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Symptoms » Dysarthria » Glossary
 

Glossary for Dysarthria

Medical terms related to Dysarthria or mentioned in this section include:

  • Aceruloplasminemia: A rare genetic disorder characterized by a lack of the protein ceruloplasmin in the blood resulting in a buildup of iron in the liver, brain and pancreas. This in turn causes diabetes and degeneration of the neural system causing tremors and walking abnormalities.
  • Alcoholic cerebellar degeneration: cerebellar degeneration which occurs in alcoholics
  • Alopecia -- hypogonadism -- extrapyramidal disorder: A rare syndrome characterized by alopecia, progressive movement problems and a lack of gonadal function which affects puberty.
  • Amyloidosis, oculoleptomeningeal: Amyloidosis involves the abnormal deposit of a substance called amyloid in various parts of the body. In this particular type, the amyloid deposits in the leptomeningeal blood vessels, brainstem, spinal cord and eye causing central nervous system dysfunction, brain hemorrhages and vision impairment.
  • Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis: A degenerative motor neuron disease marked by weakness and wasting of the muscles which starts at the hands and legs and spreads to the rest of the body. Death occurs in 2 to 5 years. Also called Lou Gehrig's disease or wasting palsy.
  • Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis 3: An inherited disorder involving progressive degeneration of motor neurons which results in muscle weakness and wasting. Type 3 is caused by a defect on chromosome 18q21.
  • Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis 6: An inherited disorder involving progressive degeneration of motor neurons which results in muscle weakness and wasting. Type 6 is caused by a defect on chromosome 16q12.
  • Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis 7: An inherited disorder involving progressive degeneration of motor neurons which results in muscle weakness and wasting. Type 7 is caused by a defect on chromosome 20p13.
  • Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis 8: An inherited disorder involving progressive degeneration of motor neurons which results in muscle weakness and wasting. Type 9 is caused by a defect on chromosome 20q13.3 and is a dominantly inherited, late-onset form.
  • Anton-Vogt syndrome: A congenital disorder where a brain anomaly results in involuntary purposeless movements (choreathetosis). Excitement and activity can make symptoms worse.
  • Articulation Disorders: Errors made in speech sounds that consistently occur irrespective of the context. Examples of articulation disorders includes lisps, substitution of the "y" sound for "l" and difficulty with blends involving r, l or s (e.g. brick, clip, slap). The anomaly is common in young children but if it persists after the age of five, the condition needs to be examined closer. The anomaly may be caused by such things as facial muscle weakness.
  • Ataxia spastic congenital miosis: A rare, dominantly inherited disorder characterized mainly by ataxia, spasticity and small pupils that respond poorly to light.
  • Ataxia, Hereditary, Autosomal Dominant: A group of rare, dominantly inherited neuromuscular disorder involving degeneration of the brain and spinal cord. The range, progression and severity of symptoms can vary quite considerably depending on the genetic defect involved.
  • Ataxia, spastic with congenital miosis: A rare disorder characterized by movement problems of the limbs as well as an impaired pupil reaction to light (miosis).
  • Ataxia, spastic, 3, autosomal recessive: A recessively inherited disorder characterized mainly by spasticity and ataxia.
  • Ataxia-oculomotor apraxia syndrome: A nerve disorder which affects the motor nerves and results in movement problems which includes the eyes. Gait problems are usually the first symptom and this is followed by speaking difficulty, intention tremor and then eye movement problems.
  • Autosomal recessive spastic paraplegia, type 11:
  • Babinski-Nageotte syndrome: A rare disorder caused by damage to a part of the brain (medullobulbar transitional area) which causes a variety of neurological symptoms, some of which affect only one side of the body.
  • Bahemuka Brown syndrome: A very rare syndrome characterized by spastic paraplegia and skin pigmentation irregularities.
  • Basal ganglia calcification, idiopathic 1: Abnormal calcium deposits in the part of the brain called the basal ganglia. Type 1 results in psychiatric, cognitive or neurological problems associated with the calcification. The symptoms experienced are variable.
  • Basal ganglia disease, biotin-responsive: A neurological disease that affects the part of the brain called the basal ganglia. The disease responds well to biotin administration but relapses within a month if the biotin is stopped. If the condition is diagnosed late or there are recurring episodes, the patient may suffer ongoing symptoms such as paraparesis, mild mental retardation or dystonia.
  • Basilar artery insufficiency: refers to a temporary set of symptoms due to decreased blood flow in the posterior circulation of the brain
  • Basilar artery migraine: Basilar migraine (BM), also known as Bickerstaff syndrome, consists of headache accompanied by dizziness, ataxia, tinnitus, decreased hearing, nausea and vomiting, dysarthria, diplopia, loss of balance, bilateral paresthesias or paresis, altered consciousness, syncope, and sometimes loss of consciousness.
  • Botulism food poisoning: Extremely dangerous food poisoning requiring medical attention, but not always recognized because of its non-abdominal symptoms.
  • Brain conditions: Medical conditions that affect the brain
  • Brain symptoms: Symptoms affecting the brain
  • Breath symptoms: Breath-related symptoms including breath odor
  • Breathing symptoms: Symptoms affecting the breathing systems.
  • CANOMAD syndrome: A rare syndrome characterized by a range of abnormalities caused by immune-mediated nerve demyelination. There is usually no loss of limb function associated with the disorder. The face, throat, mouth and eye symptoms (weakness of the muscles) usually come and go.
  • Cardiofaciocutaneous Syndrome: A rare genetic disorder characterized by short stature, congenital heart defects skin anomalies and frontal bossing.
  • Cerebellar ataxia type 1, autosomal recessive: A slow progressing brain disorder characterized by ataxia and dysarthria.
  • Cerebellar ataxia, X-linked: A disorder where degeneration of certain parts of the brain results in symptoms such as ataxia. The rate of progression can vary.
  • Cerebellar ataxia, autosomal recessive: A group of rare, recessively inherited neurological disorders caused by abnormalities in the cerebellum and spinal cord. In some cases other parts of the body may be affected.
  • Cerebellar degeneration, subacute: A rare disorder involving degeneration of the cerebellum and sometimes involves nearby spinal cord or brain tissue.
  • Cerebral Palsy: Any brain disorder causing movement disability
  • Cerebrovascular accident: Brain-related symptoms of bleeding or blockage.
  • Chemical poisoning -- Acrylamide: Acrylamide is a chemical used mainly in the treatment of waste water, grout agent, paper strengthening agent and adhesive agents. The type and severity of symptoms varies depending on the amount of chemical involved and the nature of the exposure.
  • Chemical poisoning -- Aldicarb: Aldicarb is a carbamate pesticide used mainly as an insecticide, nematicide and acaricide. Ingestion and other exposures to the chemical can cause various symptoms. The type and severity of symptoms varies depending on the amount of chemical involved and the nature of the exposure. The chemical may be absorbed through the skin.
  • Chemical poisoning -- Aluminum: Aluminum is a chemical used mainly for metallurgical purposes and can be found in packaging, electrical parts, vehicles, cooking utensils, construction materials and building components. The type and severity of symptoms varies depending on the amount of chemical involved and the nature of the exposure.
  • Choreoathetosis-spasticity, episodic: A dominantly inherited movement disorder characterized by episodes of involuntary movments. Symptom episodes are often triggered by fatigue, alcohol, physical exertion and stress.
  • Communication symptoms: Symptoms related to problems with communication.
  • Congenital Disorders of Glycosylation: Congenital disorders of glycosylation is a group of disorders involving abnormally synthesis of N-linked oligosaccharides. There is a long chain of events involved in the synthesis and defects may occur with any of the compounds or enzymes involved in the process. Progressive impairment and regression of skills often occurs after a period of normal development following birth.
  • Demyelinating disorder: Any condition that is characterised by the destruction of the myelin sheaths of the nerves
  • Dialysis encephalopathy syndrome: A progressive brain disease that occurs in some patients who undergo chronic hemodialysis. Aluminium intoxication is believed to play a role in the disease.
  • Diphtheria: Infectious bacterial respiratory disease
  • Dykes-Markes-Harper syndrome: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by dry, scaly skin, enlarged liver and spleen and a incoordination.
  • Dysarthria in children: Dysarthria in children refers to a child who has a motor speech disorder characterized by difficulty forming and expressing words that is the result of injury to or pathology of the nervous system.
  • Dystonia 12: A very rare syndrome involving the early start of symptoms of dystonia and parkinsonism. The onset of the symptoms usually occurs suddenly over weeks or even hours and then progresses slowly.
  • Dystonia with cerebellar atrophy: A recessively inherited movement disorder (dystonia) which responds poorly to Levodopa treatment and involves wasting of part of the brain.
  • Elephant's-ear poisoning: The Elephant's ear is a common garden plant which has large, heart-shaped leaves on long stalks. The plant contains calcium oxalate and saphotoxin which can cause poisoning if eaten and irritation upon contact with skin or eyes. The toxins are quite poisonous and death can occur if sufficient quantities are eaten.
  • Enlarged tongue: Abnormally large tongue.
  • Epilepsy with myoclonic-astatic crisis: A form of childhood epilepsy which is associated with a sudden loss of muscle tone which often results in the sufferer falling over and possibly injuring themselves.
  • Epilepsy, progressive myoclonic 3: A genetic disorder involving the early onset of progressive myoclonic epilepsy. The infant develops normally for the first year or so of life and the seizures start usually before the age of two. Once the seizures start, neurological degeneration begins.
  • Episodic ataxia, type 2: A rare genetic disorder characterized by episodes of incoordination and unsteadiness as well as nystagmus (rapid, involuntary eye movements). Stress, exertion, alcohol and coffee may trigger the episodes which can last from hours to days. Type 2 is caused by a defect in the calcium ion gene on chromosome 19p13.
  • Episodic ataxia, type 5: A rare genetic disorder characterized by episodes of incoordination, unsteadiness and seizures. Stress and exertion may trigger the episodes. Type 5 is caused by a defect on chromosome 2q22-q23.
  • Erythrokeratodermia with ataxia: A rare syndrome characterized by the association of a skin disorder with slowly progressive neurological symptoms.
  • FACWA syndrome: A rare progressive neurological disorder involving degeneration of part of the brain (basal ganglia) and muscle wasting.
  • FOSMN syndrome: A rare neurodegenerative disorder that starts in the face and spreads to the scalp and upper body. The condition progresses slowly.
  • Face symptoms: Symptoms affecting the face
  • Fitzsimmons-Guilbert syndrome: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by paraplegia, short fingers and bone abnormalities. The paraplegia progresses slowly.
  • Friedreich's ataxia: Progressive muscle weakness from nerve damage.
  • Gangliosidosis GM1 type 3: A rare biochemical disorder involving a deficiency of an enzyme (beta-galactosidase A) which results in the accumulation of harmful chemicals (GM1 gangliosides) in the central nervous system and other body tissues. Type III involves a lesser degree of accumulation than type II or I.
  • Gluten ataxia: Ataxia that apparently results from a sensitivity to gluten which is found in grains such as wheat and barley.
  • Guam disease: A nerve degeneration disorder that occurs particularly in Guam and involves progressive dementia and parkinsonism which ultimately leads to death.
  • HERNS syndrome: A rare inherited syndrome characterized by blood vessel disease which causes eye and kidney disease and strokes. Neurological manifestations tend to occur around the 2nd and 3rd decade of life due to the blood vessels in the brain being affected.
  • Hallervorden-Spatz Syndrome: A rare neurodegenerative disease occurring in children and involving iron accumulation in the brain. It is characterized by dementia, rigidity and athetosis.
  • Hallervorden-Spatz disease: Nerve disorder causing movement problems.
  • Head symptoms: Symptoms affecting the head or brain
  • Head trauma: injury to the haed
  • Hearing loss: The loss of part or all of ones ability to hear
  • Heidenhain syndrome: A form of premature dementia caused by degeneration of the brain. It is considered a variant of Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease. Heidenhain syndrome is characterized mainly by eye problems whereas Creutzfeldt-Jakob predominantly involves ataxia.
  • Huntington's disease: Inherited disease causing progressive mental deterioration.
  • Hydroxyacyl-coa dehydrogenase, type 2, deficiency: A rare genetic disorder involving the deficiency of an enzyme (hydroxyacyl-coa dehydrogenase). The severity of the symptoms is highly variable with some cases resulting in death during the first decade while others suffer psychomotor and regression. Some cases simply involve developmental delay.
  • Hypomagnesemia primary: Low blood magnesium levels which is caused by the abnormal absorption and excretion of the mineral and can be caused by such things as kidney problems and intestinal malabsorption.
  • Hypomyelination -- congenital cataract: A rare syndrome characterized by the association of congenital cataract with progressive neurological impairment due to progressive demyelination.
  • Hypomyelination -- hypogonadotropic hypogonadism -- hypodontia: A rare syndrome characterized by delayed puberty, missing teeth and reduced myelination which causes progressive ataxia.
  • Hypomyelination and congenital cataract: An inherited disorder characterized by congenital cataract and progressive neurological impairment due to reduced myelination of nerves.
  • Inborn errors of thyroid hormone synthesis related to hypothyroidism: Congenital hypothyroidism is inadequate thyroid hormone production in newborn infants. This can occur because of an anatomic defect in the gland, an inborn error of thyroid metabolism, or iodine deficiency.
  • Jequier-Deonna Syndrome: A very rare condition described in two sisters. It is characterized by vision and hearing problems and incoordination.
  • Joint pain: Pain affecting the joints
  • Joint symptoms: Symptoms affecting the joints.
  • King Cobra poisoning: The King Cobra is a large venomous snake usually found in southeast Asia and India. Most bites from this snake results in envenomation due to the ferocity of their bite. The poison primarily affects the neuromuscular system but can also affect blood clotting.
  • Lhermitte-Cornil-Quesnel syndrome: A rare disorder characterized by the slowly-progressive degeneration of a part of the brain (pyramidal tract and globus pallidus).
  • Lhermitte-McAlpine syndrome: A type of neurodegenerative disorder that involves pyramidal and extrapyramidal symptoms. It can occur in middle-aged or old people and usually results in death within a year of onset.
  • Macroglossia: An enlarged tongue out or proportion to the size of the mouth.
  • Manganese poisoning: A type of heavy metal poisoning caused by excessive exposure to manganese.
  • Marie type ataxia: An inherited brain disorder that affects muscle coordination.
  • Marinesco-Sjogren syndrome: A group of recessively inherited disorder characterized mainly by incoordination due to a brain anomaly.
  • Mental retardation, X-linked -- acromegaly -- hyperactivity: A rare syndrome characterized mainly by mental retardation, hyperactivity and enlarged hands, feet and testes.
  • Mental retardation, X-linked -- dystonia -- dysarthria: A very rare X-linked disorder characterized by the association of mental retardation with dystonia (movement disorder) and dysarthria (speech disorder).
  • Mercury poisoning: A type of heavy metal poisoning caused by excessive exposure to mercury.
  • Motor neuron diseases: Any of various disorders of the "motor neurons", nerves that control movement.
  • Mouth symptoms: Symptoms of the mouth or oral area.
  • Mouth ulcers: Ulcers or sores in the mouth region.
  • Movement symptoms: Changes to movement or motor abilities
  • Multiple Sclerosis: Autoimmune attack on spinal nerves causing diverse and varying neural problems.
  • Muscle symptoms: Symptoms affecting the muscles of the body
  • Muscular dystrophy, Duchenne and Becker type: An inherited l disorder characterized by progressive muscle weakness. The disorder is caused by a genetic anomaly and results in insufficient quantities of or ineffective dystrophin which is needed for normal muscle functioning. The disorder is expressed in males but females can be carriers.
  • Myasthenia Gravis: An autoimmune disorder which interferes with nerve impulses to muscles and hence results in weak, easily fatigued muscles.
  • Myasthenic syndrome, congenital, associated with acetylcholine receptor deficiency: A genetic, nonprogressive neuromuscular disorder causing muscle weakness. The severity of symptoms is variable and stress and illness can exacerbate symptoms.
  • Myopathy and diabetes mellitus: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by muscle disease and diabetes mellitus. The condition was highly variable with respect to the severity, range and onset of symptoms.
  • Nerve symptoms: Symptoms affecting the nerves
  • Neuroferritinopathy: A rare disorder where a genetic mutation results in a neurological disease resulting from abnormal iron and ferritin deposits in the brain.
  • Neurologic disorders: disease of the brain and spinal cord
  • Neurological symptoms: Any symptoms that are caused by neurological conditions
  • Neurosyphilis: Syphilis affecting the nervous system.
  • Noonan Syndrome: A rare genetic disorder characterized by a webbed neck, chest deformity, undescended testes and pulmonic stenosis.
  • Oculodentoosseous dysplasia dominant: A very rare dominantly inherited syndrome characterized mainly by eye, tooth and finger abnormalities.
  • Olivopontocerebellar degeneration: is a cerebellar degenerative disease presenting with ataxia indistinguishable from that due to primary cerebellar atrophies but one in which the degenerative process starts in the pontine nuclei, and extends by progressive anterograde degeneration to the pontocerebellar fibres and to the cerebellar cortex
  • Optic atrophy 2: An early onset form of progressive optic nerve dysfunction which results in impaired vision. Neurological symptoms are usually present and vision loss progresses very slowly. The disorder is caused by a genetic defect (Xp11.4-p11.21).
  • Orofaciodigital syndrome type I:
  • Orofaciodigital syndrome type1: A rare genetic disorder characterized by variable malformations of the face, digits and inside the mouth. Type 1 is distinguished from the other types of this condition by the presence of polycystic kidneys and a X-linked dominant inheritance.
  • Pallidopyramidal syndrome: A rare disorder characterized by pyramidal signs and parkinsonism caused by a degeneration of the pyramidal tract and the part of the brain called the pallidum.
  • Paraneoplastic cerebellar degeneration: Disorders of the cerebellum associated with tumors. The cerebellum is the part of the brain that controls coordination. It is believed that the body's immune system's attempt to destroy the tumor results in damage to the cerebellum. The main tumors associated with this condition include lung and breast cancer, Hodgkin's lymphoma and reproductive organ tumors.
  • Paraneoplastic limbic encephalitis: Limbic encephalitis is an inflammation of the limbic system which is the part of the brain responsible for basic autonomic functions. In the paraneoplastic type, the inflammation is caused by cancers such as small cell lung cancer.
  • Parkinson's Disease: Degenerative brain condition characterised by tremor.
  • Pellagra-like syndrome: A rare disorder where the body is unable to metabolise tryptophan which causes a distinctive skin rash and neurological symptoms.
  • Polio: Dangerous virus now rare due to vaccination.
  • Poliomyelitis: Dangerous virus now rare due to vaccination.
  • Progressive Supranuclear Palsy: A disorder characterized by reduced motor control, dementia and eye movement problems.
  • Progressive supranuclear palsy, atypical: A rare progressive neurodegenerative disorder which starts involves features of parkinsonism and dementia.
  • Respiratory symptoms: Symptoms affecting the breathing systems.
  • Sensory ataxic neuropathy, dysarthria, and ophthalmoparesis: A very rare syndrome characterized by progressive ataxia, eye muscle problems and a speech disorder (dysarthria).
  • Sialuria, Finnish type: A rare inherited biochemical disorder characterized by the accumulation of sialic acid in the tissues and excretion of sialic acid in the urine. This condition is an adult form of sialuria.
  • Slurred speech: Slurring speech or difficulty articulating words
  • Spastic ataxia, Charlevoix-Saguenay type: A rare disorder characterized mainly by spasticity of the legs, uncoordinated leg movements and eye anomalies.
  • Spastic paraplegia 11, autosomal recessive: A rare genetic disorder characterized by progressive spasticity and weakness of the lower legs as well as mental retardation.
  • Spastic paraplegia 15, autosomal recessive: A rare syndrome characterized mainly by progressive stiffness and increased reflexes in the leg muscles as well as vision problems.
  • Spastic paraplegia 2, X-linked: A very rare genetic disorder characterized by lower leg spasticity and weakness. It has an early onset, progresses slowly and eventually the brain becomes involved as well which produces sensory, speech and eye problems.
  • Spastic paraplegia 20, autosomal recessive: A rare disorder characterized mainly by progressive stiffness, weakness and wasting of the lower leg muscles. The thumb muscle and speech is also affected.
  • Spastic paraplegia 7, autosomal recessive: A rare syndrome characterized mainly by progressive stiffness and increased reflexes in the leg muscles.
  • Spastic paraplegia type 5A, recessive: A rare disorder characterized mainly by progressive stiffness and weakness of lower leg muscles. Bladder and speech problems are also usually present.
  • Spastic paraplegia with precocious puberty: A rare genetic disorder characterized mainly by early onset of progressive weakness of the lower legs as well as premature onset of signs of puberty.
  • Speech disorders: Any disorder which affects ones speech
  • Speech impairment: Any impairment to ones ability to speek
  • Speech symptoms: Problems with speech or voice.
  • Spinocerebellar Ataxia: A condition characterised by a failure of muscle coordination due to pathology arising in the spinocerebellar tract of the spinal cord
  • Spinocerebellar ataxia -- dysmorphism: A rare inherited syndrome characterized by ataxia and unusual facial appearance.
  • Spinocerebellar ataxia 10: A rare genetic disorder (chromosome 22q13 defect) characterized by gait ataxia and dysarthria (speech disorder). The severity of the condition is variable with some patients becoming wheelchair dependent.
  • Spinocerebellar ataxia 11: A rare genetic disorder (chromosome 15q14-21.3 defect) characterized by gait ataxia and dysarthria (speech disorder). This form of the condition progresses slowly and doesn't affect life expectancy.
  • Spinocerebellar ataxia 12: A rare genetic disorder (chromosome 5q31-q33 defect) characterized by variable symptoms such as arm tremors, gait ataxia and dysarthria (speech disorder) with other.
  • Spinocerebellar ataxia 13: A rare genetic disorder (chromosome 19 defect) characterized by progressive mental retardation. Gait ataxia and dysarthria (speech disorder) also occur and are symptoms common to all the spinocerebellar ataxia types.
  • Spinocerebellar ataxia 14: A rare genetic disorder (chromosome 19q13.4qter defect) characterized by gait ataxia, tremors and dysarthria (speech disorder). The condition progresses slowly.
  • Spinocerebellar ataxia 15: A rare genetic disorder (chromosome 3p26-p25 defect) characterized by gait ataxia, eye movement problems and dysarthria (speech disorder). The condition tends to progress slowly over decades with most patients retaining the ability to walk.
  • Spinocerebellar ataxia 16: A rare genetic disorder (chromosome 3p26.2-pter defect) characterized by gait ataxia, eye movement problems, tremor and dysarthria (speech disorder). The progression of the condition is variable (1-40 years).
  • Spinocerebellar ataxia 17: A rare genetic disorder (chromosome 6q27 defect) characterized by . Gait ataxia and dysarthria (speech disorder) also occur and are symptoms common to all the spinocerebellar ataxia types.
  • Spinocerebellar ataxia 18: A rare genetic disorder (chromosome 7q22-31 defect) characterized by muscle atrophy and sensory loss. The severity of symptoms is variable. Gait ataxia and dysarthria (speech disorder) also occur and are symptoms common to all the spinocerebellar ataxia types.
  • Spinocerebellar ataxia 22: A rare genetic disorder (chromosome defect) characterized by ataxia, eye movement problems and dysarthria (speech disorder). The condition progresses slowly over decades.
  • Spinocerebellar ataxia 26: A rare genetic disorder (chromosome 19p13.3 defect) characterized by slowly progressive ataxia and dysarthria (speech disorder).
  • Spinocerebellar ataxia 27: A rare genetic disorder (chromosome FGF14; 13q34 defect) characterized by tremors, dyskinesia and psychiatric episodes. Gait ataxia and dysarthria (speech disorder) also occur and are symptoms common to all the spinocerebellar ataxia types.
  • Spinocerebellar ataxia 28: A rare genetic disorder (chromosome 18p11 defect) characterized by eye muscle paralysis (ophthalmoplegia) and increased reflexes. Gait ataxia and dysarthria (speech disorder) also occur and are symptoms common to all the spinocerebellar ataxia types.
  • Spinocerebellar ataxia 29: A form of ataxia which starts from birth but is nonprogressive. The severity of symptoms may vary amongst patients.
  • Spinocerebellar ataxia 3: A rare genetic disorder (chromosome 14q32.1defect) characterized by . Gait ataxia and dysarthria (speech disorder) also occur and are symptoms common to all the spinocerebellar ataxia types. The duration of the disease is 1-20 years.
  • Spinocerebellar ataxia 8: A rare genetic disorder (chromosome 13q21 defect) characterized by horizontal nystagmus and mild sensory neuropathy. Gait ataxia and dysarthria (speech disorder) also occur and are symptoms common to all the spinocerebellar ataxia types.
  • Spinocerebellar ataxia with axonal neuropathy, type 2: A neurological disorder characterized by progressive ataxia, tremor and muscle weakness and wasting. The rate of progression and severity is variable with some needing wheelchairs in their second decade and others still capable of some walking in their 4th decade.
  • Spinocerebellar ataxia, Machado-Joseph type I: A rare genetic disorder (chromosome 14q32.1defect) characterized by early onset of symptoms - ataxia, bulging eyes and extrapyramidal symptoms. Gait ataxia and dysarthria (speech disorder) also occur and are symptoms common to all the spinocerebellar ataxia types.
  • Spinocerebellar ataxia, Machado-Joseph type II: A rare genetic disorder (chromosome 14q32.1defect) characterized by intermediate onset of symptoms. Gait ataxia and dysarthria (speech disorder) also occur and are symptoms common to all the spinocerebellar ataxia types.
  • Spinocerebellar ataxia, Machado-Joseph type III: A rare genetic disorder (chromosome 14q32.1defect) characterized by later onset of symptoms such as weak eye muscles and peripheral neuropathy. Gait ataxia and dysarthria (speech disorder) also occur and are symptoms common to all the spinocerebellar ataxia types.
  • Spinocerebellar ataxia, Machado-Joseph type IV: A rare genetic disorder (chromosome 14q32.1defect) characterized by late onset of symptoms - muscle twitching and Parkinsonism. Gait ataxia and dysarthria (speech disorder) also occur and are symptoms common to all the spinocerebellar ataxia types.
  • Spinocerebellar ataxia, Machado-Joseph type V: A rare genetic disorder (chromosome 14q32.1defect) characterized by spastic paraparesis. Gait ataxia and dysarthria (speech disorder) also occur and are symptoms common to all the spinocerebellar ataxia types.
  • Spinocerebellar ataxia, X-linked, 5: A rare, X-linked neurological disorder which is not progressive and mainly involves ataxia, nystagmus and dysarthria.
  • Spinocerebellar ataxia, autosomal recessive 1: A neurological disorder characterized by progressive ataxia, tremor and muscle weakness and wasting. The rate of progression and severity is variable with some needing wheelchairs in their second decade and others still capable of some walking in their 4th decade.
  • Spinocerebellar ataxia, autosomal recessive 2: A rare, recessively inherited brain disorder characterized by ataxia and mental retardation. The severity of the disorder is variable and the condition is nonprogressive.
  • Spinocerebellar ataxia, autosomal recessive 4: A rare neurological disorder caused by a genetic defect (chromosome 1p36, recessive) and resulting in ataxia and eye movement problems.
  • Spinocerebellar ataxia, autosomal recessive 7: A rare, recessively inherited neurological disorder caused by abnormalities in the cerebellum and spinal cord. The severity of the disorder is variable.
  • Spinocerebellar ataxia, autosomal recessive, with axonal neuropathy: A rare neurological disorder caused by a genetic defect (chromosome 114q31-q32, recessive) and resulting in ataxia and dysarthria.
  • Spondyloepimetaphyseal dysplasia, X linked with mental deterioration: A rare skeletal disorder where the spine and long bones grow and develop abnormally as well as mental deterioration.
  • Stiff joints: Reduced mobility or movement of the joints
  • Stroke: Brain-related symptoms of bleeding or blockage.
  • Stroke symptoms: Brain-related symptoms of bleeding or blockage.
  • Throat symptoms: Symptoms affecting the throat
  • Traumatic Brain Injury: Brain injury from trauma or accident.
  • Tremor hereditary essential, 1: An inherited movement disorder involving tremors which occurs mainly in the arms but other parts of the body are often involved. Any kind of stress on the body such as hunger and tiredness can aggravate the condition.
  • Tremor hereditary essential, 2: An inherited movement disorder involving tremors. Any kind of stress on the body such as hunger and tiredness can aggravate the condition.
  • Trihydroxycholestanoylcoa oxidase isolated deficiency: A rare metabolic disorder where an enzyme (Trihydroxycholestanoyl-CoA oxidase) deficiency disturbs the formation of bile acids.
  • Turner Syndrome: Rare chromosome syndrome with one X but no second X or Y chromosome.
  • Voice Disorders: Any condition that affects the quality of the voice. Causes include infection, trauma, reflux and allergies. The problem may be chronic or acute.
  • Wilson's disease: Wilson disease, or hepatolenticular degeneration, is a neurodegenerative disease of copper metabolism.
  • Wolfram's disease: A condition that is inherited and consists of multiple symptoms
  • Worster Drought syndrome: A mild form of tetraplegic cerebral palsy

Conditions listing medical symptoms: Dysarthria:

The following list of conditions have 'Dysarthria' or similar listed as a symptom in our database. This computer-generated list may be inaccurate or incomplete. Always seek prompt professional medical advice about the cause of any symptom.

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Conditions listing medical complications: Dysarthria:

The following list of medical conditions have 'Dysarthria' or similar listed as a medical complication in our database.

 

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