: An infectious disease caused by a bacteria called Vibrio metschnikovii. The nature and severity of symptoms can vary considerably depending on the type of infection caused - gastroenteritis, wound infection or septicemia. Gastroenteritis is the most common disease associated with this bacteria and septicemia is relatively rare. Infection usually occurs through consumption of contaminated seafood or exposure of a wound to contaminated water. The elderly and very young tend to suffer more severe symptoms.
  • Vibrio infection -- Vibrio mimicus: An infectious disease caused by a bacteria called Vibrio mimicus. The nature and severity of symptoms can vary considerably depending on the type of infection caused - gastroenteritis, wound infection or septicemia. Gastroenteritis is the most common disease associated with this bacteria and septicemia and wound infection is relatively rare. Infection usually occurs through consumption of contaminated seafood or exposure of a wound to contaminated water. The elderly and very young tend to suffer more severe symptoms.
  • Vibrio infection -- Vibrio parahaemolyticus: An infectious disease caused by a bacteria called Vibrio parahaemolyticus. The nature and severity of symptoms can vary considerably depending on the type of infection caused - gastroenteritis, wound infection or septicemia. Gastroenteritis is the most common disease associated with this bacteria and septicemia is relatively rare. Infection usually occurs through consumption of contaminated seafood or exposure of a wound to contaminated water. The elderly and very young tend to suffer more severe symptoms.
  • Vibrio mimicus food poisoning: Ingestion of food or water contaminated with a particular bacteria (Vibrio mimicus).
  • Vibrio vulnificus infection: The infection by the vibrio vulnificus bacteria
  • Viral digestive infections: Any virus that infects the gastrointestinal tract causing a medical condition
  • Viral gastroenteritis: Virus causing gastroenteritis of digestive tract.
  • Vomiting: Vomiting or retching symptoms.
  • Waterhouse-Friederichsen syndrome: A rare syndrome that occurs as complication of septicemia (often due to meningococcal or pneumococcal infection) and involves blood coagulation in blood vessels, adrenal gland hemorrhages and ultimately kidney failure.
  • Whistling face syndrome: A condition which is characterised by craniocarpotarsal dystrophy
  • Whistling face syndrome, recessive form: A rare, recessively inherited syndrome characterized mainly by a characteristic "whistling" face and hand anomalies. The range of symptoms are variable.
  • Whole-body acute irradiation -- gastrointestinal syndrome: Tissue injury can result from exposure to radiation. The radiation dose, rate of dosing and tissues irradiated will determine the severity and type of symptoms. The effects may be chronic, delayed or acute. Gastrointestinal syndrome involves exposure of the whole body to radiation of 400 rads or more.
  • Wolfram Syndrome 2: Wolfram Syndrome is a condition characterized by the association of diabetes insipidus, diabetes mellitus, optic atrophy and deafness. Type 2 is the result of a genetic defect and is similar to type 1 but there is no diabetes insipidus and patients tend to develop gastrointestinal problems.
  • Wolfram's disease: A condition that is inherited and consists of multiple symptoms

Conditions listing medical symptoms: Dehydration:

The following list of conditions have 'Dehydration' or similar listed as a symptom in our database. This computer-generated list may be inaccurate or incomplete. Always seek prompt professional medical advice about the cause of any symptom.

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Conditions listing medical complications: Dehydration:

The following list of medical conditions have 'Dehydration' or similar listed as a medical complication in our database.
Last revision: May 10, 2004

 

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